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Journal Articles

Direct measurement of fast ortho-para conversion of molecularly chemisorbed H$$_{2}$$ on Pd(210)

Ueta, Hirokazu; Sasakawa, Yuya*; Ivanov, D.*; Ono, Satoshi*; Ogura, Shohei*; Fukutani, Katsuyuki

Physical Review B, 102(12), p.121407_1 - 121407_5, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Ortho-to-para conversion of molecularly chemisorbed H$$_{2}$$ on a Pd(210) surface at a surface temperature of 50 K is reported. A combination of a pulsed molecular beam, photo-stimulated desorption and resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization techniques was used for probing the change in the rotational states of molecularly chemisorbed H$$_{2}$$ on the surface. Our result shows that fast ortho-para conversion of chemisorbed H$$_{2}$$ occurs. The conversion time was experimentally determined to be about 2 s, which is in good agreement with a previous theoretical calculation. This agreement supports that the ortho-para conversion mechanism of the molecularly chemisorbed H$$_{2}$$ on Pd(210) is the two-step process based on the hyperfine-Coulomb excitation.

JAEA Reports

Synthesis report on the R&D for the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory; Project carried out during fiscal years 2015-2019

Nakayama, Masashi; Saiga, Atsushi; Kimura, Shun; Mochizuki, Akihito; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Ono, Hirokazu; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Takeda, Masaki; Hayano, Akira; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2019-013, 276 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Research-2019-013.pdf:18.72MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary rock at Horonobe Town in Hokkaido, north Japan. The investigations will be conducted in three phases, namely "Phase 1: Surface based investigations", "Phase 2: Construction phase" (investigations during construction of the underground facilities) and "Phase 3: Operation phase" (research in the underground facilities). According to the research plan described in the 3rd Mid- and Long- term Plan of JAEA, "Near-field performance study", "Demonstration of repository design option", and "Verification of crustal-movement buffering capacity of sedimentary rocks" are important issues of the Horonobe URL Project, and schedule of future research and backfill plans of the project will be decided by the end of 2019 Fiscal Year. The present report summarizes the research and development activities of these 3 important issues carried out during 3rd Medium to Long-term Research Phase.

JAEA Reports

The In-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory; Installation of engineered barrier system and backfilling the test niche at the 350m gallery

Nakayama, Masashi; Ono, Hirokazu

JAEA-Research 2019-007, 132 Pages, 2019/12

JAEA-Research-2019-007.pdf:11.29MB
JAEA-Research-2019-007-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:39.18MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project has being pursued by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The URL Project consists of two major research areas, "Geoscientific Research" and "Research and Development on Geological Disposal Technologies". The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system (EBS experiment) had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 fiscal year at GL-350m gallery, and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the EBS experiment is acquiring data concerned with Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. This report shows following works had carried out at the GL-350 m gallery. Excavation of a test niche and a test pit, Setting buffer material blocks and a simulated overpack into the test pit, Backfilling the niche by compaction backfilling material and setting backfilling material blocks, Casting concrete type plug and contact grouting, Consolidate measurement system and start measuring.

JAEA Reports

Collection of measurement data from in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (until March, 2018)

Nakayama, Masashi; Ono, Hirokazu; Nakayama, Mariko*; Kobayashi, Masato*

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-003, 57 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-003.pdf:18.12MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2019-003-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:99.74MB

The Horonobe URL Project has being pursued by JAEA to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The URL Project consists of two major research areas, Geoscientific Research and Research and Development on Geological Disposal Technologies, and proceeds in 3 overlapping phases, Phase I: Surface-based investigations, Phase II: Investigations during tunnel excavation and Phase III: Investigations in the URL, over a period of around 20 years. Phase III investigation was started in 2010 FY. The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 FY at GL-350 m gallery, and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the experiment is acquiring data concerned with THMC coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. This report summarizes the measurement data acquired from the experiment from December, 2014 to March, 2018. The summarized data of the EBS experiment will be published periodically.

