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Journal Articles

Gridization of IMAGINE, dose calculation system, for the remote assistance of radiation therapy

Saito, Kimiaki; Teshima, Naoya; Suzuki, Yoshio; Nakajima, Norihiro; Saito, Hidetoshi*; Kunieda, Etsuo*; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*

FUJITSU Famirikai Rombunshu (Internet), 20 Pages, 2009/02

We research and develop IMAGINE as the dose calculation system, which can calculate the dose distribution in the patient body very fast and with high precision by a super parallel calculation, for the contribution to QoS of the radiation therapy and the development of the eading-edge treatment technology. When IMAGINE system will be actually operated, it is anticipated that IMAGINE system accepts the large amount of requests of the dose calculation from several radiotherapy facilities at the same time. So, we entertained that the dose calculation was distributed by the gridization of IMAGINE system and the waiting time of its was minimized. In this article, we introduce the problem about the gridization of IMAGINE system, the solution to it and the method to easily enable the gridization of the application without the programming skill.

Journal Articles

Hydrothermal-method-grown ZnO single crystal as fast EUV scintillator for future lithography

Nakazato, Tomoharu*; Furukawa, Yusuke*; Tanaka, Momoko; Tatsumi, Toshihiro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi*; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kimura, Toyoaki*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; et al.

Journal of Crystal Growth, 311(3), p.875 - 877, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:87.06(Crystallography)

The temperature dependence of scintillation properties of a hydrothermal-method-grown zinc oxide (ZnO) emission is investigated using a nickel-like silver laser emitting at 13.9 nm. A broad peak at 386 nm with a full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of 15 nm at room temperature (298 K) is obtained. The peak position tends to be blue shifted while the FWHM becomes narrower when the crystal temperature is decreased to 25 K. Streak images fitted by a double exponential decay reveal that the measured emission decay at 105 K was $$tau$$$$_{1}$$ = 0.88 ns and $$tau$$$$_{2}$$ = 2.7 ns. This decay time of a few nanoseconds is suitable for lithographic applications and is sufficiently short for the characterization of laser plasma extreme ultraviolet (EUV) sources with nanosecond durations.

Journal Articles

ZnO as fast scintillators evaluated with Ni-like Ag laser

Furukawa, Yusuke*; Tanaka, Momoko; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Mima, Kunioki*; Kagamitani, Yuji*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 36(APLS), p.1028 - 1030, 2008/12

Optical technologies in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) region have been receiving strong interests for the next generation lithography. Here we report properties of ZnO as scintillators in the EUV region, and to demonstrate the feasibility of using a Ni-like Ag EUV laser operated at 13.9-nm to evaluate these properties. The ZnO sample was irradiated with EUV laser pulses and the fluorescence was measured using a streak camera fitted with a spectrograph. A clear, excitonic, fluorescence peak was observed at around 380 nm with a decay lifetime of 3 ns. The prominent peak fluorescence is ideal for EUV detection and further applications including imaging.

Journal Articles

Temperature dependence of scintillation properties for a hydrothermal-method-grown zinc oxide crystal evaluated by nickel-like silver laser pulses

Furukawa, Yusuke*; Tanaka, Momoko; Nakazato, Tomoharu*; Tatsumi, Toshihiro*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kimura, Toyoaki; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; et al.

Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 25(7), p.B118 - B121, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:74.95(Optics)

Using EUV laser operated at 13.9 nm ZnO and GaN are shown to be excellent scintillators in this wavelength region. Especially ZnO has short response time of 3 ns and prominent peak fluorescence from excitation at 380 nm.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of fast EUV scintillator using 13.9 nm X-ray laser

Tanaka, Momoko; Furukawa, Hiroyuki*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kagamitani, Yuji*; Ehrentraut, D.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 112(4), p.042058_1 - 042058_4, 2008/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:58.25

Optical technologies in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) region have been receiving strong interest for the next generation lithography. Efficient and fast scintillators are one of the key devices functioning in the EUV region. In this paper, we report excellent properties of ZnO and GaN as scintillators in the EUV region, and to demonstrate the feasibility of using a Ni-like Ag EUV laser operated at 13.9-nm to evaluate these properties. The sample was irradiated with EUV laser pulses, and the fluorescence spectrum and the fluorescence lifetime were measured using a streak camera fitted with a spectrograph. In the case of ZnO, a clear, excitonic, fluorescence peak was observed at around 380 nm with a decay lifetime of 3 ns. For GaN, a fluorescence peak at 370 nm having slower 5-ns decay time was observed. In this respect, the EUV scintillation properties of ZnO is said to be more favorable than GaN.

Journal Articles

Hydrothermal method grown large-sized zinc oxide single crystal as fast scintillator for future extreme ultraviolet lithography

Tanaka, Momoko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kimura, Toyoaki; Furukawa, Yusuke*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 91(23), p.231117_1 - 231117_3, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:85.45(Physics, Applied)

The scintillation properties of a hydrothermal method grown zinc oxide (ZnO) crystal are evaluated for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) laser excitation at 13.9 nm wavelength. The exciton emission lifetime at around 380 nm is determined to be 1.1 ns, almost identical to ultraviolet laser excitation cases. This fast response time is sufficiently short for characterizing EUV lithography light sources having a few nanoseconds duration. The availability of large size ZnO crystal up to 3-inch is quite attractive for future lithography and imaging applications.

