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Journal Articles

ACE library of JENDL-4.0/HE

Matsuda, Norihiro; Kunieda, Satoshi; Okamoto, Tsutomu*; Tada, Kenichi; Konno, Chikara

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.225 - 229, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Microstructure analysis using X-ray absorption on heat-affected zone of reactor pressure vessel steel

Iwata, Keiko; Takamizawa, Hisashi; Ha, Yoosung; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Honda, Mitsunori; Hanawa, Satoshi; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Photon Factory Activity Report 2017, 2 Pages, 2018/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ion species/energy dependence of irradiation-induced lattice structure transformation and surface hardness of Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta intermetallic compounds

Kojima, Hiroshi*; Kaneno, Yasuyuki*; Ochi, Masaaki*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Saito, Yuichi*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Iwase, Akihiro*

Materials Transactions, 58(5), p.739 - 748, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:31.31(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Bulk samples of Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta intermetallic compounds were irradiated with 16 MeV Au, 4.5 MeV Ni, 4.5 MeV Al, 200 MeV Xe and 1.0 MeV He ions, and the change in near-surface lattice structure was investigated by means of the grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD)and EXAFS. The Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta lattice structures transform from the ordered structures (orthorhombic and monoclinic structures for Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta, respectively) to the amorphous state by the Au, Ni, Al and Xe ion irradiations. Irrespective of such heavy ion species or energies, the lattice structure transformation to the amorphous state almost correlate with the density of energy deposited through elastic collisions.

Journal Articles

Radiation enhanced precipitation of solute atoms in AlCu binary alloys; Energetic ion irradiation experiment and computer simulation

Mayumi, Ren*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Saito, Yuichi*; Yoshiie, Toshimasa*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 42(1), p.9 - 14, 2017/02

AlCu binary alloys were irradiated with 16 MeV Au, 4.5 MeV Ni or 4.5 MeV Al ions at room temperature. Changes in surface hardness and the local atomic structure around Cu atoms were examined by using the Vickers hardness measurement and the EXAFS measurements, respectively. Some specimens were aged at 453 K and Vickers hardness was measured. The computer simulation was also performed by using the rate equation method. The hardness of irradiated specimens increased much faster than that of the aged specimens and it became larger than the maximum value of the hardness for the aged specimens. The comparison of the experimental EXAFS result with that of FEFF simulation suggests that the ion irradiation produced small Cu precipitates in the specimens. The computer simulation visualized the growth process of Cu precipitates during the irradiation, and the result qualitatively corresponds to the experimental result.

Journal Articles

Overview of JENDL-4.0/HE and benchmark calculations

Kunieda, Satoshi; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Minato, Futoshi; Okamoto, Tsutomu; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kitatani, Fumito; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.41 - 46, 2016/09

Neutron- and proton-induced cross-section data are required in a wide energy range beyond 20 MeV, for the design of accelerator applications. New evaluations are performed with recent knowledge in the optical and pre-equilibrium model calculations. We also evaluated cross-sections for p+$$^{6,7}$$Li and p+$$^{9}$$Be which have been highly requested from a medical field. The present high-energy nuclear data library, JENDL-4.0/HE, includes evaluated cross-sections for incident neutrons and protons up to 200 MeV (for about 130 nuclei). We overview substantial features of the library, i.e., (1) systematic evaluation with CCONE code, (2) challenges for evaluations of light nuclei and (3) inheritance of JENDL-4.0 and JENDL/HE-2007. In this talk, we also focus on the results of benchmark calculation for neutronics to show performance of the present library.

