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Journal Articles

Dependence of charge-exchange efficiency on cooling water temperature of a beam transport line

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Saha, P. K.; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Fujirai, Kosuke; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Suganuma, Kazuaki

EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation (Internet), 8(1), p.9_1 - 9_9, 2021/07

The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex supplies a high-intensity proton beam for neutron experiments. Various parameters are monitored to achieve a stable operation, and it was found that the oscillations of the charge-exchange efficiency and cooling water temperature were synchronized. We evaluated the orbit fluctuations at the injection point using a beam current of the injection dump, which is proportional to the number of particles that miss the foil and fail in the charge exchange, and profile of the injection beam. The total width of the fluctuations was approximately 0.072 mm. This value is negligible from the user operation viewpoint as our existing beam position monitors cannot detect such a small signal deviation. This displacement corresponds to a 1.63$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ variation in the dipole magnetic field. Conversely, the magnetic field variation in the L3BT dipole magnet, which was estimated by the temperature change directly, is 4.08$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$. This result suggested that the change in the cooling water temperature is one of the major causes of the efficiency fluctuation.

Journal Articles

1.2-MW-equivalent high-intensity beam tests in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011018_1 - 011018_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Phase space formation of high intensity 60 and 80 mA H$$^-$$ beam with orifice in J-PARC front-end

Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Nammo, Kesao*; Liu, Y.*; Otani, Masashi*; Naito, Fujio*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Okabe, Kota; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011010_1 - 011010_6, 2021/03

Together with the intensity upgrade in J-PARC Linac Front-End, improvement of RFQ transmission ratio is an important task. This RFQ transmission ratio depends strongly upon the solenoid current settings in the low energy beam transport line (LEBT). In the present study, high beam current cases (72 mA and 88 mA H$$^-$$ beam current in LEBT) are investigated at a test-stand. Phase space distributions of the H$$^-$$ beam particles at the RFQ entrance are measured and compared with numerical results by Particle-In-Cell simulation. As a result, it has been clarified that a 15 mm $$phi$$ orifice for differential pumping of H$$_2$$ gas coming from the ion source plays a role as a collimator in these beam conditions. This leads to change the beam emittance and Twiss parameters at the RFQ entrance. Especially in the condition with the beam current up to 88 mA in LEBT, the beam collimation contributes to optimize the phase space distribution to the RFQ acceptance with relatively low solenoid current settings. As a higher solenoid current setting would be necessary to suppress the beam expansion due to high space charge effect, these results suggest that current-saving of the solenoids can be possible even in the higher beam intensity operations.

Journal Articles

J-PARC 3-GeV RCS; 1-MW beam operation and beyond

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 15(7), p.P07022_1 - P07022_16, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:27.17(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of 2-D transverse beam profile monitor using gas sheet at J-PARC LINAC

Kamiya, Junichiro; Okabe, Kota; Kinsho, Michikazu; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Yamada, Ippei; Ogiwara, Norio*; Hikichi, Yusuke*; Wada, K.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012149_1 - 012149_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:84.98

To obtain a getter effect to titanium vacuum duct surface, the method to remove the oxide on the surface by sputtering with ionized molecules has been developed. In the method, a sheet-shaped gas distribution with a uniform and high density is generated through a narrow slit by a small amount of gas. In this report, the gas density distribution was calculated by the Monte Carlo simulation code. As a result, it was found that a gas injection from both directions was effective to generate uniform density distribution. Furthermore, the gas injection method was applied to a non-destructive beam profile monitor, that detects ions generated by the interaction between gas molecules and beam. In this monitor, dependence of the beam profile on the injected gas amount was measured. A small amount of injected gas was found to be ideal for the beam profile measurements in the unsaturated and a high S/N ratio region.

Journal Articles

Coupling impedance of the collimator without RF-Shields at the RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Okabe, Kota; Kamiya, Junichiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012113_1 - 012113_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

All holes on the chamber walls of synchrotrons should be filled with the radiofrequency (RF)-shields to suppress coupling impedances that excite beam instabilities. In a synchrotron, titanium nitride (TiN)-coated RF-shields are installed with collimators. If the holes, through which the collimator jaw enters and exits the chamber, are filled with such RF-shields, the shields may break down as the dynamic coefficient of TiN increases in vacuum. At the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), the RF-shields are eliminated from the collimator after demonstrating that the effect due to the RF-shields is negligible on the impedance at low frequencies.

