Saito, Hiroyuki*; Machida, Akihiko*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Sato, Toyoto*; Orimo, Shinichi*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*
Physica B; Physics of Condensed Matter, 587, p.412153_1 - 412153_6, 2020/06
The site occupancy of deuterium (D) atoms in face-centered-cubic nickel (fcc Ni) was measured along a cooling path from 1073 to 300 K at an initial pressure of 3.36 GPa via in situ neutron powder diffraction. Deuterium atoms predominantly occupy the octahedral (O) sites and slightly occupy the tetrahedral (T) sites of the fcc metal lattice. The O-site occupancy increases from 0.4 to 0.85 as the temperature is lowered from 1073 to 300 K. Meanwhile, the T-site occupancy remains c.a. 0.02. The temperature-independent behavior of the T-site occupancy is unusual, and its process is not yet understood. From the linear relation between the expanded lattice volume and D content, a D-induced volume expansion of 2.09(13) atom was obtained. This value is in agreement with the values of 2.14-2.2 atom previously reported for Ni and Ni Fe alloy.
Saito, Hiroyuki*; Machida, Akihiko*; Iizuka, Riko*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Sato, Toyoto*; Orimo, Shinichi*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.9934_1 - 9934_8, 2020/06
Neutron powder diffraction profiles were collected for iron deuteride (FeDx) while the temperature decreased from 1023 to 300 K for a pressure range of 4-6 GPa. The ' deuteride with a double hexagonal close-packed (dhcp) structure, which coexisted with other stable or metastable deutrides at each temperature and pressure condition, formed solid solutions with a composition of FeD at 673 K and 6.1 GPa and FeD at 603 K and 4.8 GPa. Upon stepwise cooling to 300 K, the D-content x increased to a stoichiometric value of 1.0 to form monodeuteride FeD. In the dhcp FeD at 300 K and 4.2 GPa, dissolved D atoms fully occupied the octahedral interstitial sites, slightly displaced from the octahedral centers in the dhcp metal lattice, and the dhcp sequence of close-packed Fe planes contained hcp-stacking faults at 12%. Magnetic moments with 2.11 0.06 B/Fe-atom aligned ferromagnetically in parallel on the Fe planes.
Machida, Akihiko*; Saito, Hiroyuki*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Sato, Toyoto*; Orimo, Shinichi*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 9(1), p.12290_1 - 12290_9, 2019/08
Hexagonal close-packed iron hydride, hcp FeHx, is absent from the conventional phase diagram of the Fe-H system, although hcp metallic Fe exists stably over extensive temperature () and pressure () conditions, including those corresponding to the Earth's inner core. X-ray and neutron diffraction measurements at temperatures ranging from 298 to 1073 K and H pressures ranging from 4 to 7 GPa revealed that the hcp hydride was formed for FeH compositions when . Hydrogen atoms occupied the octahedral interstitial sites of the host metal lattice both partially and randomly. The hcp hydride exhibited a H-induced volume expansion of 2.48(5) /H-atom, which was larger than that of the face-centered cubic (fcc) hydride. The hcp hydride showed an increase in with , whereas the fcc hydride showed a corresponding decrease. The present study provides guidance for further investigations of the Fe-H system over an extensive -- region.
Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Iijima, Yuki*; Sato, Toyoto*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Otomo, Toshiya*; Miwa, Kazutoshi*; Ikeshoji, Tamio*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*; Orimo, Shinichi*
Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 54(19), p.5650 - 5653, 2015/05
Machida, Akihiko; Saito, Hiroyuki; Sugimoto, Hidehiko*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Endo, Naruki*; Katayama, Yoshinori; Iizuka, Riko*; Sato, Toyoto*; Matsuo, Motoaki*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 5, p.5063_1 - 5063_6, 2014/09
Iron hydride FeH, is thermodynamically stable only at high hydrogen pressure of several GPa. To investigate the hydrogenation process and hydrogen state in iron hydride, it is necessary to carry out the in-situ measurement under high pressure and high temperature. In this study, we performed the in-situ neutron diffraction measurement of Fe-D system using the high pressure neutron diffractometer PLANET in the MLF, J-PARC, and determined the deuterium occupying sites and occupancies in fcc-FeD. We found the minor occupation of tetrahedral sites under high pressure and high temperature. We considered the mechanism of the minor occupation based on the Quantum-mechanical calculation.
