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Journal Articles

AMR-Net: Convolutional neural networks for multi-resolution steady flow prediction

Asahi, Yuichi; Hatayama, Sora*; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Onodera, Naoyuki; Hasegawa, Yuta; Idomura, Yasuhiro

Proceedings of 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (IEEE Cluster 2021) (Internet), p.686 - 691, 2021/10

We develop a convolutional neural network model to predict the multi-resolution steady flow. Based on the state-of-the-art image-to-image translation model pix2pixHD, our model can predict the high resolution flow field from the set of patched signed distance functions. By patching the high resolution data, the memory requirements in our model is suppressed compared to pix2pixHD.

Journal Articles

Real-time tracer dispersion simulations in Oklahoma City using the locally mesh-refined lattice Boltzmann method

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Yuta; Nakayama, Hiromasa; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 179(2), p.187 - 208, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:87.32(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

A plume dispersion simulation code named CityLBM enables a real time simulation for ~several km by applying adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) method on GPU supercomputers. We assess plume dispersion problems in the complex urban environment of Oklahoma City (JU2003). Realistic mesoscale wind boundary conditions of JU2003 produced by a Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF), building structures, and a plant canopy model are introduced to CityLBM. Ensemble calculations are performed to reduce turbulence uncertainties. The statistics of the plume dispersion field, mean and max concentrations show that ensemble calculations improve the accuracy of the estimation, and the ensemble-averaged concentration values in the simulations over 4 km areas with 2-m resolution satisfied factor 2 agreements for 70% of 24 target measurement points and periods in JU2003.

Journal Articles

Acceleration of locally mesh allocated Poisson solver using mixed precision

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Yuta; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Keisan Kogaku Koenkai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 26, 3 Pages, 2021/05

We develop a mixed-precision preconditioner for the pressure Poisson equation in a two-phase flow CFD code JUPITER-AMR. The multi-grid (MG) preconditioner is constructed based on the geometric MG method with a three- stage V-cycle, and a cache-reuse SOR (CR-SOR) method at each stage. The numerical experiments are conducted for two-phase flows in a fuel bundle of a nuclear reactor. The MG-CG solver in single-precision shows the same convergence histories as double-precision, which is about 75% of the computational time in double-precision. In the strong scaling test, the MG-CG solver in single-precision is accelerated by 1.88 times between 32 and 96 GPUs.

Journal Articles

Multi-resolution steady flow prediction with convolutional neural networks

Asahi, Yuichi; Hatayama, Sora*; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Onodera, Naoyuki; Hasegawa, Yuta; Idomura, Yasuhiro

Keisan Kogaku Koenkai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 26, 4 Pages, 2021/05

We develop a convolutional neural network model to predict the multi-resolution steady flow. Based on the state-of-the-art image-to-image translation model Pix2PixHD, our model can predict the high resolution flow field from the signed distance function. By patching the high resolution data, the memory requirements in our model is suppressed compared to Pix2PixHD.

Journal Articles

GPU acceleration of multigrid preconditioned conjugate gradient solver on block-structured Cartesian grid

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Yuta; Yamashita, Susumu; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Proceedings of International Conference on High Performance Computing in Asia-Pacific Region (HPC Asia 2021) (Internet), p.120 - 128, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01

We develop a multigrid preconditioned conjugate gradient (MG-CG) solver for the pressure Poisson equation in a two-phase flow CFD code JUPITER. The MG preconditioner is constructed based on the geometric MG method with a three-stage V-cycle, and a RB-SOR smoother and its variant with cache-reuse optimization (CR-SOR) are applied at each stage. The numerical experiments are conducted for two-phase flows in a fuel bundle of a nuclear reactor. The MG-CG solvers with the RB-SOR and CR-SOR smoothers reduce the number of iterations to less than 15% and 9% of the original preconditioned CG method, leading to 3.1- and 5.9-times speedups, respectively. The obtained performance indicates that the MG-CG solver designed for the block-structured grid is highly efficient and enables large-scale simulations of two-phase flows on GPU based supercomputers.

Journal Articles

Performance evaluation of block-structured Poisson solver on GPU, CPU, and ARM processors

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Asahi, Yuichi; Hasegawa, Yuta; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Dai-34-Kai Suchi Ryutai Rikigaku Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 2 Pages, 2020/12

We develop a multigrid preconditioned conjugate gradient (MG-CG) solver for the pressure Poisson equation in a two-phase flow CFD code JUPITER. The code is written in C++ and CUDA to keep the portability on multi-platforms. The main kernels of the CG solver achieve reasonable performance as 0.4 $$sim$$ 0.75 of the roofline performances, and the performances of the MG-preconditioner are also reasonable on NVIDIA GPU and Intel CPU. However, the performance degradation of the SpMV kernel on ARM is significant. It is confirmed that the optimization does not work if any functions are included in the loop.

