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Journal Articles

Fabrication of a novel magnetic topological heterostructure and temperature evolution of its massive Dirac cone

Hirahara, Toru*; Otrokov, M. M.*; Sasaki, Taisuke*; Sumida, Kazuki*; Tomohiro, Yuta*; Kusaka, Shotaro*; Okuyama, Yuma*; Ichinokura, Satoru*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.4821_1 - 4821_8, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:89.19(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Nature of the Dirac gap modulation and surface magnetic interaction in axion antiferromagnetic topological insulator MnBi$$_{2}$$Te$$_{4}$$

Shikin, A. M.*; Estyunin, D. A.*; Klimovskikh, I. I.*; Filnov, S. O.*; Kumar, S.*; Schwier, E. F.*; Miyamoto, Koji*; Okuda, Taiichi*; Kimura, Akio*; Kuroda, Kenta*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.13226_1 - 13226_13, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:91.8(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Structural, magnetic, transport, and thermoelectric properties of the pseudobrookite AlTi$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$-Ti$$_{3}$$O$$_{5}$$ system

Takahama, Ryusei*; Ishii, Toi*; Indo, Daigo*; Arizono, Mitsutoshi*; Terakura, Chieko*; Tokura, Yoshinori*; Takeshita, Nao*; Noda, Masaaki*; Kuwahara, Hideki*; Saiki, Takuo*; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 4(7), p.074401_1 - 074401_11, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:20.84(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Elastic and dynamical structural properties of La and Mn-doped SrTiO$$_{3}$$ studied by neutron scattering and their relation with thermal conductivities

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Murai, Naoki; Shamoto, Shinichi; Honda, Takashi*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Otomo, Toshiya*; Hata, Hiroto*; Eto, Takahiro*; Noda, Masaaki*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 8(1), p.9651_1 - 9651_8, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.16(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Effect of strong gravitational field on oriented crystalline perovskite-type manganese oxide La$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_x$$MnO$$_3$$

Tokuda, Makoto*; Mashimo, Tsutomu*; Khandaker, J. I.*; Ogata, Yudai; Mine, Yoji*; Hayami, Shinya*; Yoshiasa, Akira*

Journal of Materials Science, 51(17), p.7899 - 7906, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Effects of Mn substitution on the thermoelectric properties and thermal excitations of the electron-doped perovskite Sr$$_{1-x}$$La$$_{x}$$TiO$$_{3}$$

Okuda, Tetsuji*; Hata, Hiroto*; Eto, Takahiro*; Sobaru, Shogo*; Oda, Ryosuke*; Kaji, Hiroki*; Nishina, Kosuke*; Kuwahara, Hideki*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kajimoto, Ryoichi

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(9), p.094717_1 - 094717_6, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:41.12(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Effects of Mn substitution on the thermoelectric properties of the electron-doped perovskite Sr$$_{1-x}$$La$$_{x}$$TiO$$_{3}$$

Okuda, Tetsuji*; Hata, Hiroto*; Eto, Takahiro*; Nishina, Kosuke*; Kuwahara, Hideki*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kajimoto, Ryoichi

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 568(Part 2), p.022035_1 - 022035_5, 2014/12

Journal Articles

Study of negative hydrogen ion beam optics using the 2D PIC method

Miyamoto, Kenji*; Okuda, Shin*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1515, p.22 - 30, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:94.55

We have developed the integrated 2D PIC code for the analysis of the negative ion beam optics, in which an overall region from the source plasma to the accelerator is modeled. Thus, the negative ion trajectory can be solved self-consistently without any assumption of the plasma meniscus form initially. This code can reproduce the negative ion beam halo observed in an actual negative ion beam. It is confirmed that the surface produced negative ions which are extracted near the edge of the meniscus can be one of the reasons for the beam halo: these negative ions are over-focused due to the curvature of the meniscus. The negative ions are not focused by the electrostatic lens, and consequently become the beam halo.

Journal Articles

Study of plasma meniscus formation and beam halo in negative hydrogen ion sources

Okuda, Shin*; Miyamoto, Kenji*; Fukuyama, Toshishige*; Nishioka, Shu*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Fukano, Azusa*; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1515, p.107 - 113, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:95.47

A meniscus of plasma-beam boundary in H$$^{-}$$ ion sources largely affects the extracted H$$^{-}$$ ion beam optics. Recently it is shown that the beam halo is mainly caused by the meniscus, i.e. ion emissive surface, close to the plasma grid (PG) where its curvature is large. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of H$$^{-}$$ surface production rate on plasma meniscus and beam halo formation with PIC (particle-in-cell) modeling. It is shown that the plasma meniscus and beam halo formation is strongly dependent on the amount of surface produced H$$^{-}$$ ions.