JAEA Reports

Data of tracer migration test and borehole investigations for fracture zone in the Wakkanai formation at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Tsushima, Masahito*; Takeda, Masaki; Ono, Hirokazu

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-008, 78 Pages, 2018/10

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-008.pdf:6.73MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-008(errata).pdf:0.11MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2018-008-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:263.67MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting "geoscientific study" and "research and development on geological disposal" in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL). In-situ tracer migration test for fracture and matrix in the argillaceous rock, called for Wakkanai formation, has been conducted in the Horonobe URL project. This report summarizes data of borehole investigations and tracer migration test for fracture zone.

Journal Articles

Evaluating test conditions for in situ tracer migration test in fractured siliceous mudstone involving groundwater with dissolved gas

Takeda, Masaki; Ishii, Eiichi; Ono, Hirokazu; Kawate, Satoshi*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 25(1), p.3 - 14, 2018/06

Fault zones and excavation damaged zones have the potential to act as flow paths, and the characterization of solute transport in such zones in mudstones is important for the safe geological disposal of radioactive waste. However, few in situ tracer migration tests have been conducted on fractures in mudstones. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has conducted in situ tracer migration experiments using uranine, for fractures in siliceous mudstone of the Wakkanai Formation. 18 experiments were conducted under various conditions An injection flow rate that is slightly higher than the pumping flow rate is ideal for tracer migration experiments involving injection and pumping, as conducted in this study. In situ tracer migration experiments involving injection and pumping conducted in a groundwater environment with dissolved gases allow empirical evaluation of the relationship of the tracer recovery ratio and the groundwater degassing with the injection and pumping flow rate ratio. This evaluation is effective for the design of experimental conditions that account for degassing and ensure high levels of tracer recovery.

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Synthesis of Phase II (Construction Phase) investigations to a depth of 350m

Sato, Toshinori; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Ishii, Eiichi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Hayano, Akira; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Fujita, Tomo*; Tanai, Kenji; Nakayama, Masashi; Takeda, Masaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-025, 313 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Research-2016-025.pdf:45.1MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formations at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. This report summarizes the results of the Phase II investigations carried out from April 2005 to June 2014 to a depth of 350m. Integration of work from different disciplines into a "geosynthesis" ensures that the Phase II goals have been successfully achieved and identifies key issues that need to made to be addressed in the Phase II investigations Efforts are made to summarize as many lessons learnt from the Phase II investigations and other technical achievements as possible to form a "knowledge base" that will reinforce the technical basis for both implementation and the formulation of safety regulations.

Journal Articles

Development of CdTe pixel detectors combined with an aluminum Schottky diode sensor and photon-counting ASICs

Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*; Kawase, Morihiro*; Wu, S.*; Hurukawa, Yukihito*; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Sato, Masugu*; Hirono, Toko*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Shobu, Takahisa; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(1), p.C01044_1 - C01044_7, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:15.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have been developing CdTe pixel detectors combined with a Schottky diode sensor and photon-counting ASICs. The hybrid pixel detector was designed with a pixel size of 200 micro-meter by 200 micro-meter and an area of 19 mm by 20 mm or 38.2 mm by 40.2 mm. The photon-counting ASIC, SP8-04F10K, has a preamplifier, a shaper, 3-level window-type discriminators and a 24-bits counter in each pixel. The single-chip detector with 100 by 95 pixels successfully operated with a photon-counting mode selecting X-ray energy with the window comparator and stable operation was realized at 20$$^{circ}$$C. We have performed a feasibility study for a white X-ray microbeam experiment. Laue diffraction patterns were measured during the scan of the irradiated position in a silicon steel sample. The grain boundaries were identified by using the differentials between adjacent images at each position.

JAEA Reports

Collection of measurement data from in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (FY2015)

Nakayama, Masashi; Ono, Hirokazu; Nakayama, Mariko*; Kobayashi, Masato*

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-005, 55 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-005.pdf:11.32MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2016-005-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:32.68MB

The Horonobe URL Project has being pursued by JAEA to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The Project consists of two major research areas, "Geoscientific Research" and "Research and Development on Geological Disposal Technologies", and proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigations", "Phase II: Investigations during tunnel excavation" and "Phase III: Investigations in the underground facilities". Phase III investigation was started in 2010 fiscal year. The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system (EBS experiment) had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 fiscal year at GL-350m gallery, and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the experiment is acquiring data concerned with Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. This report summarizes the measurement data acquired from the EBS experiment from December, 2014 to March, 2016.

