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JAEA Reports

Development of ITER CODAC compatible gyrotron local control system and its operation

Oshima, Katsumi; Oda, Yasuhisa; Takahashi, Koji; Terakado, Masayuki; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Hayashi, Kazuo*; Moriyama, Shinichi; Kajiwara, Ken; Sakamoto, Keishi

JAEA-Technology 2015-061, 65 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-061.pdf:24.28MB

In JAEA, an ITER relevant control system for ITER gyrotron was developed according to Plant Control Design Handbook. This control system was developed based on ITER CODAC Core System and implemented state machine control of gyrotron operation system, sequential timing control of gyrotron oscillation startup, and data acquisition. The operation of ITER 170 GHz gyrotron was demonstrated with ITER relevant power supply configuration. This system is utilized for gyrotron operation test for ITER procurement. This report describes the architecture of gyrotron operation system, its basic and detailed design, and recent operation results.

JAEA Reports

Disassembly of the NBI system on JT-60U for JT-60 SA

Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Hanada, Masaya; Kawai, Mikito*; Kazawa, Minoru; Kikuchi, Katsumi*; Kojima, Atsushi; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Nemoto, Shuji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2014-042, 73 Pages, 2015/02

JAEA-Technology-2014-042.pdf:15.1MB

According to the project plan of JT-60 Super Advanced that is implemented as an international project between Japan and Europe, the neutral beam (NB) injectors have been disassembled. The disassembly of the NB injectors started in November, 2009 and finished in January, 2012 without any serious problems as scheduled. This reports the disassembly activities of the NB injectors.

Journal Articles

Development of ITER CODAC compatible gyrotron local control system and its operation

Oda, Yasuhisa; Oshima, Katsumi; Nakamoto, Takashi*; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Hayashi, Kazuo*; Ikeda, Yukiharu; Ikeda, Ryosuke; Kajiwara, Ken; Takahashi, Koji; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 90(7), p.365 - 373, 2014/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Hydrophobic Pt catalyst for combustion of hydrogen isotopes at low temperatures

Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Sato, Katsumi; Oshima, Yusuke*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Taniuchi, Junichi*

Proceedings of 7th Tokyo Conference on Advanced Catalytic Science and Technology (TOCAT-7) (USB Flash Drive), 2 Pages, 2014/06

Hydrophobic platinum catalysts have been developed especially for combustion of hydrogen isotopes released in a nuclear facility. A new type of hydrophobic hydrogen combustion catalyst commercially named TKK-KNOITS catalyst is hardly susceptible to water mist and water vapor in the atmosphere and water produced by hydrogen combustion. It is capable of maintaining the activity even at relatively low temperatures. The TKK-KNOITS catalyst is superior to other previous hydrophobic catalysts in applicability to wide range of hydrogen concentration from very thin to dense. The catalyst which carrier is composed of inorganic oxide has thermal stability up to 873 K.

Journal Articles

Full-coherent free electron laser seeded by 13th- and 15th-order harmonics of near-infrared femtosecond laser pulses

Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Togashi, Tadashi*; Fukami, Kenji*; et al.

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 46(16), p.164006_1 - 164006_6, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:75.28(Optics)

By introducing 13th- (61.7 nm) and 15th-order harmonics (53.4 nm) of femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm into an undulator of SCSS (SPring-8 Compact SASE Source) test accelerator at RIKEN, these harmonic pulses were amplified by a factor of more than 10$$^{2}$$ with a high contrast ratio through the interaction between accelerated electron bunches and the harmonic pulses. From numerical simulations of the amplification processes of high-order harmonic pulses in the undulator, optimum conditions of the electron bunch duration interacting with the high-order harmonic pulses were investigated for generating full-coherent and intense pulses in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region.

Journal Articles

Full-coherent HHG-seeded EUV-FEL locked by EOS timing feedback

Ogawa, Kanade*; Sato, Takahiro*; Matsubara, Shinichi*; Okayasu, Yuichi*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Watanabe, Takahiro*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; et al.

