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Journal Articles

Penetration factor and indoor deposition rate of elementary and particulate iodine in a Japanese house for assessing the effectiveness of sheltering for radiation exposures

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Kato, Nobuyuki*; Matsui, Yasuto*; Yoneda, Minoru*

Journal of Radiological Protection, 41(3), p.S139 - S149, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:44.81(Environmental Sciences)

Sheltering is one of the countermeasures for protection against radiation exposures in nuclear accidents. The effectiveness of sheltering is often expressed by the reduction factor, that is the ratio of the indoor to the outdoor cumulative radioactivity concentrations or doses. The indoor concentration is mainly controlled by the air exchange rate, penetration factor, and indoor deposition rate. The penetration factor and indoor deposition rate depend on the surface and opening materials. We investigated experimentally these parameters of I$$_{2}$$ and particles. The experiment was performed in two apartment houses, three single-family houses, and chambers. The obtained penetration factor ranged 0.3 $$sim$$ 1 for particles of 0.3 $$sim$$ 1 $$mu$$m and 0.15 $$sim$$ 0.7 for I$$_{2}$$ depending on the air exchange rate. The indoor deposition rate for a house room ranged 0.007 $$sim$$ 0.2 h$$^{-1}$$ for particles of 0.3$$sim$$1 $$mu$$m and 0.2$$sim$$1.5 h$$^{-1}$$ for I$$_{2}$$ depending on floor materials.

Journal Articles

Layered structure in the crystalline adsorption layer and the leaching process of poly(vinyl alcohol) revealed by neutron reflectivity

Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Miyata, Noboru*; Arima, Hiroshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kasai, Satoshi*; Tsumura, Yoshihiro*; Aoki, Hiroyuki

Langmuir, 37(32), p.9873 - 9882, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:61.69(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Practical effects of pressure-transmitting media on neutron diffraction experiments using Paris-Edinburgh presses

Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Machida, Shinichi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Abe, Jun*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*

High Pressure Research, 40(3), p.325 - 338, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:45.79(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

To understand the practical effects of pressure-transmitting media (PTM) on neutron diffraction using Paris-Edinburgh presses, diffraction patterns of MgO were collected to approximately 20 GPa using PTMs of Pb, AgCl, 4:1 methano-ethanol (ME) mixture with and without heating, N$$_2$$, and Ar. Hydrostaticity in the sample chamber estimated from the MgO 220 peak width improves in the order of Pb, AgCl, Ar, ME mixture, N$$_2$$, and the heated ME mixture. Unlike previous results using a diamond anvil cell, the unheated ME mixture is superior to Ar even after freezing, probably due to the cup on the anvil face. Considering these results and the sizable coherent scattering of Ne, which would show good hydrostaticity, we conclude that the ME mixture (preferably the heated one) is the best PTM in neutron experiments up to 20 GPa, while Ar can be substituted when a sample is reactive to alcohols.

Journal Articles

Simulation of Lagrangian pollutant in Jakarta urban district using Lattice Boltzmann method

Yokouchi, Hiroshi*; Inagaki, Atsushi*; Kanda, Manabu*; Onodera, Naoyuki

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B1 (Suikogaku) (Internet), 76(2), p.I_253 - I_258, 2020/00

Hight-resolution pollutant model embedded into Lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) is constructed. We focuses on Particle pollutants. Flow field is calculated using D3Q27 model of LBM and particle is calculated by Lagrangian method. Using this model, we discuss the change in concentration distribution when there is a huge building (GARUDA) in Jakarta as a application. As a result, we can find the relation of differences in particle density and differences in flow velocity due to GARUDA. When the velocity in the case w/o GARUDA is faster than the other, particle velocity in the case w/o GARUDA is reduced. And also, we can find the velocity near the solid boundary is underestimated and the particle density is higher than theoretical value. However, this model is valid far away from the solid boundary.

Journal Articles

Investigation on the influence of additional protective measures on sheltering effectiveness for internal exposure

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Munakata, Masahiro

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2019 (ASRAM 2019) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2019/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Cryogenic sample environments shared at the MLF, J-PARC

Kawamura, Seiko; Takahashi, Ryuta*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Nakamura, Masatoshi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Kambara, Wataru*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; et al.

Journal of Neutron Research, 21(1-2), p.17 - 22, 2019/05

The Cryogenics and Magnets group in the Sample Environment team is responsible for operation of cryostats and magnets for user's experiments at the MLF in J-PARC. We have introduced a top-loading $$^4$$He cryostat, a bottom-loading $$^3$$He cryostat, a dilution refrigerator insert and a superconducting magnet. The frequency of use of them dramatically becomes higher in these two years, as the beam power and the number of proposal increase. To respond such situation, we have made efforts to enhance performance of these equipment as follows. The $$^3$$He cryostat originally involves an operation software for automatic initial cooling down to the base temperature and automatic re-charge of $$^3$$He. Recently we made an additional program for automatic temperature control with only the sorb heater. Last year, a new outer vacuum chamber of the magnet with an oscillating radial collimator (ORC) was fabricated. The data quality was drastically improved by introducing this ORC so that the magnet can be used even for the inelastic neutron scattering experiments.