Journal Articles

GPU-acceleration of locally mesh allocated two phase flow solver for nuclear reactors

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Ali, Y.*; Yamashita, Susumu; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.210 - 215, 2020/10

This paper presents a GPU-based Poisson solver on a block-based adaptive mesh refinement (block-AMR) framework. The block-AMR method is essential for GPU computation and efficient description of the nuclear reactor. In this paper, we successfully implement a conjugate gradient method with a state-of-the-art multi-grid preconditioner (MG-CG) on the block-AMR framework. GPU kernel performance was measured on the GPU-based supercomputer TSUBAME3.0. The bandwidth of a vector-vector sum, a matrix-vector product, and a dot product in the CG kernel gave good performance at about 60% of the peak performance. In the MG kernel, the smoothers in a three-stage V-cycle MG method are implemented using a mixed precision RB-SOR method, which also gave good performance. For a large-scale Poisson problem with $$453.0 times 10^6$$ cells, the developed MG-CG method reduced the number of iterations to less than 30% and achieved $$times$$ 2.5 speedup compared with the original preconditioned CG method.

Journal Articles

GPU-acceleration of locally mesh allocated Poisson solver

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Ali, Y.*; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Aoki, Takayuki*

Keisan Kogaku Koenkai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 25, 4 Pages, 2020/06

We have developed the stencil-based CFD code JUPITER for simulating three-dimensional multiphase flows. A GPU-accelerated Poisson solver based on the preconditioned conjugate gradient (P-CG) method with a multigrid preconditioner was developed for the JUPITER with block-structured AMR mesh. All Poisson kernels were implemented using CUDA, and the GPU kernel function is well tuned to achieve high performance on GPU supercomputers. The developed multigrid solver shows good convergence of about 1/7 compared with the original P-CG method, and $$times$$3 speed up is achieved with strong scaling test from 8 to 216 GPUs on TSUBAME 3.0.

Journal Articles

Quantum paramagnet near spin-state transition

Tomiyasu, Keisuke*; Ito, Naoko*; Okazaki, Ryuji*; Takahashi, Yuki*; Onodera, Mitsugi*; Iwasa, Kazuaki*; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Aoyama, Takuya*; Ogushi, Kenya*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; et al.

Advanced Quantum Technologies (Internet), 1(3), p.1800057_1 - 1800057_7, 2018/12

Spin-state transition, also known as spin crossover, plays a key role in diverse systems. In theory, the boundary range between the low- and high-spin states is expected to enrich the transition and give rise to unusual physical states. However, no compound that realizes a nearly degenerate critical range as the ground state without requiring special external conditions has yet been experimentally identified. This study reports that the Sc substitution in LaCoO3 destabilizes its nonmagnetic low-spin state and generates an anomalous paramagnetic state accompanied by the enhancement of transport gap and magneto-lattice-expansion as well as the contraction of Co-O distance with the increase of electron site transfer. These phenomena are not well described by the mixture of conventional low- and high-spin states, but by their quantum superposition occurring on the verge of a spin-state transition.

Journal Articles

Communication Reduced Multi-time-step Algorithm for Real-time Wind Simulation on GPU-based Supercomputers

Onodera, Naoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Ali, Y.*; Shimokawabe, Takashi*

Proceedings of 9th Workshop on Latest Advances in Scalable Algorithms for Large-Scale Systems (ScalA 2018) (Internet), p.9 - 16, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:94.81

We develop a communication reduced multi-time- step (CRMT) algorithm for a Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) based on a block-structured adaptive mesh refinement (AMR). This algorithm is based on the temporal blocking method, and can improve computational efficiency by replacing a communication bottleneck with additional computation. The proposed method is implemented on an extreme scale airflow simulation code CityLBM, and its impact on the scalability is tested on GPU based supercomputers, TSUBAME and Reedbush. Thanks to the CRMT algorithm, the communication cost is reduced by $$sim 64%$$, and weak and strong scalings are improved up to $$sim 200$$ GPUs. The obtained performance indicates that real time airflow simulations for about 2km square area with the wind speed of $$5m/s$$ is feasible using 1m resolution.

Journal Articles

A Stencil framework to realize large-scale computations beyond device memory capacity on GPU supercomputers

Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Endo, Toshio*; Onodera, Naoyuki; Aoki, Takayuki*

Proceedings of 2017 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (IEEE Cluster 2017) (Internet), p.525 - 529, 2017/09

Stencil-based applications such as CFD have succeeded in obtaining high performance on GPU supercomputers. The problem sizes of these applications are limited by the GPU device memory capacity, which is typically smaller than the host memory. On GPU supercomputers, a locality improvement technique using temporal blocking method with memory swapping between host and device enables large computation beyond the device memory capacity. Our high-productivity stencil framework automatically applies temporal blocking to boundary exchange required for stencil computation and supports automatic memory swapping provided by a MPI/CUDA wrapper library. The framework-based application for the airflow in an urban city maintains 80% performance even with the twice larger than the GPU memory capacity and have demonstrated good weak scalability on the TSUBAME 2.5 supercomputer.