Journal Articles

Spin-current probe for phase transition in an insulator

Qiu, Z.*; Li, J.*; Hou, D.*; Arenholz, E.*; N'Diaye, A. T.*; Tan, A.*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Sato, Koji*; Okamoto, Satoshi*; Tserkovnyak, Y.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 7, p.12670_1 - 12670_6, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:107 Percentile:97.44(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Lattice structure transformation and change in surface hardness of Ni$$_3$$Nb and Ni$$_3$$Ta intermetallic compounds induced by energetic ion beam irradiation

Kojima, Hiroshi*; Yoshizaki, Hiroaki*; Kaneno, Yasuyuki*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Saito, Yuichi; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Iwase, Akihiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 372, p.72 - 77, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:71.87(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Ni$$_3$$Nb and Ni$$_3$$Ta intermetallic compounds, which show the complicated lattice structures were irradiated with 16 MeV Au$$^{5+}$$ ions at room temperature. The X-ray diffraction measurement revealed that the lattice structure of these intermetallic compounds changed from the ordered structures to the amorphous state by the ion irradiation. The irradiation-induced amorphization caused the increase in Vickers hardness. The result was compared with our previous results for Ni$$_3$$Al and Ni$$_3$$V, and was discussed in terms of the intrinsic lattice structures of the samples.

Journal Articles

REDOX state analysis of platinoid elements in simulated high-level radioactive waste glass by synchrotron radiation based EXAFS

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Nakada, Masami; Komamine, Satoshi*; Ochi, Eiji*; Akabori, Mitsuo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 471, p.110 - 115, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:45.9(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) analyses were performed to evaluate REDOX (REDuction and OXidation) state of platinoid elements in simulated high-level nuclear waste glass samples prepared under different conditions of temperature and atmosphere. At first, EXAFS functions were compared with those of standard materials such as RuO$$_2$$. Then structural parameters were obtained from a curve fitting analysis. In addition, a fitting analysis used a linear combination of the two standard EXAFS functions of a given elements metal and oxide was applied to determine ratio of metal/oxide in the simulated glass. The redox state of Ru was successfully evaluated from the linear combination fitting results of EXAFS functions. The ratio of metal increased at more reducing atmosphere and at higher temperatures. Chemical form of rhodium oxide in the simulated glass samples was RhO$$_2$$ unlike expected Rh$$_2$$O$$_3$$. It can be estimated rhodium behaves according with ruthenium when the chemical form is oxide.

Journal Articles

Temperature dependence of thermopower in strongly correlated multiorbital systems

Sekino, Mari*; Okamoto, Satoshi*; Koshibae, Wataru*; Mori, Michiyasu; Maekawa, Sadamichi

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.017014_1 - 017014_5, 2014/06

Journal Articles

High-temperature X-ray imaging study of simulated high-level waste glass melt

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

Denki Kagaku Oyobi Kogyo Butsuri Kagaku, 81(7), p.543 - 546, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:14.87(Electrochemistry)

The molten state of simulated high-level waste glass and the behavior of ruthenium element in the melt were investigated by using synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging technique. Melting, generating and moving of bubbles, condensation and sedimentation of ruthenium element were observed dynamically in continuous 12-bit gray-scale images from the CCD camera. X-ray intensity was obtained easily by digitizing gray-scale values in the image. The existence of ruthenium element is emphasized as a black color in the CCD image at X-ray energy higher than the Ru K-absorption edge. Position sensitive imaging X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurement was also performed to clarify the chemical state of ruthenium element in the melt.

Journal Articles

High-temperature X-ray imaging study of simulated high-level waste glass melt

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

Proceedings of 4th Asian Conference on Molten Salt Chemistry and Technology & 44th Symposium on Molten Salt Chemistry, Japan, p.47 - 52, 2012/09

The molten state of the simulated high-level waste glass and the behavior of ruthenium element in the melt were investigated by using synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging technique. Melting, generating and moving of bubbles, condensation and sedimentation of ruthenium element were observed dynamically in continuous 12-bit gray-scale images from the CCD camera. The existence of ruthenium in the X-ray CCD image was emphasized over the energy of Ru K-absorption edge. X-ray intensity was obtained easily by digitalizing gray-scale values in the image. Position sensitive imaging X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurement was performed to clarify the chemical state of ruthenium element in the melt.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation-based X-ray imaging study of ruthenium in simulated high-level waste glass

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 11(2), p.127 - 132, 2012/06

