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Journal Articles

Radiocesium in Shiitake mushroom; Accumulation in living fruit bodies and leaching from dead fruit bodies

Guido-Garcia, F.; Sakamoto, Fuminori; David, K.*; Kozai, Naofumi; Grambow, B.

Chemosphere, 279, p.130511_1 - 130511_10, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Environmental Sciences)

Cesium (Cs) accumulation by Shiitake was investigated to contribute to the elucidation of radiocesium-cycling mechanisms in forest environments. The results demonstrate that Shiitake non-specifically accumulates Cs while accumulating the essential element K and provide evidence that no selective Cs accumulation (or binding) sites exist within the Shiitake fruit body. Furthermore, the present results show that most accumulated Cs quickly leaches out from the dead fruit body with exposure to water. The leached Cs was largely adsorbable on clay minerals, suggesting that the Shiitake fruit body likely contains Cs in the cation form.

Journal Articles

Effect of bacterial siderophore on cesium dissolution from biotite

Kimura, Tatsuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Ikegami, Maiko*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Grambow, B.*; Yoneda, Minoru*

Chemosphere, 276, p.130121_1 - 130121_7, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.55(Environmental Sciences)

The adsorption of cesium (Cs) on biotite and dissolution of Cs from Cs-bearing biotite using a siderophore were investigated aiming to contribute to the elucidation of radiocesium migration mechanisms in the soil environment. Cs was adsorbed on a hardly weathered biotite powder sample. A siderophore was extracted and purified from the bacterial culture medium, and the purified siderophore was used in five consecutive dissolution experiments of the biotite samples. The major components of the biotite (Al, Fe, and Mg) were dissolved almost stoichiometrically, strongly suggesting that the siderophore selectively dissolves the broken edges of the biotite. The Cs adsorbed on the broken edges was dissolved rapidly as the siderophore dissolved the broken edges, and then, the Cs adsorbed on the outer planar surface of the biotite particles was slowly dissolved.

Journal Articles

Sewage sludge ash contaminated with radiocesium; Solidification with alkaline-reacted metakaolinite (geopolymer) and Portland cement

Kozai, Naofumi; Sato, Junya; Osugi, Takeshi; Shimoyama, Iwao; Sekine, Yurina; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Onuki, Toshihiko

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 416, p.125965_1 - 125965_9, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:82.83(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Synergy effect of organic acids from plants on mineral dissolution by siderophore-producing bacteria

Kimura, Tatsuki*; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Ikegami, Maiko*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, G (Kankyo) (Internet), 76(7), p.III_375 - III_382, 2020/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

${it In-situ}$ investigation of radioactive Cs mobility around litter zone in contaminated forest using spent mushroom substrata

Onuki, Toshihiko*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Sasaki, Yoshito; Niizato, Tadafumi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.814 - 821, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:23.14(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We used the spent mushroom substrata (SMSs) which are a kind of by-product after growing edible mushrooms for the ${it in-situ}$ investigation of radioactive Cs mobility in litter zone in a forest of Fukushima prefecture, Japan. The powder SMS was filled in a plastic net bag of 0.35$$times$$0.55 m, then was placed in a forest for $$sim$$6 months under three kinds of different conditions without treatment (No treatment), covered with wooden box (With box), and with zeolite placed on upper position of ground surface (With zeolite). We determined the ratio of radioactivity (TF) in the SMS to that of the soil and litter beneath the SMS bags. TFs of "No treatment" and of "With zeolite" were determined between $$sim$$0.01 and $$sim$$0.05 for 6 months. On the other hand, TFs of "With box" were lower by one order at 2 and 4 months than those of "No treatment" and of "With zeolite", and nearly the same values as TFs of "No treatment" and "With zeolite" at 6 months. These results clearly indicate that radioactive Cs accumulates in SMS mainly by throughfall. In addition, for a period of several months, fungi contribute to the accumulation of radioactive Cs in the litter zone, even though radioactive Cs was tightly associated with the soil.

