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Journal Articles

Fusion reaction $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$Bk leading to formation of the element Ts (Z=117)

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054306_1 - 054306_16, 2019/05

We have performed an experiment to synthesize the element 117 (Ts) with the $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$Bk fusion reaction. Four $$alpha$$-decay chains attributed to the element 117 were observed. Two of them were long decay chains which can be assigned to the one originating from the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{294}$$Ts. The other two were short decay chains which are consistent with the one originating from the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{293}$$Ts. We have compared the present results with the literature data, and found that our present results mostly confirmed the literature data, leading to the firm confirmation of the synthesis of the element 117.

Journal Articles

Online chemical adsorption studies of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces in preparation for chemical investigations on Cn, Nh, and Fl at TASCA

Lens, L.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Asai, Masato; Ballof, J.*; Block, M.*; David, H. M.*; Despotopulos, J.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 106(12), p.949 - 962, 2018/12

 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Online gas-solid adsorption studies with single atom quantities of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces were carried out using short-lived radioisotopes with half-lives in the range of 4-49 s. This is a model study to measure adsorption enthalpies of superheavy elements Cn, Nh, and Fl. The short-lived isotopes were produced and separated by the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA at GSI. The products were stopped in He gas, and flushed into gas chromatography columns made of Si detectors whose surfaces were covered by SiO$$_{2}$$ or Au. The short-lived Tl and Pb were successfully measured by the Si detectors with the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface at room temperature. On the other hand, the Hg did not adsorb on the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface, but adsorbed on the Au surface. The results demonstrated that the adsorption properties of short-lived Hg, Tl, and Pb could be studied with this setup, and that this method is applicable to the experiment for Cn, Nh, and Fl.

Journal Articles

Recoil-$$alpha$$-fission and recoil-$$alpha$$-$$alpha$$-fission events observed in the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{243}$$Am

Forsberg, U.*; Rudolph, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Fahlander, C.*; Gates, J. M.*; Golubev, P.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; Gross, C. J.*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 953, p.117 - 138, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:4.76(Physics, Nuclear)

Alpha-decay chains observed in the element-115 production reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{243}$$Am were investigated using a new data set consisting of our recently reported data obtained at GSI and previously reported ones at Dubna and LBNL. Short decay chains of recoil-$$alpha$$-($$alpha$$)-fission type, fourteen of which were observed, and some of which were interpreted as the 2-neutron evaporation products $$^{289}$$Mc, have been reassigned. It is plausible that most of them were assigned to the 3-neutron evaporation products $$^{288}$$Mc whose decay chain would on the way have branches of EC decays followed by fission.

Journal Articles

Selected spectroscopic results on element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1185 - 1190, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:28.02(Chemistry, Analytical)

Thirty correlated $$alpha$$-decay chains of element 115 were observed, which were consistent with previous observations interpreted as the decay chain of $$^{288}$$115. GEANT4 Monte-Carlo simulations were performed to reproduce high-resolution $$alpha$$-photon coincidence results, which allows one to propose Q$$_{alpha}$$ values and excitation schemes of the superheavy nuclei with unprecedented precision.

Journal Articles

$$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{249}$$Bk fusion reaction leading to element Z = 117; Long-lived $$alpha$$-decaying $$^{270}$$Db and discovery of $$^{266}$$Lr

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(17), p.172501_1 - 172501_5, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:131 Percentile:1.03(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The superheavy element with atomic number 117 was produced in the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{249}$$Bk fusion reaction using the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA at GSI in Germany. This result verified the previous result of the discovery of new element 117 reported by Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions in Russia, which makes certain the synthesis and discovery of element 117 in human history. On the other hand, the last nucleus in the $$alpha$$ decay chain from the element 117 was assigned to be the unknown nucleus $$^{266}$$Lr instead of the previously reported $$^{270}$$Db, and $$^{270}$$Db was found to be the $$alpha$$-decaying nucleus with very long half-life.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic tools applied to element Z = 115 decay chains

