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Journal Articles

Decommissioning program and future plan for Research Hot Laboratory, 3

Shiina, Hidenori; Ono, Katsuto; Nishi, Masahiro; Uno, Kiryu; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; Oi, Ryuichi; Nihei, Yasuo

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (61), p.29 - 38, 2020/03

The Research Hot Laboratory (RHL) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) was constructed in 1961, as the first one in Japan, to perform the examinations of irradiated fuels and materials. RHL consists of 10 heavy concrete cells and 38 lead cells. RHL contributed to research and development program in or out of JAEA for the investigation of irradiation behavior for fuels and nuclear materials. However, RHL is the one of target as the rationalization program for decrepit facilities in former Tokai institute. Therefore the decommissioning works of RHL started on April 2003. The dismantling of 12 lead cells has been progressing since 2010. The dismantling procedure of lead cells was performed in the following order. The peripheral equipment in lead cells were removed and contamination survey of the inner surface of the cells. Then, the backside shield doors were extracted. The lifting frame for the isolation tent was set on the cells. After that, the ceiling plates, isolation walls and lead blocks were removed. The strippable paint was used to remove permeable contamination on the inner surface of structural steel of the cells. The dismantling work will be continued to mention the efficiency of decommissioning works and reduction of radioactive waste with ensuring safety.

Journal Articles

Decommissioning program of Research Hot Laboratory in JAEA; Technical review of dismantling works for the lead cells, 2

Shiina, Hidenori; Ono, Katsuto; Nishi, Masahiro; Nihei, Yasuo

Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2017/00

The Research Hot Laboratory (RHL) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is the first facility in Japan for the post irradiation examination (PIE) on reactor fuels and structural materials, which had contributed to advancement of the fuels and materials since 1961. The building of RHL consists of two stories above ground and a basement, in which 10 heavy concrete and 38 lead cells were installed. In RHL, all operations for PIE had been completed in 2003. Then the decommissioning program has been implemented in order to promote the rationalization of research facilities in JAEA. As the first step of the program, PIE apparatuses and irradiated samples were removed from the cells, which have been managed as radioactive wastes. The dismantling of lead cells was initiated in 2005. At present 26 lead cells are successfully dismantled. This paper shows technical review of dismantling operations for the lead cells.

Journal Articles

ITER magnet systems; From qualification to full scale construction

Nakajima, Hideo; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Iguchi, Masahide; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Matsui, Kunihiro; Chida, Yutaka; Kajitani, Hideki; Takano, Katsutoshi; Isono, Takaaki; Koizumi, Norikiyo; et al.

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

The ITER organization and 6 Domestic Agencies (DA) have been implementing the construction of ITER superconducting magnet systems. Four DAs have already started full scale construction of Toroidal Field (TF) coil conductors. The qualification of the radial plate manufacture has been completed, and JA and EU are ready for full scale construction. JA has qualified full manufacturing processes of the winding pack with a 1/3 prototype and made 2 full scale mock-ups of the basic segments of TF coil structure to optimize and industrialize the manufacturing process. Preparation and qualification of the full scale construction of the TF coil winding is underway by EU. Procurement of the manufacturing equipment is near completion and qualification of manufacturing processes has already started. The constructions of other components of the ITER magnet systems are also going well towards the main goal of the first plasma in 2020.

Journal Articles

Tensile mechanical properties of a stainless steel irradiated up to 19 dpa in the Swiss spallation neutron source

