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Journal Articles

First isolation and analysis of caesium-bearing microparticles from marine samples in the Pacific coastal area near Fukushima Prefecture

Miura, Hikaru*; Ishimaru, Takashi*; Ito, Yukari*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Misumi, Kazuhiro*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Kubo, Atsushi*; Higaki, Shogo*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11, p.5664_1 - 5664_11, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

For the first time, we isolated and investigated seven CsMPs (radioactive caesium-bearing microparticles) from marine particulate matter and sediment. From the elemental composition, the $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs activity ratio, and the $$^{137}$$Cs activity per unit volume results, we inferred that the five CsMPs collected from particulate matter were emitted from Unit 2 of the FDNPP, whereas the two CsMPs collected from marine sediment were possibly emitted from Unit 3. The presence of CsMPs can cause overestimation of the solid-water distribution coefficient of Cs in marine sediments and particulate matter and a high apparent radiocaesium concentration factor for marine biota. CsMPs emitted from Unit 2, which were collected from the estuary of a river that flowed through a highly contaminated area, may have been deposited on land and then transported by the river. By contrast, CsMPs emitted from Unit 3 were possibly transported eastward by the wind and deposited directly onto the ocean surface.

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout reaction reveals a small $$s$$-Orbital component in the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B

Yang, Z. H.*; Kubota, Yuki*; Corsi, A.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Michel, N.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:98.7(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A quasifree ($$p$$,$$pn$$) experiment was performed to study the structure of the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B, which had long been considered to have a neutron halo. By analyzing the momentum distributions and exclusive cross sections, we obtained the spectroscopic factors for $$1s_{1/2}$$ and $$0d_{5/2}$$ orbitals, and a surprisingly small percentage of 9(2)% was determined for $$1s_{1/2}$$. Our finding of such a small $$1s_{1/2}$$ component and the halo features reported in prior experiments can be explained by the deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum, revealing a definite but not dominant neutron halo in $$^{17}$$B. The present work gives the smallest $$s$$- or $$p$$-orbital component among known nuclei exhibiting halo features and implies that the dominant occupation of $$s$$ or $$p$$ orbitals is not a prerequisite for the occurrence of a neutron halo.

Journal Articles

A Sensitive method for Sr-90 analysis by accelerator mass spectrometry

Sasa, Kimikazu*; Honda, Maki; Hosoya, Seiji*; Takahashi, Tsutomu*; Takano, Kenta*; Ochiai, Yuta*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Kurita, Saori*; Satou, Yukihiko; Sueki, Keisuke*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(1), p.72 - 79, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:39.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Characterization of two types of cesium-bearing microparticles emitted from the Fukushima accident via multiple synchrotron radiation analyses

Miura, Hikaru*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Sekizawa, Oki*; Nitta, Kiyofumi*; Higaki, Shogo*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Itai, Takaaki*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.11421_1 - 11421_9, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:70.14(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

How different is the core of $$^{25}$$F from $$^{24}$$O$$_{g.s.}$$ ?

Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri. A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:88.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The structure of a neutron-rich $$^{25}$$F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree ($$p,2p$$) knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of $$pi 0d_{5/2}$$ orbital is found to be 1.0 $$pm$$ 0.3. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus, and the core consists of $$sim$$35% $$^{24}$$O$$_{rm g.s.}$$, and $$sim$$65% excited $$^{24}$$O. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the $$0d_{5/2}$$ proton considerably changes the neutron structure in $$^{25}$$F from that in $$^{24}$$O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.

Journal Articles

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater using different pre-concentration methods

Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:42.44(Chemistry, Analytical)

We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the $$^{137}$$Cs results were within $$pm$$2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.

Journal Articles

Anomaly of structural relaxation in complex liquid metal of bismuth; Dynamic correlation function of coherent quasi-elastic neutron scattering

Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Tahara, Shuta*; Maruyama, Kenji*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Chiba, Kaori*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.291 - 296, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.07(Physics, Condensed Matter)

There are elemental liquid metals with complex structures far from the hard sphere (HS) packing model. Liquid Bi has an asymmetric first peak in the structure factors S(Q). The pair distribution function g(r) exhibits strange distance ratio of 1:2 between the first and the second peaks. Since a HS model with two kinds of radius produces asymmetry of the main peak in S(Q), existence of short-lived covalent bonds was discussed. Contrarily, modulation of the atomic distribution by the Friedel oscillations of shielding electrons around metallic ions was discussed. To examine its bonding nature from viewpoints of dynamic correlation functions, we have measured neutron quasielastic scattering of liquid Bi by using cold disk chopper spectrometer installed at MLF of J-PARC. The van Hove function revealed that the shoulder structure located at a longer side of the first peak in g(r) exhibits a longer relaxation time than the main structures such as the first and second peaks.

