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Journal Articles

Formation process of swamp sediments of the Karako Lowland in northern Shimabara Peninsula, Western Japan

Nakanishi, Toshimichi*; Okuno, Mitsuru*; Yamasaki, Keiji*; Hong, W.*; Fujita, Natsuko; Nakamura, Toshio*; Horikawa, Yoshiyuki*; Sato, Eiichi*; Kimura, Haruo*; Tsutsumi, Hiroyuki*

Nagoya Daigaku Nendai Sokutei Kenkyu, 5, p.38 - 43, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Degradation prediction using displacement damage dose method for AlInGaP solar cells by changing displacement threshold energy under irradiation with low-energy electrons

Okuno, Yasuki*; Ishikawa, Norito; Akiyoshi, Masafumi*; Ando, Hirokazu*; Harumoto, Masaki*; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(7), p.074001_1 - 074001_7, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Performance degradation prediction for space solar cells under irradiation with low-energy electrons is greatly affected by displacement threshold energy (Ed) when a displacement damage dose (DDD) model is used. According to recent studies, the Ed of P atoms is much lower than the conventional Ed value in InP-type solar cells irradiated with low-energy electrons. This indicates that the value of Ed typically used in DDD model leads to significant error in performance degradation prediction. In this study, degradation of AlInGaP solar cells is observed after irradiation with 60 keV electrons. The results suggest that the Ed of P atoms in AlInGaP solar cells is much smaller than the conventionally used Ed value. By using the DDD model with the Ed value obtained in this study, we demonstrated that the performance degradation predicted by the DDD model agrees well with the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Degradation prediction of a gamma-ray radiation dosimeter using InGaP solar cells in a primary containment vessel of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Okuno, Yasuki; Yamaguchi, Masafumi*; Okubo, Nariaki; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(4), p.457 - 462, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:57.07(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Indium gallium phosphide (InGaP) solar cell with a superior high-radiation resistance is expected to be a powerful candidate for a dosimeter under a high-radiation dose rate environment. In this study, in order to predict the lifetime as the dosimeter using the InGaP solar cell, we clarify the effect of minority-carrier diffusion length ($$L$$) on a radiation-induced current as a dose signal in the InGaP solar cell by irradiation tests and empirical calculations. In the irradiation tests, the short circuit current density ($$J_{rm sc}$$) as a function of the gamma-ray dose rate is measured to estimate the $$L$$ for the InGaP solar cell by irradiation tests. The operational lifetime as a detector using the InGaP solar cell under various dose rates is estimated by using the empirical calculations based on the relation between the L and absorbed dose. The results suggest that the dosimeter using InGaP solar cell is able to be used during more than 10 h in the primary containment vessel of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant and it has a high potential of being a radiation-resistant dosimeter that would contribute to the decommissioning.

Journal Articles

Application of InGaP space solar cells for a radiation dosimetry at high dose rates environment of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Okuno, Yasuki; Okubo, Nariaki; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.851 - 858, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:85.54(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Decommissioning the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (1F) after the accident caused by a tsunami in 2011 requires characterization of the fuel debris by dose distribution measurement. This paper describes the experimental and theoretical behavior of a radiation detector applied with InGaP solar cells is investigated and allow the localization and characterization of the fuel debris. In the irradiation test, it was observed that the radiation-induced current output of the InGaP solar cells increases linearly with increasing dose rates of $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray. For measurements at low dose rates, it becomes clear that the minimum detectable dose rate and resolution can be determined by analyzing the noise characterization. The maximum detection limit of radiation dosimetry for the InGaP solar cell was found to be higher than the highest $$gamma$$-ray dose rate observable at the reactor core for 1F plants. Additionally, as an analysis of the radiation-induced current, it is attempted to express a relational expression between the absorbed dose rate and the creation of radiation-induced current pairs in the solar cells. The experimental and simulation results suggest that solar cells can be powerful tools for radiation dosimetry in high dose rate environments near the debris of the 1F plant.

Journal Articles

AMS radiocarbon age of the Kurodake pyroclastic-flow deposit in Kuju volcanic group, SW Japan

Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nagaoka, Shinji*; Kokubu, Yoko; Nakamura, Toshio*; Kobayashi, Tetsuo*

Fukuoka Daigaku Rigaku Shuho, 48(1), p.1 - 5, 2018/03

Kuju volcanic group, located in central Kyushu, Japan, consists of over twenty volcanoes (lava domes as well as small stratovolcanoes). The Kurodake is largest lava dome with a volume of 1.6 km$$^{3}$$, and generated Kurodake pyroclastic-flow (Kj-Kd) and ash-fall (Kj-KdA) deposits. To refine age of the Kurodake eruption, we conducted radiocarbon dating of a charcoal fragment in the Kj-Kd with an AMS system at Tono Geoscience Center, JAEA. The obtained $$^{14}$$C date, 1505$$pm$$40 BP, can correspond to 1310-1423 cal BP (probability= 74.6%), 1430-1442 cal BP (2.4%) and 1456-1521 cal BP (23.0%) in 2$$sigma$$ confidence level. The medium probability date, 1391 cal BP, is consistent with the stratigraphy and gives the reliable age for the Kj-Kd.

