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Journal Articles

Space weather benchmarks on Japanese society

Ishii, Mamoru*; Shiota, Daiko*; Tao, Chihiro*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Fujiwara, Hitoshi*; Ishii, Takako*; Ichimoto, Kiyoshi*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Koga, Kiyokazu*; Kubo, Yuki*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.108_1 - 108_20, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.84(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

We surveyed the relationship between the scale of space weather events and their occurrence rate in Japan and we discussed the social impact of these phenomena during the Project for Solar-Terrestrial Environment Prediction (PSTEP). The information was compiled for domestic users of space weather forecasts for appropriate preparedness against space weather disasters. This paper gives a comprehensive summary of the survey, focusing on the fields of electricity, satellite operations, communication and broadcasting, satellite positioning usage, aviation, human space activity, and daily life on the Earth's surface, using the cutting-edge knowledge of space weather. Quantitative estimations of the economic impact of space weather events on electricity and aviation are also given.

Journal Articles

Insight into Kondo screening in the intermediate-valence compound SmOs$$_4$$Sb$$_{12}$$ uncovered by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Saito, Yuji; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Yasui, Akira*; Kadono, Toshiharu*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Sato, Hideyuki*; Suga, Shigemasa*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Sekiyama, Akira*; et al.

Physical Review B, 102(16), p.165152_1 - 165152_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Study on characterization of colloidal silica grout for rock excavation under saline groundwater

Tsuji, Masakuni*; Nakashima, Hitoshi*; Saito, Akira*; Okihara, Mitsunobu*; Sato, Toshinori

45th Annual Waste Management Conference (WM 2019); Encouraging Young Men & Women to Achieve Their Goals in Radwaste Management, Vol.7, p.4749 - 4763, 2020/01

A rock excavation grouting technology has been recently studied as significant technology for reducing the ingress of water into the deep repository. However, it has not been studied for applying to the coastal region, where it is discussed to be a more suitable region for the geological disposal in Japan. The latest material called colloidal silica grout (CSG) is good for sealing narrow fractures but is known to be sensitive to the salinity of groundwater because of its gelling property with salt accelerator. Although the gelling of CSG can be controlled by adding an acidic pH adjuster, the methodology for delivering the appropriate grout is not well established for such conditions of saline groundwater. Therefore, this research project was established to enhance the existing rock grouting technology for deep repositories.

Journal Articles

Characterisation of colloidal silica for rock grouting under saline groundwater

Tsuji, Masakuni*; Okihara, Mitsunobu*; Nakashima, Hitoshi*; Saito, Akira*; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Sato, Toshinori

Dai-47-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koenshu (Internet), p.266 - 271, 2020/01

As engineering technique for geological disposal, a lot of advancement development of the grout technology has been performed. But the design, construction method in consideration of the properties of matter acquisition and mechanism of the hardening that assumed a seawater condition bottom is non-establishment. As we carried out the knowledge under saline water, the basic properties acquisition, the penetration properties acquisition, a study revue based on such situation.

Journal Articles

Safe and rapid development of capillary electrophoresis for ultratrace uranyl ions in radioactive samples by way of fluorescent probe selection for actinide ions from a chemical library

Haraga, Tomoko; Ouchi, Kazuki; Sato, Yoshiyuki; Hoshino, Hitoshi*; Tanana, Rei*; Fujihara, Takashi*; Kurokawa, Hideki*; Shibukawa, Masami*; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka; et al.

Analytica Chimica Acta, 1032, p.188 - 196, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:46.88(Chemistry, Analytical)

The development of safe, rapid and highly sensitive analytical methods for radioactive samples, especially actinide (An) ions, represents an important challenge. Here we propose a methodology for selecting appropriate emissive probes for An ions with very low consumption and emission of radioactivity by capillary electrophoresis-laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIF), using a small chemical library of probes with eight different chelating moieties. It was found that the emissive probe, which possesses the tetradentate chelating moiety, was suitable for detecting uranyl ions. The detection limit for the uranyl-probe complex using CE-LIF combined with dynamic ternary complexation and on-capillary concentration techniques was determined to be 0.7 ppt. This method was successfully applied to real radioactive liquid samples collected from nuclear facilities.

JAEA Reports

Study on characterisation of colloidal silica grout under condition of sea water

Toguri, Satohito*; Okihara, Mitsunobu*; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Nakashima, Hitoshi*; Sugiyama, Hirokazu*; Saito, Akira*; Sato, Toshinori; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Masunaga, Kosuke

JAEA-Research 2017-013, 131 Pages, 2018/02

JAEA-Research-2017-013.pdf:8.49MB

The discussions on scientifically promising site for the geological disposal has been made at the council of studying group on techniques for geological disposal of radioactive wastes, which is held by Resources and Energy Agency. From the aspect of ensuring safety during the transportation of disposal waste, the coastal area is discussed to be a more suitable area. This report shows the result of the first year of this project as following items; Study on the state-of-art technology and remain tasks; laboratory tests on characterization of colloidal silica grout under sea water; Study on the development of grouting technology (design and the evaluation method of influence on the rock mass).