Journal Articles

Super-parallel simulation systems for sophisticated radiation therapy

Saito, Kimiaki; Saito, Hidetoshi*; Kunieda, Etsuo*; Narita, Yuichiro*; Myojoyama, Atsushi*; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; Kawase, Takatsugu*; Kaneko, Katsutaro*; Ozaki, Masahiro*; Deloar, H. M.*; et al.

Joho Shori, 48(10), p.1081 - 1088, 2007/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Extraction behavior of rutherfordium into tributylphosphate from hydrochloric acid

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato; Sato, Tetsuya; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Takatoshi; Ichikawa, Shinichi; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 95(1), p.1 - 6, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:73.12(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigations of different kilovoltage X-ray energy for three-dimensional converging stereotactic radiotherapy system; Monte Carlo simulations with CT data

Deloar, H. M.*; Kunieda, Etsuo*; Kawase, Takatsugu*; Tsunoo, Takanori*; Saito, Hidetoshi*; Ozaki, Masahiro*; Saito, Kimiaki; Takagi, Shunji*; Sato, Osamu*; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; et al.

Medical Physics, 33(12), p.4635 - 4642, 2006/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:41.49(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

We are investigating three-dimensional converging stereotactic radiotherapy for small lung tumors with better dose homogeneity at the target. A computed tomography radiotherapy was simulated with BEAMnrc X-ray energy of 147.5, 200, 300, and 500 kilovoltage system was validated by comparing calculated and measured percentage of depth dose in a water phantom for the energy of 120 and 147.5 kVp. A thorax phantom and CT data from lung tumors compare dose homogeneities of kVp energies with MV energies of 4, 6, and 10 MV. Three non-coplanar arcs of the target were employed. The Monte Carlo dose data format was converted to the XiO RTP format to compare dose homogeneity, differential, and integral dose volume histograms of kVp and MV energies. In terms of dose homogeneity and DVHs, dose distributions at the target of all kVp energies with the thorax phantom were better than MV energies, with mean dose absorption at the ribs of 100%, 85%, 50%, 30% for 147.5, 200, 300, and 500 kVp, respectively. Considering dose distributions and reduction of the enhanced dose absorption at the ribs, a minimum of 500 kVp is suitable for the lung kVp 3DCSRT system.

Journal Articles

Report on the expert committee on development and utilization of phantoms, 1

Saito, Kimiaki; Kinase, Sakae; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; Hiraoka, Takeshi*; Saito, Hidetoshi*; Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Kaoru; Takashima, Fusao*

Hoken Butsuri, 41(3), p.158 - 168, 2006/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dose calculation system for remotely supporting radiotherapy

Saito, Kimiaki; Kunieda, Etsuo*; Narita, Yuichiro*; Kimura, Hideo; Hirai, Masaaki*; Deloar, H. M.*; Kaneko, Katsutaro*; Ozaki, Masahiro*; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; Myojoyama, Atsushi*; et al.

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 116(1-4), p.190 - 195, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:18.81(Environmental Sciences)

A dose calculation system for providing accurate dose distribution in a patient body is under developing for supporting radiotherapy using photons and electrons. In this system, a sophisticated human model, a precise accelerator head model, and a Monte Carlo calculation will be utilized to perform realistic simulation. The dose distribution is calculated by this system on the ITBL computer at the dose calculation center, and the related data are transferred through a network. This system is intended to support the quality assurance of current treatments carried out in Japan. Further, this system is planned to apply to advanced radiotherapy. The project started on November 2003 and is scheduled to continue for five years. Prototypes of some parts constituting the system have been already developed, and the fundamental features on the radiation fields have been investigated. On the basis of the fundamental investigation, the final system will be designed and constructed.

Journal Articles

Study of stellar reactions in explosive hydrogen burning with CRIB

Kubono, Shigeru*; Teranishi, Takashi*; Notani, Masahiro*; Yamaguchi, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Akito*; He, J. J.*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Fujikawa, Hisashi*; Amadio, G.*; Baba, Hidetada*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 758, p.733 - 736, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Nuclear)

With using $$^{17}F$$ RNB from CRIB, proton inelastic scattering was observed. From this experiment, some resonance parameters have been deduced for the key reaction, $$^{14}O(alpha,p)^{17}F$$ at the explosive hydrogen burning stage in stars. Proton inelastic scattering of $$^{23}Mg$$ are also reported.

