Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 420

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

${it In situ}$ spectrometry of terrestrial gamma rays using portable germanium detectors in area of 80 km radius around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Mikami, Satoshi; Tanaka, Hiroyuki*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Ochi, Kotaro; Uno, Kiichiro*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 20(4), p.159 - 178, 2021/12

In order to know the background radiation level where the area affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in 2011, terrestrial gamma rays had been measured by using portable germanium detectors repeatedly from 2013 through 2019, at 370 locations within 80 km radius area centered on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. Radioactive concentrations of Uranium 238, Thorium 232, Potassium 40 and kerma rates in air due to terrestrial gamma rays were obtained at those locations based on the method of ICRU report 53. Averaged concentrations of $$^{238}$$U, $$^{232}$$Th and $$^{40}$$K were 18.8, 22.7, 428 Bq/kg, respectively, and kerma rate in air over the area was found to be 0.0402 $$mu$$Gy/h. The obtained kerma rates in air were compared to those reported in literatures. It was confirmed that the data were correlated with each other, and were agreed within the range of their uncertainty. This is because the kerma rate in air due to terrestrial gamma rays is depend on geology. The similar trend to previous findings was observed that the kerma rate in air at locations geologically classified as Mesozoic era, Granite and Rhyolite were statistically significantly higher than the others.

Journal Articles

Correction to Transport and redistribution of radiocesium in Fukushima fallout through rivers

Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Onda, Yuichi*; Smith, H. G.*; Blake, W.*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Yamashiki, Yosuke*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Saito, Kimiaki

Environmental Science & Technology, 55(13), P. 9394, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.53(Engineering, Environmental)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ion tracks in silicon formed by much lower energy deposition than the track formation threshold

Amekura, Hiroshi*; Toulemonde, M.*; Narumi, Kazumasa*; Li, R.*; Chiba, Atsuya*; Hirano, Yoshimi*; Yamada, Keisuke*; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okubo, Nariaki; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.185_1 - 185_11, 2021/01

We report the track formation of 10 nm in diameter in silicon irradiated with 6 MeV C$$_{60}$$, i.e., much lower energy than the previously reported energy threshold.

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study of hydrogen site occupancy in Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ at 14.7 GPa and 800 K

Mori, Yuichiro*; Kagi, Hiroyuki*; Kakizawa, Sho*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Shito, Chikara*; Iizuka, Riko*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; et al.

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 116(6), p.309 - 313, 2021/00

The Earth's core is believed to contain some light elements because it is 10% less dense than pure Fe under the corresponding pressure and temperature conditions. Hydrogen, a promising candidate among light elements, has phase relations and physical properties that have been investigated mainly for the Fe-H system. This study specifically examined an Fe-Si-H system using in-situ neutron diffraction experiments to investigate the site occupancy of deuterium of hcp-Fez$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ hydride at 14.7 GPa and 800 K. Results of Rietveld refinement indicate hcp-Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$ hydride as having deuterium (D) occupancy of 0.24(2) exclusively at the interstitial octahedral site in the hcp lattice. The effect on the site occupancy of D by addition of 2.6 wt% Si into Fe (Fe$$_{0.95}$$Si$$_{0.05}$$) was negligible compared to results obtained from an earlier study of an Fe-D system (Machida et al., 2019).

Journal Articles

Experimental validation of tensile properties measured with thick samples taken from MEGAPIE target

Saito, Shigeru; Suzuki, Kazuhiro; Hatakeyama, Yuichi; Suzuki, Miho; Dai, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 534, p.152146_1 - 152146_16, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:39.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A post-irradiation examination (PIE) was performed on the tensile specimens prepared from the MEGAPIE (MEGAwatt Pilot Experiment) target which were irradiated in flowing lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE). Thicknesses of the specimens were over two times larger than that of the standard specimen. The PIE revealed that the T91 specimens showed a 1.5-2.0 times larger total elongation (TE) compared to the literature values for a specimen with standard t/w (ratio of thickness to width). It could be suggested that the t/w and TE were strongly correlated. Then, we tried to investigate the effects of the t/w on the TE by comparing unirradiated specimens. We found that there was no t/w dependence on the strength and uniform elongation. On the other hand, the TE increases with increasing t/w. Based on the experimental data, we correlated the TE with various specimens t/w to estimate appropriate TE values, including that for the standard specimen.

