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Journal Articles

Dynamics of radioactive cesium in coastal area linked with river discharge

Misono, Toshiharu; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Shiribiki, Takehiko; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Nagao, Seiya*; Ochiai, Shinya*; Sanada, Yukihisa

Journal of Coastal Research, 114(SI), p.315 - 319, 2021/10

For understanding future radioactive Cs dynamics and its distribution in the coastal area of Fukushima Prefecture, it is important to evaluate the supply of radioactive Cs from river discharge. Especially particulate radioactive Cs supplied in floods might have a significant impact on the coastal area. However, there are few studies on the dynamics of particulate radioactive Cs at the coastal area linked with rivers at the flood event. As a result of measuring the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration of the sinking particles collected by the sediment trap, at the observation point installed in front of the river, the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration collected immediately after the typhoon Bualoi (October 25th) was about higher than before the typhoon. However, the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration of the sinking particles collected two days after the typhoon was almost the same as before the typhoon. The impact of rivers on coastal areas during torrential rain stuck is extremely limited.

Journal Articles

Oxidation of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) surface using supersonic seeded oxygen molecular beam

Katsube, Daiki*; Ono, Shinya*; Takayanagi, Shuhei*; Ojima, Shoki*; Maeda, Motoyasu*; Origuchi, Naoki*; Ogawa, Arata*; Ikeda, Natsuki*; Aoyagi, Yoshihide*; Kabutoya, Yuito*; et al.

Langmuir, 37(42), p.12313 - 12317, 2021/10

We investigated the oxidation of oxygen vacancies at the surface of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) using supersonic seeded molecular beam (SSMB) of oxygen. The oxygen vacancies at the top-surface and sub-surface could be eliminated by the supply of oxygen using an SSMB. These results indicate that the interstitial vacancies can be mostly assigned to oxygen vacancies, which can be effectively eliminated by using an oxygen SSMB. Oxygen vacancies are present on the surface of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) when it is untreated before transfer to a vacuum chamber. These vacancies, which are stable in the as-grown condition, could also be effectively eliminated using the oxygen SSMB.

Journal Articles

Summary results of subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))"

Koyama, Shinichi; Nakagiri, Toshio; Osaka, Masahiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kurata, Masaki; Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Onishi, Takashi; Takano, Masahide; et al.

Hairo, Osensui Taisaku jigyo jimukyoku Homu Peji (Internet), 144 Pages, 2021/08

JAEA performed the subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))" in 2020JFY. This presentation summarized briefly the results of the project, which will be available shortly on the website of Management Office for the Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management.

Journal Articles

Initial oxidation kinetics of Si(113)-(3$$times$$2) investigated using supersonic seeded molecular beams

Ono, Shinya*; Tanaka, Kazuma*; Kodama, Hiraku*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden*

Surface Science, 697, p.121600_1 - 121600_6, 2020/07

The initial oxidation on silicon surfaces with (113) orientation has been investigated by high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy with synchrotronradiation. In the present study, we investigated both the Si2p state and O1s state to evaluate the oxide thickness, composition, and to assess the strainat the SiO$$_{2}$$/Si interface. In the Si2p state, the oxidized components (Si$$^{1+}$$, Si$$^{2+}$$, Si$$^{3+}$$, Si$$^{4+}$$) were analyzed. In the O1s state, a low-binding-energy component(LBC) and a high-binding-energy component (HBC) were analyzed. To investigate the non-thermal oxidation process, we utilized the supersonic seeded molecular beam (SSMB) to enhance the translational kinetic energies ($$E_{rm t}$$) of oxygen molecules. We demonstrate that the oxide quality and oxidation kinetics are largely altered by changing $$E_{rm t}$$.

Journal Articles

Determination of fusion barrier distributions from quasielastic scattering cross sections towards superheavy nuclei synthesis

Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:72.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb, $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb, and $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb and $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.