Journal Articles

Role of filamentous fungi in migration of radioactive cesium in the Fukushima forest soil environment

Onuki, Toshihiko; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Namba, Kenji*; Neda, Hitoshi*; Sasaki, Yoshito; Niizato, Tadafumi; Watanabe, Naoko*; Kozaki, Tamotsu*

Environmental Science; Processes & Impacts, 21(7), p.1164 - 1173, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:47.07(Chemistry, Analytical)

The fate of radioactive Cs deposited after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident and its associated radiological impacts are largely dependent on its mobility from surface soils to forest ecosystems. We measured the accumulation of radioactive Cs in the fruit bodies of wild fungi in the forest at Iidate, Fukushima, Japan. The transfer factors (TFs) of radioactive Cs from soil to the fruit bodies of wild fungi were between 10 $$^{-2}$$to 10$$^{2}$$, a range similar to those reported for the fruit bodies collected in Europe after the Chernobyl accident and in parts of Japan contaminated by nuclear bomb test fallout. Comparison of the TFs of the wild mushroom and that of the fungal hyphae of 704 stock strains grown on agar medium containing nutrients and radioactive Cs showed that the TFs of wild mushroom were lower. TF was less than 0.1 after addition of the minerals zeolite, vermiculite, phlogopite, smectite, or illite of 1% weight to the agar medium. These results indicate that the presence of minerals decrease Cs uptake by fungi grown in the agar medium.

Journal Articles

Adsorption of Cs onto biogenic birnessite; Effects of layer structure, ionic strength, and competition cations

Yu, Q.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tani, Yukinori*; Onuki, Toshihiko

ACS Earth and Space Chemistry (Internet), 2(8), p.797 - 810, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:58.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Most of Mn oxides are biogenic and known to adsorb cesium (Cs) on the surface. This study investigated structural transformation of biogenic birnessite by accommodating commonly occurring natural heavy metals (Zn, Ni) during the formation of Mn oxides and the influence of those metals on the adsorption behavior of Cs on Mn oxides. It was found that the presence of heavy metals during bio-oxidation of Mn(II), followed by exposure to a low pH aqueous solution, increased the number of available layer vacancies, which consequently increased the adsorption capacity of Cs in the final product birnessite.

Journal Articles

Complexation of Eu(III), Pb(II), and U(VI) with a ${{it Paramecium}}$ glycoprotein; Microbial transformation of heavy elements in the aquatic environment

Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tanaka, Kazuya; Onuki, Toshihiko; Sato, Takahiro*; Kamiya, Tomihiro*; Grambow, B.

Chemosphere, 196, p.135 - 144, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:14.97(Environmental Sciences)

Transformation of heavy elements by microbes such as bacteria and fungi has been an intense research subject; however, little is known about that of protozoa. This study investigated interaction of a representative protozoa, ${{it Paramecium}}$, with heavy elements (Eu(III), Pb(II), U(VI)). Non-destructive elemental analysis by micro-PIXE hardly detected those elements on living cells after sorption experiments but clearly detected on the cells that were killed with a fixative beforehand. Chromatographic analysis of aquatic species of those heavy elements after the sorption experiments revealed a fraction of those elements bound to a glycoprotein dissolved from the cell surface of living ${{it Paramecium}}$ cells to form soluble pseudocolloid. These findings suggest that complexation of heavy elements with the dissolved surface glycoprotein reduced the sorption of those heavy elements on living cells.

Journal Articles

Quantitative analysis of radiocesium retention onto birnessite and todorokite

Yu, Q.*; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tanaka, Kazuya; Sasaki, Keiko*

Chemical Geology, 470, p.141 - 151, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:57.39(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

In this work, the Cs retention onto two types of Mn oxide was investigated. We found that Todorokite has sorption sites with a higher selectivity for Cs than birnessite. When the initial Cs concentration was 10$$^{-9}$$ mol/L for the sorption experiments, approximately 34% of the sorbed Cs was residual in the todorokite after the extraction using 1 M NaCl and NH$$_{4}$$Cl; this value was much higher than the results for the Cs-sorbed birnessite. These results strongly suggest that todorokite contributes to the fixation of radioactive Cs in soils.

