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Journal Articles

Evolution of the reaction and alteration of mudstone with ordinary Portland cement leachates; Sequential flow experiments and reactive-transport modelling

Bateman, K.; Murayama, Shota*; Hanamachi, Yuji*; Wilson, J.*; Seta, Takamasa*; Amano, Yuki; Kubota, Mitsuru*; Ouchi, Yuji*; Tachi, Yukio

Minerals (Internet), 11(9), p.1026_1 - 1026_23, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0

Journal Articles

Benchmark analysis by Beremin model and GTN model in CAF subcommittee

Hirota, Takatoshi*; Nagoshi, Yasuto*; Hojo, Kiminobu*; Okada, Hiroshi*; Takahashi, Akiyuki*; Katsuyama, Jinya; Ueda, Takashi*; Ogawa, Takuya*; Yashirodai, Kenji*; Ohata, Mitsuru*; et al.

Proceedings of ASME 2021 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2021) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2021/07

Journal Articles

Reaction and alteration of mudstone with Ordinary Portland Cement and Low Alkali Cement pore fluids

Bateman, K.; Amano, Yuki; Kubota, Mitsuru*; Ouchi, Yuji*; Tachi, Yukio

Minerals (Internet), 11(6), p.588_1 - 588_19, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.03(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2016)

Watanabe, Yusuke; Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro; Kubota, Mitsuru; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-002, 108 Pages, 2018/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-002.pdf:6.53MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2016 and 2014 to 2016, respectively. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of hydrogeochemical processes provoked by tunnel excavation and closure based on simulated experiment in a mock-up test drift

Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro*; Kubota, Mitsuru*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Iwatsuki, Teruki

Chikyu Kagaku, 52(1), p.55 - 71, 2018/03

In this study, the simulated experimental drift was constructed in the granite of 500 m depth at Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory, and the hydrochemical process after the drift closure was observed. The groundwater chemistry around the drift changed with the change of the groundwater flow in the fractures when the gallery was constructed. The redox potential increased due to the infiltration of oxygen from the drift into the rock. After closing the drift, the redox potential of the groundwater plunged due to microbial activity, while the groundwater became alkalized conditon due to the influence of cement material such as shotcrete. The amount of cement material consumed for this alkalization was small, and it was considered that its influence would last long in accordance with the amount of cement used.

Journal Articles

Characterization of rare earth elements (REEs) associated with suspended particles in deep granitic groundwater and their post-closure behavior from a simulated underground facility

Iwatsuki, Teruki; Munemoto, Takashi*; Kubota, Mitsuru*; Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro*

Applied Geochemistry, 82, p.134 - 145, 2017/05

AA2017-0090.pdf:2.35MB

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:34.5(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

This study investigated the behavior of rare earth elements (REEs) associated with suspended particles in deep granitic groundwater and in a sealed drift at a depth of 500 m in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (URL) in Japan. Approximately 10%$$sim$$60% of REEs in groundwater are associated with suspended particles. Carbonate particles in groundwater are most likely derived from in situ precipitation of supersaturated carbonate minerals such as calcite. Thermodynamic calculations show that the dissolved REE carbonate complexes in the closed drift decreased in the drift closure period. These complexes may have been absorbed or co-precipitated within the shotcrete on the drift wall. The usage of cement based materials would generate environmental conditions in which REEs are fundamentally immobile in and around the underground facilities.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2015)

Hayashida, Kazuki; Kato, Toshihiro; Munemoto, Takashi; Aosai, Daisuke*; Inui, Michiharu*; Kubota, Mitsuru; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-008, 52 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-008.pdf:3.84MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the effect on excavating and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2015. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method, analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

Journal Articles

First flight demonstration of glass-type space solar sheet

Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kobayashi, Yuki*; Takahashi, Masato*; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Murashima, Mio*; Takahashi, Yu*; Toyota, Hiroyuki*; Kukita, Akio*; Oshima, Takeshi; Sato, Shinichiro; et al.

Proceedings of 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC-40) (CD-ROM), p.2149 - 2154, 2014/06

The electrical performance of a glass-type space solar sheet (G-SSS) was demonstrated in space. G-SSS comprises InGaP/GaAs dual-junction and InGaP/GaAs/InGaAs triplejunction solar cells. It is lightweight solar generation sheet, less than 0.5 mm thick. It is mounted on the "HISAKI" (SPRINT-A) small scientific satellite, which was launched on September 14, 2013. The initial flight data were successfully acquired and this flight demonstration was a world-first experiment for G-SSS using III-V multi-junction thin-film solar cells. The cells demonstrated superior performance and the electrical outputs matched the flight prediction.

