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Journal Articles

Study of medium-spin states of neutron-rich $$^{87,89,91}$$Rb isotopes

Torres, D. A.*; Chapman, R.*; Kumar, V.*; Hadinia, B.*; Hodsdon, A.*; Labiche, M.*; Liang, X.*; O'Donnell, D.*; Ollier, J.*; Orlandi, R.; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 55(9), p.158_1 - 158_21, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Cross-shell excitations near the "island of inversion"; Structure of $$^{30}$$Mg

Daecon, A. N.*; Smith, J. F.*; Freeman, S. J.*; Janssens, R. V. F.*; Carpenter, M. P.*; Hadinia, B.*; Hoffman, C. R.*; Kay, B. P.*; Lauritsen, T.*; Lister, C. J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 82(3), p.034305_1 - 034305_7, 2010/09

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:29.21(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High spatiotemporal-quality petawatt-class laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanoue, Manabu*; Okada, Hajime; Kondo, Shuji; et al.

Applied Optics, 49(11), p.2105 - 2115, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:13.53(Optics)

We have developed a femtosecond high intensity laser system, which combines both Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) and optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) techniques, that produces more than 30-J broadband output energy, indicating the potential for achieving peak powers in excess of 500-TW. With a cleaned high-energy seeded OPCPA preamplifier as a front-end in the system, for the compressed pulse without pumping the final amplifier we found that the temporal contrast in this system exceeds 10$$^{10}$$ on the sub-nanosecond timescales, and is near 10$$^{12}$$ on the nanosecond timescale prior to the peak of the main femtosecond pulse. Using diffractive optical elements for beam homogenization of 100-J level high-energy Nd:glass green pump laser in a Ti:sapphire final amplifier, we have successfully generated broadband high-energy output with a near-perfect top-hat-like intensity distribution.

Journal Articles

Novel acceleration techniques for the physics of massive neutrinos

Terranova, F.*; Bulanov, S. V.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Tajima, Toshiki; Collier, J. L.*; Migliozzi, P.*; Pegoraro, F.*

International Journal of Modern Physics B, 21(3&4), p.351 - 360, 2007/02

In the forthcoming decades, the physics of massive neutrinos will pose unprecedented challenges to traditional acceleration techniques. In this talk we revise the main motivations for pursuing neutrino oscillation studies with novel neutrino sources and, particularly, we consider the opportunities offered by laser-plasma accelerators. The existence of efficient ion acceleration regimes in collective laser-plasma interactions opens up the possibility to develop neutrino and, more generally, high-energy physics facilities in conjunction with projects for inertial confinement nuclear fusion (ICF) and neutron spallation sources. Moreover, parametric amplification techniques allow pulse compression implementations that do not fall in contradiction with current designs for ICF drivers. We discuss the conditions under which these efficient regimes can be put into operation and the perspectives for their empirical verification.

Oral presentation

ICRU Committee proposal on operational quantities for external radiation exposure

Hertel, N. E.*; Bartlett, D. T.*; Dietze, G.*; Bordy, J.-M.*; Endo, Akira; Gualdrini, G.*; Pelliccioni, M.*; Ambrosi, P.*; Siebert, B. R. L.*; Veinot, K.*; et al.

no journal, , 

The International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) defines a set of operational quantities for use in radiation measurements that provides assessment of the protection quantities recommended by International Commission for Radiological Protection (ICRP). The ICRU operational quantities in current use was defined about 30 years ago. ICRU Report Committee 26 has examined the rationale for operational quantities taking into account the changes in the definitions of the protection quantities and the changes in the fields of application of the operational quantities and protection quantities. The considerations have included the range of types and energies of particles contributing to doses to workers and members of the public. The relationship of the existing recommended operational quantities to the protection quantities has been investigated, as has the impact of changes in routine measurement practice, including instrument design and calibration. The committee has proposed a set of operational quantities which differs from the previous quantities. The major change in the proposed set of quantities is the redefinition of the operational quantities for area monitoring from doses computed at a depth in the ICRU sphere to ones based on particle fluence and the relationship to the protection quantities, effective dose, and equivalent dose to the lens of the eye, and local skin.

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