Proceedings of 10th Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim and 18th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and Photonics in Switching 2013 (CLEO-PR & OECC/PS 2013) (USB Flash Drive), 2 Pages, 2013/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High intense full-coherent radiation of free electron laser seeded by high-order harmonics in extreme-ultraviolet region

Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics IX (CD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2013/03

We have demonstrated free-electron laser radiation seeded by high-order harmonics in the extreme-ultraviolet region. Strong enhancement of the radiation intensity by a factor of 104 was observed with timing control of an electro-optical sampling technique.

JAEA Reports

Study of cable ageing mechanism for nuclear power plant (Contract research)

Seguchi, Tadao*; Tamura, Kiyotoshi*; Watashi, Katsumi; Suzuki, Masahide; Shimada, Akihiko; Sugimoto, Masaki; Idesaki, Akira; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Oshima, Takeshi; Kudo, Hisaaki*

JAEA-Research 2012-029, 158 Pages, 2012/12

JAEA-Research-2012-029.pdf:9.4MB

The degradation mechanisms of ethylene-propylene rubber (EPR), crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE), polyvinylchloride (PVC), and silicone rubber (SiR) as the cable insulation materials were investigated for the cable ageing research of the nuclear power plant. The materials as same insulations for the practical cable (practical formulation) and as the model formulation containing specific additive were selected. They were exposed to the accelerated radiation and thermal environments. The mechanical properties, the crosslinking and chain scission, and the distribution of antioxidant and of oxidative products were measured and analyzed.

Journal Articles

Extreme ultraviolet free electron laser seeded by high-order harmonic

Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th International School and Symposium on Synchrotron Radiation in Natural Science (ISSRNS 2012), p.1 - 21, 2012/05

The 13th harmonic of a Ti:sapphire laser has been significantly amplified with the SCSS test accelerator. The temporal and spatial overlap of the electron beam and the high harmonic radiation were precisely tuned for achieving the seeded free electron laser operation. With numerical simulation the present HH-seeded FEL scheme could readily be applied to the wavelength region down to 10 nm.

Journal Articles

Chemical composition of sediments from marine shallow-water hydrothermal mounds in Wakamiko submarine crater revealed by multiple prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis

Shozugawa, Katsumi*; Matsuo, Motoyuki*; Sano, Yuji*; Toh, Yosuke; Murakami, Yukihiro*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kimura, Atsushi; Hara, Kaoru; Kin, Tadahiro; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 291(2), p.341 - 346, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:76.11(Chemistry, Analytical)

Multiple prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis (MPGA), a new quantification method with high energy resolution, was applied to sediments from a marine shallow-water hydrothermal mound. Surface sediments around mounds were collected from the Wakamiko submarine crater located in Kagoshima Bay, southwest Japan, where the hydrothermal system was different from those at other marine shallow-water hydrothermal mounds. All samples were desalted and MPGA measurements were performed for 4,500 s (real time). Event data were obtained using eight CLOVER Ge detectors. We could obtain concentrations of $$^{32}$$S, $$^{55}$$Mn, $$^{75}$$As, $$^{157}$$Gd, $$^{39}$$K, $$^{149}$$Sm, $$^{56}$$Fe, and $$^{85}$$Rb with high sensitivity by MPGA. Furthermore, $$^{32}$$S, $$^{85}$$Rb, and $$^{55}$$Mn have characteristic concentrations only at a mound, suggesting that sediments were sulfated by magmatic fluids at this mound.

Journal Articles

Trace element analysis of environmental samples by multiple prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis method

Oshima, Masumi; Matsuo, Motoyuki*; Shozugawa, Katsumi*

Oyo Butsuri, 80(11), p.948 - 954, 2011/11

The multiple $$gamma$$-ray detection method has been proved to be a high-resolution and high-sensitivity method in application to nuclide quantification. The neutron prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis method is successfully extended by combining it with the $$gamma$$-ray detection method, which is called Multiple prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis, MPGA. In this review we show the principle of this method and its characteristics. Several examples of its application to environmental samples, especially river sediments in the urban area and sea sediment samples are also described.

