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Journal Articles

Longitudinal spin fluctuations driving field-reinforced superconductivity in UTe$$_2$$

Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Haga, Yoshinori; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Aoki, Dai*; Knebel, G.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 131(22), p.226503_1 - 226503_7, 2023/12

Journal Articles

High quality single crystal growth of a novel superconductor UTe$$_2$$; Improvement of $$T_{rm c}$$ and multiple superconducting phase diagram

Sakai, Hironori; Haga, Yoshinori

Kotai Butsuri, 58(10), p.529 - 536, 2023/10

We have succeeded to grow high-quality UTe$$_2$$ single crystals with excess uranium through molten salt flux method. We have also studied the superconducting phase diagram using the high-quality crystal applying the fields up to 25 T along the magnetic hard $$b$$ axis.

Journal Articles

Anomalous vortex dynamics in the spin-triplet superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Opletal, P.; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Kimata, Motoi*; Awaji, Satoshi*; Sasaki, Takahiko*; Yanase, Yoichi*; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Physical Review B, 108(14), p.144502_1 - 144502_5, 2023/10

The vortex dynamics in the spin-triplet superconductor, UTe$$_2$$, are studied by measuring the DC electrical resistivity with currents along the $$a$$-axis under magnetic fields along the $$b$$-axis. Surprisingly, we have discovered an island region of low critical current deep inside the superconducting (SC) state, well below the SC upper critical field, attributed to a weakening of vortex pinning. Notably, this region coincides with the recently proposed intermediate-field SC state. We discuss the possibility of nonsingular vortices in the intermediate state, where SC order parameter does not vanish entirely in the vortex cores due to the mixing of multiple SC components.

Journal Articles

Superconducting spin reorientation in spin-triplet multiple superconducting phases of UTe$$_2$$

Kinjo, Katsuki*; Fujibayashi, Hiroki*; Matsumura, Hiroki*; Hori, Fumiya*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Nakamura, Ai*; et al.

Science Advances (Internet), 9(30), p.2736_1 - 2736_6, 2023/07

Journal Articles

Low-temperature magnetic fluctuations investigated by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR on the uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Fujibayashi, Hiroki*; Kinjo, Katsuki*; Nakamine, Genki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Large reduction in the $$a$$-axis knight shift on UTe$$_2$$ with $$T_c$$ = 2.1 K

Matsumura, Hiroki*; Fujibayashi, Hiroki*; Kinjo, Katsuki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(6), p.063701_1 - 063701_5, 2023/05

Journal Articles

Chiral superconductivity in UTe$$_2$$ probed by anisotropic low-energy excitations

Ishihara, Kota*; Roppongi, Masaki*; Kobayashi, Masayuki*; Imamura, Kumpei*; Mizukami, Yuta*; Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Haga, Yoshinori; Hashimoto, Kenichiro*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 14, p.2966_1 - 2966_7, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.16(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The superconducting symmetry of the heavy fermion uranium-based superconductor UTe$$_2$$ is investigated using low temperature penetration depth measurements. The anisotropic low-energy quasiparticle excitations indicates multiple superconducting components in a chiral complex form. The most consistent is a chiral non-unitary state.

Journal Articles

Field induced multiple superconducting phases in UTe$$_2$$ along hard magnetic axis

Sakai, Hironori; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Opletal, P.; Kimata, Motoi*; Awaji, Satoshi*; Sasaki, Takahiko*; Aoki, Dai*; Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo; Haga, Yoshinori

Physical Review Letters, 130(19), p.196002_1 - 196002_6, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:92.4(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The superconducting (SC) phase diagram in uranium ditelluride is explored under magnetic fields ($$H$$) along the hard magnetic $$b$$-axis using a high-quality single crystal with $$T_{rm c}$$ = 2.1 K. Simultaneous electrical resistivity and AC magnetic susceptibility measurements discern low- and high-field SC (LFSC and HFSC, respectively) phases with contrasting field-angular dependence. Crystal quality increases the upper critical field of the LFSC phase, but the $$H^{ast}$$ of $$sim15$$ T, at which the HFSC phase appears, is always the same through the various crystals. A phase boundary signature is also observed inside the LFSC phase near $$H^{ast}$$, indicating an intermediate SC phase characterized by small flux pinning forces.

