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Journal Articles

Decommissioning program and future plan for Research Hot Laboratory, 2

Koya, Toshio; Nozawa, Yukio; Hanada, Yasushi; Ono, Katsuto; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; Nihei, Yasuo; Owada, Isao

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (42), p.41 - 48, 2010/09

The Research Hot Laboratory (RHL) in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) had been contributed to R&D program for fuels and nuclear materials in or out of JAEA. However, the decommissioning work of RHL has been started on April 2003 as the rationalization program for decrepit facilities in former Tokai institute. This work will be progressing, dismantling the lead cells and decontamination of concrete caves then release in the regulation of controlled area. The partial area of RHL will be used for the central storage of un- irradiated fuel and for temporary storage of radioactive device generated by J-PARC. The 18 lead cells had been dismantled and the preparing work for remained 20 lead cells has been finished including the removal of the applause from the cells, survey of the contamination revel in the lead cells and prediction of radio active waste. The future plan of decommissioning work has been prepared to incarnate the basic vision and dismantling procedure.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

JAEA Reports

Study of subsurface disposal concepts for uranium waste, 4

Ishitoya, Kimihide; Nakatani, Takayoshi; Funabashi, Hideyuki; Sasaki, Ryoichi*; Takase, Toshio*; Kurosawa, Mitsuru*

JAEA-Research 2008-092, 64 Pages, 2008/12

JAEA-Research-2008-092.pdf:6.33MB
JAEA-Research-2008-092(errata).pdf:0.23MB

In this study, some scenarios for safety assessments were developed. According to each developed scenario, the parameters were set up for dose calculation. Calculated results were analyzed and summarized from the viewpoints of effects of radionuclide migration parameters such as release coefficient, distribution coefficient, ground water velocity and migration distance. Dose more than 10 $$mu$$ Sv/y was calculated in some cases. Increase of ground water velocity or decrease of distribution coefficient caused by sea water inflow into migration path influenced slightly on the dose excess. In case of rapid change of the parameters, severe influences on the dose excess were observed. But, it wasn't thought that this rapid change would happen actually. On the other hand, in case of linear assumption of parameter change from 10,000 y to 100,000 y, dose less than 10 $$mu$$ Sv/y was calculated.

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

Journal Articles

Producing new gene resources in fig by using ion-beam irradiation

Asami, Itsuo*; Fukuta, Shiro*; Kuroyanagi, Satoru*; Oya, Toshio*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Yokota, Yuichiro; Narumi, Issei

JAEA-Review 2007-060, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2006, P. 80, 2008/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Decommissioning of the Research Hot Laboratory; Dismantlement works of lead cells 1

Nozawa, Yukio; Koya, Toshio; Sekino, Hajime

JAEA-Technology 2007-019, 23 Pages, 2007/03

JAEA-Technology-2007-019.pdf:5.38MB

However, RHL is the one of target "A midterm decommissioning plan of Tokai Research Establishment" as the rationalization program for a decrepit facility in JAERI. This program has been taking over in JAEA. Therefore, all PIEs had been finished in March 2003 and the destruction works of hot cells have been started. The contents of these works are to remove out the apparatus from the hot cell and to transfer the irradiated samples and disposal of radioactive waste. The authorization work of the destruction program for regulation committee is in progress. The 18 lead cells had been destructed. The examinations performed in RHL will be succeeding to the RFEF and the WASTEF. The partial area of RHL facility will be used for the temporary storage of un- irradiated fuel samples used for our previous research works and radioactive device generated in proton accelerator facility (called J-PARC which is under constructing in Tokai site).

Journal Articles

Decommissioning program and future plan for research hot laboratory

Umino, Akira; Saito, Mitsuo; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; Koya, Toshio; Okamoto, Hisato; Sekino, Hajime*; Nishino, Yasuharu

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (32), p.2 - 12, 2005/09

The Research Hot Laboratory (RHL) in Japan Atomic Research Institute (JAERI) was constructed in 1961, as the first one in JAPAN, to perform the examinations of irradiated fuels and materials. RHL with two floors and a basement consists of 10 heavy concrete cells, and 38 lead cells (20 lead cells at present). The RHL had been contributed to research program in JAERI. However, RHL is the one of target 'A middle-range decommissioning plan for the facility in Tokai Research Establishment' as the rationalization program for decrepit facilities in JAERI. Therefore, all PIEs had been finished in March 2003 and the dismantling works of hot cells have been started. The 18 lead cells had been dismantled. The examinations performed in RHL will be succeeded to the RFEF and the WASTEF. The partial area of RHL facility will be used for the temporary storage of un-irradiated fuel samples used for our previous research works and radioactive device generated in proton accelerator facility (called J-PARC).