Journal Articles

AMS radiocarbon dates of pyroclastic-flow deposits on the southern slope of the Kuju Volcanic Group, Kyushu, Japan

Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nagaoka, Shinji*; Kokubu, Yoko; Nakamura, Toshio*; Kobayashi, Tetsuo*

Radiocarbon, 59(2), p.483 - 488, 2017/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:21.86(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

We present here results of AMS $$^{14}$$C dating to refine the history of the middle and western parts of the Kuju Volcanic Group, located in middle Kyushu, Japan, which consists of more than 20 lava domes and cones. $$^{14}$$C dating has conducted by AMS (JAEA-AMS-TONO) under the Common-Use Facility Program of JAEA. The Handa PF deposits, which are products of the largest eruption of the group, were dated to $$sim$$53.5 ka BP. The Shirani and Muro PF deposits, which are block-and-ash flows, were dated to 44 to $$>$$50 cal ka BP and 35$$sim$$39 cal ka BP, respectively. These ages can be correlated with the TL ages for the lava domes. Therefore, both TL and $$^{14}$$C methods can be useful tools in establishing the eruptive sequence of lava domes and pyroclastic flows. This study also demonstrates that these eruptive activities occurred after the Handa pfl, the biggest eruption during the last 150 kyrs without a significant time interval.

Journal Articles

Radiocarbon date of humic soil below the Onidake scoria fall deposit, Goto-Fukue Island, Japan

Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nagaoka, Shinji*; Kokubu, Yoko

Gekkan Chikyu, 37(4), p.119 - 121, 2015/04

Onidake scoria fall deposit at Goto-Fukue Island, Japan is a product of the latest eruption of the Onidake volcano group. Radiocarbon date and C/N ratio of humic soil below the deposit are 19,840$$pm$$120 BP and 9.14, respectively. It shows that the soil proceeded with decomposition in part and the date might be younger than the true one. However the date is older than the result (18,090$$pm$$100 BP) in the soil of the same layer reported by Nagaoka and Furuyama (2004) and is consistent with stratigraphical correlation with widespread tephra such as AT and K-Ah. The calibrated date is approximately 24 cal kBP.

Journal Articles

Stratigraphy and AMS radiocarbon dates of cored sediments (IrBH-2) from the Irosin Caldera, the Philippines

Mirabueno, M. H. T.*; Torii, Masayuki*; Laguerta, E. P.*; Delos Reyes, P. J.*; Fujiki, Toshiyuki*; Bariso, E. B.*; Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Danhara, Toru*; Kokubu, Yoko; et al.

Chigaku Zasshi, 123(5), p.751 - 760, 2014/10

Core drilling at site IRBH-2 within Irosin caldera, southern Luzon, reached 50 m. Systematic logging and documentation were done to describe the sediments. AMS $$^{14}$$C dates were obtained for plant fragments from the peaty layers. Lahars and fluvial deposits were the predominant deposits in the core sequence. The upper 12 m was comprised mostly by andesitic fluvial and minor lahars. Eight fallouts were intercalated with reworked sediments from depth interval of 20 to 50 m. The refractive index measurement of analyzed samples indicated that post-caldera eruptions generated andesite, dacite and minor rhyolite. The similarity in petrographic characteristics between the rhyolite fallout and the Irosin ignimbrite indicates that small-scale eruptions involving magma from the caldera event occurred during post-caldera stage.Young radiocarbon dates obtained from the peaty layers shows that volcaniclastic deposits in the upper levels were likely derived from the eruptions of Bulusan volcano.

Journal Articles

AMS radiocarbon dating of wood trunks in the pumiceous deposits of the Kikai-Akahoya eruption in Yakushima Island, SW Japan

Okuno, Mitsuru*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Geshi, Nobuo*; Kimura, Katsuhiko*; Kokubu, Yoko; Kobayashi, Tetsuo*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 294, p.602 - 605, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.15(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We found numerous wood trunks from pumiceous deposits along Nagata, Isso and Miyanoura rivers on the northern side of Yakushima Island, 60 km south of Kyushu Island, and conducted radiocarbon dating using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). The obtained $$^{14}$$C dates were around 6500 BP, and geological characteristics of the pumiceous deposits indicate that these specimens were buried during the Kikai-Akahoya (K-Ah) eruption from the Kikai caldera. However, they are not charred, suggesting that the origin of these deposits is not of pyroclastic flow but that of tsunami. Fourteen taxa were identified through anatomical characteristics. This is the first discovery on species of the forest of the Yakushima Island before the devastating eruption.

