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Journal Articles

Improvement of adsorption performances of Sr adsorption fiber and investigation for realizing simple $$^{90}$$Sr analysis

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho*; Konda, Miki; Matsueda, Makoto; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Bunseki Kagaku, 69(10/11), p.619 - 626, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Analytical)

We have developed a Sr adsorption fiber for rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr. The prepared Sr adsorption fiber has a Sr-extraction layer that densely retains a Sr-selective extractant, an 18-crown-6 ether derivative, on the fiber surface. Hydrophobic group-containing polymer chains embedded onto the surface of the fiber allow to form a hydrophobic phase, incorporating Sr-selective extractants. This unique surface structure provides high adsorption capacity, leading to rapid and highly efficient adsorption of Sr$$^{2+}$$. The adsorption capacity of the Sr adsorption fiber was 3 times higher than commercially available 18-crown-6 ether derivative-impregnated resin (Sr Resin). The equilibrium adsorption capacity of the Sr adsorption fiber was comparable to the Sr Resin. The retained $$^{90}$$Sr was finally determined by a GM counter. The total analysis time including the Sr adsorption and measurement was about 1 hour.

Journal Articles

Direct quantitation of $$^{135}$$Cs in spent Cs adsorbent used for the decontamination of radiocesium-containing water by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Asai, Shiho*; Ohata, Masaki*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Yomogida, Takumi; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Analytical Chemistry, 92(4), p.3276 - 3284, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:41.67(Chemistry, Analytical)

The long-term safety assessment of spent Cs adsorbents produced during the decontamination of radiocesium-containing water at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant requires one to estimate their $$^{135}$$Cs content prior to final disposal. $$^{135}$$Cs is usually quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), which necessitates the elution of Cs from Cs adsorbents. However, this approach suffers from the high radiation dose from $$^{137}$$Cs. To address this challenge, we herein employed laser ablation ICP-MS for direct quantitation of $$^{135}$$Cs in Cs adsorbents and used a model Cs adsorbent prepared by immersion of a commercially available Cs adsorbent into radiocesium-containing liquid waste to verify the developed technique. The use of the $$^{135}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity obtained by gamma spectrometry achieved simple and precise quantitation of $$^{135}$$Cs and the resulting $$^{135}$$Cs activity of 0.36 Bq agreed well with that in the original radiocesium-containing liquid waste.

Journal Articles

Determination of $$^{107}$$Pd in Pd purified by selective precipitation from spent nuclear fuel by laser ablation ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Ohata, Masaki*; Yomogida, Takumi; Saeki, Morihisa*; Oba, Hironori*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 411(5), p.973 - 983, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:57.47(Biochemical Research Methods)

Determination of radiopalladium $$^{107}$$Pd is required for ensuring the radiation safety of Pd extracted from spent nuclear fuel for recycling or disposal. We employed laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to simplify an analytical procedure of $$^{107}$$Pd. Pd was separated through selective Pd precipitation reaction from spent nuclear fuel. Laser ablation allows direct measurement of the Pd precipitates, skipping the dissolution and dilution procedure. In this study, $$^{102}$$Pd in natural Pd standard solution was used as an internal standard, taking advantage of its absence in spent nuclear fuel. The Pd precipitate was uniformly embedded on the surface of the centrifugal filter, forming a microscopically thin flat surface of Pd. The resulting homogeneous Pd layer is suitable for obtaining a stable signal ratio of $$^{107}$$Pd/$$^{102}$$Pd. The amount of $$^{107}$$Pd obtained by LA-ICP-MS corresponds to the values obtained by conventional solution nebulization measurement.