Journal Articles

Physics of spin-triplet superconductivity in uranium compounds studied by NMR

Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*

Nihon Butsuri Gakkai-Shi, 78(5), p.267 - 272, 2023/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Anisotropic enhancement of lower critical field in ultraclean crystals of spin-triplet superconductor candidate UTe$$_2$$

Ishihara, Kota*; Kobayashi, Masayuki*; Imamura, Kumpei*; Konczykowski, M.*; Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Haga, Yoshinori; Hashimoto, Kenichiro*; Shibauchi, Takasada*

Physical Review Research (Internet), 5(2), p.L022002_1 - L022002_6, 2023/04

Lower superconducting critical fields $$H_{rm c1}$$ of UTe$$_2$$ have been determined. Orthorhombic UTe$$_2$$ has magnetic easy axis along the $$a$$-axis. We found $$H_{rm c1}$$ perpendicular to $$a$$ showed anomalous enhancement. By comparing with anisotropy of upper critical fields, effect of magnetic fluctuations on superconductivity is suggested.

Journal Articles

Ferromagnetic crossover within the ferromagnetic order of U$$_{7}$$Te$$_{12}$$

Opletal, P.; Sakai, Hironori; Haga, Yoshinori; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(3), p.034704_1 - 034704_5, 2023/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We investigate the physical properties of a single crystal of uranium telluride U$$_{7}$$Te$$_{12}$$. We have confirmed that U$$_{7}$$Te$$_{12}$$ crystallizes in the hexagonal structure with three nonequivalent crystallographic uranium sites. The paramagnetic moments are estimated to be approximately 1 $$mu_{B}$$ per the uranium site, assuming a uniform moment on all the sites. A ferromagnetic phase transition occurs at $$T_{rm C}$$= 48 K, where the in-plane magnetization increases sharply, whereas the out of-plane component does not increase significantly. With decreasing temperature further below $$T_{rm C}$$ under field-cooling conditions, the out-of-plane component increases rapidly around T$$^{star}$$= 26 K. In contrast, the in-plane component hardly changes at T$$^{star}$$. Specific heat measurement indicates no $$lambda$$-type anomaly around T$$^{star}$$, so this is a cross-over suggesting a reorientation of the ordering moments or successive magnetic ordering on the part of the multiple uranium sites.

Journal Articles

Change of superconducting character in UTe$$_{2}$$ induced by magnetic field

Kinjo, Katsuki*; Fujibayashi, Hiroki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Homma, Yoshiya*; et al.

Physical Review B, 107(6), p.L060502_1 - L060502_5, 2023/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:94.06(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Nested antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations and non-Fermi-liquid behavior in electron-doped CeCo$$_{1-x}$$Ni$$_{x}$$In$$_5$$

Sakai, Hironori; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Zhu, J.-X.*; Ronning, F.*; Thompson, J. D.*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; To, Hideki*; Suzuki, Kohei*; Oshima, Yoshiki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 106(23), p.235152_1 - 235152_8, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We investigate the electronic state of Ni-substituted CeCo$$_{1-x}$$Ni$$_x$$In$$_5$$ by nuclear quadrupole and magnetic resonance (NQR/NMR) techniques. The heavy fermion superconductivity below $$T_{rm c} = 2.3$$ K for $$x = 0$$ is suppressed by Ni substitutions, and $$T_{rm c}$$ reaches zero for $$x = 0.25$$. The $$^{115}$$In NQR spectra for $$x = 0.125$$ and 0.25 can be explained by simulating the electrical field gradient that is calculated for a virtual supercell with density functional theory. The spin-lattice relaxation rate $$1/T_1$$ indicates that Ni substitution weakens antiferromagnetic correlations that are not localized near the substituent but instead are uniform in space. The temperature ($$T$$) dependence of $$(T_1T)^{-1}$$ for $$x = 0.25$$ shows a maximum around $$T_{rm g} = 2$$ K and $$(T_1T)^{-1}$$ decreases toward almost zero when temperature is further reduced as if a gap might be opening in the magnetic excitation spectrum; however, the magnetic specific heat and the static magnetic susceptibility evolve smoothly through $$T_{rm g}$$ with a $$-ln T$$ dependence. The peculiar T dependence of $$(T_1T)^{-1}$$ and non-Fermi-liquid specific heat and susceptibility can be interpreted in a unified way by assuming nested antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in a quasi-two-dimensional electronic system.