Journal Articles

Electronic structure and magnetic properties of the half-metallic ferrimagnet Mn$$_{2}$$VAl probed by soft X-ray spectroscopies

Nagai, Kodai*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Fujioka, Shuhei*; Yomosa, Hiroshi*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Sekiyama, Akira*; Kuroda, Fumiaki*; Fujii, Hitoshi*; et al.

Physical Review B, 97(3), p.035143_1 - 035143_8, 2018/01

AA2017-0644.pdf:1.01MB

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:71.39(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied the electronic structure of ferrimagnetic Mn$$_{2}$$VAl single crystals by means of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray absorption magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and resonant soft X-ray inelastic scattering (RIXS). We have successfully observed the XMCD signals for all the constituent elements. The Mn L$$_{2,3}$$ XAS and XMCD spectra are reproduced by spectral simulations based on density-functional theory, indicating the itinerant character of the Mn 3$$d$$ states. On the other hand, the V 3$$d$$ electrons are rather localized since the ionic model can qualitatively explain the V L$$_{2,3}$$ XAS and XMCD spectra. This picture is consistent with local $$dd$$ excitations revealed by the V L$$_{3}$$ RIXS.

Journal Articles

Studies of high density baryon matter with high intensity heavy-ion beams at J-PARC

Sako, Hiroyuki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Sakaguchi, Takao*; Chujo, Tatsuya*; Esumi, Shinichi*; Gunji, Taku*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hwang, S.; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 956, p.850 - 853, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:68.22(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of BaFeO$$_{3}$$ studied by X-ray spectroscopy

Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Fujii, Hitoshi*; Yoshii, Kenji; Hayashi, Naoaki*; Saito, Takashi*; Shimakawa, Yuichi*; Uozumi, Takayuki*; Takano, Mikio*

Physica Status Solidi (C), 12(6), p.818 - 821, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:94.79

We investigated the electronic structure of BaFeO$$_{3}$$ by using HAXPES and XAS measurements and first principle studies. The experimental and theoretical results indicated that BaFeO$$_{3}$$ is a negative charge transfer compound. We concluded that the on-site Coulomb energy and the strong hybridization between Fe-3d and O-2p orbitals play a very important role of emergence of negative charge transfer. And we found the new structure in the Fe-2p XPS spectrum and concluded this structure is originated from non-local screening.

Journal Articles

Application of capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection for the determination of trace neodymium in spent nuclear fuel using complexation with an emissive macrocyclic polyaminocarboxylate probe

Haraga, Tomoko; Saito, Shingo*; Sato, Yoshiyuki; Asai, Shiho; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Hoshino, Hitoshi*; Shibukawa, Masami*; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Takahashi, Kuniaki

Analytical Sciences, 30(7), p.773 - 776, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:24.54(Chemistry, Analytical)

A simple and rapid method with low radiation exposure risk was developed for the determination of neodymium in spent nuclear fuel by CE with LIF detection using a fluorescent ligand having a macrocyclic hexadentate polyaminocarboxylate structure. The concentration of Nd(III) in a spent nuclear fuel sample was determined with no interference from various matrix elements, including lanthanides and uranium (at a 200-fold excess), with 92 $$pm$$ 3% recovery. This is due to method's high resolution based on establishing a ternary complex equilibrium during migration in which the hydroxyl ion plays an auxiliary role.

Journal Articles

Development of microwave ion source for industrial applications

Takahashi, Nobuaki*; Murata, Hirohiko*; Mitsubori, Hitoshi*; Sakuraba, Junji*; Soga, Tomohiro*; Aoki, Yasushi*; Kato, Takanori*; Saito, Yuichi; Yamada, Keisuke; Ikenaga, Noriaki*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02C306_1 - 02C306_3, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.4(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Compact XFEL and AMO sciences; SACLA and SCSS

Yabashi, Makina*; Tanaka, Hitoshi*; Tanaka, Takashi*; Tomizawa, Hiromitsu*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Nagasono, Mitsuru*; Ishikawa, Tetsuya*; Harries, J.; Hikosaka, Yasumasa*; Hishikawa, Akiyoshi*; et al.

