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Journal Articles

Study of catalytic reaction at electrode-electrolyte interfaces by a CV-XAFS method

Kusano, Shogo*; Matsumura, Daiju; Asazawa, Koichiro*; Kishi, Hirofumi*; Sakamoto, Tomokazu*; Yamaguchi, Susumu*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Mizuki, Junichiro*

Journal of Electronic Materials, 46(6), p.3634 - 3638, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:87.14(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Negative correlation between electrical response and domain size in a Ti-composition-gradient Pb[(Mg$$_{1/3}$$Nb$$_{2/3}$$)$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_{x}$$]O$$_{3}$$ crystal near the morphotropic phase boundary

Shimizu, Daisuke*; Tsukada, Shinya*; Matsuura, Masato*; Sakamoto, Junya*; Kojima, Seiji*; Namikawa, Kazumichi*; Mizuki, Junichiro; Owada, Kenji

Physical Review B, 92(17), p.174121_1 - 174121_5, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:53.97(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The phase diagram and the relationship between the crystal coherence length and electrical response of Pb[(Mg$$_{1/3}$$Nb$$_{2/3}$$)$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_{x}$$]O$$_{3}$$ (PMN-xPT) near the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) have been precisely investigated using a single crystal with a Ti composition gradient by synchrotron X-ray diffraction and inelastic light scattering at room temperature. The crystal has two boundaries at Ti compositions of 29.0 mol% and 34.7 mol% which correspond to the phase boundaries between the monoclinic B (MB) and C (MC) phases and between the MC and tetragonal (T) phases, respectively. It is shown that there is a strong negative correlation between the electrical response and the crystal coherence length at the sub-$$mu$$m scale. The results are explained by the size effects of domains near the MPB.

Journal Articles

Progress of divertor simulation research toward the realization of detached plasma using a large tandem mirror device

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Oki, Kensuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.537 - 540, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:8.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of divertor simulation research in the GAMMA 10/PDX tandem mirror

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Oki, Kensuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; et al.

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

Present status of linear plasma devices and issues on DEMO divertor design

Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Ono, Noriyasu*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Hoshino, Kazuo

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 90(8), p.473 - 479, 2014/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Divertor, scrape off layer and plasma-wall interactions

Nakano, Tomohide; Sakamoto, Mizuki*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 88(11), p.672 - 674, 2012/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Eddy current-adjusted plasma shape reconstruction by Cauchy condition surface method on QUEST

Nakamura, Kazuo*; Jiang, Y.*; Liu, X.*; Mitarai, Osamu*; Kurihara, Kenichi; Kawamata, Yoichi; Sueoka, Michiharu; Hasegawa, Makoto*; Tokunaga, Kazutoshi*; Zushi, Hideki*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.1080 - 1084, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:61.89(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Structural changes in surface and bulk LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$ during electrochemical reaction on epitaxial thin-film electrodes characterized by ${it in situ}$ X-ray scattering

Sakamoto, Kazuyuki*; Hirayama, Masaaki*; Konishi, Hiroaki*; Sonoyama, Noriyuki*; Dupr$'e$, N.*; Guyomard, D.*; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Mizuki, Junichiro; Kanno, Ryoji*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 12(15), p.3815 - 3823, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:25.57(Chemistry, Physical)

Surface and bulk structural changes of LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$ were investigated during electrochemical reaction using synchrotron X-ray scattering and a restricted reaction plane consisting of two dimensional epitaxial-film electrodes. The changes in bulk structure confirmed lithium diffusion through the (110) surface, which was perpendicular to the two-dimensional (2D) edges of the layered structure. No (de)intercalation reaction was observed through the (003) surface at voltages of 3.0-5.0 V. However, intercalation did proceed through the (003) plane below 3.0 V, indicating unusual three-dimensional (3D) lithium diffusion in the over-lithiated 2D structure. During the electrochemical process, the surface of the electrode showed different structure changes from those of the bulk structure. The reaction echanism of the intercalation electrodes for lithium batteries is discussed on the basis of surface and bulk structural changes.

Journal Articles

Surface structure of LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$; A New experimental technique using in situ X-ray diffraction and two-dimensional epitaxial film electrodes

Sakamoto, Kazuyuki*; Hirayama, Masaaki*; Sonoyama, Noriyuki*; Mori, Daisuke*; Yamada, Atsuo*; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Mizuki, Junichiro; Kanno, Ryoji*

Chemistry of Materials, 21(13), p.2632 - 2640, 2009/05

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:27.86(Chemistry, Physical)

Surface and bulk structural changes in LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ were observed during electrochemical reactions using synchrotron X-ray scattering and a restricted reaction plane of two-dimensional (2D) epitaxial-film electrodes. The bulk structural changes confirmed lithium diffusion through the (110) surface, which is perpendicular to the 2D edges of the layered structure. No (de)intercalation reaction was observed through the (003) surface in the voltage range of 3.0-5.0 V. However, intercalation proceeded below 3.0 V, which indicates unusual three-dimensional lithium diffusion in the 2D structure in the overlithiated state. Structural changes at the electrode surface were different from those in the bulk.

Journal Articles

Application study of a plasma shape reproduction system based on the Cauchy-condition surface (CCS) method considering plasma real-time control

Kurihara, Kenichi; Kawamata, Yoichi; Sueoka, Michiharu; Wang, F.*; Nakamura, Kazuo*; Mitarai, Osamu*; Sato, Konosuke*; Zushi, Hideki*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; et al.