Distribution and the chemical state of Ru element in the simulated high-level waste glass were examined by using the synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging technique. In this technique, a direct X-ray CCD camera is used in place of an ion chamber. Position sensitive X-ray absorption spectra were obtained by analyzing gray scale in images of the X-ray CCD camera. At first, we measured a test sample containing RuO$$_2$$ and Ru metal powder. We successfully obtained information on the Ru distribution in the sample. In addition, the chemical state (oxide or metal ?) of each small Ru-rich spot was evaluated by the corresponding position sensitive XAFS spectrum. The imaging XAFS technique was applied to some simulated high-level waste glass samples. The Ru distribution of the glass sample and their chemical state were confirmed by image analyses. It can be seen that Ru element scattered in the glass sample exists as oxide RuO$$_2$$.

Journal Articles

Nonmonotonic temperature dependence of thermopower in strongly correlated electron systems

Matsuo, Mari; Okamoto, Satoshi*; Koshibae, Wataru*; Mori, Michiyasu; Maekawa, Sadamichi

Physical Review B, 84(15), p.153107_1 - 153107_4, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:39.13(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Fabrication of mercury target vessel

Wakui, Takashi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Hayashi, Ryoichi*; Uchiyama, Naoyoshi*; Okamoto, Yoshinao*; Nakamura, Koji*

JAEA-Technology 2009-040, 96 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-040.pdf:35.52MB

The construction of materials and life science experimental facility in J-PARC project had been completed. The mercury target vessel consists of triple-walled structure in order to prevent the leak of mercury to outside at the failure of the mercury vessel and to remove the heat of the safety hull, which covers the mercury vessel, due to the injection of the pulsed proton beams. The high fabrication accuracy is required for the mercury target vessel assembled by the welding. In this report, the required specification and basic structure of parts in the mercury target vessel are described and the fabrication procedure of the mercury target vessel by the vender is reported. In the fabrication of the mercury target vessel, there were many troubles such as large deformation due to the welding and then the vender repaired and brought the mercury target vessel to completion. Furthermore, improvements for the design and fabrication of the mercury target are reported.

Journal Articles

Study on the underexpanded gas jet into water

Someya, Satoshi*; Uchida, Mitsunori*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Li, Y.*; Okamoto, Koji*

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu, B, 75(759), p.2173 - 2181, 2009/11

When the pressurized water or water vapor leaks from a failed heat transfer tube in a steam generator of sodium cooled fast reactors, the high-velocity and high-temperature jet with sodium-water chemical reaction may cause wastage of the adjacent tubes. The evaluation of the wastage rate requires numerical analysis of the reaction jet. To construct a numerical method for the reaction jet, experiment on the underexpanded gas jet into the liquid pool need to be done. In this study visualization and measurement for the underexpanded nitrogen gas jet injected into the water was carried out. The horizontal penetration length of the gas jet and the expansion angle were obtained from the averaged images of a high-speed camera. The experimental results showed that the penetration length and the expansion angle increased approximately linearly with increasing stagnation pressure. The entrainment velocity and the velocity of the entrained water droplets were obtained by PIV.

Journal Articles

Measurement of DT and DD neutrons with a TOF spectrometer for determination of fuel ion density ratio in ITER

Okada, Koichi*; Kondo, Keitaro; Ochiai, Kentaro; Sato, Satoshi; Konno, Chikara; Okamoto, Atsushi*; Kobuchi, Takashi*; Kitajima, Sumio*; Sasao, Mamiko*

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.8, p.666 - 669, 2009/09

Measurement of fuel ion density ratio, $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$, is required for burning control on ITER. The measured $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$ ratio must be fed back in real time. A neutron measurement system to measure $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$ should be operable at high counting rate. It is estimated that the number of emitted DT neutrons is 200 times higher than that of DD neutrons under the condition of ITER standard operation. A neutron measurement system was developed using a DT/DD generator, where DT neutrons are dominant and DD neutrons are contaminated slightly in the neutron beam. The measurement instrument was a TOF spectrometer. Signals originating from each neutron must be distinguished in order to measure the fuel ratio. We developed a circuit system with discrimination windows to distinguish each signal pulse, and DT and DD neutrons were measured separately and simultaneously with this system. The experimental result indicates a possibility that this system is suitable for measurement of fuel ion density ratio on ITER.