Journal Articles

Structural 130 K phase transition and emergence of a two-ion Kondo state in Ce$$_2$$Rh$$_2$$Ga explored by $$^{69,71}$$Ga nuclear quadrupole resonance

Yamamoto, Shingo*; Fujii, Takuto*; Luther, S.*; Yasuoka, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Hironori; B$"a$rtl, F.*; Ranjith, K. M.*; Rosner, H.*; Wosnitza, J.*; Strydom, A. M.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 106(11), p.115125_1 - 115125_5, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied the microscopic magnetic properties, the nature of the 130 K phase transition, and the ground state in the recently synthesized compound Ce$$_2$$Rh$$_2$$Ga by use of $$^{69,71}$$Ga nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). The NQR spectra clearly show an unusual phase transition at $$T_tsim130$$ K, yielding a splitting of the high-temperature single NQR line into two well-resolved NQR lines, providing evidence for two crystallographically inequivalent Ga sites. The NQR frequencies are in good agreement with fully relativistic calculations of the band structure. Our NQR results indicate the absence of magnetic or charge order down to 0.3 K. The temperature dependence of the spin-lattice relaxation rate $$1/T_1$$ shows three distinct regimes, with onset temperatures at $$T_t$$ and 2 K. The temperature-independent $$1/T_1$$, observed between $$T_t$$ and 2 K, crosses over to a Korringa process, $$1/T_1propto T$$, below $$sim$$2 K, which evidences a rare two-ion Kondo scenario: The system evolves into a dense Kondo coherent state below 2.0 and 0.8 K probed by the two different Ga sites.

Journal Articles

First observation of the de Haas-van Alphen effect and Fermi surfaces in the unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Aoki, Dai*; Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Ishizuka, Jun*; Yanase, Yoichi*; Harima, Hisatomo*; Nakamura, Ai*; Li, D.*; Homma, Yoshiya*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(8), p.083704_1 - 083704_5, 2022/08

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:96.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Single crystal growth of superconducting UTe$$_2$$ by molten salt flux method

Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Haga, Yoshinori

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 6(7), p.073401_1 - 073401_10, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:85.45(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The molten salt flux method is applied as a new synthetic route for the single crystals of the spin-triplet superconductor UTe$$_2$$. The single crystals under an optimized growth condition with excess uranium exhibit a superconducting transition at $$T_{rm c}=2.1$$ K, which is the highest $$T_{rm c}$$ reported for this compound. The obtained crystals show a remarkably large residual resistivity ratio with respect to the room temperature value and a small residual electronic contribution in specific heat well below $$T_{rm c}$$. These results indicate that the increase of $$T_{rm c}$$ in UTe$$_2$$ can be achieved by reducing the disorder associated with uranium vacancies. The excess uranium in the molten salt acts as a reducing agent, preventing tetravalent uranium from becoming pentavalent and suppressing creation of uranium vacancies. At the same time, the relatively low growth temperature can suppress Te volatilization.

Journal Articles

Influence of additives on low-temperature hydrothermal synthesis of UO$$_{2+x}$$ and ThO$$_2$$

Tabata, Chihiro; Shirasaki, Kenji*; Sakai, Hironori; Sunaga, Ayaki*; Li, D.*; Konaka, Mariko*; Yamamura, Tomoo*

CrystEngComm (Internet), 24(19), p.3637 - 3648, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:56.11(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Homogeneity of (U, $$M$$)O$$_2$$ ($$M$$ = Th, Np) prepared by supercritical hydrothermal synthesis

Shirasaki, Kenji*; Tabata, Chihiro*; Sunaga, Ayaki*; Sakai, Hironori; Li, D.*; Konaka, Mariko*; Yamamura, Tomoo*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 563, p.153608_1 - 153608_11, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:59.27(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We focused on the direct synthesis of (U, $$M$$)O$$_2$$ solid solution ($$M$$=Th, Np) by extending our recent progress in hydrothermal synthesis with additives. The homogeneity of the (U, $$M$$)O$$_2$$ ($$M$$ = Th, Np) systems prepared by supercritical hydrothermal reactions was investigated through crystallographic analysis based on Vegard's law, and the $$^{23}$$Na nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurement of (U, Np, Na)O$$_2$$ solid solutions. Our experimental and analytical results revealed that (i) an optimal additive is ammonium carbonate and starting uranium valence is IV in the case of (U, Th)O$$_{2+x}$$, and (ii) an optimal additive is ethanol and starting uranium valence is VI in the case of (U, Np)O$$_{2+x}$$, for producing the homogeneous solid solutions by hydrothermal synthesis.

Journal Articles

Effect of uranium deficiency on normal and superconducting properties in unconventional superconductor UTe$$_2$$

Haga, Yoshinori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Sakai, Hironori

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 34(17), p.175601_1 - 175601_7, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:90.93(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Drastic change in magnetic anisotropy of UTe$$_2$$ under pressure revealed by $$^{125}$$Te-NMR

Kinjo, Katsuki*; Fujibayashi, Hiroki*; Nakamine, Genki*; Kitagawa, Shunsaku*; Ishida, Kenji*; Tokunaga, Yo; Sakai, Hironori; Kambe, Shinsaku; Nakamura, Ai*; Shimizu, Yusei*; et al.

Physical Review B, 105(14), p.L140502_1 - L140502_5, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:72.4(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

405 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)