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Journal Articles

Initial oxidation kinetics of Si(113)-(3$$times$$2) investigated using supersonic seeded molecular beams

Ono, Shinya*; Tanaka, Kazuma*; Kodama, Hiraku*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden*

Surface Science, 697, p.121600_1 - 121600_6, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.46(Chemistry, Physical)

The initial oxidation on silicon surfaces with (113) orientation has been investigated by high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation. In the present study, we investigated both the Si2p state and O1s state to evaluate the oxide thickness, composition, and to assess the strain at the SiO$$_{2}$$/Si interface. In the Si2p state, the oxidized components (Si$$^{1+}$$, Si$$^{2+}$$, Si$$^{3+}$$, Si$$^{4+}$$) were analyzed. In the O1s state, a low-binding-energy component (LBC) and a high-binding-energy component (HBC) were analyzed. To investigate the non-thermal oxidation process, we utilized the supersonic seeded molecular beam (SSMB) to enhance the translational kinetic energies ($$E_{rm t}$$) of oxygen molecules. We demonstrate that the oxide quality and oxidation kinetics are largely altered by changing $$E_{rm t}$$.

Journal Articles

Elucidations of the catalytic cycle of NADH-cytochrome $$b$$$$_{5}$$ reductase by X-ray crystallography; New insights into regulation of efficient electron transfer

Yamada, Mitsugu*; Tamada, Taro; Takeda, Kazuki*; Matsumoto, Fumiko*; Ono, Hiraku*; Kosugi, Masayuki*; Takaba, Kiyofumi*; Shoyama, Yoshinari*; Kimura, Shigenobu*; Kuroki, Ryota; et al.

Journal of Molecular Biology, 425(22), p.4295 - 4306, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:49.48(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

NADH-Cytochrome $$b$$$$_{5}$$ reductase (b5R), a flavoprotein consisting of NADH and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) binding domains, catalyzes electron transfer from the two-electron carrier NADH to the one-electron carrier cytochrome $$b$$$$_{5}$$ (Cb5). The crystal structures of both the fully reduced form and the oxidized form of porcine liver b5R were determined. In the reduced b5R structure determined at 1.68${AA}$ resolution, the relative configuration of the two domains was slightly shifted in comparison with that of the oxidized form. This shift resulted in an increase in the solvent-accessible surface area of FAD and created a new hydrogen-bonding interaction between the N5 atom of the isoalloxazine ring of FAD and the hydroxyl oxygen atom of Thr66, which is considered to be a key residue in the release of a proton from the N5 atom. The isoalloxazine ring of FAD in the reduced form is flat as in the oxidized form and stacked together with the nicotinamide ring of NAD$$^{+}$$. Determination of the oxidized b5R structure, including the hydrogen atoms, determined at 0.78${AA}$ resolution revealed the details of a hydrogen-bonding network from the N5 atom of FAD to His49 via Thr66. Both of the reduced and oxidized b5R structures explain how backflow in this catalytic cycle is prevented and the transfer of electrons to one-electron acceptors such as Cb5 is accelerated. Furthermore, crystallographic analysis by the cryo-trapping method suggests that re-oxidation follows a two-step mechanism. These results provide structural insights into the catalytic cycle of b5R.

JAEA Reports

None

Yokoyama, Hiroomi*; Kanazawa, Toshio*; Fukuma, Tadashi*; Tamekiyo, Kozo*; Yanagida, Koji*; Furuya, Takashi*; Kono, Hiroshi*; Ito, Keiji*; Shirakura, Takao*; Kashiwara, Shinichiro*; et al.

PNC TN8410 87-086VOL2, 944 Pages, 1986/09

PNC-TN8410-87-086VOL2.pdf:32.16MB

JAEA Reports

Detailed design of new material nitric acid recovery evaporator

Yokoyama, Hiroomi*; Kanazawa, Toshio*; Fukuma, Tadashi*; Tamekiyo, Kozo*; Yanagida, Koji*; Furuya, Takashi*; Kono, Hiroshi*; Ito, Keiji*; Shirakura, Takao*; Kashiwara, Shinichiro*; et al.

PNC TN8410 87-086VOL1, 1037 Pages, 1986/09

PNC-TN8410-87-086VOL1.pdf:34.39MB

A detailed design for a New Material Nitric Acid Recovery Evaporator was carried out with a plan to use it to replace an already constructed stainless steel Nitric Acid Recovery Evaporator at the Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation's Tokai Works. Most of the original Evaporator's conditions such as compliance with applicable laws, standards, structure, treatment performance and operating conditions were maintained when designing the new machine. The material is titanium with the addition of 5% tantalum. The Evaporator was designed with an operational life expectance of 10 years. We have calculated that the new Evaporator will have sufficient strength (including a seismatic design) and have the same evaporative performance as the already constructed one. During design, we referred to the results of already completed basic designs (Phase 1) of New Material Nitric Acid Recovery Evaporators, design and production of small-scale test equipment units, and the development of successful joints between different materials. We also considered manufacturing, installation, trial runs, maintenance, and the specifications for materials used for manufacturing, installation, piping and operation of the new Evaporator.

