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Journal Articles

A Design study on a metal fuel fast reactor core for high efficiency minor actinide transmutation by loading silicon carbide composite material

Ohgama, Kazuya; Hara, Toshiharu*; Ota, Hirokazu*; Naganuma, Masayuki; Oki, Shigeo; Iizuka, Masatoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(6), p.735 - 747, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Dynamics of radiocaesium within forests in Fukushima; Results and analysis of a model inter-comparison

Hashimoto, Shoji*; Tanaka, Taku*; Komatsu, Masabumi*; Gonze, M.-A.*; Sakashita, Wataru*; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Nishina, Kazuya*; Ota, Masakazu; Ohashi, Shinta*; Calmon, P.*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 238-239, p.106721_1 - 106721_10, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0(Environmental Sciences)

This study was aimed at analysing performance of models for radiocesium migration mainly in evergreen coniferous forest in Fukushima, by inter-comparison between models of several research teams. The exercise included two scenarios of countermeasures against the contamination, namely removal of soil surface litter and forest renewal, and a specific konara oak forest scenario in addition to the evergreen forest scenario. All the models reproduced trend of time evolution of radiocesium inventories and concentrations in each of the components in forest such as leaf and organic soil layer. However, the variations between models enlarged in long-term predictions over 50 years after the fallout, meaning continuous field monitoring and model verification/validation is necessary.

Journal Articles

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:81.95(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Verification of detailed core-bowing analysis code ARKAS_cellule with IAEA benchmark problems

Ota, Hirokazu*; Ohgama, Kazuya; Yamano, Hidemasa

Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference / Light Water Reactor Fuel Performance Conference (Global/Top Fuel 2019) (USB Flash Drive), p.30 - 39, 2019/09

Journal Articles

Degassing behavior of noble gases from groundwater during groundwater sampling

Nakata, Kotaro*; Hasegawa, Takuma*; Solomon, D. K.*; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Ota, Tomoko*; Matsumoto, Takuya*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Ono, Masahiko*; et al.

Applied Geochemistry, 104, p.60 - 70, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.46(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Design study on a mixed oxide fuel sodium-cooled fast reactor core partially loading highly concentrated MA-containing metal fuel

Ohgama, Kazuya; Ota, Hirokazu*; Oki, Shigeo; Iizuka, Masatoshi*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

Preliminary evaluation of local structure and speciation of lanthanoids in aqueous solution, iron hydroxide, manganese dioxide, and calcite using the L$$_{3}$$-Edge X-ray absorption near edge structure spectra

Ota, Atsuyuki*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Tsuno, Hiroshi*

Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 122(41), p.8152 - 8161, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:4.62(Chemistry, Physical)

We investigated the application of L$$_{3}$$-edge XANES spectra to the local structural analysis of lanthanoids in aqueous solution, iron hydroxide, manganese dioxide, and calcium carbonate. For each lanthanoid, the full width at half maximum (FWHM) values of lanthanoid compounds roughly decreased with increasing coordination numbers. However, they did not strictly reflect the local coordination sphere of the lanthanoid complex, but were rather sensitive to their chemical forms. The relationship between the magnitude of the FWHM values was determined by the crystal field splitting or degeneracy of 5d orbitals. The systematic variation of FWHM can be explained by the ligand strength of the ligand molecules (-H$$_{2}$$O$$^{0}$$, -O$$^{-}$$, -OH$$^{-}$$, -CO$$_{3}$$$$^{2-}$$, -Cl$$^{-}$$, and -O$$^{2-}$$) that cause the crystal field splitting. Therefore, the FWHM values of L$$_{3}$$-edge XANES of lanthanoid compounds may be more useful in speciation analysis rather than structural analysis such as EXAFS.

Journal Articles

High stereographic resolution texture and residual stress evaluation using time-of-flight neutron diffraction

Xu, P. G.; Harjo, S.; Ojima, Mayumi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Ito, Takayoshi*; Gong, W.; Vogel, S. C.*; Inoue, Junya*; Tomota, Yo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.746 - 760, 2018/06

AA2018-0163.pdf:3.0MB

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:90.21(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Work hardening, dislocation structure, and load partitioning in lath-martensite determined by ${it in situ}$ neutron diffraction line profile analysis

Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Tomota, Yo*; Gong, W.*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Tichy, G.*; Shi, Z.*; Ung$'a$r, T.*

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 48(9), p.4080 - 4092, 2017/09

AA2017-0020.pdf:3.33MB

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:83.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

SAS4A analysis study on the initiating phase of ATWS events for generation-IV loop-type SFR