Saito, Hiroyuki; Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Matsuo, Motoaki*; Iijima, Yuki*; Endo, Naruki*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*; Orimo, Shinichi*
APL Materials (Internet), 2(7), p.076103_1 - 076103_7, 2014/07
Saito, Hiroyuki; Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Orimo, Shinichi*
Hoshako, 27(1), p.10 - 19, 2014/01
no abstracts in English
Li, H.-W.*; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Akiba, Etsuo*; Orimo, Shinichi*
Nippon Kinzoku Gakkai-Shi, 77(12), p.627 - 630, 2013/12
no abstracts in English
Saito, Hiroyuki; Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Endo, Naruki; Machida, Akihiko; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Orimo, Shinichi*; Katayama, Yoshinori
APL Materials (Internet), 1(3), p.032113_1 - 032113_7, 2013/09
Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Ikeshoji, Tamio*; Matsuo, Motoaki*; Sato, Toyoto*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Orimo, Shinichi*
Applied Physics Letters, 103(11), p.113903_1 - 113903_4, 2013/09
Sato, Ryutaro*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Endo, Naruki; Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Matsuo, Motoaki*; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Orimo, Shinichi*
Applied Physics Letters, 102(9), p.091901_1 - 091901_4, 2013/03
Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Endo, Naruki; Sato, Ryutaro*; Ikeshoji, Tamio*; Matsuo, Motoaki*; Miwa, Kazutoshi*; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Orimo, Shinichi*
Physical Review B, 87(12), p.125134_1 - 125134_6, 2013/03
Matsuo, Motoaki*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Machida, Akihiko; Sato, Ryutaro*; Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Miwa, Kazutoshi*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Katayama, Yoshinori; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Orimo, Shinichi*
RSC Advances (Internet), 3(4), p.1013 - 1016, 2013/01
Matsuo, Motoaki*; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Li, G.*; Hiyama, Nao*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Orimo, Shinichi*
Applied Physics Letters, 100(4), p.044101_1 - 044101_3, 2012/01
Matsumura, Daiju; Oyama, Takahiro*; Okajima, Yuka*; Nishihata, Yasuo; Li, H.-W.*; Orimo, Shinichi*
Materials Transactions, 52(4), p.635 - 640, 2011/04
Local structure of Ti-based additives in Mg(BH) was studied by X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy with conventional and dispersive mode in order to understand the correlation between the structure of the additives and dehydrogenation property of Mg(BH). Simultaneous measurement of the dehydrogenation curve and the X-ray absorption spectroscopy by the dispersive optics revealed that a part of TiCl additive is converted to TiMg(BH) ( = 00.67) just after ball milling mixture and then promptly resolved to TiB at 100-150C with the first dehydrogenation peak. TiO additive is slowly converted to lower oxidation state in wide temperature range around the second dehydrogenation peak at 350C where the main dehydrogenation reaction of Mg(BH) occurs.
Ikeda, Kazuki*; Orimo, Shinichi*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Machida, Akihiko; Katayama, Yoshinori; Aoki, Katsutoshi
Suiso Seizo, Kyuzo, Chozo Zairyo To Anzenka, p.317 - 327, 2010/08
AlH is a metal hydride with a large gravimetric and volumetric hydrogen content (10.1 wt.% and 149kgH/m, respectively), and therefore it is promising as a hydrogen storage material. The high capacity and low desorption temperature (80150C) have attracted much attention. In situ X-ray diffraction measurements for the Al-H binary system at high pressures and temperatures were performed to investigate the hydrogenation of aluminum metal immersed in hydrogen fluid as well as the phase stability of the aluminum hydride formed.
Suzuki, Masayuki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Nakai, Yoshiki; Orimo, Satoshi; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; et al.
Applied Physics B, 97(2), p.379 - 382, 2009/10
We report the highest energy broadband laser pulses at a center wavelength of 1030 nm based on optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). We have demonstrated amplification of 1030 nm femtosecond laser pulses from a broadband Yb oscillator to over 6.5 mJ with a total gain of greater than 10 achieved in a single pass through only 56 mm of gain material at a 10 Hz repetition rate. The amplified spectral bandwidth of 10.8 nm affords recompression to a 230 fs pulse duration following amplification. As an alternative to the regenerative amplifier (RA) this system is one of the more promising candidates for realizing compact, high intensity, direct diode pumped, high repetition rate femtosecond Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) in laser systems.
Yogo, Akifumi; Sato, Katsutoshi; Nishikino, Masaharu; Mori, Michiaki; Teshima, Teruki*; Numasaki, Hodaka*; Murakami, Masao*; Demizu, Yusuke*; Akagi, Takashi*; Nagayama, Shinichi*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 94(18), p.181502_1 - 181502_3, 2009/05
Hayashi, Takao; Tobita, Kenji; Nakamori, Yuko*; Orimo, Shinichi*
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 386-388, p.119 - 121, 2009/04
Neutron transport calculations have been carried out to assess the capability of zirconium borohydride (Zr(BH)) and zirconium hydride (ZrH) as advanced shield materials, because excellent shields can be used to protect outer structural materials from serious activation. The neutron shielding capability of Zr(BH) is lower than ZrH, even though the hydrogen density of Zr(BH) is slightly higher than that of ZrH. High-Z atoms are effective in neutron shielding as well as hydrogen atoms. The combination of steel and Zr(BH) can improve the neutron shielding capability. The combinations of (Zr(BH) + F82H) and (ZrH + F82H) can reduce the thickness of the shield by 6.5% and 19% compared to (water + F82H), respectively. The neutron flux for Zr(BH) is drastically reduced in the range of neutron energy below 100 eV compared to other materials, due to the effect of boron, which can lead to a reduction of radwaste from fusion reactors.
Hayashi, Takao; Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Ikeda, Kazuki*; Nakamori, Yuko*; Orimo, Shinichi*; DEMO Plant Design Team
Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1285 - 1290, 2006/02
Neutron transport calculations were carried out to evaluate the capability of metal hydrides and borohydrides as an advanced shielding material. Some hydrides indicated considerably higher hydrogen content than polyethylene and solid hydrogen. The hydrogen-rich hydrides show superior neutron shielding capability to the conventional materials. From the temperature dependence of dissociation pressure, ZrH and TiH can be used without releasing hydrogen at the temperature of less than 640 C at 1 atm. ZrH and Mg(BH) can reduce the thickness of the shield by 30% and 20% compared to a combination of steel and water, respectively. Mixing some hydrides with F82H produces considerable effects in -ray shielding. The neutron and -ray shielding capabilities decrease in order of ZrH Mg(BH) and F82H TiH and F82H water and F82H.