Journal Articles

Dependence of the precision of uranium isotope ratio on particle diameter in individual particle analysis with SIMS

Esaka, Fumitaka; Watanabe, Kazuo; Onodera, Takashi; Lee, C. G.; Magara, Masaaki; Sakurai, Satoshi; Usuda, Shigekazu

Applied Surface Science, 255(4), p.1512 - 1515, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:35.82(Chemistry, Physical)

Isotope ratio analysis of individual uranium particles in environmental samples taken at nuclear facilities is one of the key techniques for nuclear safeguards. For accurate analysis, we developed a combined technique of single particle manipulation, which was carried out in scanning electron microscope (SEM), and SIMS. This technique gives information on particle size as well as isotope ratios for each particle. In the present study, the particle size dependence of the precision of uranium isotope ratio is investigated by using the SEM-SIMS technique. In the analysis of individual particles of a CRM U050 (5% enriched uranium) sample, even if the particle diameter was 0.5 $$mu$$m, the analysis with the precision of $$^{235}$$U/$$^{238}$$U isotope ratio within 5% was possible. In the presentation, the results obtained for the other uranium particles having different isotopic composition will also be presented.

Journal Articles

Development of analytical technique for safeguards environmental samples at JAEA; Current status and development of analytical method for isotope ratios of plutonium particles

Magara, Masaaki; Usuda, Shigekazu; Sakurai, Satoshi; Shinohara, Nobuo; Esaka, Fumitaka; Kokubu, Yoko; Suzuki, Daisuke; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Lee, C. G.; Inagawa, Jun; et al.

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nihon Shibu Dai-29-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2008/00

JAEA has been developing, under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, analytical techniques for ultra-trace amounts of nuclear materials in the environmental samples in order to contribute to the strengthened safeguards system. In January 2003, JAEA was qualified as a member of the IAEA network analytical laboratories (NWAL) for environmental sample analysis. Since then, JAEA has conducted the analysis of domestic and the IAEA samples. Two techniques, bulk and particle analyses, are available for the environmental samples and the latter method generally provides more detailed information about history of nuclear materials in a facility. However, isotope ratios of uranium are measured in the particle analysis at present and it is wished to develop analytical method for isotope ratios of plutonium in individual particles. We commence the development of the plutonium particle analysis and the consideration of age-dating for plutonium particles through the atomic ratio of Pu-241 and Am-241.

Journal Articles

Study on the etching conditions of polycarbonate detectors for particle analysis of safeguards environmental samples

Iguchi, Kazunari; Esaka, Konomi; Lee, C. G.; Inagawa, Jun; Esaka, Fumitaka; Onodera, Takashi; Fukuyama, Hiroyasu; Suzuki, Daisuke; Sakurai, Satoshi; Watanabe, Kazuo; et al.

Radiation Measurements, 40(2-6), p.363 - 366, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:59.05(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In particle analysis for safeguards environmental samples, the fission track technique is very important to detect sub-micrometer particles containing uranium. In the technique the authors developed, the particles were recovered onto the polycarbonate membrane filter. The filter was dissolved in solvent and dried to form a thin film of detector, in which the particles were confined. After thermal neutron irradiation and etching, the particles of interest in the detector were easily identified with fission tracks, and were picked up for isotope ratio analysis. It was found, however, that the particles in the vicinity of the detector surface may fall off during the etching process. Therefore, optimization of the etching condition is required. In this work, the effects of etching time and enrichment of uranium in particles were investigated. Preliminary results suggest that etching time should be shorter with the increase in the enrichment.

Journal Articles

R&D on safeguards environmental sample analysis at JAERI

Sakurai, Satoshi; Magara, Masaaki; Usuda, Shigekazu; Watanabe, Kazuo; Esaka, Fumitaka; Hirayama, Fumio; Lee, C. G.; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Kono, Nobuaki; Inagawa, Jun; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of analytical techniques for safeguards environmental samples

Magara, Masaaki; Usuda, Shigekazu; Sakurai, Satoshi; Watanabe, Kazuo; Esaka, Fumitaka; Hirayama, Fumio; Lee, C. G.; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Kono, Nobuaki; Inagawa, Jun; et al.