Kubota, Ryuzaburo; Koyama, Kazuya*; Moriwaki, Hiroyuki*; Yamada, Yumi*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Suzuki, Toru; Kawada, Kenichi; Kubo, Shigenobu; Yamano, Hidemasa

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/04

This paper describes an analysis study on the initiating phase of the ATWS events with SAS4A in order to confirm the appropriateness of the core design for the medium-scale SFR (750MWe-1765MWt). Not using a conventional lumping method that multiple fuel sub-assemblies having a similar characteristic were assigned to one channel (representing fuel assembly in SAS4A), each channel represents only the sub-assemblies of identical operating condition. In addition, the detailed power and reactivity distribution were set reflecting the change of insertion position of control rods. Applying these detailed analysis conditions, the SAS4A analyses were performed for unprotected loss-of-flow (ULOF) and unprotected transient overpower (UTOP) during both of the nominal power and the partial power operation. As a result, more proper event progression including incoherency of events especially fuel dispersion after fuel failure was successfully evaluated and then this analysis study suggested that the power excursion with prompt criticality leading to large mechanical energy release can be prevented in the initiating phase of the current design.

Journal Articles

Design study of a 750 MWe Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor with metal fuel

Ohgama, Kazuya; Ota, Hirokazu*; Ikusawa, Yoshihisa; Oki, Shigeo; Ogata, Takanari*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/04

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Synthesis of Phase II (Construction Phase) investigations to a depth of 350m

Sato, Toshinori; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Ishii, Eiichi; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Hayano, Akira; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Fujita, Tomo*; Tanai, Kenji; Nakayama, Masashi; Takeda, Masaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2016-025, 313 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Research-2016-025.pdf:45.1MB

The Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL) Project is being pursued by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies through investigations of the deep geological environment within the host sedimentary formations at Horonobe, northern Hokkaido. This report summarizes the results of the Phase II investigations carried out from April 2005 to June 2014 to a depth of 350m. Integration of work from different disciplines into a "geosynthesis" ensures that the Phase II goals have been successfully achieved and identifies key issues that need to made to be addressed in the Phase II investigations Efforts are made to summarize as many lessons learnt from the Phase II investigations and other technical achievements as possible to form a "knowledge base" that will reinforce the technical basis for both implementation and the formulation of safety regulations.

Journal Articles

Interaction of rare earth elements and components of the Horonobe deep groundwater

Kirishima, Akira*; Kuno, Atsushi*; Amamiya, Hiroki; Kubota, Takumi*; Kimuro, Shingo*; Amano, Yuki; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Mizuno, Takashi; Sasaki, Takayuki*; et al.

Chemosphere, 168, p.798 - 806, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:13.25(Environmental Sciences)

For better understanding of the migration behavior of minor actinides (MA) in deep groundwater, the interaction of doped rare earth elements (REEs) and components in Horonobe deep groundwater was studied. Appx. 10 ppb of rare earth elements, i.e., Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er, Tm and Yb were doped to the sample groundwater collected from a packed sections in borehole drilled from 140 m depth experiment drift of Horonobe underground research laboratory (URL), Hokkaido, Japan. Then, that groundwater was sequentially filtrated by 0.2 micron pore filter, 10 kDa, 3 kDa and 1 kDa of nominal molecular weight limit (NMWL) ultrafilters by keeping inert condition. After that, the filtrate solutions were analyzed by ICP-MS to determine the concentrations of retained REEs at each filtration steps, while the used filters were analyzed by the neutron activation analysis (NAA) and TOF-SIMS element mapping to know the amount and chemical speciation of trapped fraction of the REEs on each filter. A remarkable relation between the retention ratios of REEs in the filtrate solutions and the ionic radius was observed, i.e., smaller rare earth element solves more in liquid phase under the Horonobe groundwater condition. NAA and TOF-SIMS analyses revealed that certain portions of REEs were trapped by 0.2 micron pore filters as rare earth phosphates which corresponded with the predicted predominant species by a chemical equilibrium calculation for the Horonobe groundwater condition, while small portions of colloidal REEs were trapped by 10 kDa and 3 kDa NMWL ultrafilters. The result suggested that phosphate anion plays an important role in the chemical behavior of REEs in saline (seawater based) groundwater, which could be referred for the prediction of migration behavior of trivalent actinide released from the repository of radioactive waste in far future.