Saito, Shigeru; Kikuchi, Kenji*; Hamaguchi, Dai; Usami, Koji; Endo, Shinya; Ono, Katsuto; Matsui, Hiroki; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Dai, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 431(1-3), p.44 - 51, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:20.56(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To evaluate the lifetime of the beam window of an accelerator-driven transmutation system (ADS), post irradiation examination (PIE) of the STIP (SINQ target irradiation program, SINQ; Swiss spallation neutron source) specimens was carried out. The specimens tested in this study were made from the austenitic steel JPCA (Japan primary candidate alloy). The specimens were irradiated at SINQ Target 4 (STIP-II) with high-energy protons and spallation neutrons. The irradiation conditions were as follows: the proton energy was 580 MeV, irradiation temperatures ranged from 100 to 430$$^{circ}$$C, and displacement damage levels ranged from 7.1 to 19.5 dpa. Tensile tests were performed in air at room temperature (R.T.), 250$$^{circ}$$C and 350$$^{circ}$$C. Fracture surface observation after the tests was done by SEM (Scanning electron microscope). Results of the tensile tests performed at R.T. showed the extra hardening of JPCA at higher dose compared to the fission neutron irradiated data. At the higher temperatures, 250$$^{circ}$$C and 350$$^{circ}$$C, the extra hardening was not observed. Degradation of ductility bottomed around 10 dpa, and specimens kept their ductility until 19.5 dpa. All specimens fractured in ductile manner. The result from a microstructure observation on a specimen irradiated to 19.3 dpa at 420$$^{circ}$$C indicates that some agglomeration of bubbles on grain boundaries was observed in the specimen irradiated to 19.3 dpa at 420$$^{circ}$$C. However the tensile specimen irradiated up to 18.4 dpa at 425$$^{circ}$$C still exhibited little loss of ductility. Since He/dpa was very high on SINQ target irradiations, the formation of highly dense small bubbles in the matrix consequently avoided the accumulation of He on grain boundaries, which might have resulted in avoiding grain boundary embrittlement.

Journal Articles

Application of laser plasma X-ray beam in radiation biology

Nishikino, Masaharu; Sato, Katsutoshi; Hasegawa, Noboru; Ishino, Masahiko; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Imazono, Takashi; Numasaki, Hodaka*; Teshima, Teruki*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*

X-Ray Lasers 2010; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.136, p.301 - 306, 2011/12

Temporal sequences of physical and physicochemical stage of actions in biological systems irradiated with energetic radiation take place with in the order of picoseconds. The short duration of laser produced plasma source could be used as a new source in contrast to conventional X-ray sources in investigating the mechanism of the affect of radiation on biological cells. We have started to develop a focused X-ray beam irradiation system for use in studying radiobiological effects on cells, and demonstrated a preliminary study of radiation effect on culture cells irradiated with laser produced plasma Ka X-rays and the X-ray laser.

Journal Articles

Decommissioning program and future plan for Research Hot Laboratory, 2

Koya, Toshio; Nozawa, Yukio; Hanada, Yasushi; Ono, Katsuto; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; Nihei, Yasuo; Owada, Isao

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (42), p.41 - 48, 2010/09

The Research Hot Laboratory (RHL) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) had been contributed to R&D program for fuels and nuclear materials in or out of JAEA. However, the decommissioning work of RHL has been started on April 2003 as the rationalization program for decrepit facilities in former Tokai institute. This work will be progressing, dismantling the lead cells and decontamination of concrete caves then release in the regulation of controlled area. The partial area of RHL will be used for the central storage of un- irradiated fuel and for temporary storage of radioactive device generated by J-PARC. The 18 lead cells had been dismantled and the preparing work for remained 20 lead cells has been finished including the removal of the applause from the cells, survey of the contamination revel in the lead cells and prediction of radio active waste. The future plan of decommissioning work has been prepared to incarnate the basic vision and dismantling procedure.

Journal Articles

Procurement of Nb$$_3$$Sn superconducting conductors in ITER

Nabara, Yoshihiro; Isono, Takaaki; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Hamada, Kazuya; Matsui, Kunihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kawano, Katsumi; Uno, Yasuhiro*; Seki, Shuichi*; et al.