JAEA Reports

The In-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory; Examination of backfill material using muck from URL construction

Nakayama, Masashi; Ono, Hirokazu; Tanai, Kenji; Sugita, Yutaka; Fujita, Tomo

JAEA-Research 2016-002, 280 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Research-2016-002.pdf:16.21MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project has being pursued by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The URL Project consists of two major research areas, "Geoscientific Research" and "Research and Development on Geological Disposal Technologies", and proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigations", "Phase II: Investigations during tunnel excavation" and "Phase III: Investigations in the underground facilities", over a period of around 20 years. Phase III investigation was started in 2010 fiscal year. The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system (EBS experiment) had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 fiscal year at G.L.-350m gallery (Niche No.4), and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the experiment is acquiring data concerned with Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. In EBS experiment, the backfill material using mixture of bentonite and muck from Horonobe URL construction was used for backfilling a part of Niche No.4. This report shows the results of properties of the backfill material, confirmation test of compaction method and making backfill material block, and so on. From these results, it was confirmed that the backfill material would satisfy target value of the permeability and the swelling pressure.

JAEA Reports

Borehole investigations data sheet in Horonobe Underground Research Center (HDB-1 to HDB-11)

Ono, Hirokazu; Takeda, Masaki; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-021, 52 Pages, 2016/01

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021.pdf:18.94MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-1appendix(CD-ROM).zip:14.52MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-2-1appendix(CD-ROM).zip:217.31MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-2-2appendix(CD-ROM).zip:296.07MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-2-3appendix(CD-ROM).zip:191.06MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-3appendix(CD-ROM).zip:74.64MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-1-4appendix(CD-ROM).zip:195.28MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-021-2appendix(CD-ROM).zip:0.12MB

HDB-1 to HDB-11 were drilled at Hokushin Area of Horonobe Town, Teshio District, Hokkaido, Japan in order to investigate the characteristic of deep underground. This report summarize the results of the work carried out with the purpose of clarifying the geological, mechanical characteristics from the surface to the deeper part of this borehole.

JAEA Reports

Collection of measurement data from in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system at Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (FY2014)

Nakayama, Masashi; Ono, Hirokazu; Nakayama, Mariko*; Kobayashi, Masato*

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-013, 53 Pages, 2015/09

JAEA-Data-Code-2015-013.pdf:9.78MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-013(errata).pdf:0.37MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2015-013-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:5.76MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project has being pursued by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formation at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. The URL Project consists of two major research areas, "Geoscientific Research" and "Research and Development on Geological Disposal Technologies", and proceeds in three overlapping phases, "Phase I: Surface-based investigations", "Phase II: Investigations during tunnel excavation" and "Phase III: Investigations in the underground facilities", over a period of around 20 years. Phase III investigation was started in 2010 fiscal year. The in-situ experiment for performance confirmation of engineered barrier system (EBS experiment) had been prepared from 2013 to 2014 fiscal year at G.L.-350m gallery, and heating by electric heater in simulated overpack had started in January, 2015. One of objectives of the experiment is acquiring data concerned with Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) coupled behavior. These data will be used in order to confirm the performance of engineered barrier system. This report summarizes the measurement data acquired from the EBS experiment. The period of data acquisition is from December, 2014 to March, 2015. It will be periodically published summarized data of EBS experiment.

Journal Articles

Dipole tracer migration and diffusion tests in fractured sedimentary rock at Horonobe URL

Tanaka, Shingo*; Yokota, Hideharu; Ono, Hirokazu; Nakayama, Masashi; Fujita, Tomo; Takiya, Hiroaki*; Watanabe, Naoko*; Kozaki, Tamotsu*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

Journal Articles

Genome analysis of high ethyl caproate producing sake yeasts generated by ion beam breeding

Masubuchi, Takashi*; Hyuga, Hirokazu*; Ueda, Ryoshiro; Hayashi, Hidenori*; Ikenaga, Hiroshi*; Sato, Katsuya; Ono, Yutaka

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 123, 2015/03

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional and multienergy $$gamma$$-ray simultaneous imaging by using a Si/CdTe Compton camera

Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Shimada, Hirofumi*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Torikai, Kota*; Sato, Takahiro; Arakawa, Kazuo*; Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shigeki; et al.