Journal Articles

Effects of silicon, carbon and molybdenum additions on IASCC of neutron irradiated austenitic stainless steels

Nakano, Junichi; Miwa, Yukio; Koya, Toshio; Tsukada, Takashi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(Part1), p.643 - 647, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:48.94(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To study effects of minor elements on the irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC), high purity Type 304 and 316 stainless steels (SSs) were fabricated and added minor elements, Si or C. After neutron irradiation to 3.5$$times$$10$$^{25}$$n/m$$^{2}$$ (E$$>$$1MeV), the slow strain rate tests (SSRT) for the irradiated specimens was conducted in oxygeneted high purity water at 561 K. Fracture surface of the specimens was examined using the scanning electron microscope (SEM) after the SSRT. Fraction of intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) on the fracture surface after the SSRT increased with netron fluence. Suppression of irradiation hardening and increase of peiod to SCC fracture as benefitical effects of the additional elements, Si or Mo, were not observed obviously. In high purity SS added C, fraction of IGSCC was the smallest in the all SSs, although irraidiation hardening level was the largest in the all SSs. Addition of C suppressed the susceptibility to IGSCC.

Journal Articles

Development and test results of a 60kA HTS current lead for fusion application

Isono, Takaaki; Hamada, Kazuya; Kawano, Katsumi; Abe, Kanako*; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Sugimoto, Makoto; Ando, Toshinari*; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Bono, Takaaki*; Tomioka, Akira*; et al.

Teion Kogaku, 39(3), p.122 - 129, 2004/03

JAERI has been developing a large-capacity high-temperature superconductor (HTS) current lead for fusion application, and succeeded in fabricating and testing a 60kA HTS current lead satisfying ITER requirements. Targets of performance are 1/10 heat leak and 1/3 electric power consumption of cryogenic system compared with a conventional lead. To achieve the target, selection of sheath material of HTS, optimizing the Cu part, reduction of joule heat at joint between HTS and Cu parts, improve of heat transfer between HTS and stainless steel tube. Developed 60kA HTS current lead satisfied the design condition and almost achieved the targets. Adoption of the HTS current lead can reduce 13% electric power consumption of cryogenic system for ITER.

JAEA Reports

Development of facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test for irradiated materials

Nakano, Junichi; Tsukada, Takashi; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Terakado, Shogo; Koya, Toshio; Endo, Shinya

JAERI-Tech 2003-092, 54 Pages, 2004/01

JAERI-Tech-2003-092.pdf:14.05MB

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is a degradation phenomenon caused by synergy of neutron radiation, aqueous environment and stress on in-core materials, and it is an important issue in accordance with increase of aged light water reactors. Isolating crack initiation stage from crack growth stage is very useful for the evaluation of the IASCC behavior. Hence facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test (SSRT) for irradiated material was developed. As performance demonstrations of the facility, tensile test with in-situ observation and SSRT without observation were carried out using unirradiated type 304 stainless steel in 561 K water at 9 MPa. The following were confirmed from the results. (1) Handling, observation and recording of specimen can be operated using manipulators in the hot cell. (2) In-situ observation can be performed in pressurized high temperature water and flat sheet type specimen is suitable for the in-situ observation. (3) Test condition can be kept constantly and data can be obtained automatically for long test period.

Journal Articles

Test results of 60-kA HTS current lead for fusion application

Isono, Takaaki; Kawano, Katsumi; Hamada, Kazuya; Matsui, Kunihiro; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Hara, Eiji*; Kato, Takashi; Ando, Toshinari*; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Bono, Takaaki*; et al.