Journal Articles

Investigation of reduction factor of internal exposure for sheltering in Japan

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Munakata, Masahiro

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2018 (ASRAM 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2018/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Sample environment at the J-PARC MLF

Kawamura, Seiko; Oku, Takayuki; Watanabe, Masao; Takahashi, Ryuta; Munakata, Koji*; Takata, Shinichi; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Hattori, Takanori; et al.

Journal of Neutron Research, 19(1-2), p.15 - 22, 2017/11

Sample environment (SE) team at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC has worked on development and operation of SE equipment and devices. All the members belong to one sub-team at least, such as Cryogenic and magnet, High temperature, High pressure, Soft matter and special environment including Pulse magnet, Hydrogen environment, Light irradiation and $$^3$$He spin filter. Cryostats, a magnet, furnaces, a VX-6-type Paris-Edinburgh press and a prototype of a Spin-Exchange Optical Pumping (SEOP) based $$^3$$He spin filter for polarized neutron beam experiments are in operation. Furthermore, a prototype of compact power supply for a pulsed magnet system is currently developed. In the J-PARC Research Building, several pieces of equipment for softmatter research such as a rheometer and a gas and vapor adsorption measurement instrument have been prepared.

Journal Articles

Factors affecting the effectiveness of sheltering in reducing internal exposure

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Watanabe, Masatoshi*; Munakata, Masahiro

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2017 (ASRAM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2017/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of high-pressure neutron beamline, PLANET, and practical aspects of the experiments

Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Arima, Hiroshi*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Abe, Jun*; Machida, Shinichi*; Okazaki, Nobuo*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Inamura, Yasuhiro

Koatsuryoku No Kagaku To Gijutsu, 26(2), p.89 - 98, 2016/06

PLANET is a high-pressure neutron beamline constructed at pulsed-neutron source in Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) in J-PARC. The six-axis multi-anvil press designed for time of flight (TOF) neutron diffraction experiments enables routine data collection at high pressures and high temperatures up to 10 GPa and 2000 K, respectively. To obtain clean data, the beamline is equipped with the incident slits and receiving collimators that eliminate parasitic scattering from the high-pressure cell. The high performance of the diffractometer for the resolution ($$Delta d/d$$ $$sim$$ 0.6%) and the accessible d-spacing range (0.2 - 8.4 ${AA}$) together with low-parasitic scattering characteristics enables precise structure determination of crystals and liquids under high pressure and temperature conditions.

Journal Articles

Status of operation data archiving system using Hadoop/HBase for J-PARC

Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Kato, Yuko; Ouchi, Nobuo; Yoshii, Akinobu*

Proceedings of 10th International Workshop on Personal Computers and Particle Accelerator Controls (PCaPAC 2014) (Internet), p.193 - 195, 2015/02

J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) consists of much equipment. In Linac and 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron ring (RCS), the data of over the 64,000 EPICS records for these equipment has been collected. The Data volume is about 2 TB in every year, and the stored total data volume is about 10 TB. The data have been being stored by a Relational Data Base (RDB) system using PostgreSQL, but it is not enough in availability, performance, and capability to increase of data volume flexibility. Hadoop/HBase, which is known as a distributed, scalable and big data store, has been proposed for our next-generation archive system to solve these problems. The test system was built and verified about data transition or database utilization. This report shows the current status of the new archive system, and its advantages and problems which have been obtained through our verification.

Journal Articles

Detailed deposition density maps constructed by large-scale soil sampling for $$gamma$$-ray emitting radioactive nuclides from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Tanihata, Isao*; Fujiwara, Mamoru; Saito, Takashi*; Shimoura, Susumu*; Otsuka, Takaharu*; Onda, Yuichi*; Hoshi, Masaharu*; Ikeuchi, Yoshihiro*; Takahashi, Fumiaki; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.308 - 319, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:204 Percentile:99.06(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Development of tools for the J-PARC operation data archiving using HBase/Hadoop

Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Yoshii, Akinobu*; Kato, Yuko; Ouchi, Nobuo

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.794 - 798, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC linac

Oguri, Hidetomo; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Ao, Hiroyuki; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.389 - 393, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Separation of ionization and subsequent electronic excitation for formation of electronically excited ethanol cation in intense laser fields

Ikuta, Tomoya*; Hosaka, Koichi*; Akagi, Hiroshi; Yokoyama, Atsushi; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Kannari, Fumihiko*; Itakura, Ryuji

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 44(19), p.191002_1 - 191002_5, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:42.38(Optics)

