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JAEA Reports

Inspection of radioactive waste packages stored in the Waste Storage Facility L; Planning and trial operation

Kawahara, Takahiro; Suda, Shoya; Fujikura, Toshiki; Masai, Seita; Omori, Kanako; Mori, Masakazu; Kurosawa, Tsuyoshi; Ishihara, Keisuke; Hoshi, Akiko; Yokobori, Tomohiko

JAEA-Technology 2023-020, 36 Pages, 2023/12

JAEA-Technology-2023-020.pdf:2.79MB

We have been storing drums containing radioactive waste (radioactive waste packages) at waste storage facilities. We have been managing radioactive waste packages along traditional safety regulations. However, over 40 years has passed from a part of them were brought in pit-type waste storage facility L. Most of them are carbon steel 200 L drums, and surface of them are corroded. For better safety management, we started to take drums out from the pit and inspect them in FY 2019. After each inspection, we repair them or remove the contents of the drum and refill new drums if necessary. In this report, we will introduce the planning, the review of the plan, and the trial operation of this project.

Journal Articles

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater using different pre-concentration methods

Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:22.31(Chemistry, Analytical)

We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the $$^{137}$$Cs results were within $$pm$$2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.

Journal Articles

Zr separation from high-level liquid waste with a novel hydroxyacetoamide type extractant

Morita, Keisuke; Suzuki, Hideya; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Takahashi, Yuya*; Omori, Takashi*; Kaneko, Masaaki*; Asano, Kazuhito*

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.464 - 468, 2019/09

High level liquid waste (HLLW) contains several radionuclides with half-lives longer than 10$$^{6}$$ year. For reduce environmental burden of waste disposal, minor actinoids and long-lived fission products will to be partitioned and transmuted. JAEA and Toshiba developed process for recovering Se, Zr, Pd and Cs from HLLW. Solvent extraction for Zr with novel extractant, ${it N,N}$-didodecyl-2-hydroxyacetoamide (HAA) was detailed. The HAA system showed high selectivity for Zr, as indicated by the extraction order of Zr $$>$$ Mo $$>$$ Pd $$>$$ Ag $$approx$$ Sb $$>$$ Sn $$>$$ Lns $$>$$ Fe. The extracted species was determined as Zr(HAA)$$_{3}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{4}$$(HNO$$_{3}$$)$$_{x}$$. A continuous countercurrent extraction with HAA was applied to a simulated, concentrated HLLW after Pd, Se, and Cs removal, where the quantitative extraction of Zr and Mo was effectively demonstrated.

Journal Articles

Reduction and resource recycling of high-level radioactive wastes through nuclear transmutation; Isolation techniques of Pd, Zr, Se and Cs in simulated high level radioactive waste using solvent extraction

Sasaki, Yuji; Morita, Keisuke; Ito, Keisuke; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Takahashi, Yuya*; Kaneko, Masaaki*; Omori, Takashi*; Asano, Kazuhito*

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference (GLOBAL 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2017/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Sulfate complexation of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution

Li, Z.*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Pershina, V.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 100(3), p.157 - 164, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:69.26(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

$$mu$$SR study of impurity effects on the Cu-spin fluctuations in the overdoped regime of La$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_x$$Cu$$_{1-y}$$Zn$$_y$$O$$_4$$

Risdiana*; Adachi, Tadashi*; Oki, Naoki*; Yairi, Satoshi*; Tanabe, Yoichi*; Omori, Keisuke*; Suzuki, Takao*; Watanabe, Isao*; Koda, Akihiro*; Higemoto, Wataru; et al.

Physica C, 460-462(2), p.874 - 875, 2007/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:17.99(Physics, Applied)

Zero-field muon-spin-relaxation measurements have been carried out for La$$_{2-x}$$Sr$$_x$$Cu$$_{1-y}$$Zn$$_y$$O$$_4$$ (LSCO)with $$y$$ = 0-0.10 in the overdoped regime up to $$x$$ = 0.30, in order to investigate whether the dynamical stripe correlations are pinned and stabilized even for the overdoped LSCO or not. It has been found that the Zn-induced slowing down of the Cu-spin fluctuations is weakened with increasing $$x$$ but takes place in the overdoped regime and disappears at $$x$$ = 0.30. This suggests that the stripe-pinning model holds good in the whole superconducting regime of LSCO and that there is no quantum critical point at $$x$$ $$sim$$ 0.19.

Oral presentation

Sulfate complexation of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M)

Li, Z.; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Sch$"a$del, M.*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Liang, X. H.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Cation-exchange behavior of $$^{261}$$Rf (T$$_{1/2}$$ = 78 s) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O, 5n) reaction was studied on a "one-atom-at-a-time" scale in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ (0.15-0.69 M)/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solutions ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M) using an automated ion-exchange separation apparatus coupled with the detection system for alpha-spectroscopy. It was found that adsorption probability (%ads) of $$^{261}$$Rf on cation-exchange resin decreases with increasing [HSO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$], showing a successive formation of its sulfate complexes. Rf exhibited much weaker formation of the complexes than the lighter homologues Zr and Hf, which is qualitatively in good agreement with theoretical calculations including relativistic effects.

