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Journal Articles

Effects of ultra-intense laser driven proton beam on the hydriding property of palladium

Abe, Hiroshi; Orimo, Satoshi; Kishimoto, Masahiko*; Aone, Shigeo*; Uchida, Hirohisa*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Oshima, Takeshi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 307, p.218 - 220, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.46(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We investigated the structure changes of a hydrogen storage alloy by ion irradiations, and its absorption property in order to obtain basic data and to elucidate relevant mechanisms of hydrogen absorption by the influence of the irradiation. In previous studies, the induction of vacancies in a hydrogen absorption alloy was found to be effective to increase in the hydrogen absorption rate. As well known, the rate of hydrogen absorption strongly depends upon the surface state of a hydrogen storage alloy because the dissociation of hydrogen molecules or water molecules needs electron change with the surface in the H$$_{2}$$ gas or electrochemical reaction process. In this study, ion irradiations were made at a room temperature using the laser driven proton beam method, at Kansai Photon Science Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The beam treatment has several unique properties such as short pulse duration, high peak current, low transverse emittance, and wide energy range from KeV to MeV. The irradiation was used to modify the alloy surface using this equipment. From obtained results, the initial hydrogen absorption rate was found improved by the laser driven proton beam rather more effectively than a mono-energetic proton beam. Discussion is made on the correlation among proton irradiation (laser driven proton or mono-energetic proton) and the initial hydrogen absorption rate of the alloy. We argue about the usefulness of an energy spread beam.

Journal Articles

Quantitative measurement of hard X-ray spectra for high intensity laser produced plasma

Zhang, Z.*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Namimoto, Takura*; Fujioka, Shinsuke*; Arikawa, Yasunobu*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; Hosoda, Hirokazu*; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(5), p.053502_1 - 053502_5, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:33.63(Instruments & Instrumentation)

X-ray line spectra ranging from 17 to 77 keV were quantitatively measured with a Laue spectrometer, composed of a cylindrically curved crystal and a detector. Either a visible CCD detector coupled with a CsI phosphor screen or an imaging plate can be chosen, depending on the signal intensities and exposure times. The absolute sensitivity of the spectrometer system was calibrated using pre-characterized laser-produced X-ray sources and radioisotopes. The integrated reflectivity for the crystal is in good agreement with predictions by an open code for X-ray diffraction. The energy transfer efficiency from incident laser beams to hot electrons, as the energy transfer agency for specific X-ray line emissions, is derived as a consequence of this work.

Journal Articles

Complementary characterization of radioactivity produced by repetitive laser-driven proton beam using shot-to-shot proton spectral measurement and direct activation measurement

Ogura, Koichi; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Yogo, Akifumi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(4), p.048003_1 - 048003_2, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:89.21(Physics, Applied)

A proton beam driven by a repetitive high-intensity-laser is utilized to induce a $$^{7}$$Li(p,n)$$^{7}$$Be nuclear reaction. The total activity of $$^{7}$$Be are evaluated by two different methods. The activity obtained measuring the decay $$gamma$$-rays after 1912 shots at 1 Hz is 1.7$$pm$$0.2 Bq. This is in good agreement with 1.6$$pm$$0.3 Bq evaluated from the proton energy distribution measured using a time-of-flight detector and the nuclear reaction cross-sections. We conclude that the production of activity can be monitored in real time using the time-of-flight-detector placed inside a diverging proton beam coupled with a high-speed signal processing system.

Journal Articles

Experimental studies of complex hydride YMn$$_{2}$$H$$_{6}$$ on formation kinetics and X-ray absorption fine structure analyses

Matsuo, Motoaki*; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Li, G.*; Hiyama, Nao*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Orimo, Shinichi*

Applied Physics Letters, 100(4), p.044101_1 - 044101_3, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:83.62(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Simultaneous generation of ions and high-order harmonics from thin conjugated polymer foil irradiated with ultrahigh contrast laser

Choi, I. W.*; Kim, I. J.*; Pae, K. H.*; Nam, K. H.*; Lee, C.-L.*; Yun, H.*; Kim, H. T.*; Lee, S. K.*; Yu, T. J.*; Sung, J. H.*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 99(18), p.181501_1 - 181501_3, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:40.3(Physics, Applied)

We report the manufacturing of a thin foil target made of conjugated polymer, and the simultaneous observation of laser accelerated ions and second harmonic radiation, when irradiated with ultrahigh-contrast laser pulse at a maximum intensity of 4$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$. Maximum proton energy of 8 MeV is achieved along the target normal direction. Strong second harmonic with over 6% energy ratio compared to fundamental is emitted along the specular direction. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations confirm the simultaneous generation of protons and high-order harmonics, which demonstrates the feasibility of applications requiring particle and radiation sources at once, effectively using the same laser and target.