Journal Articles

Kinetics of silver photodiffusion into amorphous Ge$$_{20}$$S$$_{80}$$ films; Case of pre-reaction

Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Asaoka, Hidehito; Simon, A.-A. A.*; Mitkova, M.*

Physica Status Solidi (A), 215(12), p.1800049_1 - 1800049_12, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.53(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Mineralogical control of the size distribution of stable Cs and radiocesium in riverbed sediments

Tanaka, Kazuya; Watanabe, Naoko*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Fan, Q.*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Geochemical Journal, 52(2), p.173 - 185, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:55.03(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

We analyzed riverbed sediments collected at two sites, Yamakiya and Kuroiwa, in Fukushima after the Fukushima accident. The size distributions of K, Rb, and $$^{133}$$Csreflected the mineralogy of sediments, where primary host minerals for these alkali elements would be biotite, K-feldspar, and clay minerals. Silt-size fractions contained high $$^{133}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations possibly due to adsorption on clay minerals. Their concentrations decreased with particle size at the Yamakiya site. In contrast, coarse and very coarse sand fractions from the Kuroiwa site showed higher $$^{133}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in comparison to fine - medium sand fractions. The coarse sand fractions contained many weathered biotite grains. Overall, the size distributions of $$^{133}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs were similar in the sediments, suggesting that the Fukushima-derived radiocesium was distributed into each particle size fraction in response to the distribution of the stable Cs that was controlled by mineralogical composition.

Journal Articles

Estimation of desorption ratios of radio/stable caesium from environmental samples (aerosols and soils) leached with seawater, diluted seawater and ultrapure water

Sakaguchi, Aya*; Chiga, Haruka*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Tsuruta, Haruo*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Geochemical Journal, 52(2), p.187 - 199, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:55.03(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

An aerosol sample collected on the 15th of March 2011 at Kawasaki City (Kanagawa) was sequentially leached with seawater for 30 days. As a result, about 60% of the total $$^{137}$$Cs was extracted. In addition, a surface soil sample collected from Kawamata Town (Fukushima) two months after the Fukushima accident, was leached for 223 days with a natural seawater, a 1:1 mixture of ultrapure water and seawater, and ultrapure water. Eventually, more than 15% of the total $$^{137}$$Cs in the surface soil sample was efficiently desorbed by seawater leaching. In comparison, about 9% of the total $$^{137}$$Cs was leached with 1:1 diluted seawater and less than 1% of the total $$^{137}$$Cs was leached with ultrapure water over the 223 days. Overall, $$^{133}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs showed similar leaching behaviour.

Journal Articles

Discovery of radiocesium-bearing microparticles in river water and their influence on the solid-water distribution coefficient ($$K_{rm d}$$) of radiocesium in the Kuchibuto River in Fukushima

Miura, Hikaru*; Kurihara, Yuichi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Higaki, Shogo*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Geochemical Journal, 52(2), p.145 - 154, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:95.66(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Solid-water distribution coefficient ($$K_{rm d}$$) of radiocesium in rivers is apparently increased due to the possible presence of highly radioactive radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs) in the solid phase. In this study, we evaluated the contribution of CsMPs to apparent Kd values. The ratio of the radioactivity of the separated CsMPs to the total radiocesium on fluvial suspended particles ranged from 0 to 46%. This means that the existence of CsMPs in fluvial suspended partcles did not change apparent Kd values in order magnitude.

Journal Articles

Comparison of solid-water partitions of radiocesium in river waters in Fukushima and Chernobyl Areas

Takahashi, Yoshio*; Fan, Q.*; Suga, Hiroki*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Takeichi, Yasuo*; Ono, Kanta*; Mase, Kazuhiko*; Kato, Kenji*; Kanivets, V. V.*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.12407_1 - 12407_11, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:67.59(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We focused on factors controlling partition of radiocesium on particulate matters and sediments in rivers of Fukushima and Chernobyl. Radiocesium is more soluble in the Pripyat River (Chernobyl) due to weaker interaction of radiocesium with clay minerals caused by the inhibition effect of the adsorbed humic substances. In contrast, particulate matters and sediments in the Kuchibuto River (Fukushima) display high adsorption affinity with lesser inhibition effect of adsorbed humic substances. This difference is possibly governed by the geology and soil type of provenances surrounding both catchments.

Journal Articles

Summary of study on environmental radioactivity effected from the accident at the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 5 years after the accident

Iimoto, Takeshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Tagami, Keiko*; Nagao, Seiya*; Bessho, Kotaro*; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Miura, Taichi*; et al.

KEK Report 2016-3, 134 Pages, 2017/03

This report is summary of study on environmental radioactivity effected from the accident at the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 5 years after the accident. It was compiled efforts related to the accident reported from the 13th to the 17th "Workshop on Environmental Radioactivity" which was held at the High Energy Accelerator Research and Development Organization.