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.270 - 275, 2010/08

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steels irradiated at SINQ target 4

Saito, Shigeru; Hamaguchi, Dai; Usami, Koji; Endo, Shinya; Ono, Katsuto; Matsui, Hiroki; Kikuchi, Kenji*; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Yong, D.*

Proceedings of 1st International Workshop on Technology and Components of Accelerator-driven Systems (TCADS-1) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2010/03

The research and development for an accelerator-driven system (ADS) to transmute minor actinide (MA) have been progressed. The target beam window of ADS submerged in the reactor will be subjected to high-energy proton and spallation neutron irradiation. To evaluate mechanical properties of irradiated materials, post irradiation examination (PIE) of the STIP (SINQ target irradiation program) specimens was carried out at JAEA. In the present study, PIE on austenitic steels JPCA and Alloy800H irradiated at SINQ target 4 (STIP-II) was conducted. Austenitic steels are preferable as the material for the target beam window of ADS from the view point of DBTT shift, which should be taken into consideration for ferritic / martensitic steels. The irradiation conditions were as follows: proton energy was 580 MeV, irradiation temperatures were ranged from 100 to 450$$^{circ}$$C, and displacement damage levels were ranged from 6.5 to 19.5 dpa. Tensile tests were performed in air at R.T. to 350$$^{circ}$$C. Results of the tensile tests performed at R.T. indicate that irradiation hardening occurred with increasing displacement damage level up to 10 dpa. At higher doses, irradiation hardening seemed to tend to saturate. Degradation of ductility was bottomed around 10 dpa and specimens kept its ductility until 19.5 dpa. All the specimens fractured in ductile manner.

Journal Articles

Installation and test programme of the ITER poloidal field conductor insert (PFCI) in the ITER test facility at JAEA Naka

Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Hamada, Kazuya; Isono, Takaaki; Matsui, Kunihiro; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Nakajima, Hideo; Kawano, Katsumi; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 19(3), p.1492 - 1495, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.71(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

The ITER Poloidal Field Conductor Insert (PFCI) was constructed to characterize the performance of selected cable-in-conduit NbTi conductors for the ITER Poloidal Field (PF) under relevant operating conditions. The PFCI was installed and tested inside the bore of the ITER CS model coil, which provides the background magnetic field. The PFCI is a single-layer solenoid, wound from about 50 m of a full-size ITER cable-in-conduit conductor. The winding diameter and height are about 1.5 m and 1 m, respectively. The nominal design current of the conductor is 45 kA at 6 T and 5 K. The main items in the PFCI test programme are current sharing temperature (Tcs) measurements, critical current (Ic) measurements and AC loss measurement. The key technology of the installation, the test methods and procedures, and some preliminary results of the testing campaigns are described and discussed in this paper.

Journal Articles

Technology development for the construction of the ITER superconducting magnet system

Okuno, Kiyoshi; Nakajima, Hideo; Sugimoto, Makoto; Isono, Takaaki; Kawano, Katsumi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Hamada, Kazuya; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Matsui, Kunihiro; Nabara, Yoshihiro; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(5), p.456 - 462, 2007/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:27.89(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Post-irradiation examinations of inert matrix nitride fuel irradiated in JMTR (01F-51A capsule)

Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kikuchi, Hironobu; Honda, Junichi; Hatakeyama, Yuichi; Ono, Katsuto; Matsui, Hiroki; Arai, Yasuo

JAEA-Research 2007-026, 75 Pages, 2007/03

JAEA-Research-2007-026.pdf:13.6MB

A plutonium nitiride fuel pin containing inert matrix such as ZrN and TiN was encapsuled in 01F-51A and irradiated in JMTR. Minor actinides are surrogated by plutonium. Average linear powers and burnups were 408W/cm, 30000MWd/t(Zr+Pu)(132000MWd/t-Pu) for (Zr,Pu)N and 355W/cm, 38000MWd/t(Ti+Pu)(153000MWd/t-Pu) for (TiN,PuN). The irradiated capsule was transported to Reactor Fuel Examination Facility and subjected to non-destructive and destructive post irradiation examinations. Any failure was not observed in theirradiated fuel pin. Very low fission gas release rate of about 1.6% was measured. The inner surface of cladding tube did not show any signs of chemical interaction with fuel pellets.