Journal Articles

Matrix-material dependence on the elongation of embedded gold nanoparticles induced by 4 MeV C$$_{60}$$ and 200 MeV Xe ion irradiation

Li, R.*; Narumi, Kazumasa*; Chiba, Atsuya*; Hirano, Yu*; Tsuya, Daiju*; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Saito, Yuichi*; Okubo, Nariaki; Ishikawa, Norito; Pang, C.*; et al.

Nanotechnology, 31(26), p.265606_1 - 265606_9, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:24.67(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

We report the elongation of embedded Au nanoparticles (NPs) in three different matrices under irradiations of 4 MeV C$$_{60}$$ ions and 200 MeV Xe ions. Large elongation of Au NPs was observed for crystalline indium tin oxide (ITO) under both 4 MeV C$$_{60}$$ and 200 MeV Xe irradiation. The ITO layer preserved the crystallinity even after large elongation was induced. This is the first report of the elongation of metal NPs in a crystalline matrix.

Journal Articles

Giant spin hydrodynamic generation in laminar flow

Takahashi, Ryo*; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Matsuo, Mamoru; Harii, Kazuya*; Onuma, Yuichi*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji

Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.3009_1 - 3009_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:63.95(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Guidance for ${it in situ}$ gamma spectrometry intercomparison based on the information obtained through five intercomparisons during the Fukushima mapping project

Mikami, Satoshi; Ishikawa, Daisuke*; Matsuda, Hideo*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105938_1 - 105938_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.3(Environmental Sciences)

Five intercomparisons of in situ $$gamma$$ spectrometry by 6-7 participating teams have been conducted between December 2011 and August 2015 at sites in Fukushima prefecture which affected by the fallout of FDNPS accident occurred in March 2011. The evaluated deposition densities agreed within 5-6% in terms of coefficient of variation (CV) for radiocesium ($$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs), by our best achievement, and the ratio of $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs in deposition density agreed within 1-2% in CV, through five intercomparisons. These results guarantee the accuracy of the measurements of the mapping project. Two different methods for intercomparison were conducted: (1) sequential measurements at an identical point; and (2) simultaneous measurements in a narrow area within 3 m radius. In a comparison between the two methods at a site, no significant difference was observed between the results. The standard protocols for the two different intercomparison methods were proposed based on our experience.

Journal Articles

The Deposition densities of radiocesium and the air dose rates in undisturbed fields around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant; Their temporal changes for five years after the accident

Mikami, Satoshi; Tanaka, Hiroyuki*; Matsuda, Hideo*; Sato, Shoji*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Suzuki, Takeo*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Ando, Masaki; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105941_1 - 105941_12, 2019/12

AA2019-0019.pdf:2.65MB

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:84.46(Environmental Sciences)

The deposition densities of radiocesium and the air dose rates were repeatedly measured in a large number of undisturbed fields within the 80km zone that surrounds the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant site between 2011 and 2016, and features of their temporal changes were clarified. The average air dose rate excluding background radiation in this zone decreased to about 20% of the initial value during the period from June 2011 to August 2016, which was essentially a result of the radioactive decay of $$^{134}$$Cs with a half-life of 2.06y. The air dose rate reduction was faster than that expected from the decay of radiocesium by a factor of about two, with most of this reduction being attributed to the penetration of radiocesium into the soil. The average deposition densities of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs in fields that were not decontaminated were found to have decreased nearly according to their expected radioactive decay, which indicated that the movement of radiocesium in the horizontal direction was relatively small. The effect of decontamination was apparently observed in the measurements of air dose rates and deposition densities. Nominally, the average air dose rates in the measurement locations were reduced by about 20% by decontamination and other human activities, of which accurate quantitative analysis is and continue to be a challenge.

Journal Articles

Reconstruction of a Fukushima accident-derived radiocesium fallout map for environmental transfer studies

Kato, Hiroaki*; Onda, Yuichi*; Gao, X.*; Sanada, Yukihisa; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105996_1 - 105996_12, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:73.59(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Preface: Integration of knowledge on the radiological environment around the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant site over a period of six years

Saito, Kimiaki; Onda, Yuichi*; Hisamatsu, Shunichi*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.106003_1 - 106003_2, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:58.2(Environmental Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Temporal change in radiological environments on land after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinase, Sakae; Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tetsuro*; Seki, Akiyuki; Sanada, Yukihisa; Wainwright-Murakami, Haruko*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 44(4), p.128 - 148, 2019/12

Journal Articles

Transport and redistribution of radiocesium in Fukushima fallout through rivers

Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Onda, Yuichi*; Smith, H. G.*; Blake, W.*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Yamashiki, Yosuke*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Saito, Kimiaki