Journal Articles

Cumulative history recorded in the depth distribution of radiocesium in sediments deposited on a sandbar

Tanaka, Kazuya; Kondo, Hiroaki*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 150, p.213 - 219, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:16.58(Environmental Sciences)

We collected sediments deposited on a sandbar from the surface to 20 cm in depth in the Abukuma River to clarify the history of radiocesium derived from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. We analyzed the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in the sediments from size-fractioned samples as well as bulk samples. The results of this study demonstrated that sediment layers deposited on a sandbar retained the cumulative history of the fluvial transport of radiocesium after the FDNPP accident.

Journal Articles

Development status of the NMR system for the polarized $$^{3}$$He Neutron Spin Filter (NSF) in the MLF at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oku, Takayuki; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Ino, Takashi*; Oyama, Kenji*; Okawara, Manabu*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Shinohara, Takenao; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036015_1 - 036015_6, 2015/09

The polarized $$^{3}$$He filter, which polarizes neutrons due to a large neutron absorption cross section of $$^{3}$$He with strong spin selectivity, becomes a convenient neutron spin filter (NSF) because it is operated immediately after its installation in beam lines without any neutron beam adjustments. For realizing such the NSF, a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) system is indispensable for monitoring $$^{3}$$He nuclear spin polarization ${it P}$ of the NSF. We have developed the flexible NMR system based on adiabatic fast passage (AFP) and pulse NMR methods by using their complementary features. In comparing with the values of ${it P}$ obtained by neutron transmission measurement at the beam line 10 of the J-PARC, we measured the correlations between the AFP and pulse NMR signals as changing condition of temperature, amplitude and applying period of the radio frequency field for the pulse NMR, and so on. As the results, we confirmed that our system would function enough as the ${it P}$ monitor.

Journal Articles

An Extensive study of the concentrations of particulate/dissolved radiocaesium derived from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in various river systems and their relationship with catchment inventory

Yoshimura, Kazuya; Onda, Yuichi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Matsuura, Yuki*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.370 - 378, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:66 Percentile:92.95(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Development of portable polarized $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filter and its application to magnetic field imaging at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oku, Takayuki; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Kira, Hiroshi*; Shinohara, Takenao; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 528, p.012016_1 - 012016_7, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:73.96

In polarized neutron experiments, it is interested in expanding measurable neutron energy region up to epithermal neutrons. For realizing this situation, a Polarized $$^{3}$$He Spin Flipper (PHSF) has a key role because it can polarize from cold to epithermal neutrons, and flip neutron spins by flipping the $$^{3}$$He nuclear spin direction. We have developed the portable PHSF consisting of a cylindrical glass cell filled with $$^{3}$$He gas which is installed a solenoid coil of 20 cm in diameter and 30 cm long. After polarizing the $$^{3}$$He gas by irradiating a laser light based on a SEOP technique, the PHSF is brought by hands to experimental areas with kept its polarization. We carried out the feasibility test on our portable PHSF in the MLF of J-PARC and demonstrated it worked well by evaluating flipping ratios of polarized neutrons and attempting to visualize magnetic fields generated by sample coils.

Journal Articles

Observation of a pressure-induced As-As hybridization associated with a change in the electronic state of Fe in the tetragonal phase of EuFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$

Kobayashi, Hisao*; Ikeda, Shugo*; Sakaguchi, Yui*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Nakamura, Hiroki; Machida, Masahiko

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 25(2), p.022201_1 - 022201_6, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:41.17(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The electronic and vibrational properties of EuFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$ in the tetragonal phase between 0 and 5 GPa have been investigated using $$^{57}$$Fe M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy and $$^{57}$$Fe nuclear resonance inelastic scattering, respectively. We find a discontinuous increase of the center shift around 2.3 GPa, reflecting a change of the electronic state of Fe, and above 2.5 GPa a softening of the optical phonon modes associated with an increase of the relative volume of the FeAs$$_4$$ tetrahedron in the unit cell. Our findings reveal that an effective As-As hybridization along the c axis appears at approximately 2.3 GPa in the tetragonal phase of EuFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$, along with a change in the electronic state of Fe, causing bulk superconductivity to appear at a low temperature. Consequently, the change in the electronic state of the Fe atom and the effective As-As hybridization play key roles in the pressure-induced superconductivity in the tetragonal phase of AFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$.

Journal Articles

Current status of a new polarized neutron reflectometer at the intense pulsed neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of J-PARC

Takeda, Masayasu; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Maruyama, Ryuji; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Asaoka, Hidehito; Yamazaki, Tatsuya; Kubota, Masato; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Chinese Journal of Physics, 50(2), p.161 - 170, 2012/04

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:72.31(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

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