Journal Articles

Beam dynamics study for beam loss mitigation in the J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Kasokuki, 16(2), p.109 - 118, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent progress of the J-PARC RCS beam commissioning and operation; Efforts to realize a higher beam power beyond 1 MW

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.574 - 578, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of beam-loss suppression method by nonlinear space charge force in a high intensity linac

Chimura, Motoki*; Harada, Hiroyuki; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.728 - 732, 2019/07

The increase of space charge effect in high intensity beam causes the increase of the beam-loss. Beam loss limits beam intensity for accelerator equipment activation. Therefore, it is important to suppress the emittance growth due to the space charge effect. I focused on the low energy region in the linac where the space charge effect becomes remarkable. In order to identify the origin of the emittance growth due to the effect, a simulation was performed with a 3-D particle-in-cell simulation code, and evaluated the influence of the effects in the J-PARC medium energy beam transport line (MEBT1) entrance to DTL exit. As a result, it was confirmed that distortion of phase space distribution occurred due to nonlinear space charge force and that leading to emittance growth. I proposed to suppress the emittance growth by using an octupole magnet that gives nonlinear force to the beam. We report the new method and simulation results.

Journal Articles

Coupling impedance of the collimator without RF-Shields at the RCS in J-PARC

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Okabe, Kota; Kamiya, Junichiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.163 - 166, 2019/06

All holes on the chamber walls of synchrotrons should be filled with the radiofrequency (RF)-shields to suppress coupling impedances that excite beam instabilities. In a synchrotron, titanium nitride (TiN)-coated RF-shields are installed with collimators. If the holes, through which the collimator jaw enters and exits the chamber, are filled with such RF-shields, the shields may break down as the dynamic coefficient of TiN increases in vacuum. At the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), the RF-shields are eliminated from the collimator after demonstrating that the effect due to the RF-shields is negligible on the impedance at low frequencies.

Journal Articles

Progress status of proof-of-principle demonstration of 400 MeV H$$^{-}$$ laser stripping at J-PARC 3-GeV RCS

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Miura, Akihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Okabe, Kota; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Yamane, Isao*; Irie, Yoshiro*; Liu, Y.*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.806 - 810, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Pulse-by-pulse switching of operational parameters in J-PARC 3-GeV RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.1041 - 1044, 2018/06

Journal Articles

Evaluation of activated nuclides due to secondary particles produced in stripper foil in J-PARC RCS

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Saha, P. K.; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.1048 - 1050, 2018/06

The charge exchange multi-turn beam injection scheme is adopted in the J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron Accelerator (RCS) due to achieve 1MW beam power operation. In the conventional multi-turn beam injection scheme, which is provided by only the septum and bump magnets, injecting turn numbers are limited by the beam losses at the septum. On the other hand, charge exchange multi-turn beam injection does not cause the beam losses at the septum; there is no restriction in principle on the injecting turn number. However, high residual doses are observed around the stripper foil. During the charge exchange multi-turn beam injection, not only the injecting beam but also circulating beam hit the foil, and then a large number of secondary particles, namely protons and neutrons, are generated. PHITS simulation results indicate that the secondary particles cause the high residual doses around the foil. To verify this examination, secondary particles measurement is key issue. Then, a new independent type foil introducing device is installed in the 100-deg dump beam transport line in order to construct a simple experimental system for secondary particle measurements. We plan the two experiments by using this system; one is a directly secondary particle detecting method, and the other is a radioactivation analysis method with metal sample pieces. Now, we started the study of how the identification of species and energies of the secondary particles with PHITS code. Irradiation target of Cu is adopted and irradiated proton or neutron beam with various energy range. Then radio-nuclides emitted the $$gamma$$-ray are picked up. Moreover, the radio-nuclides, whose reaction efficiencies due to beam species or energy are different, are searched for the indicator of the secondary particles. From the simulation results, $$^{65}$$Zn is extremely suitable for a proton beam indicator, and $$^{60}$$Co and $$^{56}$$Co are also suited for a neutron and proton indicator respectively.

