Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.
Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07
Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.
Saito, Toru; Okubo, Toshikazu*; Izumi, Keisuke*; Okawa, Yoshinao*; Kobayashi, Norihiro*; Yamazaki, Toru; Kawano, Katsumi; Isono, Takaaki
Teion Kogaku, 50(8), p.400 - 408, 2015/08
Aramid fiber-reinforced plastic (AFRP) has been developed as a structural material that has the advantages of light weight and high strength. In this study, tensile tests were carried out to measure the tensile properties of AFRP rod on the market for reinforcement of concrete at room temperature, 77 K and 4.2 K. Especially at cryogenic temperatures, it is difficult to perform a tensile test of the bar because the specimen slips through the jig grip. To prevent the rod from slipping, tensile tests were carried out with some filling conditions. The applicable and appropriate tensile test conditions were established by modifying the jig grip, treating the surface of the rod and using cryogenic epoxy infill to grip the rod. They were more than 1100 MPa. Additionally, the AFRP rod included a temperature dependence in which the Young's modulus increased as the test temperature decreased. It was confirmed that the Young's modulus increased because aramid fiber was more dominant than epoxy.
Ozeki, Hidemasa; Saito, Toru; Kawano, Katsumi; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Yamazaki, Toru; Isono, Takaaki
Physics Procedia, 67, p.1010 - 1015, 2015/07
Saito, Toru; Kawano, Katsumi; Yamazaki, Toru; Ozeki, Hidemasa; Isono, Takaaki; Hamada, Kazuya*; Devred, A.*; Vostner, A.*
Physics Procedia, 67, p.1016 - 1021, 2015/07
Ozeki, Hidemasa; Isono, Takaaki; Kawano, Katsumi; Saito, Toru; Kawasaki, Tsutomu; Nishino, Katsumi; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Kido, Shuichi*; Semba, Tomoyuki*; Suzuki, Yozo*; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4200804_1 - 4200804_4, 2015/06
Ozeki, Hidemasa; Hamada, Kazuya; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Kawano, Katsumi; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Saito, Toru; Teshima, Osamu*; Matsunami, Masahiro*
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4800604_1 - 4800604_4, 2014/06
Iguchi, Masahide; Saito, Toru; Kawano, Katsumi; Chida, Yutaka; Nakajima, Hideo; Ogawa, Tsuyoshi*; Katayama, Yoshinori*; Ogata, Hiroshige*; Minemura, Toshiyuki*; Tokai, Daisuke*; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.2520 - 2524, 2013/10
ITER TFC structures are large welding structures made of heavy thick stainless steels. JAEA plans to apply narrow gap TIG welding with FMYJJ1 which is full austenitic stainless filler material to manufacture TFC structure. FMYJJ1 is specified in "Codes for Fusion Facilities -Rules on Superconducting Magnet Structure (2008)". In order to evaluate effect of base material combinations and thickness of welded joint on tensile properties at 4 K, tensile tests were conducted at 4 K by using tensile specimens taken from 40 mm thickness weld joints of four combinations and 200 mm thickness ones of two combinations of base materials. These weld joints were manufactured by one side narrow gap TIG welding with FMYJJ1. As the results, it was confirmed that yield and tensile strengths of welded joint at 4K were decreased with decreasing of nitrogen of base material, and there were no large distribution of strengths at 4 K along the thickness of welded joints of 200 mm thickness.
Uchida, Kenichi*; Nonaka, Tatsumi*; Kikkawa, Takashi*; Kajiwara, Yosuke*; Saito, Eiji
Physical Review B, 87(10), p.104412_1 - 104412_6, 2013/03
The longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE) is investigated in various garnet ferritesYFeO ( = Gd, Ca; = Al, Mn, V, In, Zr) by means of the inverse spin Hall effect in Pt films. The magnitude of the LSSE voltage in the Pt/YFeO samples is found to be enhanced with increasing concentration of Fe in the garnet ferrites, which can be explained by a change in the spin-mixing conductance at the Pt/YFeO interfaces. We also investigate the dependence of the LSSE voltage on macroscopic magnetic parameters of YFeO. The experimental results show that the LSSE voltage in the Pt/YFeO samples hasa positive correlation with the Curie temperature and the saturation magnetization, but no clear correlation with the gyromagnetic ratio and the Gilbert damping constant of the samples.
Kokubu, Yoko; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Suzuki, Mototaka*; Owaki, Yoshio*; Nishio, Tomohiro*; Matsubara, Akihiro; Saito, Tatsuo; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Umeda, Koji; Hanaki, Tatsumi
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 294, p.43 - 45, 2013/01
The Tono Geoscience center of JAEA installed the JAEA-AMS-TONO system at 1997. Since 1998, the system has routinely used for C-AMS. Recently, about 800 samples/y have been measured mainly for studies of neotectonics and hydrogeology in relation to research of geosphere stability for long-term Isolation of high-level radioactive waste. Under the common-use facility program, the system has also been used by researchers of universities and other institutes. In addition, Be-AMS has been developed for geochronological study. A gas ionisation detector was exchanged. As the detector has a gas absorber cell which has larger volume than the previous one, it is possible to remove B efficiently. Test measurement by using several standard samples supplied from University of California, Berkeley was performed. Ratios of Be/Be were comparable to the certified values, indicating that our system has sufficient ability to be useful to Be-AMS.
