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Journal Articles

Magnetic and transport properties of the pseudobrookite Al$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_{2+x}$$O$$_{5}$$ single crystals

Takahama, Ryusei*; Arizono, Mitsutoshi*; Indo, Daigo*; Yoshinaga, Taisei*; Terakura, Chieko*; Takeshita, Nao*; Shirasaki, Takumi*; Noda, Masaaki*; Kuwahara, Hideki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 38, p.011114_1 - 011114_6, 2023/05

Journal Articles

Outlining zircon growth in a granitic pluton using 3D cathodoluminescence patterns, U-Pb age, titanium concentration, and Th/U; Implications for the magma chamber process of Okueyama granite, Kyushu, Japan

Yuguchi, Takashi*; Ito, Daichi*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Sakata, Shuhei*; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Yagi, Koshi*; Imura, Takumi*; Motai, Satoko*; Ono, Takeshi*

Lithos, 440-441, p.107026_1 - 107026_14, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.05(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

We propose a new method for elucidating zircon growth in granitic plutons, based on variations in three-dimensional 3D cathodoluminescence (CL) patterns, U-Pb ages, titanium concentration, and Th/U ratios. We focused on the zircon growth processes in the Okueyama granite (OKG) in central Kyushu, Japan, to obtain interpretations of magma chamber processes that result in the formation of granitic plutons. The OKG consists of three lithofacies: biotite granite (BG), hornblende granite (HG), and hornblende granodiorite (HGD). To determine the 3D internal structure and growth pattern of a zircon crystal, we performed CL observations for multi-sections of the samples. Simultaneously, we also determined the zircon U-Pb age and titanium concentration of the center sections of the samples. The 3D distribution of the oscillatory zoning can be used to determine the crystal nucleus. The simultaneous determination of zircon U-Pb ages and Ti concentrations of the granite samples indicates the time-temperature (t-T) history of granitic magma before its solidification. The t-T histories of the BG, HG, and HGD represented similar cooling behaviors within the magma chamber: rapid cooling from the zircon crystallization temperature to the closure temperature of the biotite K-Ar system between 16 Ma and 10 Ma. The variations in the Th/U ratios against temperature also demonstrate a different trend at the boundary of approximately 670 $$^{circ}$$C. Fractional crystallization in the magma chamber progressed significantly at temperatures above 670 $$^{circ}$$C; below 670 $$^{circ}$$C, crystallization progressed slowly, indicating only minimal changes in the magma composition. The variations in the Th/U ratio against temperature in the BG, HG, and HGD portrayed common tendencies, indicating the same behavior in the progression of fractional crystallization among the three lithofacies, which in turn, represented the same behavior within the entire magma chamber.

Journal Articles

Simultaneous determination of zircon crystallisation age and temperature; Common thermal evolution of mafic magmatic enclaves and host granites in the Kurobegawa granite, central Japan

Yuguchi, Takashi*; Yamazaki, Hayato*; Ishibashi, Kozue*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Ogita, Yasuhiro; Sando, Kazusa*; Imura, Takumi*; Ono, Takeshi*

Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 226, p.105075_1 - 105075_9, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:71.11(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Simultaneous determination of the U-Pb age of zircon and concentration of titanium in a single analysis spot, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with laser ablation sample introduction, produces paired age and temperature data of zircon crystallisation, potentially revealing time-temperature ($$t-T$$) histories for evolved magma. The Kurobegawa granite, central Japan, contains abundant mafic magmatic enclaves (MMEs). We applied this method to evaluate MMEs and their host (enclosing) granites. Cooling behaviour common to both MMEs and host rocks was found between 1.5 and 0.5 Ma. Rapid cooling from the zircon crystallisation temperature to the closure temperature of biotite K-Ar system was within $$sim$$1 million year. Combining the obtained $$t-T$$ paths of MMEs and host rocks with petrological information can provide insights into magma chamber processes. This suggests that MME flotation, migration, and spread through the magma chamber ceased at 1.5-0.5 Ma, indicating the emplacement age of the Kurobegawa granitic pluton, as no large-scale reheating episodes have occurred since then.