Journal Articles

Sorption behavior of Np(V) on microbe pure culture and consortia

Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Kato, Kenji*

Chemistry Letters, 46(5), p.771 - 774, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The sorption behavior of Np(V) by the microbe consortia and by a single pure culture of Fe reducing bacterium was studied at pH between 3 and 7 in resting cell conditions. The sorption of Np(V) by the Fe reducing bacterium obtained in the inert condition and by the consortia in aerated condition were higher than by the Fe reducing bacterium in aerobic condition at pH below 5, strongly suggesting presence of other mechanism than the adsorption on microbial cell surface, i.e. reduction to Np(IV).

Journal Articles

Direct accumulation pathway of radioactive cesium to fruit-bodies of edible mushroom from contaminated wood logs

Onuki, Toshihiko; Aiba, Yukitoshi*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.29866_1 - 29866_6, 2016/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:29.52(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We here first report the direct accumulation pathway of radioactive Cs from contaminated wood logs to the fruit-bodies of shiitake mushrooms through the basal portion of the stipe by using $$gamma$$ spectroscopy, autoradiography, and X-ray micro CT techniques.

Journal Articles

Fungus-promoted transformation of lanthanides during the biooxidation of divalent manganese

Yu, Q.; Onuki, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tani, Yukinori*

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, p.1 - 12, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:60.18(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Although microorganisms possess high sorption capability for lanthanides (Lns), their biological response affecting Lns migration is unclear. We investigated the effects of microbial activity on transformation of Lns by contact of Lns with Aeremonium strictum under metabolically active condition with Mn(II). A biomolecule that specifically complex to Ce(IV) was found to be released from the fungal cell, facilitating the desorption of Ce(IV) from Mn oxide. This biomolecule was not associated with any other trivalent Lns or Fe, which differed from those non-nuclide-specific organic substances released from resting cells, as reported previously.

Journal Articles

Sorption of trivalent cerium by a mixture of microbial cells and manganese oxides; Effect of microbial cells on the oxidation of trivalent cerium

Onuki, Toshihiko; Jiang, M.*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Yu, Q.; Tanaka, Kazuya; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Xia, X.*; Yange, K.*; et al.

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 163, p.1 - 13, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:56.71(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

The association of Ce(III) with the microbial cell surface and the formation of Ce phosphate nano-particles are responsible for suppressing the oxidation of Ce(III) to Ce(IV) in the mixtures.

Journal Articles

Effect of minerals on accumulation of Cs by fungus ${{it Saccaromyces cerevisiae}}$

Onuki, Toshihiko; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Kozai, Naofumi; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Watanabe, Naoko*; Kozaki, Tamotsu*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 144, p.127 - 133, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:27.95(Environmental Sciences)

The accumulation of Cs by unicellular fungus of ${{it Saccaromyces cerevisiae}}$ in the presence of minerals has been studied to elucidate the role of microorganisms in the migration of radioactive Cs in the environment. In the presence of minerals in the agar medium, the radioactivity in the yeast cells was in the order of mica $$>$$ smectite, illite $$>>$$ vermiculite, phlogopite, zeolite. This order is inversely correlated to the ratio of the concentration of radioactive Cs between the minerals and the medium solution. These results strongly suggest that the yeast accumulates radioactive Cs competitively with minerals.

Journal Articles

Effects of CeO$$_{2}$$ nanoparticles on microbial metabolism

Masaki, Shota*; Shiotsu, Hiroyuki; Onuki, Toshihiko; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*

Chemical Geology, 391, p.33 - 41, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:32.29(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Distinct organic species and intracellular proteins were expressed after exposure of yeast cells to CeNPs. Although cytotoxicity was not caused by CeNPs, the results of the peptide mass fingerprint analysis of the intracellular protein revealed that Eno2p, a glycolysis enzyme, was expressed after the exposure to CeNPs. These results suggest that nanoparticles have the potential to alter microbial metabolism, leading to changes in the compositions of the released substances in the surrounding environment.