Journal Articles

Simulation study of power load with impurity seeding in advanced divertor "short super-X divertor" for a tokamak reactor

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Hoshino, Kazuo; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Shinya, Kichiro*; Uto, Hiroyasu; Tokunaga, Shinsuke; Tobita, Kenji; Ono, Noriyasu*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.1238 - 1242, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:76.52(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Arrangements of interlink divertor coils and divertor geometries for short super-X was proposed as the Demo advanced divertor design. Performance of plasma detachment under the large heat flux was investigated to optimize the divertor design, using SONIC simulation with Ar impurity seeding, where Pout = 500 MW, ne = 7$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ at the core-edge boundary and the same diffusion coefficients for ITER simulation. Effects on the plasma temperature and density distributions were compared to the conventional divertor. The first run results with the same radiation power fraction of 0.92 in the conventional divertor showed that full detached plasma is produced, the maximum radiation region was maintained upstream the divertor target, and both the plasma heat load plus radiation load at the target was reduced to 10 MWmm$$^{-2}$$ level. Simulation for the lower radiation power fractions of 0.8-0.9 was also performed, and physics issues of the short super-X divertor are discussed.

Journal Articles

Analysis on effects of transverse electric field in an injector cavity of compact-ERL at KEK

Hwang, J.-G.*; Kim, E.-S.*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Honda, Yosuke*; Harada, Kentaro*; Shimada, Miho*; Takai, Ryota*; Kume, Tatsuya*; Nagahashi, Shinya*; Obina, Takashi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 753, p.97 - 104, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:50.1(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Thermal engineering of non-local resistance in lateral spin valves

Kasai, Shinya*; Hirayama, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Yukiko*; Mitani, Seiji*; Hono, Kazuhiro*; Adachi, Hiroto; Ieda, Junichi; Maekawa, Sadamichi

Applied Physics Letters, 104(16), p.162410_1 - 162410_4, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:43.85(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Characterization of monolayer oxide formation processes on high-index Si surface by photoelectron spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation

Abe, Sosuke*; Ono, Shinya*; Kanemura, Rui*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Ogata, Shoichi*; Yasuda, Tetsuji*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

Applied Physics Express, 6(11), p.115701_1 - 115701_4, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:15.85(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Investigation of advanced divertor magnetic configuration for DEMO tokamak reactor

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Shinya, Kichiro*; Tobita, Kenji; Hoshino, Kazuo; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Uto, Hiroyasu; Someya, Yoji; Nakamura, Makoto; Ono, Noriyasu*; Kobayashi, Masahiro*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.70 - 75, 2013/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of advanced divertor magnetic configuration for Demo tokamak reactor

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Shinya, Kichiro*; Tobita, Kenji; Hoshino, Kazuo; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Uto, Hiroyasu; Someya, Yoji; Nakamura, Makoto; Ono, Noriyasu*; Kobayashi, Masahiro*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.70 - 75, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:73.42(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Design study of poloidal field coil (PFC) locations and current distribution for the advanced divertor in the Demo tokamak reactor was presented. Concept of the super-X divertor (SXD) for Demo reactor has an outer divertor leg longer than the conventional divertor, and it extends outboard to increase both the target wetted area and connection length to the outer target ($$L_{//}$$). Equilibrium calculation code, TOSCA, was developed by introducing two parameters, i.e. super-X null radius ($$R_{SX}$$) and a ratio of the poloidal flux at the super-X null to that at the separatrix ($$f_{SX}$$). Some SXD magnetic configurations with minimal number of PFCs located outside toroidal field coil (TFC) were Demonstrated. Locations of the divertor target were also investigated. It was found that the flux expansion can be increased up to 4-10 depending on the target location and $$f_{SX}$$, and that SXD has an advantage to increase $$L_{//}$$ with $$f_{SX}$$. Thus, the divertor plasma temperature is expected to decrease at the same upstream plasma density. On the other hand, large currents for the divertor PFCs were necessary. Other arrangements of PFCs such as (1) larger $$R_{SX}$$ and (2) inside TFC, can reduce the PFC currents.

Journal Articles

Tensile mechanical properties of a stainless steel irradiated up to 19 dpa in the Swiss spallation neutron source