Kyushu Daigaku Oyo Rikigaku Kenkyujo RIAM Foramu 2008 Koen Yoshi, p.66 - 69, 2008/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of electrode/electrolyte interface using ${it in situ}$ X-ray reflectometry and LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ epitaxial film electrode synthesized by pulsed laser deposition method

Hirayama, Masaaki*; Sakamoto, Kazuyuki*; Hiraide, Tetsuya*; Mori, Daisuke*; Yamada, Atsuo*; Kanno, Ryoji*; Sonoyama, Noriyuki*; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Mizuki, Junichiro

Electrochimica Acta, 53(2), p.871 - 881, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:35.43(Electrochemistry)

An ${it in situ}$ experimental technique was developed for detecting structure changes at the electrode/electrolyte interface of lithium cell using synchrotron X-ray reflectometry and two-dimensional model electrodes with a restricted lattice plane. The electrode was constructed with an epitaxial film of LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ synthesized by the pulsed laser deposition method. These films provided an ideal reaction field suitable for detecting structure changes at the electrode/electrolyte interface during the electrochemical reaction. The X-ray reflectometry indicated a formation of a thin-film layer at the LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ (1 1 0)/electrolyte interface during the first charge-discharge cycle, while the LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ (0 0 3) surface showed an increase in the surface roughness without forming the surface thin-film layer.

Journal Articles

Mechanistic study on lithium intercalation using a restricted reaction field in LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$

Sakamoto, Kazuyuki*; Konishi, Hiroaki*; Sonoyama, Noriyuki*; Yamada, Atsuo*; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Mizuki, Junichiro; Kanno, Ryoji*

Journal of Power Sources, 174(2), p.678 - 682, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:45.08(Chemistry, Physical)

Structure changes of LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$ were detected at the electrode/electrolyte interface of lithium cell using synchrotron X-ray scattering and two-dimensional model electrodes. The electrodes were constructed by an epitaxial film of LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$ synthesized by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method. The orientation of the film depends on the substrate plane; the 2D layer of LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$ is parallel to the SrTiO$$_{3}$$(1 1 0) substrate ((1 1 0) LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$//(1 1 0) SrTiO$$_{3}$$), while the 2D layer is perpendicular to the SrTiO$$_{3}$$(1 1 1) substrate ((0 0 3) LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$//(1 1 1) SrTiO$$_{3}$$). The ${it in situ}$ X-ray diffraction of LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$(0 0 3) confirmed three-dimensional lithium diffusion through the two-dimensional transition meal layers. The intercalation reaction of LiNi$$_{0.5}$$Mn$$_{0.5}$$O$$_{2}$$ will be discussed.

Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

Magnetic sensor dependence of CCS method to reproduce ST plasma shape

Wang, F.*; Nakamura, Kazuo*; Mitarai, Osamu*; Kurihara, Kenichi; Kawamata, Yoichi; Sueoka, Michiharu; Sato, Konosuke*; Zushi, Hideki*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; et al.

Kyushu Daigaku Oyo Rikigaku Kenkyujo RIAM Foramu 2006 Koen Yoshi, p.138 - 141, 2006/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Overview of the national centralized tokamak programme

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Fujita, Takaaki; Takase, Yuichi*; Sakurai, Shinji; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kurita, Genichi; Morioka, Atsuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S29 - S38, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:54.28(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The National Centralized Tokamak (NCT) facility program is a domestic research program for advanced tokamak research to succeed JT-60U incorporating Japanese university accomplishments. The mission of NCT is to establish high beta steady-state operation for DEMO and to contribute to ITER. The machine flexibility and mobility is pursued in aspect ratio and shape controllability, feedback control of resistive wall modes, wide current and pressure profile control capability for the demonstration of the high-b steady state.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and control scenario for steady-state high-beta operation in national centralized tokamak

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1599 - 1605, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:89.16(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of national centralized tokamak facility for the demonstration of steady state high-$$beta$$ plasma operation

Tamai, Hiroshi; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ichimura, Makoto*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1676 - 1683, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:50.76(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design studies are shown on the National Centralized Tokamak facility. The machine design is carried out to investigate the capability for the flexibility in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-beta steady state operation with nation-wide collaboration, in parallel with ITER towards DEMO. Two designs are proposed and assessed with respect to the physics requirements such as confinement, stability, current drive, divertor, and energetic particle confinement. The operation range in the aspect ratio and the plasma shape is widely enhanced in consistent with the sufficient divertor pumping. Evaluations of the plasma performance towards the determination of machine design are presented.

Journal Articles

Progress in physics and technology developments for the modification of JT-60

Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurita, Genichi; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Urata, Kazuhiro*; Miura, Yushi; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Morioka, Atsuhiko; Kudo, Yusuke; et al.

Plasma Science and Technology, 6(1), p.2141 - 2150, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:92.85(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The dominant issue for the the modification program of JT-60 (JT-60SC) is to demonstrate the steady state reactor relevant plasma operation. Physics design on plasma parameters, operation scenarios, and the plasma control method are investigated for the achievement of high-$$beta$$. Engineering design and the R&D on the superconducting magnet coils, radiation shield, and vacuum vessel are performed. Recent progress in such physics and technology developments is presented.

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Chujo, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Cho, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:27.44(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

35 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)