Journal Articles

Non-contact and selective Pd separation based on laser-induced photoreduction for determination of $$^{107}$$Pd by ICP-MS; The Relation between separation conditions and Pd recovery

Yomogida, Takumi; Asai, Shiho; Saeki, Morihisa*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Esaka, Fumitaka; Oba, Hironori*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(9), p.647 - 652, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.18(Chemistry, Analytical)

Palladium-107 is a long-lived fission product, which can be found in high-level radioactive liquid wastes (HLLW). Determination of the $$^{107}$$Pd contents in HLLW is essential to evaluate the long-term safety of HLLW repositories. However, the $$^{107}$$Pd content in HLLW has not been reported because of difficulties in pretreatment for the measurement. In this study, we investigated applicability of laser-induced photoreduction to HLLW solution: it enables a simple and non-contact separation of Pd. The results showed the recovery of 60% was achieved at the conditions: 40% ethanol, 20 min irradiation, 100 mJ of pulse energy. Additionally, major radionuclides and potentially interfering components in ICP-MS were removed from the simulated HLLW over a wide concentration range of Pd from 0.24 to 24 mg L$$^{-1}$$, showing the applicability of the proposed separation technique to HLLW samples.

Journal Articles

Preparation of Sr adsorptive fiber by impregnating with crown ether derivative for $$^{90}$$Sr measurement

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho; Konda, Miki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Saito, Kyoichi*; Fujiwara, Kunio*; Sugo, Takanobu*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Bunseki Kagaku, 66(3), p.189 - 193, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:5.18(Chemistry, Analytical)

A Sr-selective adsorption fiber was prepared for rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr content by using radiation-induced emulsion graft polymerization and subsequent chemical modification. A polyethylene fiber with a diameter of 13 $$mu$$m was first immersed in a methanol solution of an epoxy-group-containing vinyl monomer, glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and polyoxyethylene sorbitol ester (Tween20) as a surfactant for graft-polymerization of GMA. Octadecylamine was then bound to a polymer chain extending from the fiber surface providing hydrophobicity to the polymer chain. Dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 (DCH18C6) was finally impregnated onto the polymer chain via a hydrophobic interaction between the octadecyl moiety of the polymer chain and the cyclohexyl moiety of DCH18C6. The fiber surface structure, characterized by DCH18C6 molecules loosely entangled with polymer chains, afforded realizes the rapid and selective adsorption of Sr ions with an adsorption rate approximately 100 times higher than that of a commercially available Sr-selective resin (Sr Resin).

Journal Articles

Determination of $$^{107}$$Pd in Pd recovered by laser-induced photoreduction with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Asai, Shiho; Yomogida, Takumi; Saeki, Morihisa*; Oba, Hironori*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Analytical Chemistry, 88(24), p.12227 - 12233, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:47.49(Chemistry, Analytical)

Safety evaluation of a radioactive waste repository requires credible activity estimates confirmed by actual measurements. A long-lived radionuclide, $$^{107}$$Pd, which can be found in radioactive wastes, is one of the difficult-to-measure nuclides and results in a deficit in experimentally determined contents. In this study, a precipitation-based separation method has been developed for the determination of $$^{107}$$Pd with ICP-MS. The photoreduction induced by laser irradiation at 355 nm provides short-time and one-step recovery of Pd. The proposed method was verified by applying it to a spent nuclear fuel sample. In order to efficiently recover Pd, a natural Pd standard was employed as the Pd carrier. The chemical yield of Pd was about 90% with virtually no impurities, allowing accurate quantification of $$^{107}$$Pd.

Journal Articles

Development of a high power wideband polarizer for electron cyclotron current drive system in JT-60SA

Saigusa, Mikio*; Oyama, Gaku*; Matsubara, Fumiaki*; Takii, Keita*; Sai, Takuma*; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.577 - 582, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.14(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A wideband polarizer has been developed for an ECCD system in JT-60SA. The groove depth of the mirrors installed in miter bends were optimized for two frequencies (110 GHz and 138 GHz) by numerical simulations. All surfaces of Poincare spheres were covered at both of the frequencies in low power test. The thermal stress of polarizer were estimated by the numerical simulations. The twister polarizer has been tested up to 0.24 MW during 3 s at 110 GHz.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:149 Percentile:98.49(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Oral presentation

Research and development of wide band polarizer for high power millimeter waves

Sai, Takuma*; Matsubara, Fumiaki*; Takii, Keita*; Oyama, Gaku*; Saigusa, Mikio*; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Research and development of wide band polarizer for high power millimeter wave

Sai, Takuma*; Matsubara, Fumiaki*; Ishida, Yoshitaka*; Saigusa, Mikio*; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi

no journal, , 

A wideband polarizer were developed for an electron cyclotron current driving system in JT-60SA. The wideband polarizer consists of a twister and a circular polarizers. The polarization properties of the twister was confirmed in cold tests. A high power test of the twister was carried out at an input power of 0.25 MW, 3 s at a frequency of 110 GHz. A new polarizer was designed for next high power tests. The circular polarizer of the different groove period was simulated by numerical simulations using a FDTD method.