Journal Articles

Progress in development and design of the neutral beam injector for JT-60SA

Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Tanaka, Yutaka; Inoue, Takashi; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Taniguchi, Masaki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Akino, Noboru; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.835 - 838, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:41.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutral beam (NB) injectors for JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA) have been designed and developed. Twelve positive-ion-based and one negative-ion-based NB injectors are allocated to inject 30 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams in total for 100 s. Each of the positive-ion-based NB injector is designed to inject 1.7 MW for 100s at 85 keV. A part of the power supplies and magnetic shield utilized on JT-60U are upgraded and reused on JT-60SA. To realize the negative-ion-based NB injector for JT-60SA where the injection of 500 keV, 10 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams for 100s is required, R&Ds of the negative ion source have been carried out. High-energy negative ion beams of 490-500 keV have been successfully produced at a beam current of 1-2.8 A through 20% of the total ion extraction area, by improving voltage holding capability of the ion source. This is the first demonstration of a high-current negative ion acceleration of $$>$$1 A to 500 keV. The design of the power supplies and the beamline is also in progress. The procurement of the acceleration power supply starts in 2010.

Journal Articles

Development of the JT-60SA Neutral Beam Injectors

Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Inoue, Takashi; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Taniguchi, Masaki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Akino, Noboru; Kazawa, Minoru; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1390, p.536 - 544, 2011/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Room-temperature reactor packed with hydrophobic catalysts for the oxidation of hydrogen isotopes released in a nuclear facility

Iwai, Yasunori; Sato, Katsumi; Taniuchi, Junichi*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Harada, Nobuo*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(8), p.1184 - 1192, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:10.51(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The inorganic-based hydrophobic Pt-catalyst named H1P has been developed especially for efficient oxidation of a tracer level of tritium in the ambient temperature range even in the presence of saturated water vapor. The overall reaction rate constant for H1P catalyst in the ambient temperature range was considerably larger than that for traditionally applied Pt/Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ catalyst. Moreover, the decrease in reaction rate for H1P in the presence of saturated water vapor compared with in the absence of water vapor was slight due to its excellence in hydrophobic performance. Oxidation reaction on the catalyst surface is the rate-controlling step in the ambient temperature range and diffusion in a catalyst substratum above 313 K due to its fine porosity. The overall reaction rate constant in the ambient temperature range was dependent on the space velocity and hydrogen concentration in carrier.

Journal Articles

Achievement of 500 keV negative ion beam acceleration on JT-60U negative-ion-based neutral beam injector

Kojima, Atsushi; Hanada, Masaya; Tanaka, Yutaka*; Kawai, Mikito*; Akino, Noboru; Kazawa, Minoru; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Usui, Katsutomi; Sasaki, Shunichi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 51(8), p.083049_1 - 083049_8, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:11.34(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Hydrogen negative ion beams of 490 keV, 3 A and 510 keV, 1 A have been successfully produced in the JT-60 negative ion source with three acceleration stages. These successful productions of the high-energy beams at high current have been achieved by overcoming the most critical issue, i.e., a poor voltage holding of the large negative ion sources with the grids of 2 m$$^{2}$$ for JT-60SA and ITER. To improve voltage holding capability, the breakdown voltages for the large grids was examined for the first time. It was found that a vacuum insulation distance for the large grids was 6-7 times longer than that for the small-area grid (0.02 m$$^{2}$$). From this result, the gap lengths between the grids were tuned in the JT-60 negative ion source. The modification of the ion source also realized a significant stabilization of voltage holding and a short conditioning time. These results suggest a practical use of the large negative ion sources in JT-60SA and ITER.