Hamada, Kazuya; Kawano, Katsumi; Saito, Toru; Iguchi, Masahide; Nakajima, Hideo; Teshima, Osamu*; Matsuda, Hidemitsu*
AIP Conference Proceedings 1435, p.55 - 62, 2012/06
The TF coil conductor was composed of 900 NbSn superconducting strands and 522 Cu strands protected by circular sheath tube (jacket) with the outer diameter of 43.7 mm. The jacket section is a seamless tube made of modified 316LN. JAEA tested different types of tensile specimen (Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) type and ASTM type) cut from jacket. ASTM type specimen has longer and wider reduced section than those of JIS type specimen. Elongation of as received condition is not dependent on specimen shape. But after cold work and aging, the elongation is deteriorated due to a sensitization and scattering of elongation is larger than that of as received condition. Fracture mode of aged jacket is "cup and cone fracture", which have a mixture of inter granular at center area and trans-granular factures in circumference area. It is considered that initiation of fracture is more sensitive on test specimen shape with low ductility.
Iguchi, Masahide; Saito, Toru; Kawano, Katsumi; Takano, Katsutoshi; Tsutsumi, Fumiaki; Chida, Yutaka; Nakajima, Hideo
AIP Conference Proceedings 1435, p.70 - 77, 2012/06
A prediction method for tensile strengths at liquid helium temperature (4K) has been developed in order to rationalize qualification tests of cryogenic structural materials used in large superconducting magnet for a fusion device. This method is to use quadratic curves which are expressed as a function of carbon and nitrogen contents and strengths at room temperature. This study shows results of tensile tests at 4K and confirmation of accuracy of prediction method for tensile strengths at 4K for large forgings and thick hot rolled plates of austenitic stainless steels, which can be used in the actual coil case and radial plates of the ITER toroidal field coils. These products are 316LN having high nitrogen from 0.09 to 0.24% and maximum thickness is 600mm. As the results, it was confirmed that the tensile strengths of these products at 4K can be predicted by using appropriate quadratic curves. And distribution of strengths for each product was estimated.
Hamada, Kazuya; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Kawano, Katsumi; Saito, Toru; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Uno, Yasuhiro; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nakajima, Hideo; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4203404_1 - 4203404_4, 2012/06
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility for procurement of all of the ITER central solenoid (CS) conductor lengths. The CS conductor is composed of 576 Nb Sn superconducting strands and 288 Cu strands assembled together into a multistage cable and protected by a circle-in-square sheath tube (jacket) with the outer dimension of 49 mm. In preparation for CS conductor production, the following R&D activities have been performed; (1) Mechanical tests at 4 K have been performed for jacket candidate materials such as 316LN and JK2LB, (2) Welding test for filler selection, (3) Measurement of coefficient of sliding friction using a 100-m long dummy cable, (4) Deformation characteristics of the conductor cross section after compaction and spooling. As a result of these R&D, the CS conductor jacket manufacturing technologies have been confirmed to start the procurement of the CS conductor.
Iguchi, Masahide; Chida, Yutaka; Takano, Katsutoshi; Kawano, Katsumi; Saito, Toru; Nakajima, Hideo; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Minemura, Toshiyuki*; Ogata, Hiroshige*; Ogawa, Tsuyoshi*; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4203305_1 - 4203305_5, 2012/06
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has responsibility to procure 19 structures for ITER toroidal field (TF) coils as in-kind components. JAEA plans to use materials specified in the material section of "Codes for Fusion Facilities; Rules on Superconducting Magnet Structure (2008)" issued by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (JSME) in 2008. Large forged products were produced and their mechanical properties at 4K were evaluated. In addition, the following activities have been performed; (1) to optimize the design of each weld type identified in the manufacturing sequence, (2) to qualify typical welding procedure including repair, (3) to establish welding techniques other than narrow gap TIG welding with FMYJJ1, (4) to demonstrate the manufacturing procedures through manufacture of 1-m mockups and full-scale segments of TFC structure. This paper describes the results of material qualification and industrialization activities of manufacturing processes of ITER TFC structure.
Uchida, Kenichi*; Ota, Takeru*; Adachi, Hiroto; Xiao, J.*; Nonaka, Tatsumi*; Kajiwara, Yosuke*; Bauer, G. E. W.*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji
Journal of Applied Physics, 111(10), p.103903_1 - 103903_11, 2012/05
Hamada, Kazuya; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Kawano, Katsumi; Ebisawa, Noboru; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Tsutsumi, Fumiaki; Saito, Toru*; Nakajima, Hideo; Matsuda, Hidemitsu*; et al.