Journal Articles

Radioactivity and radionuclides in deciduous teeth formed before the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Takahashi, Atsushi*; Chiba, Mirei*; Tanahara, Akira*; Aida, Jun*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Murakami, Shinobu*; Koarai, Kazuma; Ono, Takumi*; Oka, Toshitaka; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.10355_1 - 10355_11, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:45.67(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Morphological reproductive characteristics of testes and fertilization capacity of cryopreserved sperm after the Fukushima accident in raccoon (${it Procyon lotor}$)

Komatsu, Kazuki*; Iwasaki, Tsugumi*; Murata, Kosuke*; Yamashiro, Hideaki*; Goh, V. S. T.*; Nakayama, Ryo*; Fujishima, Yohei*; Ono, Takumi*; Kino, Yasushi*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; et al.

Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 56(3), p.484 - 497, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:90.64(Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science)

We have established an archive system of livestock and wild animals from the surrounding ex-evacuation zone. Wildlife within the alert zone have been exposed to low-dose-rate (LDR) radiation for a long and continuous time. In this study, we analysed the morphological characteristics of the testes and in vitro fertilization (IVF) capacity of cryopreserved sperm of raccoons from the ex-evacuation zone of the FDNPP accident. This study revealed that the chronic and LDR radiation exposure associated with the FDNPP accident had no adverse effect on the reproductive characteristics and functions of male raccoons.

Journal Articles

New precise measurements of muonium hyperfine structure at J-PARC MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Abe, Mitsushi*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 198, p.00003_1 - 00003_8, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:99.42

Journal Articles

2016 Professional Engineer (PE) test preparation course "Nuclear and Radiation Technical Disciplines"

Takahashi, Naoki; Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Harada, Akio; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Ueno, Takashi; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Suzuki, Soju; Takamatsu, Misao; Maeda, Shigetaka; Iseki, Atsushi; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Homu Peji (Internet), 64 Pages, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi*; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Uto, Hiroyasu; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nishitani, Takeo; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-019, 194 Pages, 2010/08


This report describes the results of the conceptual design study of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor aiming at demonstrating fusion power production in a plant scale and allowing to assess the economic prospects of a fusion power plant. The design study has focused on a compact and low aspect ratio tokamak reactor concept with a reduced-sized central solenoid, which is novel compared with previous tokamak reactor concept such as SSTR (Steady State Tokamak Reactor). The reactor has the main parameters of a major radius of 5.5 m, aspect ratio of 2.6, elongation of 2.0, normalized beta of 4.3, fusion out put of 2.95 GW and average neutron wall load of 3 MW/m$$^{2}$$. This report covers various aspects of design study including systemic design, physics design, torus configuration, blanket, superconducting magnet, maintenance and building, which were carried out increase the engineering feasibility of the concept.

Journal Articles

Compact DEMO, SlimCS; Design progress and issues

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Kawashima, Hisato; Kurita, Genichi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Honda, Mitsuru; Saito, Ai*; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(7), p.075029_1 - 075029_10, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:135 Percentile:97.83(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recent design study on SlimCS focused mainly on the torus configuration including blanket, divertor, materials and maintenance scheme. For vertical stability of elongated plasma and high beta access, a sector-wide conducting shell is arranged in between replaceable and permanent blanket. The reactor adopts pressurized-water-cooled solid breeding blanket. Compared with the previous advanced concept with supercritical water, the design options satisfying tritium self-sufficiency are relatively scarce. Considered divertor technology and materials, an allowable heat load to the divertor plate should be 8 MW/m$$^{2}$$ or lower, which can be a critical constraint for determining a handling power of DEMO (a combination of alpha heating power and external input power for current drive).

Journal Articles

Antiferromagnetic bipolar semiconductor LaMnPO with ZrCuSiAs-type structure

Yanagi, Hiroshi*; Watanabe, Takumi*; Kodama, Katsuaki; Iikubo, Satoshi*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Kamiya, Toshio*; Hirano, Masahiro*; Hosono, Hideo*

Journal of Applied Physics, 105(9), p.093916_1 - 093916_8, 2009/05

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:83.76(Physics, Applied)

Electronic and magnetic properties of a layered compound LaMnPO are examined in relation to a newly discovered iso-structural superconductor LaFeAs(P)O. Neutron diffraction measurements, together with temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility, clarify that LaMnPO is an antiferromagnet at least up to 375 K. The spin moment of a Mn ion is determined to be 2.26 $$mu_{B}$$ at room temperature, and the spin configuration is antiparallel in the Mn-P plane and parallel to between the Mn-P planes, which is rather different from that of LaFeAsO. Optical absorption spectra, photoemission spectra, and temperature dependent electrical conductivity indicate that LaMnPO is a semiconductor. Furthermore, nominally undoped LaMnPO exhibits $$n$$-type conduction while the conduction type is changed by doping of Cu or Ca to the La sites, indicating that LaMnPO is a bipolar conductor. Density functional calculation using the GGA+U approximation supports the above conclusions; the electronic band structure has an open band gap and the antiferromagnetic spin configuration is more stable than the ferromagnetic one.