Journal Articles

Assessment of olfactory nerve by SPECT-MRI image with nasal thallium-201 administration in patients with olfactory impairments in comparison to healthy volunteers

Shiga, Hideaki*; Taki, Junichi*; Washiyama, Koshin*; Yamamoto, Jumpei*; Kinase, Sakae; Okuda, Koichi*; Kinuya, Seigo*; Watanabe, Naoto*; Tonami, Hisao*; Koshida, Kichiro*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 8(2), p.e57671_1 - e57671_8, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:67.39(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Study of beam optics and beam halo by integrated modeling of negative ion beams from plasma meniscus formation to beam acceleration

Miyamoto, Kenji*; Okuda, Shin*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi

Applied Physics Letters, 102(2), p.023512_1 - 023512_4, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:67.04(Physics, Applied)

To understand the physical mechanism of the beam halo formation in negative ion beams, a two-dimensional particle-in-cell code for simulating the trajectories of negative ions created via surface production has been developed. The simulation code reproduces a beam halo observed in an actual negative ion beam. The negative ions extracted from the periphery of the plasma meniscus (an electro-static lens in a source plasma) are over-focused in the extractor due to large curvature of the meniscus.

Journal Articles

Tolerance of anhydrobiotic eggs of the tardigrade ${it Ramazzottius varieornatus}$ to extreme environments

Horikawa, Daiki*; Yamaguchi, Ayami*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Tanaka, Daisuke*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Yukuhiro, Fumiko*; Kuwahara, Hirokazu*; Kunieda, Takekazu*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; et al.

Astrobiology, 12(4), p.283 - 289, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:70.08(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We examined the hatchability of hydrated and anhydrobiotic eggs of the tardigrade ${it Ramazzottius varieornatus}$ to hatch after ionizing irradiation (helium ions), extremely low and high temperatures, and high vacuum. Anhydrobiotic eggs (50% lethal dose; 1690 Gy) were substantially more radioresistant than hydrated ones (50% lethal dose; 509 Gy). Anhydrobiotic eggs also have a broader temperature resistance compared with hydrated ones. Over 70% of the anhydrobiotic eggs treated at high and low temperatures, but all of the hydrated eggs failed to hatch. After exposure to high vacuum conditions, the hatchability of the anhydrobiotic eggs was comparable to that of untreated control eggs.

Journal Articles

Numerical analysis of surface produced H$$^{-}$$ ions by using two-dimensional particle-in-cell method

Miyamoto, Kenji*; Okuda, Shin*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hanada, Masaya

Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(2), p.02A723_1 - 02A723_4, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:41.82(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The modeling and analysis of a negative ion source is proceeding by using a 2D particle-in-cell simulation. The effect of the H$$^{-}$$ ion production on the plasma grid (PG) surface is investigated. It is shown that with the increase of H$$^{-}$$ ions per time step, the H$$^{-}$$ ion current density is enhanced, while the electron current density decreases with increasing the H$$^{-}$$ production rate on the PG surface. Theseresults agree well with the experimental results observed in typical negative ion sources. Moreover, it is found that plasma quasi-neutrality is held mainly by both H$$^{+}$$ and H$$^{-}$$ ions in the bulk plasma.

Journal Articles

Mechanisms of plasma rotation effects on the stability of type-I edge-localized mode in tokamaks

Aiba, Nobuyuki; Furukawa, Masaru*; Hirota, Makoto; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kojima, Atsushi; Tokuda, Shinji*; Yagi, Masatoshi

Nuclear Fusion, 51(7), p.073012_1 - 073012_9, 2011/07

We investigate numerically the destabilizing effect of a toroidal rotation on the edge localized MHD mode, which induces the large amplitude edge localized mode (ELM). As the results of this analysis, we reveal that the toroidal rotation with shear can destabilize this MHD mode, and the destabilization is caused by the difference between the plasma rotation frequency and the frequency of the unstable mode. Based on these results, we investigate numerically the stability of JT-60U type-I ELMy H-mode plasmas, and show that the toroidal rotation plays an important role for making the difference of ELM behavior observed in JT-60U plasmas with different plasma rotation profiles.