Journal Articles

Technology development for the construction of ITER superconducting magnet system

Okuno, Kiyoshi; Nakajima, Hideo; Sugimoto, Makoto; Isono, Takaaki; Kawano, Katsumi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Hamada, Kazuya; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Kitamura, Kazunori; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

The ITER superconducting magnet system consists of 18 TF coils, one CS and six Poloidal Field (PF) coils. Among six PTs, Japan, EU and US will be responsible for major part of the superconducting magnets, and Japanese contribution will be the largest, including the following four areas: part of TF conductors, about half (9 out of 19) of TF coil winding packs, most of TF coil structures and part of CS conductor. Since 2004, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) started preparation activities for procurement, including manufacturing studies to identify detailed fabrication processes and tools for critical components, such as TF coil winding and case, and manufacturing demonstrations at full scale level on Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands and conductors and cryogenic structural materials, such as coil case segments and radial plates. Details are described in the following sections.

Journal Articles

Post-irradiation examination on particle dispersed rock-like oxide fuel

Shirasu, Noriko; Kuramoto, Kenichi*; Yamashita, Toshiyuki; Ichise, Kenichi; Ono, Katsuto; Nihei, Yasuo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 352(1-3), p.365 - 371, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.55(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To evaluate irradiation behavior of the ROX fuel, irradiation experiment was carried out using 20% enriched U instead of Pu. Three fuels were prepared; a single phase fuel of YSZ containing UO$$_{2}$$ (U-YSZ), two particle-dispersed fuels of U-YSZ particle in spinel or corundum matrix. The U-YSZ particles were prepared by crashing presintered U-YSZ pellets and by sieving them. These fuels were irradiated in Japan Research Reactor No.3 for 13 cycles, about 300 days. Though many cracks were observed in the pellets by X-ray photographs, significant appearance changes were not observed for all fuel pins. Distribution of typical FPs was analyzed by the $$gamma$$ scanning over the fuel pin. Non-volatile nuclide remained in the fuel pellet. On the other hand, a part of Cs moved to the gaps between the pellets and to the insulators. $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs showed different distributions at the plenum. Fuel pellets were taken out from fuel pins without bonding. Spinel decomposition and subsequent restructuring were not observed probably due to low irradiation temperature.

Journal Articles

Application of react-and-wind method to D-shaped test coil using the 20 kA Nb$$_{3}$$Al conductor developed for JT-60SC

Kizu, Kaname; Miura, Yushi; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Matsui, Kunihiro; Ando, Toshinari*; Hamada, Kazuya; Hara, Eiji*; Imahashi, Koichi*; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 14(2), p.1535 - 1538, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.88(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Acoustic emission and disturbances in central solenoid model coil for international thermonuclear experimental reactor

Arai, K.*; Ninomiya, Akira*; Ishigooka, Takeshi*; Takano, Katsutoshi*; Nakajima, Hideo; Michael, P.*; Vieira, R.*; Martovetsky, N.*; Sborchia, C.*; Alekseev, A.*; et al.

Cryogenics, 44(1), p.15 - 27, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:16.14(Thermodynamics)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Low-power and long-pulse test of a klystron of the JT-60U LHRF heating system

Shimono, Mitsugu; Seki, Masami; Terakado, Masayuki; Igarashi, Koichi*; Ishii, Kazuhiro*; Takahashi, Masami*; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Hiranai, Shinichi; Sato, Fumiaki*; Anno, Katsuto

JAERI-Tech 2003-075, 29 Pages, 2003/09

JAERI-Tech-2003-075.pdf:4.62MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study on Thermal Electric Conversion System for Sodium cooled FBR; Investigation for development of thermoelectric materials and systematic technology

Suzuki, Ryosuke*; Tanabe, Kentaro*; kondo, koki*; Ono, Katsutoshi*; Toda, Shinichi; kasagawa, yusuke; Tamayama, Kiyoshi; Oketani, Kazuhiro*