Journal Articles

Chemical studies on rutherfordium (Rf) at JAERI

Nagame, Yuichiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Ishii, Yasuo; Sato, Tetsuya; Hirata, Masaru; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Shinichi; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 93(9-10), p.519 - 526, 2005/00

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:88.24(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Elution curve of Rutherfordium (Rf) in anion-exchange chromatography with hydrofluoric acid solution

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Saika, Daisuke*; Matsuo, Keishi*; Sato, Wataru*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences, 5(2), p.45 - 48, 2004/12

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Photoluminescence of ZnO by EUV laser

Furukawa, Yusuke*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Mima, Kunioki*; Tanaka, Momoko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; et al.

no journal, , 

Zinc oxide (ZnO) has previously been reported to be a potential light-emitting diode materia. We measured the time-resolved emission spectrum of a ZnO crystal for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) laser excitation at 13.9 nm wavelength and compared with UV excitation case. The emission lifetime was determined to be 2.6 ns. This value was not changed even for ultraviolet laser excitation. In the context of the nanosecond regime in the EUV region, ZnO crystal promises to be a feasible scintillation material.

Oral presentation

Verification of the dose calculation system IMAGINE for providing benchmark X-ray therapy doses through computer networks

Saito, Kimiaki; Kunieda, Etsuo*; Narita, Yuichiro*; Myojoyama, Atsushi*; Saito, Hidetoshi*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Development of the Monte Carlo dose calcualtion system IMAGINE for remotely supporting radiation therapy

Saito, Kimiaki; Kunieda, Etsuo*; Narita, Yuichiro*; Kaneko, Katsutaro*; Hirai, Masaaki*; Oku, Yohei*; Deloar, H. M.*; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; Myojoyama, Atsushi*; Saito, Hidetoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Time-resolved spectroscopy of solid-state materials using an EUV laser

Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Furukawa, Yusuke*; Murakami, Hidetoshi*; Saito, Shigeki*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Mima, Kunioki*; Tanaka, Momoko; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamatani, Hiroshi; Nagashima, Keisuke; et al.

no journal, , 

Optical technologies in the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) region have been receiving strong interest for the next generation lithography. Here we report properties of ZnO and GaN as scintillators in the EUV region, and to demonstrate the feasibility of using a Ni-like Ag EUV laser operated at 13.9-nm to evaluate these properties. The sample was irradiated with EUV laser pulses and the fluorescence were measured using a streak camera fitted with a spectrograph. In the case of ZnO, a clear, excitonic, fluorescence peak was observed at around 380 nm with a decay lifetime of 3 ns, as shown in Fig. 1. The prominent peak fluorescence is ideal for EUV detection and further applications including imaging. For GaN, a fluorescence peak at 370 nm having slower 5-ns decay time was observed. In this respect, the EUV scintillation properties of ZnO is said to be more favorable than GaN.

Oral presentation

Cross-sectional hydrogen content and mass density profiles of DLC film by neutron and X-ray reflectivity

Ozeki, Kazuhide*; Yonemura, Masao*; Masuzawa, Toru*; Saito, Hidetoshi*; Ogoe, Yasuharu*; Hirakuri, Kenji*; Takeda, Masayasu

no journal, , 

Hydrogen content in the DLC film is very important factor because it greatly influences on its mechanical properties and microstructure such as hardness, wear resistance, surface roughness, and sp3/sp2 ratio. In the present study, we prepared the DLC film using plasma CVD technique varying H$$_{2}$$/CH$$_{4}$$ ratio from 0 to 9. Cross-sectional hydrogen content and mass density profiles of the films were defined by neutron and X-ray reflectivity measurements, and the results were compared with that from ERDA analysis. And O/C atomic ratio of the oxide layer of the film surface was also analyzed using XPS. From the neutron and X-ray reflectivity analysis, hydrogen content and mass density in the DLC film increased with film depth from the surface, and average hydrogen content showed more than 30 % in all films. By combining with XPS results, it is clarified that hydrogen content in the surface layer was lower than that in bulk layer.

Oral presentation

Solvent extraction of heavy actinides (III) with HDEHP

Takayama, Reona*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Komori, Yukiko*; Fujisawa, Hiroyuki*; Kuriyama, Ai*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Yoshimura, Takashi*; Takahashi, Naruto*; et al.

no journal, , 

The extraction behavior of trivalent actinides (Am, Cm, Cf, Es, and Fm) into di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid, HDEHP, in benzene from HNO$$_{3}$$ was studied together with lanthanides. The extraction constants, $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$ values, of lanthanides, Am, Cm, Cf, and Es were determined by a batch method using stable lanthanide isotopes and radiotracers of $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Cm, $$^{249}$$Cf, and $$^{253}$$Es, respectively, while that of Fm was measured with $$^{250}$$Fm which was produced in the $$^{238}$$U($$^{16}$$O,4n) reaction and was on-line supplied by a gas-jet method at the AVF cyclotron of RCNP, Osaka University. The $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$ values were determined by the slope analysis for the variation of the distribution ratio as a function of the concentration of HDEHP. We found that the $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$of Fm is smaller than that of Dy in spite of the similar ionic radii while those of other actinides are almost the same as those of each lanthanide with a similar ionic radius.

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