Journal Articles

Development of the ITER toroidal field coil winding pack in Japan

Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nakajima, Hideo; Matsui, Kunihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Takano, Katsutoshi; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Hasegawa, Mitsuru*; Kakui, Hideo*; Senda, Ikuo*

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 20(3), p.385 - 388, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:41.05(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

JAEA, as the JADA, signed PA for 9 ITER TF coil in 2008. The WP of the TF coil consists of seven DPs and each of DPs has a RP. The conductor is inserted in a groove of a RP and CP is welded to fix the conductor. Since flatness of 2 mm is required for a RP after welding of CPs, laser welding will be used. The tight tolerance of the CP, such as 0.3 mm, is necessary. Machining of a CP from a plate is technically promising method to satisfy the required tight tolerance. However, the machining is time consuming, resulting in penalty of high cost. Therefore, the authors study the feasibility of manufacture of a CP by new method to reduce the cost. A straight CP can be fabricated by hot-rolling and cold-drawing with sufficiently high accuracy, such as $$pm$$0.1 mm. In addition, the curved CP can be obtained by bending this straight CP with the accuracy of 0.3 mm. Thus, it is concluded that the feasibility of manufacture of the straight and curved CPs with high accuracy can be demonstrated. From these results, JAEA begins trial manufacture of the proto RP and CPs from 2009.

JAEA Reports

Analytical study of cover plate welding deformation of the radial plate of the ITER toroidal field coil

Omori, Junji; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Shimizu, Tatsuya; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Hasegawa, Mitsuru*

JAEA-Technology 2009-046, 60 Pages, 2009/09

JAEA-Technology-2009-046.pdf:9.67MB

In the winding pack (WP) of the ITER TF coil, cover plates (CPs) are welded to radial plate (RP) after placing the conductors into the RP groove to fix it. The dimensions of the RP are 15 m high and 9 m wide, while its required tolerances are very severe such as flatness of 2 mm and in-plane deformation of about 2.5 mm. It is therefore necessary to reduce the deformation of the RP by CP welding. In order to estimate the weld deformation, a 1 m RP mock-up was fabricated and weld deformations were measured. From the test results, inherent strains have been obtained and the weld deformations of the full scale RP have been estimated. The RP deformations could be within the tolerances by the CP welding thickness of 2.5 mm in inboard region and 1.0 mm in outboard region. In addition, an alternative design, which improve the fabricability of the WP, was proposed. The analyses for the alternative design is performed and the results show the deformations could be reduced more.

Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of JK2LB jacket fabrication for ITER central solenoid

Hamada, Kazuya; Nakajima, Hideo; Kawano, Katsumi; Takano, Katsutoshi*; Tsutsumi, Fumiaki*; Seki, Shuichi*; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Fujitsuna, Nobuyuki*; Mizoguchi, Mitsuru*

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 16(2), p.787 - 790, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:38.57(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of the national centralized tokamak programme

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Fujita, Takaaki; Takase, Yuichi*; Sakurai, Shinji; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kurita, Genichi; Morioka, Atsuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S29 - S38, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:44.28(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The National Centralized Tokamak (NCT) facility program is a domestic research program for advanced tokamak research to succeed JT-60U incorporating Japanese university accomplishments. The mission of NCT is to establish high beta steady-state operation for DEMO and to contribute to ITER. The machine flexibility and mobility is pursued in aspect ratio and shape controllability, feedback control of resistive wall modes, wide current and pressure profile control capability for the demonstration of the high-b steady state.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and control scenario for steady-state high-beta operation in national centralized tokamak

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1599 - 1605, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.64(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of national centralized tokamak facility for the demonstration of steady state high-$$beta$$ plasma operation

Tamai, Hiroshi; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ichimura, Makoto*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1676 - 1683, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:48.09(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design studies are shown on the National Centralized Tokamak facility. The machine design is carried out to investigate the capability for the flexibility in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-beta steady state operation with nation-wide collaboration, in parallel with ITER towards DEMO. Two designs are proposed and assessed with respect to the physics requirements such as confinement, stability, current drive, divertor, and energetic particle confinement. The operation range in the aspect ratio and the plasma shape is widely enhanced in consistent with the sufficient divertor pumping. Evaluations of the plasma performance towards the determination of machine design are presented.

Journal Articles

Advanced fusion technologies developed for JT-60 superconducting Tokamak

Sakasai, Akira; Ishida, Shinichi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Akino, Noboru; Ando, Toshinari*; Arai, Takashi; Ezato, Koichiro; Hamada, Kazuya; Ichige, Hisashi; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 44(2), p.329 - 334, 2004/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced fusion technologies developed for JT-60 superconducting Tokamak

Sakasai, Akira; Ishida, Shinichi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Akino, Noboru; Ando, Toshinari*; Arai, Takashi; Ezato, Koichiro; Hamada, Kazuya; Ichige, Hisashi; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 44(2), p.329 - 334, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:24.51(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design of the CS insert coil

Sugimoto, Makoto; *; Isono, Takaaki; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nakajima, Hideo; Kato, Takashi; Nishi, Masataka; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Ando, Toshinari; Tsuji, Hiroshi; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 32(4), p.2328 - 2331, 1996/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:51.52(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recovery of hydrogen isotopes and impurity mixture by cryogenic molecular sieve bed for GDC gas cleanup

Enoeda, Mikio; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Okuno, Kenji; Tanaka, Kenichi*; Uetake, Mitsuru*; Nishikawa, Masabumi*

Fusion Technology, 28(3), p.591 - 596, 1995/10

no abstracts in English

39 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)