Journal Articles

Mechanisms of plasma rotation effects on the stability of type-I edge-localized mode in tokamaks

Aiba, Nobuyuki; Furukawa, Masaru*; Hirota, Makoto; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kojima, Atsushi; Tokuda, Shinji*; Yagi, Masatoshi

Nuclear Fusion, 51(7), p.073012_1 - 073012_9, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:67.23(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Mechanisms of plasma rotation on edge MHD stability is investigated numerically by introducing energies that are distinguished by physics. By comparing them, it is found that an edge localized MHD mode is destabilized by the difference between an eigenmode frequency and an equilibrium toroidal rotation frequency, which is induced by rotation shear. In addition, this destabilizing effect becomes effective in the shorter wavelength region. The effect of poloidal rotation on the edge MHD stability is also investigated. Under the assumption that the change of an equilibrium by poloidal rotation is negligible, it is identified numerically that poloidal rotation can have both the stabilizing effect and the destabilizing effect on the edge MHD stability, which depends on the direction of poloidal rotation. Numerical analysis demonstrates that these effects of plasma rotation in both toroidal and poloidal directions can play important roles on type-I ELM phenomena in JT-60U H-mode plasmas.

Journal Articles

Analytic dispersion relation for resistive wall modes in rotating plasmas by generalized matching theory

Shiraishi, Junya; Tokuda, Shinji*

Nuclear Fusion, 51(5), p.053006_1 - 053006_9, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:16.96(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Analytic dispersion relation is derived for resistive wall modes (RWMs) in rotating plasmas, which gives the growth rate and the real frequency. The given parameters are wall information (radius, thickness, and volume resistivity) and equilibrium quantities at a plasma surface and near the singular point of the generalized Newcomb equation, which is an inertia-less linearized ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations with equilibrium rotation. Derivation of the dispersion relation is based on the generalized matching theory proposed by present authors, which exploits the inner "region" with finite width. It is found that the RWM stability is strongly affected by the rotation shear at the singular point of the generalized Newcomb equation, not at the rational surface.

Journal Articles

Effect of spin dilution on the magnetic state of delafossite CuCrO$$_{2}$$ with an $$S$$ = 3/2 antiferromagnetic triangular sublattice

Okuda, Tetsuji*; Uto, Kazuma*; Seki, Shinichiro*; Onose, Yoshinori*; Tokura, Yoshinori*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Matsuda, Masaaki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(1), p.014711_1 - 014711_7, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:77.79(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Analytic theory of a matching problem generalized for stability analysis of resistive wall modes in rotating plasmas

Shiraishi, Junya; Tokuda, Shinji*

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effects of strong E$$times$$B flow on gyrokinetics

Miyato, Naoaki; Scott, B. D.*; Tokuda, Shinji*; Yagi, Masatoshi

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

Based on the phase space Lagrangian Lie-transform perturbation method and the field theory, a reduced kinetic model with large E$$times$$B flow beyond the standard ordering ($$V_{Etimes B}/v_{th}sim O(rho/L)$$) is constructed by modifying the guiding-centre phase space trans-formation. The model can be regarded as a natural extension of the standard model without flow since the symplectic part of the Lagrangian is the same as the standard one formally. Some aspects of the model are revealed and effects of the flow are discussed in course of comparison with the standard model. The push-forward representation of general particle fluid moment is presented in the subsonic flow case. In sonic flow case, corrections to the reduced quasi-neutrality condition due to the E$$times$$B flow are found by variational derivation of the push-forward representation of particle density.

Journal Articles

Impact of plasma poloidal rotation on resistive wall mode instability in toroidally rotating plasmas

Aiba, Nobuyuki; Shiraishi, Junya; Tokuda, Shinji*

Physics of Plasmas, 18(2), p.022503_1 - 022503_5, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:48.17(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Rotation effect on the stability of the resistive wall mode (RWM) is investigated in a cylindrical plasma and a toroidal plasma with not only a toroidal rotation but also a poloidal rotation. In the case that a poloidal rotation frequency is not so large, the effect of a poloidal rotation can be treated with the modified toroidal rotation frequency, which is determined by subtracting a toroidal component of the rotation parallel to the magnetic field from the toroidal rotation frequency. This effect of a poloidal rotation on the RWM stability depends on its rotational direction, and when this modified toroidal rotation frequency is larger than the original toroidal rotation frequency, a poloidal rotation enhances the stabilizing effect of a rotation on RWM stability. This result indicates that a poloidal rotation produces a dependence of the critical toroidal rotation frequency for stabilizing RWM on the rotational direction of a toroidal rotation in the same magnetic configuration.

285 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)