Oral presentation

Progress in development of a wide band polarizer for ECCD system in JT-60SA

Horie, Naoyuki*; Sai, Takuma*; Omori, Kohei*; Saigusa, Mikio*; Kobayashi, Takayuki; Moriyama, Shinichi; Arata, Hiroshi*; Uno, Tsuyoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Preparation of crown ether derivative-impregnated fiber based on the radiation-induced emulsion graft polymerization for rapid analysis of Sr-90

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Saito, Kyoichi*; Fujiwara, Kunio*; Sugo, Takanobu*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

There has been an increasing demand for rapid analysis of $$^{90}$$Sr to ensure a prompt action against the contaminated water in the Fukushima Daiichi NPP. Precedent works demonstrated that Cs adsorption fibers prepared by utilizing graft polymerization technology achieved high-speed removal of $$^{137}$$Cs in the contaminated water. In this study, we have investigated the applicability of such proven technology to the preparation of a Sr adsorption fiber specialized for the selective extraction of Sr. In the prepared fiber, an extractant for Sr$$_{2+}$$,dicyclohexano-18-crown-6-ether (DCH18C6) was impregnated via hydrophobic interaction between DCH18C6 and the hydrophobic polymer chains attached onto the surface of the fiber. To increase the adsorption capacity, emulsion graft polymerization which promotes the polymer chains to grow longer was applied. The densely-packed DCH18C6 inside the interfacial phase formed by the polymer chains facilitates the efficient adsorption. The amounts of Sr adsorbed is comparable to those of conventional adsorbents, indicating that the prepared fiber has a feasible performance for Sr adsorption.

Oral presentation

Preparation of 18-crown-6-ether derivative-impregnated fiber based on the radiation-induced graft polymerization

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho; Konda, Miki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Saito, Kyoichi*; Fujiwara, Kunio*; Sugo, Takanobu*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

High activity concentrations of $$^{90}$$Sr, which greatly exceed the regulatory limit (30 Bq/L), are detected in contaminated waters sampled in Fukushima Daiichi NPP. However, analytical method for $$^{90}$$Sr associated with time-consuming procedure causes delay in understanding the current status of $$^{90}$$Sr contamination. In this study, we have prepared a Sr adsorption fiber (Sr Fiber) based on radiation-induced graft polymerization technique to achieve a rapid adsorption of Sr ions. Dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 ether that has high affinity for Sr was impregnated in the hydrophobic interfacial phase provided by hydrophobic polymer chains attached on the fiber surface through graft polymerization. The time required to reach the Sr adsorption equilibrium for the Sr Fiber is approximately 180 times shorter than that for a commercially available Sr adsorbent (Sr Resin), showing that the Sr Fiber has a potential to efficiently reduce the analytical time of $$^{90}$$Sr.

Oral presentation

Determination of $$^{107}$$Pd in Pd recovered from spent nuclear fuel solution by laser induced photoreduction

Asai, Shiho; Yomogida, Takumi; Saeki, Morihisa*; Oba, Hironori*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

$$^{107}$$Pd is a long-lived radionuclide that can be found in HLW. The estimation of the amount of $$^{107}$$Pd in HLW is considered crucial for long-term safety evaluation of HLW. However, experimentally determined concentrations of $$^{107}$$Pd in HLW has not been reported due to the difficulty in recovering significant amount of Pd from HLW which has high radioactivity. In this study, we have focused on remotely operated separation technique based on laser-induced photoreduction, which allows to keep the distance from samples. To validate the applicability of the proposed method, spent nuclear fuel with a traceable irradiation history was employed instead of HLW. The resulting Pd precipitate contained almost no impurities, such as actinides (U, Np, Pu, Am, Cm), major fission products (Zr, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Ba, Cs, Ce), resulting in the interference-free measurement of $$^{107}$$Pd with ICP-MS. The amount of $$^{107}$$Pd per 1 mg of $$^{238}$$U in the sample was 239$$pm$$9 ng/mg-$$^{238}$$U.