Journal Articles

Preliminary experiments with an underexpanded gas jet into water

Uchida, Mitsunori*; Someya, Satoshi*; Okamoto, Koji*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-13) (CD-ROM), 13 Pages, 2009/09

When a heat exchanger in fast breeder reactor cracks, a sodium-water reaction occurs. Highly pressurized water or steam escapes into the surrounding liquid sodium. The release of steam into the liquid sodium media is a two-phase flow with an underexpansion. Several studies have examined only the underexpansion of the gas-gas phase. However, there are few reports on the underexpansion of the gas-liquid phase. In this study quantitative measurement was carried out for the purpose of revealing the flow with the underexpanded gas jet injected into water. The gas jet distance and the expansion angle were then obtained from the averaged images of a high-speed camera. The gas jet distance and the expansion angle increased approximately linearly with increasing pressure. The entrainment velocity and the velocity of entrained water droplets into the gas jet were obtained by PIV.

Journal Articles

Data processing methods for dynamic neutron tomography velocimetry

Kureta, Masatoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Kume, Etsuo; Someya, Satoshi*; Okamoto, Koji*

Proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on Process Tomography (IWPT-3) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2009/04

Dynamic neutron tomography velocimetry has been developed in order to obtain the 3-D velocity distribution and flow profile data of liquid metal flow in a heated rod bundle for development of an advanced nuclear reactor. In this paper, data processing methods for the 3-D velocimetry is focused on. The data processing is started from the reading images recorded by the three high-speed video cameras, and is finished to the visualization of velocity of the tracers and the profiles. Basic experiments were carried out using the research reactor JRR-4 and the dynamic neutron tomography system. As the results, it was confirmed that the 3-D velocity distribution and flow profile could be visualized by the new data processing methods.

Journal Articles

Dynamic neutron computer tomography technique for velocity measurement in liquid metal flow; Fundamental PTV experiment

Kureta, Masatoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki*; Kume, Etsuo; Someya, Satoshi*; Okamoto, Koji*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 147, p.012087_1 - 012087_14, 2009/03

The aim of this development is to visualize and measure the velocity distribution in liquid metal flow using the neutron beam with the high-speed imaging technique, computer tomography (CT) technique and particle tracking velocimetry (PTV). Final research purpose is to obtain the velocity distribution and flow profile data of liquid metal flow in a heated rod bundle for development of the FBR core. In this paper, visualization and measurement method using the JRR-4, spring model PTV method for this technique and results of the fundamental PTV experiment were reported. The fundamental experiment was conducted. As the result, cadmium tracers buried in the aluminum column with the speed of 1.5 revolving per second could be visualized as the 3D movie under 125Hz and 250Hz sampling conditions, the profile of the tracer could be traced, and fundamental velocity distribution measurement method could be conformed.

Journal Articles

Dynamic neutron computer tomography technique for velocity measurement in liquid metal flow; Fundamental PTV experiment

Kureta, Masatoshi; Kumada, Hiroaki; Kume, Etsuo; Someya, Satoshi*; Okamoto, Koji*

Proceedings of 6th International Symposium on Measurement Techniques for Multiphase Flows (ISMTMF 2008) (USB Flash Drive), 14 Pages, 2008/12

The aim of this development is to visualize and measure the velocity distribution in liquid metal flow using the neutron beam with the high-speed imaging technique, computer tomography (CT) technique and particle tracking velocimetry (PTV). Final research purpose is to obtain the velocity distribution and flow profile data of liquid metal flow in a heated rod bundle for development of the FBR core. In this paper, visualization and measurement method using the JRR-4, spring model PTV method for this technique and results of the fundamental PTV experiment were reported. The fundamental experiment was conducted. As the result, cadmium tracers buried in the aluminum column with the speed of 1.5 revolving per second could be visualized as the 3D movie under 125 Hz and 250 Hz sampling conditions, the profile of the tracer could be traced, and fundamental velocity distribution measurement method could be conformed.

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