Radiology, 267(3), p.941 - 947, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:42.69(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Journal Articles

Experimental results of the $$gamma$$-ray imaging capability with a Si/CdTe semiconductor Compton camera

Takeda, Shinichiro*; Aono, Hiroyuki*; Okuyama, Sho*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Watanabe, Shin*; Kokubun, Motohide*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Tajima, Hiroyasu*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 56(3), p.783 - 790, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:95.74(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Monte Carlo simulation of multi-head Si/CdTe Compton camera for medical imaging

Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shin*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Aono, Hiroyuki*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; Arakawa, Kazuo; Nakano, Takashi*

2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (CD-ROM), p.4000 - 4002, 2008/10

Journal Articles

Analysis of pedestal characteristics in JT-60U H-mode plasmas based on Monte-Carlo neutral transport simulation

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Higashizono, Yuta*; Kawano, Hirokazu*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kamada, Yutaka

Proceedings of 22nd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/10

This paper describes the results of pedestal characteristics in H-mode plasmas of JT-60U based on neutral transport simulation using the DEGAS Monte-Carlo code. A three-dimensional (3-D) mesh structure including isolated dome, baffle and divertor plates is precisely built-up and the simulation space is extended from SOL to core plasma region. In this simulation background plasma parameters and the intensity of particle flux on the divertor plates are determined from the UEDGE plasma code. The dependence of plasma density on the neutral penetration and ionization area were investigated in two cases of ELMy H-mode discharge with gas puffing and without gas puffing. The simulation results showed noticeable differences in 1/e scale length in the neutral penetration and in ionization width near edge transport barrier region. Dependence of the plasma density from the pedestal edge to SOL region on the ionization region and the 3-D effect of local gas puffing are discussed in terms of neutral transport.

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional neutral transport simulation in the JT-60U H-mode plasmas

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Higashizono, Yuta*; Kawano, Hirokazu*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kamada, Yutaka; Yatsu, Kiyoshi*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 123, p.012029_1 - 012029_7, 2008/00

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:80.6

The first results of a fully three-dimensional (3-D) Monte-Carlo simulation using DEGAS ver.63 code applied to the JT-60U tokamak and analysis of neutral behavior in H-mode plasmas are described. A precise mesh structure including isolated dome, baffle and divertor plates is built-up and the simulation space is extended from SOL/divertor to core plasma region. Benchmarking with 2-dimensional simulation with the DEGAS2 code successfully showed the validity of the present simulation. Result of 3-D simulation in the JT-60U plasma with gas puffing indicates the significant localization of neutrals around the gas puffer and the detail of neutral diffusion in toroidal and poloidal directions are clarified. The dependence of plasma density on the neutral penetration and ionization area are also discussed in different H-mode discharges.

Journal Articles

Growth of $$beta$$-FeSi$$_2$$ thin films on $$beta$$-FeSi$$_2$$ (110) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy

Muroga, Masataka*; Suzuki, Hirokazu*; Udono, Haruhiko*; Kikuma, Isao*; Zhuravlev, A. V.; Yamaguchi, Kenji; Yamamoto, Hiroyuki; Terai, Takayuki*

Thin Solid Films, 515(22), p.8197 - 8200, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:33.03(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Semiconducting ${it $beta$}$-FeSi$$_2$$ has received much attention as a material for Si-based optoelectronic devices. There are a number of studies on heteroepitaxy of ${it $beta$}$-FeSi$$_2$$ film on Si. However, growth experiments of ${it $beta$}$-FeSi$$_2$$ film on single crystalline ${it $beta$}$-FeSi$$_2$$ substrate have not been investigated yet. Recently, single crystalline ${it $beta$}$-FeSi$$_2$$ with large growth facets by solution growth method using Ga solvent. By obtaining a smooth surface on the substrate, we have succeeded in growing ${it $beta$}$-FeSi$$_2$$ film on ${it $beta$}$-FeSi$$_2$$(110) substrate using molecular-beam epitaxy.

69 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)