Oral presentation

Direct beta-ray measurement of $$^{90}$$Sr adsorbed on fiber surface; Preparation of 18-crown 6-ether derivative-impregnated Sr adsorption fiber based on the radiation-induced graft polymerization

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho; Konda, Miki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Saito, Kyoichi*; Fujiwara, Kunio*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

There has been an increasing importance of the development of rapid separation techniques for $$^{90}$$Sr analysis, responding to needs in Fukushima Daiichi NPP. However, conventional $$^{90}$$Sr analytical methods require two different separation steps for Sr and Y, respectively, resulting in a long processing time of about one month. In this study, we prepared a Sr adsorptive fiber (Sr fiber) that has a high density Sr adsorption phase on its surface, allowing to highly efficient $$beta$$-ray counting by minimizing the self-attenuation effects. The adsorption capacity of the prepared Sr fiber was about 14 g/mol, which is equivalent to that of a commercially available Sr adsorptive resin (Sr Resin). The selectivity of the Sr fiber was nearly the same as that of the Sr resin. Considering that the Sr fiber has a specific surface area 1000 times smaller than that of the Sr Resin, the Sr ions can be concentrated to 1000 times on its surface, capable of achieving highly-efficient $$beta$$-ray counting. From these result, we confirmed that Sr fiber has adsorption capacity and selectivity necessary for highly efficient $$beta$$-ray counting of $$^{90}$$Sr.

Oral presentation

Direct measurement of $$^{107}$$Pd in Pd metal recovered from spent nuclear fuel with laser ablation ICP-MS

Asai, Shiho; Ohata, Masaki*; Yomogida, Takumi; Saeki, Morihisa*; Oba, Hironori*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Development of Pd separation technique based on photoreduction and precipitation; The Relationship between ethanol concentration and Pd recovery

Yomogida, Takumi; Asai, Shiho; Saeki, Morihisa*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Esaka, Fumitaka; Oba, Hironori*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

Recently, we developed a precipitation-based separation method for the determination of $$^{107}$$Pd with ICP-MS. However, a pulsed-laser light source is indispensable to form Pd precipitation in the separation method. There were difficulties in handling of a pulsed-laser light source. Simplified irradiation procedure is desirable to facilitate a Pd separation procedure. In this study, we developed a simple Pd separation technique based on photoreduction with Xe lamp irradiation and applied the technique to a simulated HLW solution. The Pd recovery from a simulated HLW solution reached 50%, while 99% of the other 13 elements were removed. These results indicate that selective separation of Pd is achieved with the simplified irradiation procedure.

Oral presentation

Preparation of Sr adsorption fiber for beta-ray measurement

Horita, Takuma; Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Saito, Kyoichi*; Sugo, Takanobu*; Fujiwara, Kunio*; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

no journal, , 

There has been an increasing importance of the development of rapid $$^{90}$$Sr analysis technique, responding to needs in Fukushima Daiichi NPP. We have been trying to achieve a rapid analysis using a fibrous Sr adsorbent which has high selectivity for Sr$$^{2+}$$. The fiber we prepared that has a high-density Sr adsorption phase on its surface, and so it can adsorb Sr$$^{2+}$$ on the fiber surface. On the other hand, base material of a conventional Sr adsorptive resin for $$^{90}$$Sr analysis (Sr Resin) is bead-shaped resin, and $$^{90}$$Sr is adsorbed inside pores. The fiber allows highly efficient $$beta$$ counting by minimizing the self-attenuation effects. The adsorption capacity and selectivity of the fiber was nearly the same as those of the Sr Resin. From these results, we confirmed that the fiber has performance for efficient $$beta$$ counting of $$^{90}$$Sr.

27 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)