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Journal Articles

Analyses of $$H$$*(10) dose rates measured in environment contaminated by radioactive caesium; Correction of directional dependence of scintillation detectors

Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Okumura, Ryo*; Saito, Kimiaki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 193(3-4), p.228 - 236, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Environmental Sciences)

Environmental dose rate monitoring has been performed with various scintillation detectors since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Gamma-rays from caesium isotopes deposited in soil enter radiation detectors in any direction, but directional dependence of the detectors used for dose rate measurements are not always uniform and the dose rates vary even if measurement takes place at the same place. To investigate the influence of crystal configurations on dose rate, dose rate measurements using several scintillation detectors with different crystal configurations were conducted. By measuring pulse height spectra and multiplying them with spectrum - dose conversion operators (G(E) function), dose rates were deduced and compared. It was found that the dose rates varied within approximately 25% among six detectors. To reduce the differences, the dose rate using G(E) functions determined in rotational geometry were obtained and applied instead. The revised dose rates agreed with one another within uncertainties, but this was not the case of scintillation detector with flat crystal shape, and it means this method could not compensate its strong directional dependence. These experimental results reveal that detectors with superior directional characteristics should be used for environmental dose rate measurement since the compensation of directional dependence using a G(E) function determined in rotational geometry is not always available.

Journal Articles

Review of the performance of a car-borne survey system, KURAMA-II, used to measure the dose rate after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Saito, Kimiaki

Hoshasen, 44(3), p.109 - 118, 2018/11

JAEA has started to perform dose rate monitoring using a car-borne survey system KURAMA to rapidly produce the dose rate mappings of the deposited radionuclides in the environment after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. KURAMA is a car-borne survey system developed by Kyoto University to perform dose rate monitoring in a wide area in detail with rapidity. By improving KURAMA with continuous dose rate monitoring, the 2nd generation of KURAMA (KURAMA-II) succeeded in downsizing, durability and automated transmission of data so that enable detailed dose rate mapping in wide area in shorter period of time. This paper reports the radiation characteristics and the simulation analysis of KURAMA-II on the special issue of Hoshasen, the journal of Ionization Radiation Division in the Japan society of applied physics.

Journal Articles

Dependence of dose rate measurement in the environment on crystal configuration of scintillation detectors

Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Okumura, Ryo*; Saito, Kimiaki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(1), p.11 - 17, 2018/03

Environmental dose rate monitoring has been performed using scintillation detectors since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident happened. After the accident, various scintillation detectors with directional dependence are used in the measurement, though detectors with superior directional dependence are needed because photons come from various direction in the environment. To investigate the influence of crystal configurations on indicated values of dose rates, pulse height spectra were measured using scintillation-based detectors with different crystal configurations and ambient dose rates were obtained using a spectrum - dose conversion operator (G(E) function). It is found that the dose rate for a rectangular-parallelepiped crystal is $$sim$$ 40% than that for a cylindrical one at the maximum. However, the values agreed within 10% among all the detectors irrespective of the crystal shapes, using G(E) functions determined in a rotational irradiation geometry.

Journal Articles

Experimental observation of temperature and magnetic-field evolution of the 4${it f}$ states in CeFe$$_{2}$$ revealed by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Saito, Yuji; Yasui, Akira*; Fuchimoto, Hiroto*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Imada, Shin*; Narumi, Yasuo*; Kindo, Koichi*; Takahashi, Minoru*; Ebihara, Takao*; et al.

Physical Review B, 96(3), p.035151_1 - 035151_5, 2017/07


 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We revisit the delocalized character of the 4$$f$$ states of CeFe$$_2$$ in the ferromagnetically ordered phase by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) in X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) with improved data quality using single crystals. Surprisingly, the Ce $$M_{4,5}$$ XMCD spectral shape changes significantly as a function of temperature and applied magnetic field, with no concomitant changes in the spectral shape of the Ce $$M_{4,5}$$ XAS as well as the Fe $$L_{2,3}$$ XAS and XMCD. This unusual behavior is characterized by the $$J=7/2$$ states in a 4$$f^1$$ configuration mixed into the $$J=5/2$$ ground state. Such extreme sensitivity of the Ce 4$$f$$ states to the external perturbations can be related to the magnetic instability toward an antiferromagnetic phase in CeFe$$_2$$. Our experimental data presented here provide valuable insights into the underlying physics in strongly-hybridized ferromagnetic Ce compounds.

Journal Articles

Coupling the advection-dispersion equation with fully kinetic reversible/irreversible sorption terms to model radiocesium soil profiles in Fukushima Prefecture

Kurikami, Hiroshi; Malins, A.; Takeishi, Minoru; Saito, Kimiaki; Iijima, Kazuki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 171, p.99 - 109, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:41.45(Environmental Sciences)

A modified diffusion-sorption-fixation model (mDSF) is proposed to describe the vertical migration of radiocesium in soils following fallout. The model introduces kinetics for reversible sites, meaning that the exponential-shape radiocesium distribution can be reproduced immediately following fallout. The initial relaxation mass depth of the distribution is determined by the diffusion length, which depends on the distribution coefficient, sorption rate and dispersion coefficient. The model captures the long tails of the radiocesium distribution at large depths. These tails are caused by different rates for kinetic sorption and desorption.

