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Journal Articles

Temporal variability of $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in coastal sediments off Fukushima

Suzuki, Shotaro*; Amano, Yosuke*; Enomoto, Masahiro*; Matsumoto, Akira*; Morioka, Yoshiaki*; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Kaeriyama, Hideki*; Miura, Hikaru*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 831, p.154670_1 - 154670_15, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:45.14(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Emergence of spin-orbit coupled ferromagnetic surface state derived from Zak phase in a nonmagnetic insulator FeSi

Otsuka, Yusuke*; Kanazawa, Naoya*; Hirayama, Motoaki*; Matsui, Akira*; Nomoto, Takuya*; Arita, Ryotaro*; Nakajima, Taro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Ukleev, V.*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 7(47), p.eabj0498_1 - eabj0498_9, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:14.41(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Liquid film behavior and heat-transfer mechanism near the rewetting front in a single rod air-water system

Wada, Yuki; Le, T. D.; Satou, Akira; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(1), p.100 - 113, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.93(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Study on dryout and rewetting during accidents including ATWS for the BWR at JAEA

Satou, Akira; Wada, Yuki; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 354, p.110164_1 - 110164_10, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:73.94(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA has conducted a series of experimental researches on the Post-boiling transition heat transfer, transient critical heat flux and rewetting for BWRs. Experimental data bases covering the anticipated operational conditions was developed; the significance of the precursor cooling was identified. This paper presents approaches of the present research focusing on the anticipated transient without scram, effects of the spacer and physical understanding of the phenomena for development of mechanistic model together with promising results obtained so far.

Journal Articles

Ultrasound measurement of upward liquid film flow in vertical pipe

Wada, Yuki; Satou, Akira; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Sagawa, Jun*

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.4518 - 4531, 2019/08

Liquid film detection under boiling transition (BT) condition is one of the important issues to develop models on dry out and rewet including physical characteristics of liquid film behavior. Although a heater surface temperature has been often used in previous studies to detect the position of liquid film front, it is difficult to accurately identify the position from the temperature measurement. Therefore, we are developing a nonintrusive measurement technique for detecting thin liquid film thickness under BT and rewet condition using ultrasound. In this study, we focus on high accuracy measurement for liquid film thinner than 0.1 mm by using high frequency ultrasound of 15 MHz and developing a signal processing method. Liquid film measurement results were found to agree with liquid film thickness correlations. Based on a comparison with constant current method, it is concluded that the present technique gives more reasonable liquid film thickness than constant current method.

Journal Articles

On the liquid film flow characteristics during the rewetting in the single rod air-water system

Wada, Yuki; Le, T. D.; Satou, Akira; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Experimental investigation of Post-BT heat transfer and rewetting phenomena

Satou, Akira; Wada, Yuki; Le, T. D.; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Yonomoto, Taisuke

Proceedings of ANS International Conference on Best Estimate Plus Uncertainties Methods (BEPU 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2018/00

Experiments were performed under the condition of AOO for BWRs to obtain Post-BT heat transfer rate, deposition rates of liquid droplets, and the rewetting behavior after the core dryout. Rewetting behavior was analytically investigated and a relation among the rewetting velocity, the hot wall temperature, and the heat transfer rates in the precursory cooling and wetted regions were obtained. In addition, experiments simulating the condition of ATWS were newly performed with simulated ferrule spacers especially to investigate the spacer effect. It was found that the heat transfer rates were enhanced by the spacers, which were compared with existing prediction models for the validation. The spacers also appeared to increase the rewetting velocity slightly. Since the precursory cooling was found to play an important role on the rewetting behavior through the series of prior experiments, new experiments are conducted focusing on the precursory cooling. In those experiments, the behaviors of liquid film and droplets around the rewetting front were observed to investigate the mechanism of the precursory cooling.