Environmental Science & Technology, 53(21), p.12339 - 12347, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:94.05(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Dry cleaning process test for fuel assembly of fast reactor plant system, 1; Pilot scale test for fuel pin bundle

Kudo, Hideyuki*; Otani, Yuichi*; Hara, Masahide*; Kato, Atsushi; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Otaka, Masahiko; Nagai, Keiichi; Saito, Junichi; Ara, Kuniaki; Ide, Akihiro*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2019/05

A next generation SFR in Japan has adopted an advanced dry cleaning system which consists of the argon gas blowing process to reduce the amount of metallic residual sodium remaining on spent fuel assemblies. This paper describes experimental and analytical work focusing on the amount of residual sodium remaining on a fuel pin bundle before and after the argon gas blowing process. The experiments were conducted using a sodium test loop and a short specimen consisting of a 7 pin bundle. The effects of the blowing gas velocity and the blowing time were quantitatively analyzed in the experiments. On the basis of these experimental results, evaluation models predicting the amount of the residual sodium were constructed.

Journal Articles

Angular momentum compensation manipulation to room temperature of the ferrimagnet Ho$$_{3-x}$$Dy$$_{x}$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$ detected by the Barnett effect

Imai, Masaki; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Ono, Masao; Harii, Kazuya; Matsuo, Mamoru; Onuma, Yuichi*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji

Applied Physics Letters, 114(16), p.162402_1 - 162402_4, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:77.53(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Observation of gyromagnetic reversal

Imai, Masaki; Ogata, Yudai*; Chudo, Hiroyuki; Ono, Masao; Harii, Kazuya; Matsuo, Mamoru*; Onuma, Yuichi*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji

Applied Physics Letters, 113(5), p.052402_1 - 052402_3, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:69.15(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Atmospheric modeling of $$^{137}$$Cs plumes from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; Evaluation of the model intercomparison data of the Science Council of Japan

Kitayama, Kyo*; Morino, Yu*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; Nakajima, Teruyuki*; Hayami, Hiroshi*; Nagai, Haruyasu; Terada, Hiroaki; Saito, Kazuo*; Shimbori, Toshiki*; Kajino, Mizuo*; et al.

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 123(14), p.7754 - 7770, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:76.82(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

We compared seven atmospheric transport model results for $$^{137}$$Cs released during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. All the results had been submitted for a model intercomparison project of the Science Council of Japan in 2014. We assessed model performance by comparing model results with observed hourly atmospheric concentrations of $$^{137}$$Cs, focusing on nine plumes over the Tohoku and Kanto regions. The results showed that model performance for $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations was highly variable among models and plumes. We also assessed model performance for accumulated $$^{137}$$Cs deposition. Simulated areas of high deposition were consistent with the plume pathways, though the models that best simulated $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations were different from those that best simulated deposition. The ensemble mean of all models consistently reproduced $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations and deposition well, suggesting that use of a multimodel ensemble results in more effective and consistent model performance.

Journal Articles

The Development of method for extinguishing / treating metallic sodium using calcium chloride

Abe, Yuta; Nagai, Keiichi; Maie, Mitsuyoshi*; Nakano, Natsuko*; Kawashima, Yuichi*; Takesue, Naohisa*; Saito, Junichi

Dai-23-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 5 Pages, 2018/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Heat and spin interconversion

Onuma, Yuichi; Matsuo, Mamoru*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Saito, Eiji

Magune, 12(5), p.217 - 224, 2017/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ion species/energy dependence of irradiation-induced lattice structure transformation and surface hardness of Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta intermetallic compounds

Kojima, Hiroshi*; Kaneno, Yasuyuki*; Ochi, Masaaki*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Hori, Fuminobu*; Saito, Yuichi*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Iwase, Akihiro*

Materials Transactions, 58(5), p.739 - 748, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:31.31(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Bulk samples of Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta intermetallic compounds were irradiated with 16 MeV Au, 4.5 MeV Ni, 4.5 MeV Al, 200 MeV Xe and 1.0 MeV He ions, and the change in near-surface lattice structure was investigated by means of the grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD)and EXAFS. The Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta lattice structures transform from the ordered structures (orthorhombic and monoclinic structures for Ni$$_{3}$$Nb and Ni$$_{3}$$Ta, respectively) to the amorphous state by the Au, Ni, Al and Xe ion irradiations. Irrespective of such heavy ion species or energies, the lattice structure transformation to the amorphous state almost correlate with the density of energy deposited through elastic collisions.

420 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)