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Journal Articles

Upgrade history and present status of the general control system for the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kai, Tetsuya; Nakatani, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Yasuo*; Watanabe, Akihiko*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011151_1 - 011151_6, 2021/03

For safely and efficiently operating a spallation neutron source and a muon target, a general control system (GCS) operates within Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF), GCS administers operation processes and interlocks of many instruments for various operation statuses. It consists of several subsystems such as an integral control system (ICS), interlock systems (ILS), shared servers, network system, and timing distribution system (TDS). Although GCS is an independent system that controls the target stations, it works closely with the control systems of other facilities in J-PARC. Since the first beam injection in 2008, GCS has operated stably without any serious troubles after modification based on commissioning for operation and control. Then, significant improvements in GCS such as upgrade of ICS by changing its framework software and function enhancement of ILS were proceeded until 2015, in considering sustainable long-term operation and maintenance. In recent years, many instruments in GCS have replaced due to end of production and support of them. In this way, many modifications have been proceeded in the entire GCS after start of beam operation. Under these situation, it is important to comprehend upgrade history and present status of GCS in order to decide its upgrade plan for the coming ten years. This report will mention upgrade history, present status and future agenda of GCS.

Journal Articles

Comprehensive analysis and evaluation of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Unit 2

Yamashita, Takuya; Sato, Ikken; Honda, Takeshi*; Nozaki, Kenichiro*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Pellegrini, M.*; Sakai, Takeshi*; Mizokami, Shinya*

Nuclear Technology, 206(10), p.1517 - 1537, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:89.87(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray glow preceding downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.67_1 - 67_9, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:89.5(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Progress of general control system for Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Takada, Hiroshi; Kai, Tetsuya; Nakatani, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Yasuo*; Watanabe, Akihiko*

JAEA-Technology 2018-011, 57 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Technology-2018-011.pdf:4.98MB

For safely and efficiently operating a spallation neutron source and a muon target, a general control system (GCS) operates within Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). GCS administers operation processes and interlocks of many instruments. It consists of several subsystems such as an integral control system (ICS), interlock systems (ILS), shared servers, network system, and timing distribution system (TDS). Although GCS is an independent system that controls the target stations, it works closely with the control systems of the accelerators and other facilities in J-PARC. Since the first beam injection, GCS has operated stably without any serious troubles after modification based on commissioning for operation and control. Then, significant improvements in GCS such as upgrade of ICS by changing its framework software and function enhancement of ILS were proceeded until 2015. In this way, many modifications have been proceeded in the entire GCS during a period of approximately ten years after start of beam operation. Under these situation, it is important to comprehend upgrade history and present status of GCS in order to decide its upgrade plan. This report summarizes outline, structure, roles and functions of GCS in 2017.

Journal Articles

Occupation sites and valence states of Co dopants in (La, Co)-codoped M-type Sr ferrite; $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{59}$$Co nuclear magnetic resonance studies

Sakai, Hironori; Hattori, Taisuke; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Ueda, Hiroaki*; Tanioku, Yasuaki*; Michioka, Chishiro*; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi*; Takao, Kenta*; Shimoda, Aiko*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(6), p.064403_1 - 064403_10, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.58(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To specify preferential occupation sites of Co substituents and to clarify charge and spin states of Co ions in (La, Co)-cosubstituted hexagonal magnetoplumbite-type (M-type) Sr ferrite, $$^{57}$$Fe and $$^{59}$$Co nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra are measured under zero and external magnetic fields using powdered and single crystalline specimens. To a considerable degree, the charge compensation between La$$^{3+}$$ and Co$$^{2+}$$ works in the equal (La, Co)-codoped case, where more than half of the Co ions are considered to be present in the minority spin $$4f_1$$ sites at the center of the oxygen tetrahedra, with the $$S$$ = 3/2 state carrying a small orbital moment owing to spin-orbit interaction. The remaining small number of high-spin Co$$^{2+}$$ ($$S$$ = 3/2, $$L$$ = 1) ions with unquenched orbital moments would be distributed to the other octahedral $$12k$$, $$2a$$, and $$4f_2$$ sites.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

Journal Articles

The Spin state of iron in Fe$$^{3+}$$-bearing Mg-perovskite and its crystal chemistry at high pressure