Physica C, 392-396(Part2), p.1219 - 1224, 2003/10

A 60-kA high-temperature-superconductor (HTS) current lead has been fabricated and tested for aiming at the application to a fusion magnet system, providing a low heat leak current lead. The design of HTS current leads is optimized not only to reduce the heat leak but also to perform safe operation even in fault conditions. The HTS current lead consists of a forced flow cooled copper part and a conduction cooled HTS part. The HTS part is composed of 288 Ag-10at.%Au sheathed Bi-2223 tapes and they are cylindrically arrayed on a stainless steel tube. The diameter and the length of the HTS part are 146 mm and 300 mm, respectively. Operation of a 60 kA current, which is the world record, was successfully achieved at coolant of 20 K, 3.2 g/s for the copper part, and a low heat leak of 5.5 W at 4.2 K was demonstrated. This result shows that the electric power of a refrigerator to cool the current lead can be reduced by 1/3 of that in a conventional current lead. In conclusion, technology of a large HTS current lead for fusion application is established.

JAEA Reports

Development of corrosion testing equipment to evaluate corrosion resistance in fuel dissolved solution (Contract research)

Motooka, Takafumi; Terakado, Shogo; Koya, Toshio; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi

JAERI-Tech 2001-089, 52 Pages, 2002/01

JAERI-Tech-2001-089.pdf:5.05MB

The safety for corrosion of various metals applied to spent fuel dissolvers has been evaluated by the mock-up tests using small scaled equipment and the reference tests in laboratories with small specimens. These tests have been conducted under un-radioactive environments. The environment in practical reprocessing plants has many radioactive species. Therefore, the effect of irradiation on corrosion should be evaluated in detail.In this study, the corrosion testing equipment employed to simulate environments in a dissolver has been developed. This report describes the specification of corrosion testing equipment and the results of primary and reference and hot tests.Corrosion test using the equipment under heat transfer and irradiation conditions have been carried out for 1000 hours in safety. As a result, it has been indicated that zirconium has excellent corrosion resistance in fuel dissolved solution. It is expectable that useful corrosion test data in radioactive environment are accumulated with this equipment in future.

Journal Articles

Integrity confirmation tests and post-irradiation test plan of the HTTR first-loading fuel

Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sumita, Junya; Ueta, Shohei; Suzuki, Shuichi*; Tobita, Tsutomu*; Saito, Takashi; Minato, Kazuo; Koya, Toshio; Sekino, Hajime

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 38(6), p.403 - 410, 2001/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:48.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Selection of dissolution process for spent fuels and preparation of corrosion test solution simulated to dissolver (Contract research)

Motooka, Takafumi; Terakado, Shogo; Koya, Toshio; Hamada, Shozo; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi

JAERI-Tech 2001-023, 29 Pages, 2001/03

JAERI-Tech-2001-023.pdf:2.21MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fission product release behavior from individual coated fuel particles for high-temperature gas-cooled reactors

Minato, Kazuo; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Koya, Toshio; Tomita, Takeshi; Ishikawa, Akiyoshi; Baldwin, C. A.*; Gabbard, W. A.*; Malone, C. M.*

Nuclear Technology, 131(1), p.36 - 47, 2000/07

 Times Cited Count:57 Percentile:94.78(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Retention of fission product cesium in ZrC coated fuel particles for high-temperature gas-cooled reactors

Minato, Kazuo; Ogawa, Toru; Koya, Toshio; Sekino, Hajime; Tomita, Takeshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 279(2-3), p.181 - 188, 2000/06

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:87.99(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Operational data of nuclear ship ``MUTSU''

Nakazawa, Toshio; *; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kyoya, Masahiko

JAERI-Data/Code 99-010, 61 Pages, 1999/03

JAERI-Data-Code-99-010.pdf:4.39MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ZrC-coated particle fuel for high temperature gas-cooled reactors

Minato, Kazuo; Ogawa, Toru; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Sekino, Hajime; Koya, Toshio; Kitagawa, Isamu; Ishikawa, Akiyoshi; Tomita, Takeshi;

Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Future Nuclear Systems (GLOBAL'99)(CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 1999/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design study of the low level Radioactive waste retrieval facility (II)

Asahina, Kiyoshi*; Soya, Masataka*; Ogawa, Hikaru*; Akasaka, Takayuki*; Iwata, Toshio*; Fukutome, Yutaka*; Nakayama, Jumpei*

PNC TJ4058 89-005, 178 Pages, 1989/06

PNC-TJ4058-89-005.pdf:27.12MB

None

Oral presentation

Creation of useful gene resources from ficus using ion beam irradiation

Asami, Itsuo*; Fukuta, Shiro*; Kuroyanagi, Satoru*; Oya, Toshio*; Hase, Yoshihiro; Yokota, Yuichiro; Narumi, Issei

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

24 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)