Journal Articles

Durability of triple-junction solar cell for HIHT environments, venus and mercury exploration missions

Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Toyota, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Takanobu*; Ogawa, Hiroyuki*; Tajima, Michio*; Hisamatsu, Tadashi*; Nakamura, Kazuyo*; Takamoto, Tatsuya*; Sato, Shinichiro; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of the 8th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-8), p.127 - 130, 2008/12

Results of our study of effects of high-light-intensity and high-temperature conditions (HIHT) on the output performance of an InGaP/GaAs/Ge triple-junction solar cell are described herein. The HIHT conditions are adjusted for spacecraft environments expected for a Venus mission (Planet-C) and a Mercury mission (MMO) to be undertaken by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Measurements of current-voltage characteristics under high light intensity for wide range of cell temperatures exhibit a kinked pattern at 0 current at +200$$^{circ}$$C. The thermal cycle test results for bare cells with a wide temperature range show no output performance degradation. Continuous operation tests of 3J cells under HIHT conditions reveal gradual current output degradation, implying that solar panel design should address decreased output specifically.

Journal Articles

Durability of triple-junction solar cell for HIHT environments, venus and mercury exploration missions

Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Toyota, Hiroyuki*; Shimada, Toru*; Ogawa, Hiroyuki*; Tajima, Michio*; Hisamatsu, Tadashi*; Nakamura, Kazuyo*; Takamoto, Tatsuya*; Sato, Shinichiro; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of 8th European Space Power Conference (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2008/09

Results of our study of effects of high-light-intensity and high-temperature conditions (HIHT) on the output performance of an InGaP/GaAs/Ge triple-junction solar cell are described herein. The HIHT conditions are adjusted for spacecraft environments expected for a Venus mission (Planet-C) and a Mercury mission (MMO) to be undertaken by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Measurements of currentvoltage characteristics under high light intensity for a wide range of cell temperatures exhibit a kinked pattern at 0 current at +200$$^{circ}$$C. The thermal cycle test results for bare cells with a wide temperature range show no output performance degradation. Continuous operation tests of 3J cells under HIHT conditions reveal gradual current output degradation, implying that solar panel design should address decreased output specifically.

JAEA Reports

Corrosion Behaviour of Carbon Steel in Buffer Material under Anaerobic Condition

Taniguchi, Naoki; Kawasaki, Manabu*; Kawakami, Susumu; Kubota, Mitsuru*

JNC TN8400 2003-040, 142 Pages, 2004/03

JNC-TN8400-2003-040.pdf:11.15MB

The deep underground environment for geological disposal of HLW will be relativery oxidizing condition at the initial stage of repository, but it will be returned to reducing as the consumption of oxygen by the corrosion of overpack and the reactions with the minerals in buffer material. It is necessarly to understand the corrosion behaviour of carbon steel under such reducing condition for the lifetime prediction of carbon steel overpack. In this study, immersion tests of carbon steel in buffer material were performed in nitrogen atmosphere in which oxygen gas concentration was controlled less than 1 ppm. The corrosion rates of carbon steel were measured by weight loss of the specimens and the corrosion products were analysed by SEM, XRD and EPMA. For investigating the influence of welding of overpack, welded samples by electron-beam welding (EBW) were used for some of the tests. Synthetic sea water (SSW) and aqueous solutions containing bicarbonate ion and chloride ion were chosen as simulated groundwater. According to the experimental results, corrosion products layer contained ferrous carbonate such as FeCO3 and Fe2(OH)2CO3. The average corrosion rates within 1 year were relatively high (0.004-0.018mm/y), but the growths of corrosion after 1 year were decreased rapidly. The increase in average corrosion depths from 1 to 3 (or 4) years was only less than several micro-meters, and the realistic corrosion rates after 1 year were estimated to be less than 0.001m/y in many cases. There was no influence of welding on the corrosion rate of carbon steel up to 3 years of immersion period. The effects of the density of buffer material and the mixing ratio of sand in buffer material on the corrosion rate of carbon steel were also investigated in this study.

Journal Articles

Corrosion Behavior of Carbon Steel in Contact with Bentonite under Anaerobic Condition

Taniguchi, Naoki; Kawasaki, Manabu*; Kawakami, Susumu; Kubota, Mitsuru*

Proceedings of European Corrosion Congress 2004 (EUROCORR 2004), 0 Pages, 2004/00

Long-term immersion tests of carbon steel under anaerobic condition were conducted in bentonite environment. Based on the experimental results, corrosion rate and corrosion products were evaluated.