Journal Articles

Torus configuration and materials selection on a fusion DEMO reactor, SlimCS

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Enoeda, Mikio; Isono, Takaaki; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Tsuru, Daigo; Suzuki, Satoshi; Hayashi, Takao; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 386-388, p.888 - 892, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:83.84(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

SlimCS is the conceptual design of a compact fusion DEMO plant assuming technologies foreseeable in 2020s-2030s. Considering continuity of blanket technology from the Japanese proposal on ITER-TBM, the prime option of blanket is water-cooled solid breeder with Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ and Be (or Be$$_{12}$$Ti). A reduced-activation ferritic-martensitic steel and pressurized water are chosen as the structural material and coolant, respectively. Toroidal coils produce the peak magnetic field above 16 T using the RHQT processed Nb$$_{3}$$Al conductors. The structure and materials of the conducting shell and divertor are also presented.

Journal Articles

SlimCS; Compact low aspect ratio DEMO reactor with reduced-size central solenoid

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Sato, Masayasu; Sakurai, Shinji; Hayashi, Takao; Shibama, Yusuke; Isono, Takaaki; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(8), p.892 - 899, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:55 Percentile:86.38(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The concept for a compact DEMO reactor named "SlimCS" is presented. Distinctive features of the concept is low aspect ratio ($$A$$ = 2.6) and use of a reduced-size center solenoid (CS) which has a function of plasma shaping rather than poloidal flux supply. The reduced-size CS enables us to introduce a thin toroidal field (TF) coil system which contributes to reducing the weight and construction cost of the reactor. SlimCS is as compact as advanced commercial reactor designs such as ARIES-RS and produces 1 GWe in spite of moderate requirements for plasma parameters. Merits of low-$$A$$, i.e. vertical stability for high elongation and high beta limit are responsible for such reasonable physics requirements.

Journal Articles

Concept of compact low aspect ratio Demo reactor, SlimCS

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Sato, Masayasu; Sakurai, Shinji; Hayashi, Takao; Shibama, Yusuke; Isono, Takaaki; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2006/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of fusion DEMO plant at JAERI

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Sato, Masayasu; Isono, Takaaki; Sakurai, Shinji; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Sato, Satoshi; Suzuki, Satoshi; Ando, Masami; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1151 - 1158, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:117 Percentile:98.96(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The 110-GHz electron cyclotron range of frequency system on JT-60U; Design and operation

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Kasugai, Atsushi; Moriyama, Shinichi; Kajiwara, Ken*; Seki, Masami; Tsuneoka, Masaki*; Takahashi, Koji; Anno, Katsuto; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hiranai, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.435 - 451, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:81.91(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development and operation of the Lower Hybrid Range of Frequency system on JT-60U

Seki, Masami; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Maebara, Sunao; Moriyama, Shinichi; Naito, Osamu; Anno, Katsuto; Hiranai, Shinichi; Shimono, Mitsugu; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Terakado, Masayuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.452 - 466, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:66.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Initial results of electron cycloton range of frequency (ECRF) operation and experiments in JT-60U

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Kasugai, Atsushi; Takahashi, Koji; Kajiwara, Ken; Isayama, Akihiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Terakado, Masayuki; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Yokokura, Kenji; Anno, Katsuto; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 53(1-4), p.351 - 363, 2001/01

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:92.04(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent RF activities on JT-60U

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Ide, Shunsuke; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Isayama, Akihiko; Iwase, Makoto; Kasugai, Atsushi; Kondoh, Takashi; Kusama, Yoshinori; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 485, p.279 - 287, 1999/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of lithium diffusion in octalithium plumbate by conductivity and NMR measurements

Konishi, Satoshi; Ono, Hideo; Hayashi, Takumi; *

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 73(6), p.1710 - 1713, 1990/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:46.58(Materials Science, Ceramics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Diffusion of lithium and tritium in Li$$_{8}$$PbO$$_{6}$$

Konishi, Satoshi; Ono, Hideo; Hayashi, Takumi; Okuno, Kenji; *

Adv.Ceram., 27, p.173 - 182, 1990/00

no abstracts in English

24 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)