Oral presentation

Analysis of oligothiophene thin films grown on semiconductor surfaces

Kodama, Hiraku*; Hiraga, Kenta*; Ono, Shinya*; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Baba, Yuji; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

no journal, , 

The electronic property of organic semiconductor depends strongly on the interfacial structure between organic molecule and the substrate. We have investigated the structure of a-sexithiophene ($$alpha$$-6T) molecule thin films grown on semiconductor surfaces including SiO$$_{2}$$, GaSe, and WSe$$_{2}$$, using NEXAFS spectroscopy. Using polarized X-ray, orientation structure of a-6T molecules can be precisely determined. It was found that the orientation structure depend on the substrates. $$alpha$$-6T on GaSe is oriented with long molecular axis being flat-lying parallel to the surface. On the hand, $$alpha$$-6T on SiO$$_{2}$$ is up-right standing. The tendency of orientation direction change was interpreted in terms of the interfacial interaction between $$alpha$$-6T molecule and the substrates.

Oral presentation

Analysis of Si(113) surfaces oxidized by a supersonic seeded molecular beam technique

Tanaka, Kazuma*; Ono, Shinya*; Kodama, Hiraku*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Analysis of the structure of $$alpha$$-sexithiophene thin films grown on layered materials

Kodama, Hiraku*; Hiraga, Kenta*; Ono, Shinya*; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Baba, Yuji; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

no journal, , 

Orientation of organic semiconductor has been important issue because of its strong anisotropy of the electronic property. We have investigated the orientation effect of $$alpha$$-sexithiphene (6T) molecule deposited on WSe$$_{2}$$ or GaSe substrate, which is layered semiconductor material. Thickness was controlled by regulating deposition rate and time. Orientation angle was analyzed by angle-resolved NEXAFS spectroscopy. The results show that molecular orientation angle depend not only on the substrate but also the thickness. Tilt angle is thought to be determined by the energy stability due to the commensurate at the interface as well as the molecule-substrate interaction.

Oral presentation

Initial oxidation processes on Si(113) surfaces at room temperature

Tanaka, Kazuma*; Ono, Shinya*; Kodama, Hiraku*; Abe, Sosuke*; Miura, Shu*; Narishige, Takuma*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Analysis of the oxidation mechanism of Si(113) surfaces

Tanaka, Kazuma*; Ono, Shinya*; Kodama, Hiraku*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Structure of hydrogen atoms in high-resolution neutron structure of protein

Hirano, Yu; Tamada, Taro; Kurihara, Kazuo; Kusaka, Katsuhiro*; Ono, Hiraku*; Takeda, Kazuki*; Miki, Kunio*

no journal, , 

Hydrogen atoms are involved in protein folding and enzymatic reaction. Structures of hydrogen atoms in proteins have been discussed based on the ideal bond distances and angles obtained by small molecular crystallography. However, structural information about hydrogen atoms without geometric restraints is important for understanding structures and functions of proteins. High-potential iron-sulfur protein (HiPIP) is an electron carrier protein which functions in photosynthetic electron transfer chain of purple bacteria. In this work, we determined high-resolution neutron structure of HiPIP. The neutron diffraction experiment was performed at the BL03 beamline (iBIX) of J-PARC/MLF. We have collected the highest resolution data at 1.1 angstrom in the protein neutron structures. After structure refinement, we have observed many deviations in positions and bond lengths of hydrogen atoms from the ideal geometries.

Oral presentation

Analysis of electronic states on Si(113) surfaces oxidized by a supersonic seeded molecular beam technique

Tanaka, Kazuma*; Ono, Shinya*; Kodama, Hiraku*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

no journal, , 

Deep understanding of structures and electronic states of ultra-thin oxidies grown on surfaces with high-index crystal plane is required for the use of SiO$$_{2}$$/Si with various surfaces in 3D MOSFET such as Si nanowires. In this study, real time photoelectron spectroscopy analysis on oxidation sates formed at the Si(113) surface was demonstrated by using SUREAS2000 constructed at BL23SU in SPring-8. We used supersonic molecular beams to select the translational energies of oxygen molecule and we found that Si oxidation states can be controlled by incident energies.

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