Teion Kogaku, 47(3), p.153 - 159, 2012/03
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility to procure 25% of the ITER Toroidal Field coil conductors as the Japanese Domestic Agency (JADA) in the ITER project. The TF conductor is a circular shaped, cable-in-conduit conductor, composed of a cable and a stainless steel conduit (jacket). The outer diameter and maximum length of the TF conductor are 43.7 mm and 760 m, respectively. JAEA has constructed newly conductor manufacturing facility. Prior to starting conductor, JAEA manufactured a 760-m long Cu dummy conductor as process qualification of dummy cable, the jacket sections and fabrication procedures, such as welding, cable insertion, compaction and spooling. Following qualification of all manufacturing processes, JAEA has started to fabricate superconducting conductors for the TF coils.
Kawaguchi, Kazuhiro; Saito, Masahiro*; Takahiro, Katsumi*; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yoshikawa, Masahito
Plasmonics, 6(3), p.535 - 539, 2011/09
Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) have optical absorption bands due to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in visible range. The LSPR of Ag-NPs is being used for optical gas sensors. However, there have been differences in LSPR absorption band between most of the experimental data and calculations. We have demonstrated that plasma treatments for Ag NPs to clear the effect of contamination on surface of Ag NPs for LSPR absorption band. The results show that Ar plasma treatments to Ag NPs bring blue-shift and narrowing in their LSPR absorption band. Raman scattering analysis result that hydrocarbons adsorbed on silver surfaces were removed effectively by plasma exposure. It was found that the decrease in Raman line intensity for hydrocarbons was correlated well with the blue-shift. Our findings indicate that one of the most important factors for difference in LSPR absorption band between the experimental data and calculations is due to the impurity adsorption on silver surfaces.
Nonaka, Tatsumi*; Ando, Kazuya*; Yoshino, Tatsuro*; Saito, Eiji
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 266, p.012101_1 - 012101_5, 2011/01
The spin pumping, generation of spin currents from magnetization precession, has been investigated in terms of the trajectory of magnetization precession in thin film systems. By using the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation combined with the model of the spin pumping, we found that the magnitude of the spin current generated by the spin pumping is determined by the elliptical orbit area of magnetization precession, which is maximized when the external magnetic field is applied oblique to the film plane.
Nakazato, Tomoharu*; Furukawa, Yusuke*; Tanaka, Momoko; Tatsumi, Toshihiro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi*; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kimura, Toyoaki*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; et al.
Journal of Crystal Growth, 311(3), p.875 - 877, 2009/01
The temperature dependence of scintillation properties of a hydrothermal-method-grown zinc oxide (ZnO) emission is investigated using a nickel-like silver laser emitting at 13.9 nm. A broad peak at 386 nm with a full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 15 nm at room temperature (298 K) is obtained. The peak position tends to be blue shifted while the FWHM becomes narrower when the crystal temperature is decreased to 25 K. Streak images fitted by a double exponential decay reveal that the measured emission decay at 105 K was = 0.88 ns and = 2.7 ns. This decay time of a few nanoseconds is suitable for lithographic applications and is sufficiently short for the characterization of laser plasma extreme ultraviolet (EUV) sources with nanosecond durations.
Furukawa, Yusuke*; Tanaka, Momoko; Nakazato, Tomoharu*; Tatsumi, Toshihiro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kimura, Toyoaki; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; et al.
Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 25(7), p.B118 - B121, 2008/07
Using EUV laser operated at 13.9 nm ZnO and GaN are shown to be excellent scintillators in this wavelength region. Especially ZnO has short response time of 3 ns and prominent peak fluorescence from excitation at 380 nm.
Motojima, Osamu*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Komori, Akio*; Oyabu, Nobuyoshi*; Muto, Takashi*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Mito, Toshiyuki*; Ida, Katsumi*; Imagawa, Shinsaku*; et al.
Nuclear Fusion, 47(10), p.S668 - S676, 2007/10
The performance of net-current free heliotron plasmas has been developed by findings of innovative operational scenarios in conjunction with an upgrade of the heating power and the pumping/fuelling capability in the Large Helical Device (LHD). Consequently, the operational regime has been extended, in particular, with regard to high density, long pulse length and high beta. Diversified studies in LHD have elucidated the advantages of net-current free heliotron plasmas. In particular, an internal diffusion barrier (IDB) by a combination of efficient pumping of the local island divertor function and core fuelling by pellet injection has realized a super dense core as high as 510 m, which stimulates an attractive super dense core reactor. Achievements of a volume averaged beta of 4.5% and a discharge duration of 54 min with a total input energy of 1.6 GJ (490 kW on average) are also highlighted. The progress of LHD experiments in these two years is overviewed by highlighting IDB, high-beta and long pulse.