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Journal Articles

On maximizing the ICRF antenna loading for ITER plasmas

Mayoral, M.-L.*; Bobkov, V.*; Colas, L.*; Goniche, M.*; Hosea, J.*; Kwak, J. G.*; Pinsker, R.*; Moriyama, Shinichi; Wukitch, S.*; Baity, F. W.*; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2011/03

For any given ICRF antenna design for ITER, the maximum achievable power strongly depends on the density profiles in the SOL. It has been suggested that gas injection can be used to modify the SOL profiles and thus minimize the sensitivity of the ICRF coupling to variations in the density at the edge of the confined plasma. Recently joint experiments coordinated by the ITPA were performed to characterize further this method. An increase in SOL density during gas injection led to improved coupling for all tokamaks in this multi-machine comparison. The effectiveness of using gas injection over a wide range of conditions, as a tool to tailor the edge density in front of the ICRF antennas, is documented for different gas inlet location and plasma configurations. In addition, any deleterious effects on the confinement and interaction with the antenna near-field are not investigated.

Journal Articles

The 2008 public release of the international multi-tokamak confinement profile database

Roach, C. M.*; Walters, M.*; Budny, R. V.*; Imbeaux, F.*; Fredian, T. W.*; Greenwald, M.*; Stillerman, J. A.*; Alexander, D. A.*; Carlsson, J.*; Cary, J. R.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 48(12), p.125001_1 - 125001_19, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:26.98(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper documents the public release PR08 of the International Tokamak Physics Activity profile database, which should be of particular interest to the magnetic confinement fusion community. Data from a wide variety of interesting discharges from many of the world's leading tokamak experiments are now made available in PR08, which also includes predictive simulations of an initial set of operating scenarios for ITER. In this paper we describe the discharges that have been included and the tools that are available to the reader who is interested in accessing and working with the data.

Journal Articles

Recent progress on the development and analysis of the ITPA global H-mode confinement database

McDonald, D. C.*; Cordey, J. G.*; Thomsen, K.*; Kardaun, O. J. W. F.*; Snipes, J. A.*; Greenwald, M.*; Sugiyama, L.*; Ryter, F.*; Kus, A.*; Stober, J.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(3), p.147 - 174, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:44 Percentile:29.82(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper describes the updates to and analysis of the International Tokamak Physics Activity (ITPA) Global H-node Confinement Database version 3 (DB3) over the period 1994-2004. Global data, for the energy confinement time and its controlling parameters, have now been collected from 18 machines of different sizes and shapes: ASDEX, ASDEX Upgrade, C-Mod CoMPASS-D, DIII-D, JET, JFT-2M, JT-60U, MAST, NSTX, PBX-M, PDX, START, T-10, TCV, TdeV, TFTR and TUMAN-3M. A wide range of physics studies has been performed on DB3 with particular progress made in the separation of core and edge behavior, dimensionless parameter analyses and the comparison of the database with one-dimensional transport code. A key aim of the database has always been to provide a basis for estimating the energy confinement properties of next step machines such as ITER, and so the impact of the database and its analysis on such machines is also discussed.

Journal Articles

The Role of aspect ratio and beta in H-mode confinement scalings

Kaye, S. M.*; Valovic, M.*; Chudnovskiy, A.*; Cordey, J. G.*; McDonald, D.*; Meakins, A.*; Thomsen, K.*; Akers, R.*; Bracco, G.*; Brickley, C.*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A429 - A438, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:44.28(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The effects of aspect ratio and beta on confinement scaling are studied with the use of the H-mode database extended by the low aspect ratio data from NSTX and MAST. Various statistical methods are applied. Development of scalings using engineering parameters as predictor variables results in the inverse-aspect-ratio scaling with the range from 0.38 to 1.29. The transformation of these scalings to physics variables results in an unfavorouble dependence of the normalized energy confinement time on beta. There is a strong correlation between the inverse aspect ratio and beta, and this makes scalings based on physics variables imprecise.

Journal Articles

Scaling of the energy confinement time with $$beta$$ and collisionality approaching ITER conditions

Cordey, J. G.*; Thomsen, K.*; Chudnovskiy, A.*; Kardaun, O. J. W. F.*; Takizuka, Tomonori; Snipes, J. A.*; Greenwald, M.*; Sugiyama, L.*; Ryter, F.*; Kus, A.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(9), p.1078 - 1084, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:84.74(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The condition of the latest version of the ELMy H-mode database has been re-examined. It is shown that there is bias in the ordinary least squares regression for some of the variables. To address these shortcomings three different techniques are employed: (a)principal component regression, (b)an error in variables technique and (c)the selection of a better conditioned dataset with fewer variables. Scalings in terms of the dimensionless physics valiables, as well as the standard set of engineering variables, are derived. The new scalings give a very similar performance for existing scalings for ITER at the standard beta, but a much improvement performance at higher beta.

Journal Articles

Recent progress toward high performance above the greenwald density limit in impurity seeded discharges in limiter and divertor tokamaks

Ongena, J.*; Budny, R.*; Dumortier, P.*; Jackson, G. L.*; Kubo, Hirotaka; Messiaen, A. M.*; Murakami, Masanori*; Strachan, J. D.*; Sydora, R.*; Tokar, M.*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 8(5), p.2188 - 2198, 2001/05

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:80.5(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The International multi-tokamak profile database

Boucher, D.*; Connor, J. W.*; Houlberg, W. A.*; Turner, M. F.*; Bracco, G.*; Chudnovskiy, A.*; Cordey, J. G.*; Greenwald, M. J.*; Hoang, G. T.*; Hogeweij, G. M. D.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 40(12), p.1955 - 1981, 2000/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ITER L mode confinement database

Kaye, S. M.*; Greenwald, M. J.*; U.Stroth*; O.Kardaun*; A.Kus*; Schissel, D. R.*; J.DeBoo*; Bracco, G.*; K.Thomsen*; Cordey, J. G.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 37(9), p.1303 - 1328, 1997/00

 Times Cited Count:146 Percentile:96.62(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

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