Journal Articles

Seeding of extreme ultraviolet free electron laser with high-order harmonic

Takahashi, Eiji*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the 12th European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2011) (CD-ROM), 1 Pages, 2011/05

We succeeded in generating the seeded free electron laser (FEL) with wavelengths of 61 nm at the SCSS test accelerator. The 13th (61 nm) harmonics generated by focusing the high peak power Ti:Sapphire laser to the Xe gas cell was directed to the undulator. This is first realization of the seeded FEL in extreme ultraviolet region.

Journal Articles

EUV-FEL seeded by high-order harmonic

Takahashi, Eiji*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; Matsubara, Shinichi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Quantum Electronics Conference and the Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IQEC/CLEO Pacific Rim 2011) (CD-ROM), p.199 - 200, 2011/05

We succeeded in generating the seeded free electron laser (FEL) with wavelengths of 61 nm at the SCSS test accelerator. The 13th (61 nm) harmonics generated by focusing the high peak power Ti:Sapphire laser to the Xe gas cell was directed to the undulator. This is first realization of the seeded FEL in extreme ultraviolet region.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of 500 keV beam acceleration on JT-60 negative-ion-based neutral beam injector

Kojima, Atsushi; Hanada, Masaya; Tanaka, Yutaka*; Kawai, Mikito*; Akino, Noboru; Kazawa, Minoru; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Usui, Katsutomi; Sasaki, Shunichi; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

Hydrogen negative ion beams of 490keV, 3A and 510 keV, 1A have been successfully produced in the JT-60 negative ion source with three acceleration stages. These successful productions of the high-energy beams at high current have been achieved by overcoming the most critical issue, i.e., a poor voltage holding of the large negative ion sources with the grids of $$sim$$ 2 m$$^{2}$$ for JT-60SA and ITER. To improve voltage holding capability, the breakdown voltages for the large grids was examined for the first time. It was found that a vacuum insulation distance for the large grids was 6-7 times longer than that for the small-area grid (0.02 m$$^{2}$$). From this result, the gap lengths between the grids were tuned in the JT-60 negative ion source. The modification of the ion source also realized a significant stabilization of voltage holding and a short conditioning time. These results suggest a practical use of the large negative ion sources in JT-60 SA and ITER.

Journal Articles

Extreme ultraviolet free electron laser seeded with high-order harmonic of Ti:sapphore laser

Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Okino, Tomoya*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; et al.

Optics Express (Internet), 19(1), p.317 - 324, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:80 Percentile:2.66(Optics)

The 13th harmonic of a Ti:sapphire (Ti:S) laser in the plateau region was injected as a seeding source to a 250-MeV free-electron-laser (FEL) amplifier. When the amplification conditions were fulfilled, strong enhancement of the radiation intensity by a factor of 650 was observed. The random and uncontrollable spikes, which appeared in the spectra of the Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) based FEL radiation without the seeding source, were found to be suppressed drastically to form to a narrow-band, single peak profile at 61.2 nm. The properties of the seeded FEL radiation were well reproduced by numerical simulations. We discuss the future precept of the seeded FEL scheme to the shorter wavelength region.

Journal Articles

Development of virtual private network for JT-60SA CAD integration

Oshima, Takayuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Seki, Masami; Kawashima, Hisato; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Verrecchia, M.*; Teuchner, B.*

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.620 - 624, 2010/08

For interface control and assembly, the CAD data will be exchanged and integrated in a new Data Base server installed at Naka for JT-60SA, where a common computer network efficiently connected between the Naka site for JAEA and the Garching site for F4E is needed to be established. To ensure the design environments, a VPN (Virtual Private Network) was introduced with CAD LAN on computer network physically-separated from JAEA intranet area and firewall. In July 2009, a new VPN connection between the Naka and Garching sites has been successfully demonstrated using IPSec-VPN technology with a commercial and cost-effective firewall/router for security. The VPN technology would provide a common platform for the development of remote experimentation techniques on JT-60SA between Rokkasho and Naka in collaboration with activities of the ITER Remote Experimentation Centre for the IFERC Project at Rokkasho.

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