Mashimo, Izumi*; Otani, Eiji*; Hirao, Naohisa*; Mitsui, Takaya; Masuda, Ryo*; Seto, Makoto*; Sakai, Takeshi*; Takahashi, Suguru*; Nakano, Satoshi*

American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), p.1555 - 1561, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:26.07(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Journal Articles

Operation status of interlock system of Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Watanabe, Akihiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; Higemoto, Wataru; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.264 - 267, 2014/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ferromagnetic interlayer coupling in C$$_{60}$$-Co compound/Ni bilayer structure

Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sakai, Seiji; Entani, Shiro; Takagi, Yasumasa*; Nakagawa, Takeshi*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Avramov, P.; Yokoyama, Toshihiko*

Chemical Physics Letters, 511(1-3), p.68 - 72, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:18.35(Chemistry, Physical)

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectroscopy was employed to investigate the electronic and magnetic structures of the bilayers of a C$$_{60}$$-Co compound and Ni. A few -several nm thick C$$_{60}$$-Co compound layers on the Ni(111) surface are found to show intense XMCD signals attributed to the localized Co d-spins only with the remanent magnetization of Ni layer. It is suggested that the region of the C$$_{60}$$-Co compound within 3 nm from the interface is ferromagnetically coupled with Ni due to the indirect exchange interaction mediated by C$$_{60}$$, probably relevant to the interlayer charge transfer.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ZnO fast scintillator spatial resolution using the FZP-focused X-ray laser

Tanaka, Momoko; Nakazato, Tomoharu*; Shimizu, Toshihiko*; Yamanoi, Kohei*; Sakai, Kohei*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Oba, Toshiyuki; Kaihori, Takeshi; Ochi, Yoshihiro; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2011-001, p.126 - 128, 2011/03

The spatial resolution of hydrothermal method grown zinc oxide (ZnO) scintillator was evaluated using X-ray laser focused with Fresnel zone plate. The fluorescence image of the ZnO scintillator was measured to be less than 10um using CCD camera coupled with a Schbartzchild expander mirror. The availability of large size ZnO crystal up to 3-inch is quite attractive for future lithography and imaging applications.

Journal Articles

Development of a main linac module for compact ERL project

Umemori, Kensei*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Shinoe, Kenji*; Sawamura, Masaru

Proceedings of 25th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2010) (CD-ROM), p.404 - 406, 2010/09

In order to obtain technology needed for construction of the ERL main linac cryomodule, several developments have been performed. A prototype of 9-cell superconducting cavity was fabricated. Its performance was confirmed through vertical tests. Prototypes of coupler components were also fabricated and tested at the high power test stand. They could successfully pass the specified RF power. A prototype of HOM absorber without ferrite was made. It is under cooling tests. Design work of cryomodule is in progress.

Journal Articles

Development of cavity diagnostics system for ERL superconducting cavity

Sakai, Hiroshi*; Umemori, Kensei*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Shinoe, Kenji*; Ishii, Atsushi*; Sawamura, Masaru; Muto, Toshiya*

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.173 - 176, 2010/08

We are developing the superconducting (SC) cavity for Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) in Japan. In order to survey the electron emission and the heating spot of the cavity inner surface in detail, cavity diagnostics with the rotating mapping system was applied. Two types of sensors, one of which was the carbon resistor and the other was the Si PIN photo diode, were set to detect the temperature rise and electron emission. By rotating the sensor arrays around the cavity axis, a lot of information was obtained all over the cavity surface in detail. This paper reports the results of vertical tests by using this rotating mapping system with the single-cell and 9-cell Nb ERL cavity.

Journal Articles

Cavity diagnostics using rotating mapping system for 1.3 GHz ERL 9-cell superconducting cavity

Sakai, Hiroshi*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Sakanaka, Shogo*; Umemori, Kensei*; Shinoe, Kenji*; Sawamura, Masaru

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2950 - 2952, 2010/05

We are developing the superconducting (SC) cavity for Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) in Japan. In order to survey the electron emission and the heating spot of the cavity inner surface in detail, cavity diagnostics with the rotating mapping system was applied. Two types of sensors, one of which is the carbon resistor and the other is the Si PIN photo diode, were set to detect the temperature rise and electron emission. By rotating the sensor arrays around the cavity axis, a lot of information is obtained all over the cavity surface in detail. This paper reports the results of vertical tests by using this rotating mapping system with Nb 9-cell ERL cavity.

