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Journal Articles

Manufacturing technology and material properties of high nitrogen austenitic stainless steel forgings for ITER TF coil cases

Oshikawa, Takumi*; Funakoshi, Yoshihiko*; Imaoka, Hiroshi*; Yoshikawa, Kohei*; Maari, Yasutaka*; Iguchi, Masahide; Sakurai, Takeru; Nakahira, Masataka; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nakajima, Hideo

Proceedings of 19th International Forgemasters Meeting (IFM 2014), p.254 - 259, 2014/09

ITER is a large-scale experiment that aims to demonstrate that it is possible to produce commercial energy from fusion. ITER Toroidal Field Coil Case (hereinafter referred to as "ITER TFCC") is one of the important components of ITER. The ITER TFCC materials are made of high nitrogen austenitic stainless steel and having various configurations. The ITER TFCC material which manufactured by JCFC has a complex configuration with heaver thickness than other materials. It is difficult to form near net shape to delivery configuration by ordinary open die forging method such as upset and stretching, because the ITER TFCC materials manufactured by JCFC have a complex configuration. Therefore ingot weight and lead time of machining increase when ITER TFCC materials are forged by ordinary open die forging method. Moreover, in order to get good attenuation at Ultrasonic examination, it is necessarily to make fine and uniform grain of the material. However, it is impossible to control grain size of austenitic stainless steel by heat treatment. The grain becomes fine and uniform by only forging process with suitable condition. Therefore, JCFC has studied suitable forging method to become near net shape to delivery configuration and also to get fine grain of center of the material. Based on these result, ITER TFCC materials were manufactured. This innovative forging process led to reduce the weight of ingot compared with general forging. And it had good Ultrasonic attenuation. It was confirmed that the results of material test and nondestructive examination satisfied the requirements of Japan domestic agency (hereinafter referred to as "JADA"). Moreover, the test coupons were taken from center of thick part of product and used for various tests. As the result of tests, it was confirmed that results of material test satisfied the requirements of JADA. It is clear that this innovative forging method is very suitable process for manufacturing of ITER TFCC materials.

Journal Articles

The Present situation and future prospects of groundwater colloids studies on the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes in Japan

Nagao, Seiya*; Niibori, Yuichi*; Tanaka, Tadao; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Saito, Takumi*; Kirishima, Akira*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Iijima, Kazuki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; et al.

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 20(1), p.3 - 14, 2013/06

This paper shows a current status of groundwater colloids studies on the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes in Japan, and summaries realistic approach of the colloids studies at a substantial research network for Japanese universities and institutes.

Journal Articles

Progress in physics and technology developments for the modification of JT-60

Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurita, Genichi; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Urata, Kazuhiro*; Miura, Yushi; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Morioka, Atsuhiko; Kudo, Yusuke; et al.

Plasma Science and Technology, 6(1), p.2141 - 2150, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:92.83(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The dominant issue for the the modification program of JT-60 (JT-60SC) is to demonstrate the steady state reactor relevant plasma operation. Physics design on plasma parameters, operation scenarios, and the plasma control method are investigated for the achievement of high-$$beta$$. Engineering design and the R&D on the superconducting magnet coils, radiation shield, and vacuum vessel are performed. Recent progress in such physics and technology developments is presented.

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Chujo, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Cho, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:27.31(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Sputtering and plasma exposure to fabricate gold nanoparticles with clean surfaces

Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro; Sanari, Takumi*; Takahiro, Katsumi*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Nagata, Shinji*

no journal, , 

Silver (Ag) and gold (Au) nanoparticles have strong optical extinction band due to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in the visible range. These nanoparticles on transparent substrates are being applied to chemical and biological sensors, in which changes in the LSPR features, including resonance wavelength, width and intensity, are observed. In such applications, an intense and sharp absorption band is required for higher detection sensitivity. Our previous work showed that a plasma treatment could be an effective tool to control the LSPR features for Ag nanoparticles prepared by sputter deposition. In the treatment, argon (Ar) plasma cleans up impurities adsorbed on the Ag nanoparticles, resulting in the blue shift and sharpening of the LSPR. In the present work, sputter deposition, and plasma have been employed to fabricate Au nanoparticles with desired optical properties for plasmon-based sensors.

Oral presentation

Optical property of gold nanoparticles modified by plasma exposure and sputtering

Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro; Sanari, Takumi*; Takahiro, Katsumi*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Nagata, Shinji*

no journal, , 

Optical extinction spectrum of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) exhibits a strong peak due to the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). The extinction peak by LSPR change in dependence on a medium surrounding Au NPs. Recently, new sensing materials have been developed for organic gas sensors using LSPR. The extinction peak by LSPR, however, often differs from the ideal values because of impurities adhered on Au NPs surface in air. In this study, plasma and ion sputtering treatments have been employed to eliminate impurities on the Au NPs surfaces. As the result, it was found that carbonaceous impurities decrease significantly from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and the wavelength of the LSPR extinction peak close to ideal value. In addition, the observation by scanning electron microscopy was indicated no significant change in the morphology of Au NPs after the treatments. We concluded plasma and ion sputtering treatments were effective methods to obtain Au NPs with clean surfaces.

Oral presentation

Effect of humic substances on the sorption and diffusion of Eu(III) in sedimentary rock

Terashima, Motoki; Tachi, Yukio; Saito, Takumi*; Iijima, Kazuki; Shimoda, Satoko*; Nakazawa, Toshiyuki*; Yoshikawa, Hideki

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Method for developing NICA-Donnan model parameters of groundwater humic substances

Terashima, Motoki; Saito, Takumi*; Iijima, Kazuki; Yoshikawa, Hideki

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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