Journal Articles

Heat conduction analyses on rewetting front propagation during transients beyond anticipated operational occurrences for BWRs

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Satou, Akira; Okagaki, Yuria

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(9), p.1342 - 1352, 2016/09


 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:30.71(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Our previous study investigated the rewetting behavior of dryout fuel surface during transients beyond anticipated operational occurrences (AOOs) for BWRs, which indicated the rewetting velocity was significantly affected by the precursory cooling defined as cooling immediately before rewetting. The present study further investigated the previous experiments by conducting additional experimental and numerical heat conduction analyses to characterize the precursory cooling. For the characterization, the precursory cooling was firstly defined quantitatively based on evaluated heat transfer rates; the rewetting velocity was investigated as a function of the cladding temperature immediately before the onset of the precursory cooling. The results indicated that the propagation velocity appeared to be limited by the maximum heat transfer rate near the rewetting front. This limitation was consistent with results of the heat conduction analysis.

Journal Articles

Thermal hydraulic safety research at JAEA after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station accident

Yonomoto, Taisuke; Shibamoto, Yasuteru; Takeda, Takeshi; Satou, Akira; Ishigaki, Masahiro; Abe, Satoshi; Okagaki, Yuria; Sun, Haomin; Tochio, Daisuke

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.5341 - 5352, 2015/08

Journal Articles

Model magnet development of D1 beam separation dipole for the HL-LHC upgrade

Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Sugano, Michinaka*; Xu, Q.*; Kawamata, Hiroshi*; Enomoto, Shun*; Higashi, Norio*; Idesaki, Akira; Iio, Masami*; Ikemoto, Yukio*; Iwasaki, Ruri*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4000505_1 - 4000505_5, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Recently, development of superconducting magnet system with high radiation resistance has been demanded for application in accelerator facilities such as CERN LHC. In order to realize superconducting magnet system with high radiation resistance, it is necessary to develop electrical insulator with high radiation resistance because the electrical insulator is made of organic materials whose radiation resistance is inferior to that of inorganic materials. We developed a glass fiber reinforced plastic with bismaleimide-triazine resin. The developed material showed excellent radiation resistance; the material evolved gases of 5$$times$$10 $$^{-5}$$mol/g and maintained flexural strength of 640MPa (90% of initial value).

Journal Articles

Study of safety features and accident scenarios in a fusion DEMO reactor

Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Gulden, W.*; Watanabe, Kazuhito*; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Matsumiya, Hisato*; Ishii, Kyoko*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2028 - 2032, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:72.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

After the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident, a social need for assuring safety of fusion energy has grown gradually in the Japanese (JA) fusion research community. DEMO safety research has been launched as a part of BA DEMO Design Activities (BA-DDA). This paper reports progress in the fusion DEMO safety research conducted under BA-DDA. Safety requirements and evaluation guidelines have been, first of all, established based on those established in the Japanese ITER site invitation activities. The amounts of radioactive source terms and energies that can mobilize such source terms have been assessed for a reference DEMO, in which the blanket technology is based on the Japanese fusion technology R&D programme. Reference event sequences expected in DEMO have been analyzed based on the master logic diagram and functional FMEA techniques. Accident initiators of particular importance in DEMO have been selected based on the event sequence analysis.

Journal Articles

Key aspects of the safety study of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor

Nakamura, Makoto; Tobita, Kenji; Someya, Yoji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Gulden, W.*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Araki, Takao*; Watanabe, Kazuhito*; Matsumiya, Hisato*; Ishii, Kyoko*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 9, p.1405139_1 - 1405139_11, 2014/10

Key aspects of the safety study of a water-cooled fusion DEMO reactor is reported. Safety requirements, dose target, DEMO plant model and confinement strategy of the safety study are briefly introduced. The internal hazard of a water-cooled DEMO, i.e. radioactive inventories, stored energies that can mobilize these inventories and accident initiators and scenarios, are evaluated. It is pointed out that the enthalpy in the first wall/blanket cooling loops, the decay heat and the energy potentially released by the Be-steam chemical reaction are of special concern for the water-cooled DEMO. An ex-vessel loss-of-coolant of the first wall/blanket cooling loop is also quantitatively analyzed. The integrity of the building against the ex-VV LOCA is discussed.