Journal Articles

Laser-driven proton generation with a thin-foil target

Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Ma, J.*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

NIFS-PROC-85, p.30 - 33, 2011/02

The experiment of proton generation is performed for developing the laser-driven ion source. We observe proton signals in the laser-plasma interaction by using a thin-foil target. To get higher energy protons the size of the preformed plasma is reduced by changing the laser contrast level. In the high-contrast laser pulse case the maximum energy of the protons generated at rear side of the target increases.

Journal Articles

Efficient multi-keV X-ray generation from a high-Z target irradiated with a clean ultra-short laser pulse

Zhang, Z.*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Sagisaka, Akito; Orimo, Satoshi; Ogura, Koichi; Yogo, Akifumi; Okano, Yasuaki*; et al.

Optics Express (Internet), 19(5), p.4560 - 4565, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:32.76(Optics)

$$Kalpha$$ line emission from Mo and Ag plate were experimentally studied by using ultra-high intensity, clean femtosecond laser pulses. Absolutely yield of $$Kalpha$$ X-rays at 17 keV from Mo and 22 keV from Ag were measured as a function of the laser pulse contrast ratio and irradiation intensity. Significant enhancement of $$Kalpha$$ yields were obtained for both Mo and Ag with higher contrast ratios and high irradiance. The conversion efficiencies of 4.28 $$times$$ 10$$^{-5}$$ /sr for Mo and 4.84 $$times$$ 10$$^{-5}$$ /sr for Ag, the highest values ever obtained, have been demonstarted with the contrast ratio of 10$$^{-10}$$ to 10$$^{-11}$$.

Journal Articles

Prompt in-line diagnosis of single bunch transverse profiles and energy spectra for laser-accelerated ions

Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Yogo, Akifumi; Katagiri, Masaki*; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 3(12), p.126401_1 - 126401_3, 2010/11

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:61.62(Physics, Applied)

Many applications of laser-accelerated ions will require beamlines with diagnostic capability for validating simulations and machine performance at the single bunch level as well as for the development of controls to optimize machine performance. We demonstrated prompt, in-line, single bunch transverse profile and energy spectrum detection using a thin luminescent diagnostic and scintillator-based time-of-flight spectrometer simultaneously. The Monte Carlo code, particle and heavy ion transport code systems (PHITS) simulation is shown to be reasonably predictive at low proton energy for the observed transverse profiles measured by the thin luminescent monitor and also for single bunch energy spectra measured by time-of-flight spectrometry.

Journal Articles

Proton generation and terahertz radiation from a thin-foil target with a high-intensity laser

Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Ma, J.*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 38(9), p.702 - 705, 2010/09

High-intensity laser and thin-foil interactions produce high-energy particles, hard X-ray, high-order harmonics, and terahertz (THz) radiation. A proton beam driven by a high-intensity laser has received attention as a compact ion source for medical applications. In this study we have tested simultaneous generation of protons and THz radiation from a thin-foil target. We use a Ti:sapphire laser system (J-KAREN) at JAEA. A laser beam is focused by an off-axis parabolic mirror at the thin-foil target. We observed the high-energy proton in the rear side of the target and THz radiation in the reflected direction. Next, high energy protons are observed by reducing the size of preformed plasma.

Journal Articles

Monochromatic X-ray emission from laser produced plasma with a clean ultra-short laser pulse

Zhang, Z.*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; Orimo, Satoshi; Ogura, Koichi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Yogo, Akifumi; Okano, Yasuaki*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 38(9), p.698 - 701, 2010/09

Monochromatic X-ray generation from Cu plates was experimentally studied by using a high contrast femtosecond laser pulse. Absolute yield of Ka line at 8 keV was measured as a function of laser pulse contrast ration and irradiation intensity. The conversion efficiency of 8 $$times$$ 10$$^{-5}$$ /sr, the highest value ever obtained, has been demonstrated at 5.5 $$times$$ 10$$^{16}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$ with a contrast ratio of 10$$^{-11}$$.