Saito, Shigeru; Kikuchi, Kenji*; Hamaguchi, Dai; Usami, Koji; Endo, Shinya; Ono, Katsuto; Matsui, Hiroki; Kawai, Masayoshi*; Dai, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 431(1-3), p.44 - 51, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:20.56(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To evaluate the lifetime of the beam window of an accelerator-driven transmutation system (ADS), post irradiation examination (PIE) of the STIP (SINQ target irradiation program, SINQ; Swiss spallation neutron source) specimens was carried out. The specimens tested in this study were made from the austenitic steel JPCA (Japan primary candidate alloy). The specimens were irradiated at SINQ Target 4 (STIP-II) with high-energy protons and spallation neutrons. The irradiation conditions were as follows: the proton energy was 580 MeV, irradiation temperatures ranged from 100 to 430$$^{circ}$$C, and displacement damage levels ranged from 7.1 to 19.5 dpa. Tensile tests were performed in air at room temperature (R.T.), 250$$^{circ}$$C and 350$$^{circ}$$C. Fracture surface observation after the tests was done by SEM (Scanning electron microscope). Results of the tensile tests performed at R.T. showed the extra hardening of JPCA at higher dose compared to the fission neutron irradiated data. At the higher temperatures, 250$$^{circ}$$C and 350$$^{circ}$$C, the extra hardening was not observed. Degradation of ductility bottomed around 10 dpa, and specimens kept their ductility until 19.5 dpa. All specimens fractured in ductile manner. The result from a microstructure observation on a specimen irradiated to 19.3 dpa at 420$$^{circ}$$C indicates that some agglomeration of bubbles on grain boundaries was observed in the specimen irradiated to 19.3 dpa at 420$$^{circ}$$C. However the tensile specimen irradiated up to 18.4 dpa at 425$$^{circ}$$C still exhibited little loss of ductility. Since He/dpa was very high on SINQ target irradiations, the formation of highly dense small bubbles in the matrix consequently avoided the accumulation of He on grain boundaries, which might have resulted in avoiding grain boundary embrittlement.

Journal Articles

Time-evolution of thermal oxidation on high-index silicon surfaces; Real-time photoemission spectroscopic study with synchrotron radiation

Ono, Shinya*; Inoue, Kei*; Morimoto, Masahiro*; Arae, Sadanori*; Toyoshima, Hiroaki*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Ogata, Shoichi*; Yasuda, Tetsuji*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

Surface Science, 606(21-22), p.1685 - 1692, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:34.95(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Spin-motive force due to a gyrating magnetic vortex

Tanabe, Kenji*; Chiba, Daichi*; Oe, Junichiro*; Kasai, Shinya*; Kono, Hideo*; Barnes, S. E.*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Kobayashi, Kensuke*; Ono, Teruo*

Nature Communications (Internet), 3, p.845_1 - 845_5, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:83.43(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Analysis of bonding structure of ultrathin films of oligothiophene molecules grown on passivated silicon surfaces

Toyoshima, Hiroaki*; Hiraga, Kenta*; Ono, Shinya*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*; Ozawa, Kenichi*; Mase, Kazuhiko*; Hirao, Norie; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Baba, Yuji

Photon Factory Activity Report 2011, Part B, P. 102, 2012/00

The knowledge of the interaction between organic molecules and semiconductor surfaces plays an important role in adapting organic semiconductors into the semiconductor technology. In the present study, the process of $$alpha$$-sexithiophene ($$alpha$$-6T) thin layer formation on passivated silicon (Si) surfaces has been investigated in-situ by means of PES, angle-depended NEXAFS (near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure), SDRS, and RDS. For water-adsorbed Si(001), it was found that the majority of $$alpha$$-6T molecules are standing on the substrate. Above 3 nm, most of molecules are standing and constitute well ordered islands or films. For ethylene adsorbed Si(001) on the contrary, some of $$alpha$$-6T molecules are flat-lying, resulting in less prominent orientation. Thus, the orientation of molecules depends on the method of passivation, which opens the possibility of controlling the molecular orientation by the surface modification.

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:72.31(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

Journal Articles

Characterization of initial oxidation process on high-index silicon surfaces by real-time photoemission spectroscopy

Ono, Shinya*; Inoue, Kei*; Morimoto, Masahiro*; Arae, Sadanori*; Toyoshima, Hiroaki*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Ogata, Shoichi*; Yasuda, Tetsuji*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

Shingaku Giho, 111(114), p.23 - 27, 2011/07

The initial oxidation on high-index silicon surfaces with (113) and (120) orientations at 820 K has been investigated by real-time X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (Si 2p and O 1s) using 687 eV photons. The time evolutions of the Si$$^{n+}$$ (n=1-4) components in the Si 2p spectrum indicate that the Si$$^{2+}$$ state is suppressed on high-index surfaces compared with Si(001). The O 1s state consists of two components, a low-binding-energy component (LBC) and a high-binding-energy component (HBC). It is suggested that the O atom in strained Si-O-Si contributes to the LBC component. The reaction rates are slower on high-index surfaces compared with that on Si(001).

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:149 Percentile:98.49(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

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