Journal Articles

Radioactive fallout cesium in sewage sludge ash produced after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident

Kozai, Naofumi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Aoyagi, Noboru; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Onuki, Toshihiko

Water Research, 68, p.616 - 626, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:61.85(Engineering, Environmental)

The radioactive fallout cesium ($$^{137}$$Cs) in the sewage sludge ashes (SSAs) produced after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident was tested. Two of tested five SSAs contained $$^{137}$$Cs above the radioactivity criterion for controlled landfill disposal in Japan. The minerals of SSAs are divided into two groups: an HCl-soluble phase mainly composed of phosphates and metal oxides; and silicates. The majority of $$^{137}$$Cs was contained in the HCl-soluble phase. Among the HCl-soluble subphases, Fe-bearing phases, probably iron oxides, were mainly responsible for $$^{137}$$Cs retention. Pre-pulverizing SSAs and heating them in an aqueous HCl was the most effective method of dissolving the HCl-soluble phase. The radioactivity concentrations of $$^{137}$$Cs in all the HCl-treatment residues were below the criterion. This residue was mostly composed of silicates. Static leaching tests of the residue revealed that $$^{137}$$Cs is very stably immobilized in the silicates.

Journal Articles

Determination of local-area distribution and relocation of radioactive cesium in trees from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant by autoradiography analysis

Sakamoto, Fuminori; Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya; Yoshida, Zenko*; Namba, Kenji*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 12(4), p.257 - 266, 2013/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Adsorption behavior of lanthanide ions on nonbiological phospholipid membranes; A Model study using liposome

Yamasaki, Shinya; Shirai, Osamu*; Kano, Kenji*; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Onuki, Toshihiko

Chemistry Letters, 42(8), p.819 - 821, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:24.6(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The adsorption behavior of lanthanide ions (except for Pm) on liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol was examined to understand the interaction between lanthanide ions and the phosphoryl moiety of phospholipids. The adsorption of lanthanide ions increased with an increase in pH under the weakly acidic conditions. Selective adsorption with the local maximum at the Er$$^{3+}$$ ion and local minimum at the Er$$^{3+}$$ ion was observed, similar to the selective adsorption of the bacterial cell surface but different from that of orthophosphates. These results indicate that the adsorption of lanthanide on the phospholipid does not result from simple adsorption on orthophosphate functional groups but by the composition and molecular structure of the phospholipid. Our results strongly suggest that liposomes can be used as a simple biomembrane model without any biological activity for the study of adsorption of lanthanide ions.

Journal Articles

Biological change of chemical states of actinides and lanthanides; Effects of organic acids

Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Yoshida, Takahiro*

Energy Procedia, 39, p.175 - 182, 2013/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:85.19

Accumulation ability of actinides and lanthanides by microorganisms has been studied. In the presence of organic acids, reduced U(IV) by microorganism was still dissolved, and Ce(IV) was present by complexing with Fe-chelate agents, causing Ce anomaly in the adsorption of lanthanides series elements. We introduce the application of these ability to Cs remediation.

Journal Articles

Yeast genes involved in uranium tolerance and uranium accumulation; A Functional screening using the nonessential gene deletion collection

Sakamoto, Fuminori; Nankawa, Takuya; Onuki, Toshihiko; Fujii, Tsutomu*; Iefuji, Haruyuki*

Geomicrobiology Journal, 29(5), p.470 - 476, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:17.72(Environmental Sciences)

We screened 4908 non-essential gene deletion mutant yeast strains for uranium sensitivity and low accumulation by growth in agar medium containing uranium. All mutant strains grew successfully on agar media containing 0 or 0.5 mM uranium for one week at 30 centigrade. Thirteen strains with single gene deletions showed reduced growth in the agar medium containing 0.5 mM uranium and were identified as uranium-sensitive mutant strains. The phosphate transporter genes of PHO86, PHO84, PHO2, and PHO87 were among the deleted genes in the uranium-sensitive mutant strains, suggesting that genes concerned with phosphate transport contribute to uranium tolerance. Seventeen single-deletion strains showed lower uranium accumulation than the wild-type after exposure to agar medium containing 0.5 mM uranium, and were identified as mutant strains with low uranium accumulation.

122 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)