Forsberg, U.*; Rudolph, D.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 66, p.02036_1 - 02036_4, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:9.47

A focal-plane Si detector setup applied to the spectroscopy of the element 115 $$alpha$$-decay chains was reported. Results of the digital signal analysis for preamplifier signals and of the event-by-event $$alpha$$-energy loss correction analysis were presented. The detectors consist of five double-sided Si strip detectors (DSSSD) arranged as a box, and signals from one side of the detector at the bottom of the box were digitally processed. Energy losses of $$alpha$$ particles detected by two Si detectors at the bottom and a side differs event-by-event, because each $$alpha$$ particle passed through two dead layers with a certain tilted angle. By correcting for the energy loss of each $$alpha$$ event using the angle of the $$alpha$$-particle emission extracted from the detected positions, we succeeded in improving the $$alpha$$ energy resolution significantly.

Journal Articles

Alpha-photon coincidence spectroscopy along element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Acta Physica Polonica B, 45(2), p.263 - 272, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:21.56(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Produced in the reaction of $$^{48}$$Ca beam with an $$^{243}$$Am target, thirty correlated $$alpha$$-decay chains were observed. Observed decay chains are consistent with a previously reported decay chain, which confirms the identification of the element 115. In addition, an $$alpha$$-photon coincidence measurement was performed, and $$gamma$$ rays as well as X-ray candidates were observed in this decay chain. The $$gamma$$-ray observation in the heaviest region of superheavy nuclei brings a big progress in the superheavy nuclear structure studies.

Journal Articles

Superheavy element flerovium (element 114) is a volatile metal

Yakushev, A.*; Gates, J. M.*; T$"u$rler, A.*; Sch$"a$del, M.; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Block, M.*; Br$"u$chle, W.*; Dvorak, J.*; et al.

Inorganic Chemistry, 53(3), p.1624 - 1629, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:1.81(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

We report on a gas-solid chromatography study of the adsorption of element 114 (flerovium, Fl) on a Au surface. Fl was produced in the nuclear fusion reaction $$^{244}$$Pu($$^{48}$$Ca, 3-4n)$$^{288,289}$$Fl and was isolated in-flight from the primary $$^{48}$$ beam in a physical recoil separator. The adsorption behavior of Fl, its nuclear $$alpha$$-decay product Cn, their lighter homologues in groups 14 and 12, i.e., Pb and Hg, and the noble gas Rn were studied simultaneously by isothermal gas chromatography and thermochromatography. Two Fl atoms were detected. They adsorbed on a Au surface at room temperature, but not as readily as Pb and Hg. The observed adsorption behavior of Fl points to a higher inertness compared to its nearest homologue in the group, Pb. However, the measured lower limit for the adsorption enthalpy of Fl on a Au surface points to the formation of a metal-metal bond of Fl with Au. Fl is the least reactive element in the group, but still a metal.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopy of element 115 decay chains

Rudolph, D.*; Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Yakushev, A.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gates, J. M.*; Gregorich, K. E.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 111(11), p.112502_1 - 112502_5, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:88 Percentile:2.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

First experiment at TASCA towards X-ray fingerprinting of element 115 decay chains

Forsberg, U.*; Golubev, P.*; Sarmiento, L. G.*; Jeppsson, J.*; Rudolph, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Ackermann, D.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.

Acta Physica Polonica B, 43(2), p.305 - 311, 2012/02

The atomic numbers and mass numbers of superheavy elements produced in the reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca beam with actinide targets have not been identified with direct experimental evidences. This causes a little doubt about a new element synthesis. The aim of this study is to identify the atomic numbers of those superheavy elements through characteristic X-ray measurements. To produce and separate superheavy elements, we employed a gas-filled separator TASCA at GSI, and constructed high-efficiency $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$-electron multi-coincidence detector setup at the focal plane of TASCA. Transmission efficiencies and focusing abilities were tested experimentally, and compared with simulations. We achieved a good performance to realize X-ray measurement for the element 115.