Dai-26-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.157 - 164, 2005/00

JAERI has conducted the analysis of domestic and the IAEA samples. JAERI is developing the analytical techniques to improve the analytical ability for the safeguards environmental samples. For bulk analysis, study is focused on the improvement of reliability of isotope ratio measurements by ICP-MS. New chemical separation techniques are under development and a desolvation module is introduced to reduce the polyatomic interferences. In particle analysis, the sample preparation procedure for SIMS method is modified to measure the $$^{234}$$U/$$^{238}$$U and $$^{236}$$U/$$^{238}$$U ratios for individual particles. We are also developing fission track-TIMS method to measure uranium isotope ratios in particles of sub-micrometer size. A screening instrument of X-ray fluorescent analysis is equipped to measure elemental distribution on a swipe surface.

Journal Articles

Current status and newly introduced analytical techniques for safeguards environmental samples at JAERI

Magara, Masaaki; Usuda, Shigekazu; Sakurai, Satoshi; Watanabe, Kazuo; Esaka, Fumitaka; Hirayama, Fumio; Lee, C. G.; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Kono, Nobuaki; Inagawa, Jun; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 46th Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2005/00

JAERI has been developing analytical techniques for ultra-trace amounts of nuclear materials in the environmental samples in order to contribute to the strengthened safeguards system. Development of essential techniques for bulk and particle analysis of the environmental swipe sample has been established as an ultra-trace analytical method of uranium and plutonium. In January 2003, JAERI was qualified as a member of the IAEA network analytical laboratories for environmental samples. Since then, JAERI has conducted the analysis of domestic and the IAEA samples. From Japanese fiscal year 2003, the second phase of the project was started for the development of advanced techniques, such as analyzing minor actinides and fission products as well as uranium and plutonium, particle analysis using fission-track technique, more efficient particle analysis using ICP-TOFMS and screening by X-ray fluorescent analysis. This paper deals with the progress in the development of the new techniques, applications and future perspective.

Journal Articles

Efficient isotope ratio analysis of uranium particles in swipe samples by total-reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry and secondary ion mass spectrometry

Esaka, Fumitaka; Watanabe, Kazuo; Fukuyama, Hiroyasu; Onodera, Takashi; Esaka, Konomi; Magara, Masaaki; Sakurai, Satoshi; Usuda, Shigekazu

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(11), p.1027 - 1032, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:53 Percentile:95.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new particle recovery method and a sensitive screening method were developed for subsequent isotope ratio analysis of uranium particles in safeguards swipe samples. The particles in the swipe sample were recovered onto a carrier by means of vacuum suction 8211; impact collection method. When grease coating was applied to the carrier, the recovery efficiency was improved to 48 %, which is superior to that of conventionally-used ultrasoneration method. Prior to isotope ratio analysis with secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (TXRF) was applied to screen the sample for the presence of uranium particles. By the use of Si carriers in TXRF analysis, the detection limit of 22 pg was achieved for uranium. By combining these methods with SIMS, the isotope ratios of $$^{235}$$U/$$^{238}$$U for individual uranium particles were efficiently determined.

JAEA Reports

Radiation control in Naka Fusion Research Establishment

Umehara, Takashi; Tayama, Toru; Akiyama, Isamu; Nagata, Yasushi*; Onodera, Satoru*

JAERI-Review 2004-019, 109 Pages, 2004/08

JAERI-Review-2004-019.pdf:10.84MB

This report has been written about the outline of the JT-60 related facility, the JT-60 gaseous waste treatment facility, radiation control equipments and a fundamental radiation control form, which are needed to carry out a radiation control by radiation control officer in Naka Fusion Research Establishment. Further, the following items has been arranged to tables; the low and in-house rules of a radiation protection to apply for the JT-60 facilities, specifications of the JT-60, main parameters and performance of the JT-60, a radiation generated by the JT-60 plasma discharge test, an permitted amount of radiation source and nuclear fuel, each performance of the radiation generators, specifications of the air exhaust facility and the radiation control facility. In addition, figures of the control area, system diagrams of the gaseous waste treatment facility and radiation control monitors are attached.

Journal Articles

Isotope ratio analysis of individual uranium particles for safeguards

Esaka, Fumitaka; Watanabe, Kazuo; Fukuyama, Hiroyasu; Onodera, Takashi; Esaka, Konomi; Inagawa, Jun; Iguchi, Kazunari; Suzuki, Daisuke; Lee, C. G.; Magara, Masaaki; et al.

Dai-25-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.128 - 135, 2004/00

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) was qualified as a member of the IAEA network analytical laboratories (NWALs) for particle and bulk analyses of safeguards environmental samples in January 2003. The particle analysis gives more detailed information on nuclear facility operation than the bulk analysis because the isotope ratios of nuclear materials in the samples collected inside nuclear facilities (swipe samples) can be determined for individual particles. We applied, as a method for uranium isotope ratio measurement, secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) to particle analysis. Prior to the SIMS analysis, the particles in a swipe sample are recovered onto a carrier by impaction. The carriers with the recovered particles are then screened by total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. We integrated these techniques into a standard procedure, which is applied to domestic and IAEA swipe samples routinely.

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