Journal Articles

Study on sustainable regional nuclear fuel cycle framework from nuclear non-proliferation viewpoint, 1; Historical review and basic concept to propose new framework

Kuno, Yusuke; Tazaki, Makiko; Akiba, Mitsunori*; Adachi, Takeo*; Takashima, Ryuta*; Omoto, Akira*; Oda, Takuji*; Choi, J.-S.*; Tanaka, Satoru*

Proceedings of INMM 53rd Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2012/07

This paper will present brief historical review of multilateral nuclear approach (MNA), and based on which, a basic concept of a reliable framework of nuclear fuel cycle, where the fuel-cycle services could be provided without discrimination and meet the international 3S requirements, is discussed.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

Effects of inclusions on fracture toughness of reduced-activation ferritic/martensitic F82H-IEA steels

Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Sawahata, Atsushi; Sokolov, M. A.*; Enomoto, Masato*; Klueh, R. L.*; Koyama, Akira*

Materials Transactions, 48(3), p.570 - 573, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:72.77(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The effects of microstructural inhomogeneity of F82H-IEA was investigated focusing on inclusion. It turned out that Ta does not form MX precipitates, but it forms complex Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$;Ta(V,Ti)O inclusions, or simple Ta(V)O inclusions. The complex inclusions are rather dominant in the plate obtained from the bottom of the ingot, but not in the plate from the middle of the ingot. SEM observations also revealed that broken complex inclusions tended to be observed at the crack-initiation site. These results suggest that the scatter of toughness values is correlated with this microstructural inhomogeneity, as the MC method assumes the material has a homogeneous microstructure.

Journal Articles

Current status and future direction of INPRO (International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles)

Omoto, Akira*; Moriwaki, Masanao*; Sugimoto, Jun; Nakai, Ryodai

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 49(2), p.89 - 111, 2007/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Chemical abundances in the secondary star of the black hole binary V4641 Sagittarii (SAX J1819.3-2525)

Sadakane, Kozo*; Arai, Akira*; Aoki, Wako*; Arimoto, Nobuo*; Hidai, Masahide*; Onishi, Takashi*; Tajitsu, Akito*; Beers, T. C.*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Tominaga, Nozomu*; et al.

Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 58(3), p.595 - 604, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:32.59(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report detailed spectroscopic studies performed for the secondary star in the black hole binary (micro-quasar) V4641 Sgr in order to examine its surface chemical composition and to see if its surface shows any signature of pollution by ejecta from a supernova explosion. We obtain abundances of 10 elements and find definite over-abundances of N (by 0.8 dex or more) and Na (by 0.8 dex) in V4641 Sgr. From line-by-line comparisons of eight other elements (C, O, Mg, Al, Si, Ti, Cr, Fe) between V4641 Sgr and the two normal late B-type stars, which have been reported to have solar abundances. An evolutionary model of a massive close binary system has been constructed to explain the abundances observed in V4641 Sgr. The model suggests that the BH forming supernova in this system was a dark one.

JAEA Reports

Feasibility Study on Commercialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle Systems Interim Report of Phase II; Technical Study Report for Reactor Plant Systems

Konomura, Mamoru; Ogawa, Takashi; Okano, Yasushi; Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Murakami, Tsutomu; Takaki, Naoyuki; Nishiguchi, Youhei; Sugino, Kazuteru; Naganuma, Masayuki; Hishida, Masahiko; et al.

JNC TN9400 2004-035, 2071 Pages, 2004/06


The attractive concepts for Sodium-, lead-bismuth-, helium- and water-cooled FBRs have been created through using typical plant features and employing advanced technologies. Efforts on evaluating technological prospects of feasibility have been paid for these concepts. Also, it was comfirmed if these concepts satisfy design requierments of capability and performance presumed in the feasibilty study on commertialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Systems. As results, it was concluded that the selection of sodium-cooled reactor was most rational for practical use of FBR technologies in 2015.

Journal Articles

Economic scale of utilization of nuclear

Takehisa, Masaaki*; Tagawa, Seiichi*; Kashiwagi, Masayuki*; Tominaga, Hiroshi*; Ishikawa, Isamu*; Ooka, Norikazu; Kamada, Toshimitsu*; Hosobuchi, Kazunari*; Makuuchi, Keizo; Takeshita, Hidefumi; et al.

Genshiryoku Riyo No Keizai Kibo; NSA/Commentaries, No.9, 139 Pages, 2001/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Status and subjects of thermal-hydraulic analysis for next-generation LWRs with passive safety systems

Aritomi, Masanori*; Onuki, Akira; Arai, Kenji*; *; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Araya, Fumimasa; Akimoto, Hajime

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 41(7), p.738 - 757, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

33 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)