Journal Articles

Test beam-line for laser-driven proton therapy

Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Orimo, Satoshi; Kondo, Kiminori; et al.

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.312 - 315, 2010/08

The beam transport test is carried out through the test beam line of the laser-driven proton accelerator which consists of the phase rotation cavity, PMQ, and bending magnet. The laser system used is J-KAREN at JAEA. The final transmitted bunch duration and transverse profile are well predicted by the PARMILA particle transport code by assuming relatively low initial current of the proton beam. The most probable explanation for this is the space charge neutralization by the laser-plasma-electrons.

Journal Articles

Measured and simulated transport of 1.9 MeV laser-accelerated proton bunches through an integrated test beam line at 1 Hz

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Yogo, Akifumi; Mori, Michiaki; Orimo, Satoshi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 13(7), p.071304_1 - 071304_7, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:16.63(Physics, Nuclear)

A laser-driven repetition-rated 1.9 MeV proton beam line composed of permanent quadrupole magnets (PMQs), a radio frequency (rf) phase rotation cavity, and a tunable monochromator is developed to evaluate and to test the simulation of laser-accelerated proton beam transport through an integrated system for the first time. In addition, the proton spectral modulation and focusing behavior of the rf phase rotationcavity device is monitored with input from a PMQ triplet. In the 1.9 MeV region we observe very weakproton defocusing by the phase rotation cavity. The final transmitted bunch duration and transverse profile are well predicted by the PARMILA particle transport code. The transmitted proton beam duration of 6 ns corresponds to an energy spread near 5% for which the transport efficiency is simulated to be 10%. The predictive capability of PARMILA suggests that it can be useful in the design of future higher energy transport beam lines as part of an integrated laser-driven ion accelerator system.

Journal Articles

Laser-driven proton accelerator for medical application

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Yogo, Akifumi; Mori, Michiaki; Orimo, Satoshi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.88 - 90, 2010/05

The concept of a compact ion particle accelerator has become attractive in view of recent progress in laser-driven ion acceleration. We report here the recent progress in the laser-driven proton beam transport at the Photo Medical Research Center (PMRC) at JAEA, which is established to address the challenge of laser-driven ion accelerator development for ion beam cancer therapy.

Journal Articles

Control of laser-accelerated proton beams by modifying the target density with ASE

Yogo, Akifumi; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Nagatomo, Hideo*; et al.

European Physical Journal D, 55(2), p.421 - 425, 2009/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:77.74(Optics)

We demonstrate the laser-ion acceleration from a near-critical density plasma, when amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) was used to convert a solid foil target into the lower-density target. In this work, a direct comparison is made by changing the ASE intensity by factor 3 in order to investigate the target density-dependency of the laser-ion acceleration. The beam direction of high-energy component is successfully controlled by modifying the target density. The near-critical density plasma can be a favorable target to control the beam direction to be dependent on its energy.

Journal Articles

Multi-millijoule, nonlinear preamplifier for high intensity femtosecond Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification lasers at 1030 nm

Suzuki, Masayuki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Nakai, Yoshiki; Orimo, Satoshi; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; et al.

Applied Physics B, 97(2), p.379 - 382, 2009/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:59.21(Optics)

We report the highest energy broadband laser pulses at a center wavelength of 1030 nm based on optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). We have demonstrated amplification of 1030 nm femtosecond laser pulses from a broadband Yb oscillator to over 6.5 mJ with a total gain of greater than 10$$^{7}$$ achieved in a single pass through only 56 mm of gain material at a 10 Hz repetition rate. The amplified spectral bandwidth of 10.8 nm affords recompression to a 230 fs pulse duration following amplification. As an alternative to the regenerative amplifier (RA) this system is one of the more promising candidates for realizing compact, high intensity, direct diode pumped, high repetition rate femtosecond Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) in laser systems.

Journal Articles

A Novel technique for monitoring the reproducibility of laser tape-target interactions using an X-ray pinhole camera

Ogura, Koichi; Fukumi, Atsushi*; Li, Z.*; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Kado, Masataka; Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Hayashi, Yukio; et al.