Journal Articles

The Recoil transfer chamber; An Interface to connect the physical preseparator TASCA with chemistry and counting setups

Even, J.*; Ballof, J.*; Br$"u$chle, W.*; Buda, R. A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Gorshkov, A.*; Gromm, E.*; Hild, D.*; J$"a$ger, E.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 638(1), p.157 - 164, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:12.26(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Experimental study of the $$^{238}$$U($$^{36}$$S, 3-5$$n$$)$$^{269-271}$$Hs reaction leading to the observation of $$^{270}$$Hs

Graeger, R.*; Ackermann, D.*; Chelnokov, M.*; Chepigin, V.*; D$"u$llmann, C. E.*; Dvorak, J.*; Even, J.*; Gorshkov, A.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hild, D.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 81(6), p.061601_1 - 061601_5, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:10.02(Physics, Nuclear)

Oral presentation

Redox studies of the heaviest elements using an electrolytic column apparatus

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro; Asai, Masato; Miyashita, Sunao; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Solvent extraction of Mo and W for redox studies of Sg

Miyashita, Sunao; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Omtvedt, J. P.*; et al.

no journal, , 

For determination of the redox potentials of seaborgium (Sg), we plan to carry out rapid continuous experiments using a new system combined with a flow electrolytic column and the rapid liquid-liquid extraction apparatus SISAK. For the experiments of redox potentials of Sg, fast separation between different oxidation states of Sg is required. In this study, solvent extraction of W and Mo, as the lighter homologues of Sg, from 0.10 mol/L hydrochloric acid solution into di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (HDEHP), 1-phenyl-3-metyl-4-benzoyl-5-pyrazolone (PMBP) and 3-isopropyl-tropolone (HT) in toluene was investigated. A synergistic effect by tributylphosphate (TBP) was also examined.

Oral presentation

Electrolytic reduction of Mo and W as lighter homologues of seaborgium (Sg)

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Miyashita, Sunao; Oe, Kazuhiro; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Omtvedt, J. P.*; et al.

no journal, , 

We plan to determine the redox potential of seaborgium (Sg) in continuous experiments with a flow electrolytic column and a continuous solvent extraction SISAK. In this study, reduction experiments of its lighter homologues, Mo and W, were performed using the flow electrolytic column apparatus. After 200 $$mu$$L of the $$^{181}$$W radiotracer in 0.1 M HCl was introduced into the apparatus, 1000 $$mu$$L of 0.1 M HCl was fed into the electrode on which an potential was applied between -0.8 and 0.6 V. 1000 $$mu$$L was taken from the effluent from the electrode and was then mixed with 10$$^{-4}$$ M hinokitiol in toluene with the same volume. After shaking for 1 min and then centrifuging for 30 s, 800 $$mu$$L was taken from each phase, which was then separately subjected to $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry. As a result, the extraction yield of $$^{181}$$W was constant against the variation of the applied potential. It seems that once reduced W was again oxidized to the +6 state in the extraction procedure.

Oral presentation

Improvement of rapid liquid-liquid extraction apparatus SISAK for redox studies of Sg

Oe, Kazuhiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Miyashita, Sunao; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Lerum, H. V.*; et al.

no journal, , 

We are planning to investigate the redox potentials of element 106, seaborgium, with a combination of the rapid liquid-liquid extraction apparatus SISAK and a flow electrolytic column. In order to combine these two apparatuses, we need to reduce the liquid flow-rate of the SISAK system. In this study, a new degasser, which works with a lower flow rate, was developed for SISAK. It separates the gas-liquid mixture using a hydrophobic Teflon membrane (only the gas can go through the membrane). Using this new degasser, dissolution efficiencies of gas-jet transported products were measured. At the typical flow rate for the SISAK system (0.4 mL/s), a dissolution efficiency of approximately 80% was obtained. A high yield of around 80% was also observed at a flow rate of 0.1 mL/s with a mixer for the gas-liquid mixing.