Journal Articles

Power coupler development for ERL main linac in Japan

Sakai, Hiroshi*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Sakanaka, Shogo*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Umemori, Kensei*; Ishii, Atsushi*; Nakamura, Norio*; Shinoe, Kenji*; Sawamura, Masaru

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2953 - 2955, 2010/05

We started to develop an input power coupler for a 1.3 GHz ERL superconducting cavity for main linac. We fabricated power coupler components such as ceramic windows and bellows and carried out the high-power test of the components by using a CW 30 kW IOT power source. During this test, the ceramic window was broken by the sudden heat load. We found that this heat load occurred by the unexpected dipole mode. We renewed the ceramic window and successfully carried out the high power test up to CW 27 kW input power.

Journal Articles

Results of vertical tests for KEK-ERL 9-cell superconducting cavity

Umemori, Kensei*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Shinoe, Kenji*; Sawamura, Masaru

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2956 - 2958, 2010/05

In order to verify the technology needed for ERL main linac cavity, whose design is optimized for high current ERL operation, we fabricated a prototype of L-band 9-cell KEK-ERL superconducting cavity. After a series of surface treatment, such as annealing, electro-polishing, high-pressure-rinsing and baking, several vertical tests have been performed. As for cavity diagnostics, a rotating X-ray and temperature mapping system was constructed. The cavity performance was limited due to field emissions. The X-ray distributions were clearly observed by X-ray mapping system. In this report, we summarize the recent results of the vertical tests.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

KEK ERL cryomodule development

Sakai, Hiroshi*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Kako, Eiji*; Noguchi, Shuichi*; Sato, Masato*; Sakanaka, Shogo*; Shishido, Toshio*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Umemori, Kensei*; Watanabe, Ken*; et al.

Proceedings of 45th Advanced ICFA Beam Dynamics Workshop on Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL '09) (Internet), p.57 - 62, 2010/05

Development of a SC Cavity Injector Cryomodule and Main linac Cryomodule for the compact ERL is being continued at KEK since 2006. Design of an injector cryomodule containing three 2-cell 1.3-GHz cavities for Injector Cryomodule and two 9-cell 1.3-GHz cavities for Main linac Cryomodule are almost completed. Status of R&D and design details are reported.

Journal Articles

Electronic properties of femtosecond laser induced modified spots on single crystal silicon carbide

Tomita, Takuro*; Iwami, Masahiro*; Yamamoto, Minoru*; Deki, Manato*; Matsuo, Shigeki*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*; Nakagawa, Yoshinori*; Kitada, Takahiro*; Isu, Toshiro*; Saito, Shingo*; et al.

Materials Science Forum, 645-648, p.239 - 242, 2010/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of 20 kW input power coupler for 1.3 GHz ERL main linac; Component test at 30 kW IOT test stand

Sakai, Hiroshi*; Umemori, Kensei*; Sakanaka, Shogo*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Shinoe, Kenji*; Ishii, Atsushi*; Nakamura, Norio*; Sawamura, Masaru

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.866 - 868, 2010/03

We started to develop an input coupler for a 1.3 GHz ERL superconducting cavity. Required input power is about 20 kW for the cavity acceleration field of 20 MV/m and the beam current of 100 mA in energy recovery operation. The input coupler is designed based on the STF-BL input coupler and some modifications are applied to the design for the CW 20 kW power operation. We fabricated input coupler components such as ceramic windows and bellows and carried out the high-power test of the components by using a 30 kW IOT power source and a test stand constructed for the high-power test. In this report, we mainly describe the results of the high-power test of ceramic window and bellows.

Journal Articles

Eccentric-fluted beam pipes to damp quadrupole higher-order modes

Sawamura, Masaru; Furuya, Takaaki*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Takahashi, Takeshi*; Umemori, Kensei*; Shinoe, Kenji*

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 13(2), p.022003_1 - 022003_9, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.75(Physics, Nuclear)

An eccentric-fluted beam pipe is proposed to damp quadrupole modes in a cavity. The eccentric-flutes act as a mode converter from quadrupole to dipole. Optimizing the parameters of the eccentric-fluted beam pipe allows sufficient damping of both degenerate quadrupole modes. The external Q-values of the eccentric-fluted beam pipe measured with a low power model cavity agree well with those calculated with the 3D electromagnetic field simulation code, MAFIA.

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