Oral presentation

Cation-exchange behavior of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M)

Li, Z.; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Sch$"a$del, M.*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Liang, X. H.*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

Cation-exchange behavior of $$^{261}$$Rf (T$$_{1/2}$$ = 78 s) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5n) reaction was studied on a "one-atom-at-a-time" scale in 0.15-0.69 M H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solutions ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M) using an automated ion-exchange separation apparatus coupled with a detection system for alpha-spectroscopy (AIDA). It was found that adsorption probabilities (%ads) of Rf on the cation-exchange resin decrease with increasing [HSO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$], showing successive formation of Rf sulfate complexes. Rf exhibits a weaker complex formation than the lighter homologues Zr and Hf.

Oral presentation

Investigations of personal dose characteristics involved Fukushima Daiichi reactor accident, 4; Field test, 2; Response of the personal dosemeter on the phantoms and result of a measurement of the ambient dose and the energy spectrum of $$gamma$$ rays

Yamazaki, Takumi; Takada, Chie; Nakamura, Keisuke; Sagawa, Naoki; Hoshi, Katsuya; Nakagawa, Takahiro; Takimoto, Misaki; Tanimura, Yoshihiko*; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Momose, Takumaro; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Progress of impurity influx monitor (divertor) for ITER

Ogawa, Hiroaki; Kitazawa, Sin-iti; Sugie, Tatsuo; Katsunuma, Atsushi*; Kitazawa, Daisuke*; Omori, Keisuke*; Itami, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of divertor IR thermography for ITER

Sugie, Tatsuo; Takeuchi, Masaki; Ishikawa, Masao; Shimada, Takahiko; Katsunuma, Atsushi*; Kitazawa, Daisuke*; Omori, Keisuke*; Itami, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Solvent extraction and separation of Se, Zr, Pd, and Cs having long lived radionuclides, 2; Systematic separation of Se, Zr, Pd, and Cs using different extractants

Sasaki, Yuji; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Ito, Keisuke; Takahashi, Yuya*; Kaneko, Masaaki*; Omori, Takashi*; Asano, Kazuhito*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Recovery of LLFP from high-level liquid waste, 4; Investigation of new extractants for recovery of Zirconium

Morita, Keisuke; Suzuki, Hideya; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Takahashi, Yuya*; Omori, Takashi*; Kaneko, Masaaki*; Asano, Kazuhito*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Anion-exchange behavior of Nb, Ta, and Pa in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution for understanding chemical species of Db

Adachi, Sadia*; Sueki, Keisuke*; Toyoshima, Atsushi*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Komori, Yukiko*; Yokokita, Takuya*; Mori, Taiki*

no journal, , 

Anion exchange behavior of group-5 elements, Nb, Ta, and their pseudo homologue Pa in HF and HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution was investigated to understand chemical properties of Db. Adsorption behavior of Db is clearly different from that of Ta and is similar to those of Nb and Pa. In the present study, anion exchange experiments of Nb, Ta and Pa were carried out with HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ aqueous solution as basic experiments for estimating the species of Db fluoride complex. Adsorption behavior was investigated by changing the fluoride ion concentration for each HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration. Based on the observed distribution coefficients of these elements, we discuss the formation reaction of the anionic fluoride complex and chemical species of Db.

Oral presentation

Separation process of long-lived fission products from high-level radioactive wastes; Separation and recovery technologies based on electrolysis, adsorption, and solvent extraction

Takahashi, Yuya*; Omori, Takashi*; Yamashita, Yu*; Kaneko, Masaaki*; Asano, Kazuhito*; Morita, Keisuke; Suzuki, Hideya*; Matsumura, Tatsuro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Anion-exchange behavior of Db in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solution

Kato, Mizuho*; Adachi, Sadia*; Toyoshima, Atsushi*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Yokokita, Takuya*; Komori, Yukiko*; Shigekawa, Yudai*; Sueki, Keisuke*

no journal, , 

A few studies have been so far performed on aqueous chemistry of Db, the group-5 superheavy element, by anion-exchange experiments in HF and HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixture solutions. Although the distribution coefficient (Kd) of Db was shown to trend to Ta $$>$$ Nb $$>$$ Db $$>$$ Pa in the group-5 homologs and pseudo-homolog elements, its chemical species has not been clarified. In this work, for identification of fluoride species of Db, we performed anion-exchange experiments of Nb, Ta, and Db in HF/1.0 M HNO$$_{3}$$ mixture solutions by using an automated rapid chemistry apparatus, ARCA.

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