Journal Articles

The Role of low-temperature organic matter diagenesis in carbonate precipitation within a marine deposit

Miyakawa, Kazuya; Ishii, Eiichi; Hirota, Akinari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Ikeya, Kosuke*; Tsunogai, Urumu*

Applied Geochemistry, 76, p.218 - 231, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:50.71(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dislocation characteristics of martensitic steel studied by ${it in situ}$ neutron diffraction experiment

Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.; Aizawa, Kazuya; Iwahashi, Takaaki; Shi, Z.*; Li, J.*; Tomota, Yo*; Ung$'a$r, T.*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.031009_1 - 031009_5, 2015/09

To evaluate the characteristics of the microstructure of materials, such as dislocation density, dislocation character and crystalline size, is as important as elastic strain in order to understand the mechanical properties of the materials. These characteristics can be obtained by analyzing the peak profile in X-ray or neutron diffraction patterns. Although high-penetrability of neutron enables direct observation of the characteristics inside bulky materials, not much research on the microstructure which uses neutron diffraction is available. In the present study, the dislocation characteristics of a martensitic steel during tensile deformation was investigated by in-situ neutron diffraction experiment using Engineering Material Diffractometer TAKUMI at BL19 of MLF, J-PARC and CMWP method. According as the strain increases, significant increasing of the correlation between the dislocations was observed though the increasing of dislocation density is not very much.

Journal Articles

Effect of prior martensite on bainite transformation in nanobainite steel

Gong, W.; Tomota, Yo*; Harjo, S.; Su, Y.; Aizawa, Kazuya

Acta Materialia, 85, p.243 - 249, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:113 Percentile:98.9(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Nanobainite transformation behavior was comparably studied using in situ neutron diffraction measurements, scanning electron microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction observations for two heat treatments: with and without partial quenching before isothermal holding at 523 or 573 K. Prior martensite transformation was found to accelerate the subsequent nanobainite transformation. Bainitic lathes formed adjacent to a pre-existing martensite plate exhibited an almost identical orientation. Dislocations introduced in austenite due to stress relaxation of transformation strains are believed to assist bainite transformation accompanying variant selection.

Journal Articles

Designing a prototype of the ITER pulse scheduling system

Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Yonekawa, Izuru*; Ota, Kazuya*; Hosoyama, Hiroki*; Hashimoto, Yasunori*; Wallander, A.*; Winter, A.*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Kusama, Yoshinori; Kawano, Yasunori; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(12), p.2016 - 2019, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:19.52(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The ITER pulse scheduling system creates, approves and manage parameters that characterize plasma operation of ITER. JAEA analyzed requirements on the ITER plasma operations based on experience operating the JT-60U and designed essential functions. This system was designed to enable the change and reuse of parameters. The functions to support to check consistency between parameters and to assign parameter values are calculated by the system were proposed. These functions are useful to support operators.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of melt-down behavior in SFR severe accidents by the MUTRAN code

Kubota, Ryuzaburo*; Yamada, Yumi*; Koyama, Kazuya*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Kubo, Shigenobu; Suzuki, Toru; Tobita, Yoshiharu

Proceedings of 8th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-8) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2012/12

This paper describes a melt-down event progression revealed by a numerical simulation in the protected loss of heat sink (PLOHS) event for Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR). A multi-component multi-field computer code, MUTRAN, has been applied in order to simulate complicated core material motions and associated heat-transfer phenomena among the materials in a degradation core. The analyses with MUTRAN covered core degradation behaviors from the intact geometry and addressed the two initial states: one was the core without the coolant as the leakage type, and the other was the core covered by the coolant only up to the top of the fissile fuel as the boiling type. The analyses revealed representative event progression.

Journal Articles

Current status of a new polarized neutron reflectometer at the intense pulsed neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of J-PARC

Takeda, Masayasu; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Maruyama, Ryuji; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Asaoka, Hidehito; Yamazaki, Tatsuya; Kubota, Masato; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Chinese Journal of Physics, 50(2), p.161 - 170, 2012/04

Journal Articles

Decommissioning program for ATR-FUGEN nuclear power station

Sano, Kazuya; Kitamura, Koichi; Tezuka, Masashi; Mizui, Hiroyuki; Kiyota, Shiko; Morishita, Yoshitsugu

Proceedings of 16th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC-16) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2008/10

The operation of Advanced Thermal Reactor Fugen was terminated on Mar. 29th, 2003. After the operation, the preparative works and R&D have been conducted strenuously for the planning of the rational and safe decommissioning. The decommissioning program for Fugen was planed, based on the results of above works and R&D, and was applied to the government as a first case under the revised nuclear reactor regulation law. As a result, the program was approved on Feb. 12th, 2008. In this paper, the decommissioning program for Fugen was outlined, which are the dismantling process consists of four periods; (1) Spent fuel transportation, (2) Periphery facilities dismantlement, (3) Reactor dismantlement and (4) Building demolition, the amount of radioactive waste, the safety assessment etc.

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