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JAEA Reports

Impact assessment for internal flooding in HTTR (High temperature engineering test reactor)

Tochio, Daisuke; Nagasumi, Satoru; Inoi, Hiroyuki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Ono, Masato; Kobayashi, Shoichi; Uesaka, Takahiro; Watanabe, Shuji; Saito, Kenji

JAEA-Technology 2021-014, 80 Pages, 2021/09

JAEA-Technology-2021-014.pdf:5.87MB

In response to the new regulatory standards established in response to the accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in March 2011, measures and impact assessments related to internal flooding at HTTR were carried out. In assessing the impact, considering the characteristics of the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor, flooding due to assumed damage to piping and equipment, flooding due to water discharge from the system installed to prevent the spread of fire, and flooding due to damage to piping and equipment due to an earthquake. The effects of submersion, flooding, and flooding due to steam were evaluated for each of them. The impact of the overflow of liquids containing radioactive materials outside the radiation-controlled area was also evaluated. As a result, it was confirmed that flooding generated at HTTR does not affect the safety function of the reactor facility by taking measures.

Journal Articles

Microscopic analyses on Zr adsorbed IDA chelating resin by PIXE and EXAFS

Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Hagura, Naoto*; Kubota, Toshio*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 477, p.54 - 59, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Quantitative analysis of Zr adsorbed on IDA chelating resin using Micro-PIXE

Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Kubota, Toshio*

QST-M-23; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2018, P. 59, 2020/03

Journal Articles

Extraction mechanism of lanthanide ions into silica-based microparticles studied by single microparticle manipulation and microspectroscopy

Otaka, Toshiki*; Sato, Tatsumi*; Ono, Shimpei; Nagoshi, Kohei; Abe, Ryoji*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Nakatani, Kiyoharu*

Analytical Sciences, 35(10), p.1129 - 1133, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Analysis on adsorbent for spent solvent treatment by micro-PIXE and EXAFS

Arai, Yoichi; Watanabe, So; Ono, Shimpei; Nakamura, Masahiro; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nakamura, Fumiya*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Seko, Noriaki*; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Hagura, Naoto*; et al.

International Journal of PIXE, 29(01&02), p.17 - 31, 2019/00

The spent PUREX solvent containing U and Pu is generated from the reprocessing process of spent nuclear fuel. The nuclear material removal is important for the safe storage or disposal of the spent solvent. Our previous study revealed that the adsorbent with the iminodiacetic acid (IDA) functional group is one of the most promising materials for designing the nuclear material recovery process. Accordingly, an IDA-type adsorbent was synthesized by using graft polymerization technology or a chemical reaction to improve the adsorption rate and capacity. The synthesized IDA-type adsorbent was characterized by micro particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analyses. The micro-PIXE analysis revealed that Zr was adsorbed on the whole synthesized adsorbents and quantified the microamount of adsorbed Zr. Moreover, EXAFS suggested that Zr in the aqueous solution and solvent can be trapped by the IDA group with different mechanisms.

Journal Articles

Study on source of radioactive material in primary coolant of HTTR

Ishii, Toshiaki; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Ono, Masato; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Hamamoto, Shimpei

Proceedings of 9th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 3 Pages, 2018/10

Journal Articles

Local structure and distribution of remaining elements inside extraction chromatography adsorbents

Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Ono, Shimpei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 404, p.202 - 206, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:40.62(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Confirmation of seismic integrity of HTTR against 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake

Ono, Masato; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Shimizu, Atsushi; Inoi, Hiroyuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Takada, Shoji; Sawa, Kazuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2016/06

On March 11th, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake of magnitude 9.0 occurred. When the great earthquake occurred, the HTTR had been stopped under the periodic inspection and maintenance of equipment and instrument. In the great earthquake, the maximum seismic acceleration observed at the HTTR exceeded the maximum value in seismic design. The visual inspection of HTTR facility was carried out for the seismic integrity conformation of HTTR. The seismic analysis was also carried out using the observed earthquake motion at HTTR site to confirm the integrity of HTTR. The concept of comprehensive integrity evaluation for the HTTR facility is divided into two parts. One is the inspection of equipment and instrument. The other is the seismic response analysis using the observed earthquake. For the basic inspections of equipment and instrument were performed for all them related to the operation of reactor. The integrity of the facilities is confirmed by comparing the inspection results or the numerical results with their evaluation criteria. As the result of inspection of equipment and instrument and seismic response analysis, it was judged that there was no problem to operate the reactor, because there was no damage and performance deterioration, which affects the reactor operation. The integrity of HTTR was also supported by the several operations without reactor power in cold conditions of HTTR in 2011, 2013 and 2015.