Journal Articles

Energetic protons from a few-micron metallic foil evaporated by an intense laser pulse

Matsukado, Koji*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kinoshita, Kenichi*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Utsumi, Takayuki*; Li, Z.*; Fukumi, Atsushi*; Hayashi, Yukio; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 91(21), p.215001_1 - 215001_4, 2003/11

 Times Cited Count:134 Percentile:95.57(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Improvement of tritium accountancy technology for the ITER fuel cycle safety enchancement

Ohira, Shigeru; Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Tadokoro, Takahiro*; Nakamura, H.*; Ito, Takeshi*; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 40(3Y), p.519 - 525, 2000/03

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:56.14(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a tritium fuel processing systems using an electrolytic reactor for ITER

Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Arita, Tadaaki*; Maruyama, T.*; Kakuta, Toshiya*; Konishi, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Ohira, Shigeru; Hayashi, Takumi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 40(3Y), p.515 - 518, 2000/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:18.63(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Physico-chemical characteristics of purified Na-smectite and protonation/deprotonation behavior of smectite surface in NaCl media

Shibutani, Tomoki; Kohara, Yukitoshi*; Oda, Chie; Kubota, Mitsuru*; ; Shibata, Masahiro

JNC TN8400 99-066, 75 Pages, 1999/11

JNC-TN8400-99-066.pdf:3.21MB

The physico-chemical characteristics of purified Na-smectite and protonation/deprotonation behavior of smectite surface in different concentrations of NaCl solutions were studied to identify the reaction mechanism of smectite-water interaction for performance assessment of HLW geological disposal system. The Na-smectite was purified from Kunipia F (obtained from Kunimine Industries Co. Ltd. Japan). In this smectite, small amount of quartz was detected as an impurity by X-ray diffraction. As a result of XRD and chemical analysis of the smectite, it was found that exchangeable sites in smectite inter-layer were occupied by Na+. Cation exchange capacity (CEC) was measured as 1.108meq g$$^{-1}$$ by using ammonium acetate. The N$$_{2}$$-BET surface area of smectite was 50$$sim$$58m$$^{2}$$ g$$^{-1}$$. Protonation/deprotonation behavior of smectite was studied for 0.01, 0.1 and 0.5M NaCl by using titration and back titration method. Total amount of H$$^{+}$$ consumption increased with decreasing pH for all NaCl concentrations, and the titration curves in these solutions showed similar trend in the pH range of 6-11. On the other hand, total amount of H$$^{+}$$ consumption increased with decreasing NaCl concentration in the pH range of 2-6. The dominant sorption mechanism of H$$^{+}$$ on smectite was different between pH$$<$$6 and pH$$>$$6, and it can be considered that H$$^{+}$$ was sorbed on the same site as Na$$^{+}$$ for pH$$<$$6 and different site from Na$$^{+}$$ for pH$$>$$6. The prediction of protonation/deprotonation behavior of smectite for 0.01, 0.1 and 0.5M NaCl was carried out based on ion exchange and surface complexation models. The sorption sites were assumed as inter-layer and crystal edge site. The site concentrations for ion exchange and surface complexation were calculated from CEC. The reaction constants were consequently calculated by fitting of experimental results as follows. ...

JAEA Reports

Nuclear waste glass alteration in silica saturated solution depth profiling by ERDA and ESCA for simulated nuclear waste/ glass

; Kubota, Mitsuru*; *; *

JNC TN8430 98-001, 12 Pages, 1998/11

JNC-TN8430-98-001.pdf:0.87MB

Leaching experiments were performed with simulated nuclear waste glasses in silica saturated water at 90$$^{circ}$$C for periods of 28 days in order to clarify the alteration mechanism of waste glass under silica saturation. After leaching experiments, the depth profiles of some elements of glass surfaces were measured by ERDA and ESCA. Depth profiles of H and soluble elements, such as B and Na, for the simulated nuclear waste glass after leaching experiments demonstrated the formation of glass hydration layer and the depletion of soluble elements in the glass hydration layer. The results suggest that alteration of nuclear waste glass under silica saturation is attributed to glass hydration and the leaching behaviour of soluble elements depends on the growth of the glass hydration layer.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of the integrated fusion fuel loop at the tritium process laboratory of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute

Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Konishi, Satoshi; Hayashi, Takumi; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Maruyama, T.*; Kakuta, Toshiya*; Ohira, Shigeru; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; et al.

Fusion Technology, 34(3), p.536 - 540, 1998/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Improvement of tritium accountancy technology for the ITER fuel cycle safety enhancement

Ohira, Shigeru; Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; Tadokoro, Takahiro*; Nakamura, H.*; Ito, Takeshi*; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; et al.

Fusion Energy 1998, 3, p.1069 - 1072, 1998/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a 13T-46kA Nb$$_{3}$$Sn conductor and central solenoid model coils for ITER

Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Ando, Toshinari; Hiyama, Tadao; Nakajima, Hideo; Kato, Takashi; Sugimoto, Makoto; Isono, Takaaki; Oshikiri, Masayuki*; Kawano, Katsumi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 41(1-4), p.271 - 275, 1998/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:39.76(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

43 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)