Oral presentation

Liquid-phase studies of seaborgium using the automated liquid-liquid extraction system SISAK

Omtvedt, J. P.*; Oe, Kazuhiro; Lerum, H. V.*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Kratz, J. V.*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.

no journal, , 

We are planning to investigate the redox potentials of element 106, seaborgium, with a combination of the automated liquid-liquid extraction system SISAK and a flow electrolytic column. In order to combine these two apparatuses, we need to reduce the liquid flow-rate of the SISAK system. In this study, a new degasser, which works with a lower flow rate, was developed for SISAK. It separates the gas-liquid mixture using a hydrophobic Teflon membrane (only the gas can go through the membrane). Using this new degasser, dissolution efficiencies of gas-jet transported products were measured. A high yield of around 80% was observed at a flow rate of 0.1 mL/s with a mixer for the gas-liquid mixing. This result has never been achieved with the conventional SISAK degasser. This is an important step forward with respect to combining the SISAK system with a flow electrolytic column for performing redox experiments on Sg.

Oral presentation

Development of a new continuous dissolution apparatus using a hydrophobic membrane filter for superheavy element chemistry

Oe, Kazuhiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Miyashita, Sunao; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Lerum, H. V.*; et al.

no journal, , 

We are planning to investigate the redox behavior of element 106, seaborgium (Sg). For the Sg study, we newly developed a continuous dissolution apparatus which dissolves the gas-jet transported nuclides produced in nuclear reactions into aqueous solution. The new apparatus has a hydrophobic membrane filter for separation of aqueous solution from the gas. We investigated the dissolution efficiencies with the apparatus for short-lived nuclides of molybdenum and tungsten which are lighter homologues of Sg. In the meeting, the dependence of the efficiencies on the aqueous- and gas-flow rates will be reported.

Oral presentation

Extraction behavior of hexavalent Mo and W for Sg experiment

Miyashita, Sunao; Oe, Kazuhiro; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Omtvedt, J. P.*; et al.

no journal, , 

For the experiments of the redox potentials of Sg, rapid separation between different oxidation states of Sg is needed. In this study, solvent extraction of hexavalent Mo and W, as the lighter homologues of Sg, from 1.0 mol/L hydrochloric acid solution into di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (HDEHP), 1-phenyl-3-metyl-4-benzoyl-5-pyrazolone (PMBP), N-benzoyl-N-pheny-hydroxylamine (BPHA) and 4-isopropyl-tropolone (HT) in toluene was carried out. When HDEHP and PMBP were used as extractant, extraction equilibrium of $$^{181}$$W was achieved within 5 and 1 hours respectively. On the other hand, when BPHA and HT were used, extraction equilibrium of $$^{181}$$W was quickly achieved within 1 minute in both extractants. Extraction kinetics of $$^{rm 93m}$$Mo using BPHA and HT was examined. Extraction kinetics of Mo was slower than that of W. Extraction equilibrium of Mo was achieved within 10 by BPHA and 3 minutes by HT. We concluded that HT is a suitable extractant for the Sg reduction experiment.

Oral presentation

Solvent extraction of hexavalent Mo and W using 4-isopropyltropolone (Hinokitiol) for seaborgium (Sg) reduction experiment

Miyashita, Sunao; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Kaneya, Yusuke; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

no journal, , 

Solvent extraction of $$^{93m}$$Mo and $$^{176}$$W using 4-isopropyltropolone (Hinokitiol, HT) was investigated. Extraction mechanism of Mo and W with HT was examined by slope analysis. The slopse of the distribution ratio of Mo and W vs. [HT] in logarithmic scale are 1.88 and 1.54, respectively.

25 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)