Journal Articles

Measurements and evaluations of air dose rates around Fukushima, 4; Practical aspects of air dose rate measurements in the environment

Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Mikami, Satoshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Okumura, Ryo*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Seki, Akiyuki; et al.

Radioisotopes, 64(4), p.275 - 289, 2015/04

This article provides practically useful information on air dose rate measurements in the environments. The basic requirements for the accurate measurements are described giving actual data. The characteristics and some measured results are shown for reliable methods which are widely used in the environmental radiation measurements. Further, information is given on internet sites where air dose rates and related data obtained by official organizations can be browsed.

Journal Articles

Measurement of air dose rates over a wide area around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant through a series of car-borne surveys

Ando, Masaki; Nakahara, Yukio; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sato, Tetsuro*; Tanigaki, Minoru*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.266 - 280, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:85.79(Environmental Sciences)

A series of car-borne surveys using the KURAMA and KURAMA-II systems was conducted in a wide area in eastern Japan from June 2011 to December 2012 to evaluate the distribution of air dose rates around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, and to determine the time-dependent trend of decrease in air dose rates. An automated data processing system was established, which enables analyses of large amounts of data obtained with the use of about 100 units of the measurement system in a short time. The initial data for studying the migration status of radioactive cesium was obtained in the first survey, followed by the other car-borne surveys having wider measurement ranges. Comparing the measured air dose rates obtained in each survey, it was found that the decreasing trend of air dose rates measured through car-borne surveys was larger than that expected from the physical decay of radioactive cesium and that measured using NaI (Tl) survey meters around the road.

JAEA Reports

Construction of a car-borne survey system for measurement of dose rates in air; KURAMA-II, and its application

Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Nakahara, Yukio; Sato, Tetsuro; Seki, Akiyuki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Takamiya, Koichi*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-037, 54 Pages, 2013/10


JAEA has been performing dose rate mapping in air using a car-borne survey system KURAMA-II. The KURAMA system is a GPS-aided mobile radiation monitoring system that has been newly developed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute in response to the nuclear disaster. The KURAMA system is composed of an energy-compensated scintillation survey meter for measuring dose rate, electric device for controlling both the dose rates and the position data from a GPS module, a computer server for processing and analyzing data from KURAMA, and client PCs for providing for end users. The KURAMA-II has been improved in small-packaging, durability, and automated data transmission. In consequence, dose rate mapping in wide area has become possible in shorter period of time. This report describes the construction of KURAMA-II, its application and a suggestion of how to manage a large number of KURAMA-II.

Journal Articles

Electronic properties of femtosecond laser induced modified spots on single crystal silicon carbide

Tomita, Takuro*; Iwami, Masahiro*; Yamamoto, Minoru*; Deki, Manato*; Matsuo, Shigeki*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*; Nakagawa, Yoshinori*; Kitada, Takahiro*; Isu, Toshiro*; Saito, Shingo*; et al.

Materials Science Forum, 645-648, p.239 - 242, 2010/04

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Preliminary study on HTTR tests for development of commercial HTGRs

Goto, Minoru; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Ueta, Shohei; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Furusawa, Takayuki; Saito, Kenji; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Nishihara, Tetsuo

JAEA-Technology 2009-053, 48 Pages, 2009/10


Preliminary studies on the HTTR (High Temperature engineering Test Reactor) tests were conducted to obtain characteristics and demonstration data which were required to develop commercial HTGRs (high temperature gas-cooled reactors). The tests proposed in this study are as follows: nuclear heat supply characteristics tests, burned core tests, reactivity insertion tests, safety demonstration tests, fuel characteristics tests, annular core tests, fuel failure tests, tritium measurement tests, and health confirmation tests of high temperature equipments. Requirements for a development of commercial HTGRs and confirmation methods of the requirements by the HTTR tests were summarized. Preliminary analyses were performed for the burned core test and the safety demonstration test to obtain prediction data, which is compared with experimental data. Additionally, a feasibility analysis was performed on four types annular cores, which is composed of the HTTR's fresh fuels, from the point of view of shutdown margin and excess reactivity.

Journal Articles

Hexafluoro complex of rutherfordium in mixed HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Akiyama, Kazuhiko*; Goto, Shinichi*; Ishii, Yasuo; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Sato, Tetsuya; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 96(3), p.125 - 134, 2008/03

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:86.57(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Formation of an anionic fluoride-complex of element 104, rutherfordium (Rf) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5n)$$^{261}$$Rf reaction was studied by an anion-exchange method based on an atom-at-a-time scale. It was found that the hexafluoro complex of Rf, [RfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$, was formed in the studied fluoride ion concentrations of 0.0005 - 0.013 M. Formation of [RfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$ was significantly different from that of the homologues Zr and Hf, [ZrF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$ and [HfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$; the evaluated formation constant of [RfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$ is at least one-order of magnitude smaller than those of [ZrF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$ and [HfF$$_{6}$$]$$^{2-}$$.