Ionization and subsequent electronic excitation occurring within the same laser pulse (400 nm, 96 fs, 1.3$$sim$$18 TW/cm$$^{-2}$$) are separately investigated by measuring in coincidence an electron and a product ion produced from C$$_{2}$$H$$_{5}$$OH. We reveal that the nascent population in the electronically excited C$$_{2}$$H$$_{5}$$OH$$^{+}$$ prepared by the ionization decreases as the laser intensity increases, while the subsequent electronic excitation is enhanced through the resonant electronic transitions. Ionization and electronic excitation mechanisms are described based on the electronic state distributions of C$$_{2}$$H$$_{5}$$OH$$^{+}$$.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:164 Percentile:99.44(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Study on material science by using an intense laser

Akagi, Hiroshi; Itakura, Ryuji; Otobe, Tomohito; Kumada, Takayuki; Tsubouchi, Masaaki; Yokoyama, Atsushi

JAEA-Conf 2011-001, p.40 - 43, 2011/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Non-adiabatic transition in C$$_{2}$$H$$_{5}$$OH$$^{+}$$ on a light-dressed potential energy surface by ultrashort pump-and-probe laser pulses

Yazawa, Hiroki*; Shioyama, Tadamasa*; Hashimoto, Hiroshi*; Kannari, Fumihiko*; Itakura, Ryuji; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*

Applied Physics B, 98(2-3), p.275 - 282, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:25.27(Optics)

We experimentally investigate the dynamics of vibrational wave packets on the light-dressed-potential energy surface (LD-PES) of C$$_{2}$$H$$_{5}$$OH$$^{+}$$ using a pump-and-probe pulse excitation scheme. The probability of non-adiabatic transition at 800 nm from the singly ionized ground state to the repulsive excited state leading to C-O bond breaking is enhanced when a probe laser pulse is delayed by around 180 fs. At this pulse delay, on the other hand, C-C bond breaking is significantly suppressed. Therefore, the deformation of LDPES is considered to change the direction of the wave packet traveling originally along the C-C stretching into the direction along the C-O stretching. This non-adiabatic transition leading to the redirection of the dissociating wave packet is found to occur more efficiently at the probe laser wavelengths at 400 nm than at 800 nm. The critical pulse delay is still around 180 fs even at 400 nm.

JAEA Reports

Performance-based improvement of the leakage rate test program for the reactor containment of HTTR; Adoption of revised test program containing "Type A, Type B and Type C tests"

Kondo, Masaaki; Kimishima, Satoru*; Emori, Koichi; Sekita, Kenji; Furusawa, Takayuki; Hayakawa, Masato; Kozawa, Takayuki; Aono, Tetsuya; Kuroha, Misao; Ouchi, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2008-062, 46 Pages, 2008/10


The reactor containment of HTTR is tested to confirm leak-tight integrity of itself. "Type A test" has been conducted in accordance with the standard testing method in JEAC4203 since the preoperational verification of the containment was made. Type A tests are identified as basic one for measuring containment leakage rate, it costs much, however. Therefore, the test program for HTTR was revised to adopt an efficient and economical alternatives including "Type B and Type C tests". In JEAC4203-2004, following requirements are specified for adopting alternatives: upward trend of leakage rate by Type A test due to aging should not be recognized; criterion of combined leakage rate with Type B and Type C tests should be established; the criteria for Type A test and combined leakage rate test should be satisfied; correlation between the leakage rates by Type A test and combined leakage rate test should be recognized. Considering the performances of the tests, the policies of corresponding to the requirements were developed, which were accepted by the regulatory agency. This report presents an outline of the tests, identifies issues on the conventional test and summarizes the policies of corresponding to the requirements and of implementing the tests based on the revised program.

JAEA Reports

Water chemistry control in HTTR

Sekita, Kenji; Furusawa, Takayuki; Emori, Koichi; Ishii, Taro*; Kuroha, Misao; Hayakawa, Masato; Ouchi, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2008-057, 45 Pages, 2008/08


A carbon steel used is used for the main material for the components and pipings of the pressurized water cooling system etc. that are the reactor cooling system of the HTTR. Water quality is managed by using the hydrazine in the coolant of the water cooling system to prevent corrosion of the components and deoxidize the coolant. Also, regular analysis is carried out for the confirmation of the water quality. The following results were obtained through the water quality analysis. (1) In the pressurized water cooling system, the coolant temperature rises higher due to the heat removal of the primary coolant. So, the ammonia was formed in the thermal decomposition of the hydrazine. The electric conductivity increased, while the concentration of the hydrazine decreased, there was no problem as the plan it. (2) Thermal decomposition of the hydrazine was not occurred in the auxiliary water cooling system and vessel cooling system because of the coolant temperature was low. (3) An indistinct procedure is clarified and procedure of water quality analysis was established in the HTTR. (4) It is assumed that the corrosion of the components in these water cooling system hardly occurred from measurement results of dissolved oxide and chloride ion. Thus, the water quality was managed enough.

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