Journal of the Vacuum Society of Japan, 52(10), p.570 - 574, 2009/10

For accurate control of relativistic laser-plasma interaction under the repetitive operation, we have to measure and control the laser irradiation conditions such as laser parameters, the target shooting accuracy and so on as well as measuring proton parameter on each laser shot. The displacement of the laser shooting position on a tape target, that are used in the high energy proton generation using an ultra-short Ti:sapphire laser system, is measured by observing an X-ray image from laser plasma with an X-ray pinhole camera for each laser shot. The displacement of the shooting position on the target is about 20micron and the accuracy of the target positioning is within 20micron which is small enough for present laser focusing optics with an F number of 3.6 (f=179mm). The technique contributes to accurate control of a repetitive laser driven proton accelerators.

Journal Articles

Partial crystallization of silicon by high intensity laser irradiation

Azuma, Hirozumi*; Sagisaka, Akito; Daido, Hiroyuki; Ito, Isao*; Kadoura, Hiroaki*; Kamiya, Nobuo*; Ito, Tadashi*; Nishimura, Akihiko; Ma, J.*; Mori, Michiaki; et al.

Applied Surface Science, 255(24), p.9783 - 9786, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:86.79(Chemistry, Physical)

Commercial single crystal silicon wafers and amorphous silicon films piled on single crystal silicon wafers were irradiated with a femtosecond pulsed laser and a nanosecond pulsed laser at irradiation intensities between 10$$^{17}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$ and 10$$^{9}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$. In the single crystal silicon substrate, the irradiated area was changed to polycrystalline silicon and the piled silicon around the irradiated area has spindly column structures constructed of polycrystalline and amorphous silicon. In particular, in the case of the higher irradiation intensity of 10$$^{16}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$, the irradiated area was oriented to the same crystal direction as the substrate. In the case of the lower irradiation intensity of 10$$^{8}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$, only amorphous silicon was observed around the irradiated area, even when the target was single crystal silicon.

Journal Articles

Observation of UV harmonics from a thin-foil target in the high-intensity laser-driven proton generation

Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Ma, J.-L.; Mori, Michiaki; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.8, p.464 - 467, 2009/09

We measure the UV harmonics from a thin-foil target by changing the laser pulse duration in the high-energy proton generation. The maximum proton energies are around 1 MeV. In the case of the $$sim$$500 fs, the peaks of UV harmonics up to fourth-order clearly appear. The spectra are broadened and shifted at the pulse durations of $$sim$$100 fs and $$sim$$30 fs.

Journal Articles

Experimental and computational characterization of hydrodynamic expansion of a preformed plasma from thin-foil target for laser-driven proton acceleration

Sagisaka, Akito; Nagatomo, Hideo*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Mori, Michiaki; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Yogo, Akifumi; Kado, Masataka

Journal of Plasma Physics, 75(5), p.609 - 617, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:76.62(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

We characterize the electron density distributions of preformed plasma for laser-accelerated proton generation. The preformed plasma of a thin-foil target is generated by prepulse and ASE of a high-intensity Ti:sapphire laser and is measured with an interferometer using a second harmonic probe beam. High-energy protons are obtained by reducing the size of the preformed plasma by changing the ASE duration before main pulse at the front side of the target. Simulation results with two-dimensional radiation hydrodynamic code are close to the experimental results for low-density region $$sim$$4$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ cm$$^{-3}$$ at the front side.

Journal Articles

Ion acceleration using temporally-controlled high-intensity laser pulses

Yogo, Akifumi; Daido, Hiroyuki; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Bulanov, S. V.; Bolton, P.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 37(6), p.449 - 454, 2009/06

The acceleration of protons driven by a high-intensity laser is comprehensively investigated via control of the target density by using ASE just before the time of the main-laser interaction. Two cases were investigated for which the ASE intensity differed by three orders of magnitude: In the low contrast case the beam centre for higher energy protons is shifted closer to the laser-propagation direction of 45$$^{circ}$$, while the center of lower-energy beam remains near the target normal direction. Particle-in-cell simulations reveal that the characteristic proton acceleration is due to the quasistatic magnetic field on the target rear side with the magnetic pressure sustaining a charge separation electrostatic field.

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