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 46(16), p.164001_1 - 164001_19, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:68 Percentile:95.83(Optics)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of heavy fermion uranium compounds studied by core-level photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Okochi, Takuo*; Kawasaki, Ikuto; Yasui, Akira; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(1), p.014703_1 - 014703_9, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:83.31(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

High-energy-resolution core-level and valence-band photoelectron spectroscopic studies were performed for the heavy Fermion uranium compounds UGe$$_2$$, UCoGe, URhGe, URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, UNi$$_2$$Al$$_3$$, UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$, and UPt$$_3$$ as well as typical localized and itinerant uranium compounds to understand the relationship between the uranium valence state and their core-level spectral line shapes. The core-level spectra of UGe$$_2$$, UCoGe, URhGe, URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$, and UNi$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ are rather similar to those of itinerant compounds, suggesting that U 5$$f$$ electrons in these compounds are well hybridized with ligand states. On the other hand, the core-level spectra of UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ and UPt$$_3$$ show considerably different spectral line shapes from those of the itinerant compounds, suggesting that U 5$$f$$ electrons in UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ and UPt$$_3$$ are less hybridized with ligand states, leading to the correlated nature of U 5$$f$$ electrons in these compounds.

Journal Articles

Conduction-band electronic states of YbInCu$$_4$$ studied by photoemission and soft X-ray absorption spectroscopies

Utsumi, Yuki*; Sato, Hitoshi*; Kurihara, Hidenao*; Maso, Hiroyuki*; Hiraoka, Koichi*; Kojima, Kenichi*; Tobimatsu, Komei*; Okochi, Takuo*; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; et al.

Physical Review B, 84(11), p.115143_1 - 115143_7, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:41.23(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied conduction-band (CB) electronic states of a typical valence-transition compound YbInCu$$_4$$ by means of temperature-dependent hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HX-PES), soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (SX-PES) of the valence band. We have described the valence transition in YbInCu$$_4$$ in terms of the charge transfer from the CB to Yb 4$$f$$ states.

Journal Articles

Ultrasonic measurements on the cage-structured clathrate compound U$$_3$$Pd$$_{20}$$Si$$_6$$

Yanagisawa, Tatsuya*; Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Mayama, Taichi*; Saito, Hitoshi*; Hidaka, Hiroyuki*; Amitsuka, Hiroshi*; Haga, Yoshinori; Nemoto, Yuichi*; Goto, Terutaka*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.A), p.SA105_1 - SA105_3, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.84(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Antiferromagnetic interaction between paramagnetic Co ions in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Zn$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_x$$O

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Ishida, Yukiaki*; Hwang, J. I.*; Osafune, Yoshitaka*; Fujimori, Atsushi*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Kobayashi, Keisuke*; Saeki, Hiromasa*; et al.

Physical Review B, 81(7), p.075204_1 - 075204_7, 2010/02

AA2009-0975.pdf:0.87MB

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:63.82(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Experimental observation of bulk band dispersions in the oxide semiconductor ZnO using soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Song, G.-S.*; Kataoka, Takashi*; Sakamoto, Yuta*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Okochi, Takuo*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 105(12), p.122403_1 - 122403_4, 2009/06

BB2009-1947.pdf:0.84MB

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:43.97(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Photoemission and X-ray absorption studies of valence states in (Ni,Zn,Fe,Ti)$$_3$$O$$_4$$ thin films exhibiting photoinduced magnetization

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Oki, Yasuhiro*; Takizawa, Masaru*; Song, G. S.*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Terai, Kota*; Okane, Tetsuo; Fujimori, Shinichi; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 92(8), p.082502_1 - 082502_3, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:46(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study of weakly ferromagnetic Zn$$_{1-x}$$V$$_{x}$$O thin film

Ishida, Yukiaki*; Hwang, J. I.*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Mamiya, Kazutoshi*; Okamoto, Jun*; Fujimori, Shinichi; Okane, Tetsuo; Terai, Kota*; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 90(2), p.022510_1 - 022510_3, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:65.67(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research of disease onset mechanism by determining the distribution of intracellular trace elements using an in-air micro-PIXE analyzer system

Nakano, Takashi*; Arakawa, Kazuo; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Hasegawa, Masatoshi*; Yuasa, Kazuhisa*; Saito, Etsuko*; Takagi, Hitoshi*; Nagamine, Takeaki*; Kusakabe, Takahiko*; Takada, Hisashi*; et al.

International Journal of PIXE, 16(1&2), p.69 - 76, 2006/00

A new program was started out to create a new medical scientific field, which is consisting of radiation oncology and nuclear medicine, utilizing the advanced accelerator and ion beam technology. An in-air micro-PIXE analyzer system, which is among the most important technical basis of the program, was upgraded to improve accuracy of elemental mapping for samples having thickness variation in a scope of microbeam scanning. In the program, on the other hand, in order to approach important bio-medical problems on cancer, intracellular dynamics of the trace elements according to mechanism of development of diseases were studied using this system. This paper outlines this program and shows the system upgraded, and results of preliminary studied about the problems.

49 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)