JNC TY4400 2003-004, 214 Pages, 2003/08

JNC-TY4400-2003-004.pdf:19.93MB

Recently, it has been important to reuse discharged heat energy from present nuclear plants in the view of reduction of environmental burden and improvement of heat efficiency for plant. For practical use in future of sodium cooled FBRs, which are typical high temperature system, this issue must be given priority. The thermal electric conversion system has been applied to the limited uses such as space or military, however, that results show good merits for reliability, maintenance free, and so on. Recently, this technology has been reconsidered in the view of saving energy in general industry. In this study, we made an investigation for applicability of the thermal electric conversion system to sodium cooled FBR as a heat recovery techbnology. Exactly, We have carried out the fundamental research and development for thermoelectric materials and elements, development of modules, and sodium tests with those modules, and then, we acquired the fundamental knowledge to estimate the efficiencies of thermal electric conversion system or modules for a sodium cooled FBR.

JAEA Reports

Power modulation by changing anode voltage of the 110GHz-gyrotron on JT-60U ECH system

Terakado, Masayuki; Seki, Masami; Shimono, Mitsugu; Igarashi, Koichi*; Mitsunaka, Yoshika*; Isayama, Akihiko; Anno, Katsuto; Ikeda, Yoshitaka

JAERI-Tech 2003-053, 25 Pages, 2003/06

JAERI-Tech-2003-053.pdf:3.23MB

The Electron Cyclotron Range of Frequencies (ECRF) system having four 110 GHz-gyrotrons has been successfully operated on JT-60U to locally heat a plasma (ECH) and drive a plasma current (ECCD) for high plasma performance owing to suppressing MHD activities. For investigation of plasma confinement the ECRF power is intermittently injected into plasmas to evaluate thermal conductivity. We have successfully performed power modulation by changing the anode voltage. The power modulation ratio of 80 % is attained changing the anode voltage by only about 10%. Modulation frequency is from 12 Hz to 500 Hz. The mode converter is heated when oscillation efficiency of the main mode decreases in changing the anode voltage. This seems to be due to the parasitic oscillation at the entrance of the converter. The gyrotron will be able to be protected by monitoring the temperature rise in the converter.

Journal Articles

Development of the Nb$$_{3}$$Al D-shaped coil fabricated by react-and-wind method for JT-60 superconducting Tokamak

Kizu, Kaname; Miura, Yushi; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Matsui, Kunihiro; Ando, Toshinari*; Hamada, Kazuya; Hara, Eiji*; Imahashi, Koichi*; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

Proceedings of 6th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS 2003), p.400 - 407, 2003/00

Toroidal field coils (TFC) of the JT-60SC consist of 18 D-shape coils. The maximum magnetic field is 7.4 T at an operational current of 19.4 kA. An advanced Nb$$_{3}$$Al superconductor was developed for the TFC conductor material in JAERI. The Nb$$_{3}$$Al has lower strain sensitivity on superconducting performances, and allows us to fabricate the TFC by react-and-wind (R&W) method that makes that the coil fabrication with high reliability becomes easier and the fabrication cost becomes lower. To demonstrate the coil fabrication by R&W method, a two-turn D-shape coil was developed. The D-shape coil was tested at 4.3-4.4K and 7-12T. Measured critical current (Ic) was 30 kA at 7.3 T and 4.4 K. Using the measured conductor and strand Ic values, the strain of the conductor was estimated to be -0.6%. The Ic-B-T characteristic expected by an empirical equation substituting this strain shows that the required temperature margin for TFC is satisfied. Thus, the R&W method was demonstrated to be the applicable fabrication method of the TFC.

Journal Articles

The 110-GHz electron cyclotron range of frequency system on JT-60U; Design and operation

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Kasugai, Atsushi; Moriyama, Shinichi; Kajiwara, Ken*; Seki, Masami; Tsuneoka, Masaki*; Takahashi, Koji; Anno, Katsuto; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hiranai, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.435 - 451, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:82.32(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

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