Journal Articles

Chemical studies on rutherfordium (Rf) at JAERI

Nagame, Yuichiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Ishii, Yasuo; Sato, Tetsuya; Hirata, Masaru; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Ichikawa, Shinichi; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 93(9-10), p.519 - 526, 2005/00

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:87.62(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect on the mechanical properties of type 316L SS welded joint

Saito, Shigeru; Fukaya, Kiyoshi*; Ishiyama, Shintaro; Amezawa, Hiroo; Yonekawa, Minoru; Takada, Fumiki; Kato, Yoshiaki; Takeda, Takashi; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Nakahira, Masataka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part2), p.1573 - 1577, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.52(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Simulation on homogeneous isotropic turbulent flows on the earth simulator

Yokokawa, Mitsuo; Saito, Minoru*; Ishihara, Takashi*; Kaneda, Yukio*

Hai Pafomansu Komputingu To Keisan Kagaku Shimpojium (HPCS2002) Rombunshu, p.125 - 131, 2002/01

With the advent of supercomputers, large-scale direct numerical simulations(DNS) of the Navier-Stokes equations are possible to carry out. However, larger scale DNS is required to make turbulence clear and to make a parameterization of turbulence. The Earth Simulator is a distributed memory parallel supercomputer whose peak speed is 40 Tflop/s and it is very useful to make a very large-scale DNS. Simulation codes named ${tt Trans7}$ have been developed for the Earth Simulator and their correctness have been validated by compareing the simulation results by ${tt Trans7}$ with ones by a conventinal code. The sustatined performance of 3.72Gflop/s is obtained in the execution of the serial version with the problem size of $$256^3$$ on an arithmetic processor(AP) of the Earth Simulator. Speedup of about 7 is achieved in 8APs by the parallelized code. Sppedup is degraded by the execution of 8 processor nodes, however, efficiency of 25% against the peak performance is obtained for the problem size of $$512^3$$.

Journal Articles

Development of a remote-controlled fatigue test machine using a laser extensometer in Hot Laboratory for study of irradiation effect on fatigue properties

Ishii, Toshimitsu; Yonekawa, Minoru; Omi, Masao; Takada, Fumiki; Saito, Junichi; Ioka, Ikuo; Miwa, Yukio

KAERI/GP-192/2002, p.157 - 166, 2002/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Vector performance prediction of kernel loops on Earth Simulator

Yokokawa, Mitsuo; Saito, Minoru*; Hagiwara, Takashi*; Isobe, Yoko*; Jinguji, Satoshi*

Nihon Keisan Kogakkai Rombunshu, 4, p.31 - 36, 2002/00

Earth simulator is a distributed memory parallel system which consists of 640 processor nodes connected by a full crossbar network. Each processor node is a shared memory system which is composed of eight vector processors. The total peak performance and main memory capacity are 40Tflops and 10TB, respectively. A performance prediction system GS$$^3$$ for the Earth Simulator has been developed to estimate sustained performance of programs. To validate accuracy of vector performance prediction by the GS$$^3$$, the processing times for three groups of kernel loops estimated by the GS$$^3$$ are compared with the ones measured on SX-4. It is found that the absolute relative errors of the processing time are 0.89%,1.42% and 6.81% in average for three groups. The sustained performance of three groups on a processor of the Earth Simulator have been estimated by the GS$$^3$$ and those performance are 5.94Gflops,3.76Gflops and 2.17Gflops in average.

JAEA Reports

Mechanical properties of type 316L stainless steel welded joint for vacuum vessel of ITER, 2; Neutron irradiation tests and post-irradiation experiments

Saito, Shigeru; Fukaya, Kiyoshi; Ishiyama, Shintaro; Amezawa, Hiroo; Yonekawa, Minoru; Takada, Fumiki; Kato, Yoshiaki; Takeda, Takashi; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Koizumi, Koichi

JAERI-Tech 2001-035, 81 Pages, 2001/06


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An HPF performance of a CFD code on the SX-5 SMP nodes

Yokokawa, Mitsuo; Tsuda, Yoshinori*; Saito, Minoru*; Suehiro, Kenji*

Proceedings of 4th Annual HPF User Group Meeting (HUG2000), p.124 - 130, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance test of the HTTR

Tanaka, Toshiyuki; Okubo, Minoru; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko; Takeda, Takeshi; Sakaba, Nariaki; Saito, Kenji

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 41(6), p.686 - 698, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:35.68(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of a remote controlled fatigue testing apparatus at elevated temperature in controlled environment

Omi, Masao; Mimura, Hideaki; ; Fukaya, Kiyoshi; Yonekawa, Minoru; Goto, Ichiro; ; Saito, Junichi; Eto, Motokuni;

JAERI-Tech 96-005, 39 Pages, 1996/02


no abstracts in English

76 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)