Journal Articles

Measurement of each 324 MHz micro pulse stripping efficiency for H$$^{-}$$ laser stripping experiment in J-PARC RCS

Saha, P. K.; Okabe, Kota; Miura, Akihiko; Hayashi, Naoki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 6th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2017) (Internet), p.233 - 236, 2018/03

Journal Articles

New scintillation type beam loss monitor to detect spot area beam losses in the J-PARC RCS

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota

Proceedings of 6th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2017) (Internet), p.461 - 465, 2018/03

In the J-PARC RCS, a large fraction of our effort has been concentrated on reducing and managing beam losses to achieve 1MW high power proton beam operation. Standard beam loss monitor (BLM), which is installed outside of the magnet in every cell of beam optics and detect the beam loss at wide area in each cell, is insufficient to investigate finer beam loss mechanism in the ring. Thus we developed new scintillation type BLM to detect the beam loss at spot area on the vacuum chamber inside the magnet. The new BLM has separating structure a photomultiplier (PMT) from a plastic scintillator and connecting with optical fibres. Because small plastic scintillator is installed on the vacuum chamber directly, it has capability to have high sensitivity for localized spot area beam loss. On the other hand, the PMT can precisely be operated without being affected by magnetic field by keeping the PMT from the magnet. The new BLM leads the RCS to achieve the stable high power beam operation. In this presentation, we report the detail of the performance of the new BLM.

Journal Articles

Recent progress of J-PARC RCS beam commissioning; Efforts for realizing a high-intensity low-emittance beam

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.95 - 99, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Struggle to suppress radio-activation due to multi-turn charge exchange beam injection with stripper foil and its issues

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Kato, Shinichi; Okabe, Kota; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.877 - 881, 2017/12

It is key issue to reduce the level of the radio-activation of the devices in high power proton accelerator, to achieve MW class high power beam operation. The 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) adopted a beam collimation system which aims to localize the beam loss at the collimators and to reduce the level of residual doses at the other devices. However, relatively high residual doses are detected in not only the beam collimator area but also a vicinity of the stripper foil. The results of previous work, measurements of the detailed residual dose distribution and simulations of the radio-activation by the PHITS, indicate that the high level residual dose around the stripper foil is caused by secondary particles due to nuclear reaction at the foil. In order to suppress the secondary particles from foil, we try hard to reduce the number of foil hitting particles during the beam injection period. As a result, the level of the radio-activation around the foil can be decreased. At the same time, new beam loss monitor to detect the secondary particles from the foil is developed. In this presentation, we report the secondary particles detections and estimations of number of the foil hitting particles. In addition, we discuss the reduction of the radio-activation.

Journal Articles

Status of proof-of-principle experiment for 400 MeV H$$^{-}$$ stripping to protons by using only lasers in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamane, Isao*; Kinsho, Michikazu; Miura, Akihiko; Okabe, Kota; Liu, Y.*; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Kato, Shinichi; Irie, Yoshiro*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.866 - 870, 2017/12

Journal Articles

Development of the bunch shape monitor in the J-PARC L3BT

Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1081 - 1083, 2017/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Failure investigation of the beam collimator system in the J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Okabe, Kota; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takeda, Osamu*; Horino, Koki*; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.853 - 857, 2017/12

The most important issue is to reduce the uncontrolled beam loss in the high intensity hadron accelerator such as J-PARC proton accelerators. The J-PARC 3 GeV Synchrotron (RCS) has a collimator system which narrows a high intensity beam in the RCS. After startup of RCS in 2007, the collimator system of the RCS worked well. However, in April 2016, vacuum leakage at the collimator system occurred during the maintenance operation. To investigate a cause of the failure, we took apart iron shields of the collimator reducing exposed dose of operators. As a result of inspection, we succeeded to identify the cause of the vacuum leakage failure. In this presentation, we report the failure investigation of the beam collimator system in the RCS.

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