Journal Articles

Loss of core cooling test without one cooling line in Vessel Cooling System (VCS) of High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Fujiwara, Yusuke; Nemoto, Takahiro; Tochio, Daisuke; Shinohara, Masanori; Ono, Masato; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Takada, Shoji

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/06

In HTTR, the test was carried out at the reactor thermal power of 9 MW under the condition that one cooling line of VCS was stopped to simulate the partial loss of cooling function from the surface of RPV in addition to the loss of forced cooling flow in the core simulation. The test results showed that temperature change of the core internal structures and the biological shielding concrete was slow during the test. Temperature of RPV decreased several degrees during the test. The temperature decrease of biological shielding made of concrete was within 1 degree C. The numerical result simulating the detail configuration of the cooling tubes of VCS showed that the temperature rise of cooling tubes of VCS was about 15 degree C, which is sufficiently small, which did not significantly affect the temperature of biological shielding concrete. As the results, it was confirmed that the cooling ability of VCS can be kept in case that one cooling line of VCS is lost.

Journal Articles

Thermal mixing behavior in the annulus of co-axial double-walled piping in HTGR

Tochio, Daisuke; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Ono, Masato; Shinohara, Masanori; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Takada, Shoji

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2016/06

From the HTTR operational experience, it is needed to clear the thermal mixing characteristics of the helium gas at the annulus of the co-axial double-walled piping in HTGR. In this paper, thermal-hydraulic analysis on the helium gas at the annular flow path of the co-axial double pipe with T-junction was conducted. The analysis was performed under the condition of the different annular flow path height and with the different flow rate of the higher- and the lower-temperature helium gas. It is shown that the thermal mixing behavior is not so much affected by the flow rate of higher- and lower-temperature helium gas, and it is difficult to mix the helium gas with the smaller height of the annular flow path. It is confirmed that it is difficult to mix the helium gas in the annular flow path of the co-axial double-walled piping by using the hydraulic behavior, and it is necessary to arrange the mixing promotor in the annular flow path.

Journal Articles

Characteristic confirmation test by using HTTR and investigation of absorbing thermal load fluctuation

Honda, Yuki; Tochio, Daisuke; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Ono, Masato; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Takada, Shoji

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2016/06

The characteristic confirmation test has been demonstrating by using the High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). The thermal load fluctuation test, which is one of marginal performance test is planned to be carried out after restarting of the HTTR. The preliminary analysis for the thermal load fluctuation test has been investigated. In the analysis, the reactor outlet temperature can continue to be stable against the reactor inlet temperature changing by thermal fluctuation. It means that HTGR have the capability of absorbing thermal fluctuation. This paper focuses on the investigation of mechanism of absorbing thermal fluctuation. With additional analysis, it is cleared that the large negative graphite moderator reactivity enhances the capability of absorbing thermal fluctuation. In addition, in the middle of the core, graphite moderator reactivity insertion trend are inverted. This trend is unique to HTGR because of large temperature difference between core inlet and outlet.

Journal Articles

Evaluation on seismic integrity of HTTR core components

Ono, Masato; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Tochio, Daisuke; Shimizu, Atsushi; Inoi, Hiroyuki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Takada, Shoji; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Research Reactor Fuel Management and Meeting of the International Group on Reactor Research (RRFM/IGORR 2016) (Internet), p.363 - 371, 2016/03

HTTR is graphite moderated and helium gas-cooled reactor with prismatic fuel elements and hexagonal blocks. Here, the graphite block is brittle materials and might be damaged by collision of neighboring blocks by the large earthquake. A seismic observation system is installed in the HTTR site to confirm a behavior of a seismic event. On March 11th, 2011, off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake of magnitude 9.0 occurred. After the accident at the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, the safety of nuclear reactors is the highest importance. To confirm the seismic integrity of HTTR core components, the seismic analysis was carried out using the evaluation waves based on the relationship between the observed earthquake motion at HTTR site and frequency transfer function. In parallel, confirmation tests of primary cooling system on cold state and integrity confirmation of reactor buildings and component support structures were also carried out. As a result, it was found that a stress value of the graphite blocks satisfied an allowable value, and the integrity of the HTTR core components was ensured. The integrity of HTTR core components was also supported by the operation without reactor power in cold conditions of HTTR. The obtained data was compared with the normal plant data before the earthquake. As the result, the integrity of the HTTR facilities was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Development of transportation container for the neutron startup source of High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Shimazaki, Yosuke; Ono, Masato; Tochio, Daisuke; Takada, Shoji; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Kawamoto, Taiki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Shinohara, Masanori

Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Research Reactor Fuel Management and Meeting of the International Group on Reactor Research (RRFM/IGORR 2016) (Internet), p.1034 - 1042, 2016/03

In High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), three neutron holders containing $$^{252}$$Cf with 3.7 GBq for each are loaded in the graphite blocks and inserted into the reactor core as a neutron startup source which is changed at the interval of approximately ten years. These neutron holders containing the neutron sources are transported from the dealer's hot cell to HTTR using the transportation container. The holders loading to the graphite block are carried out in the fuel handling machine maintenance pit of HTTR. There were two technical issues for the safety handling work of the neutron holder. The one is the radiation exposure caused by significant movement of the container due to an earthquake, because the conventional transportation container was so large ($$phi$$1240 mm, h1855 mm) that it can not be fixed on the top floor of maintenance pit by bolts. The other is the falling of the neutron holder caused by the difficult remote handling work, because the neutron holder capsule was also so long ($$phi$$155 mm, h1285 mm) that it can not be pulled into the adequate working space in the maintenance pit. Therefore, a new and low cost transportation container, which can solve the issues, was developed. To avoid the neutron and $$gamma$$ ray exposure, smaller transportation container ($$phi$$820mm, h1150 mm) which can be fixed on the top floor of maintenance pit by bolts was developed. In addition, to avoid the falling of the neutron holder, smaller neutron holder capsule ($$phi$$75 mm, h135 mm) with simple handling mechanism which can be treated easily by manipulator was also developed. As the result of development, the neutron holder handling work was safely accomplished. Moreover, a cost reduction for manufacturing was also achieved by simplifying the mechanism of neutron holder capsule and downsizing.

Journal Articles

Orbital magnetic moment and coercivity of SiO$$_2$$-coated FePt nanoparticles studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Takahashi, Yukio*; Kadono, Toshiharu*; Yamamoto, Shimpei*; Singh, V. R.*; Verma, V.*; Ishigami, Keisuke*; Shibata, Goro*; Harano, Takayuki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; et al.

Physical Review B, 90(2), p.024423_1 - 024423_5, 2014/07

AA2015-0417.pdf:0.45MB

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:27.7(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Measurement of the spin and magnetic moment of $$^{23}$$Al

Ozawa, Akira*; Matsuta, Kensaku*; Nagatomo, Takashi*; Mihara, Mototsugu*; Yamada, Kazunari*; Yamaguchi, Takayuki*; Otsubo, Takashi*; Momota, Sadao*; Izumikawa, Takuji*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; et al.

Physical Review C, 74(2), p.021301_1 - 021301_4, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:40 Percentile:88.98(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Rice plants take up iron as an Fe$$^{3+}$$-phytosiderophore and as Fe$$^{2+}$$

Ishimaru, Yasuhiro*; Suzuki, Motofumi*; Tsukamoto, Takashi*; Suzuki, Kazumasa*; Nakazono, Mikio*; Kobayashi, Takanori*; Wada, Yasuaki*; Watanabe, Satoshi; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Takahashi, Michiko*; et al.

Plant Journal, 45(3), p.335 - 346, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:442 Percentile:99.63(Plant Sciences)

Oral presentation

Multi-tracer imaging with newly developed Si/CdTe Compton camera for medical imaging

Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shigeki; Sato, Takahiro; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Arakawa, Kazuo; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Aono, Hirofumi*; Watanabe, Shin*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Fundamental study on appearance of synergic extraction in adsorbents

Ono, Shimpei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Sano, Kyohei*; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Nakamura, Masahiro; Nomura, Kazunori

no journal, , 

To improve the adsorption ability, the synergic extraction effect was investigated on porous SiO$$_{2}$$ particles and confirmed.

Oral presentation

Basic study on influence of synergic extraction on the adsorption properties of adsorbent

Ono, Shimpei*; Sano, Kyohei*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Nakamura, Masahiro; Nomura, Kazunori

no journal, , 

The effect of synergism on the adsorption behavior was evaluated and confirmed in the system with porous SiO$$_{2}$$ particles in which extractants were impregnated.

Oral presentation

Optimization of adsorbent for extraction chromatography

Watanabe, So; Nakamura, Masahiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Nakajima, Yasuo; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Ono, Shimpei*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

30 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)