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Journal Articles

Evaluation of doped potassium concentrations in stacked two-Layer graphene using real-time XPS

Ogawa, Shuichi*; Tsuda, Yasutaka; Sakamoto, Tetsuya*; Okigawa, Yuki*; Masuzawa, Tomoaki*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Abukawa, Tadashi*; Yamada, Takatoshi*

Applied Surface Science, 605, p.154748_1 - 154748_6, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:55.05(Chemistry, Physical)

Immersion of graphene in KOH solution improves its mobility on SiO$$_{2}$$/Si wafers. This is thought to be due to electron doping by modification with K atoms, but the K atom concentration C$$_{K}$$ in the graphene has not been clarified yet. In this study, the C$$_{K}$$ was determined by XPS analysis using high-brilliance synchrotron radiation. The time evolution of C$$_{K}$$ was determined by real-time observation, and the C$$_{K}$$ before irradiation of synchrotron radiation was estimated to be 0.94%. The C 1s spectrum shifted to the low binding energy side with the desorption of K atoms. This indicates that the electron doping concentration into graphene is decreasing, and it is experimentally confirmed that K atoms inject electrons into graphene.

Journal Articles

Roles of excess minority carrier recombination and chemisorbed O$$_{2}$$ species at SiO$$_{2}$$/Si interfaces in Si dry oxidation; Comparison between p-Si(001) and n-Si(001) surfaces

Tsuda, Yasutaka; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Ogawa, Shuichi*; Sakamoto, Tetsuya*; Yamamoto, Yoshiki*; Yamamoto, Yukio*; Takakuwa, Yuji*

Journal of Chemical Physics, 157(23), p.234705_1 - 234705_21, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Observation of chemisorbed O$$_2$$ molecule at SiO$$_2$$/Si(001) interface during Si dry oxidation

Tsuda, Yasutaka; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Ogawa, Shuichi*; Sakamoto, Tetsuya*; Takakuwa, Yuji*

e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology (Internet), 21(1), p.30 - 39, 2022/11

Journal Articles

High reactivity of H$$_{2}$$O vapor on GaN surfaces

Sumiya, Masatomo*; Sumita, Masato*; Tsuda, Yasutaka; Sakamoto, Tetsuya; Sang, L.*; Harada, Yoshitomo*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 23(1), p.189 - 198, 2022/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:63.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

GaN is an attracting material for power-electronic devices. Understanding the oxidation at GaN surface is important for improving metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) devices. In this study, the oxidation at GaN surfaces depending on the GaN crystal planes (+c, -c, and m-plane) was investigated by real time XPS and DFT-MD simulation. We found that H$$_{2}$$O vapor has the highest reactivity due to the spin interaction between H$$_{2}$$O and GaN surfaces. The bond length between the Ga and N on the -c GaN surface was increased by OH attacking the back side of three-fold Ga atom. The chemisorption on the m-plane was dominant. The intense reactions of oxidation and Al$$_{x}$$Ga$$_{1-x}$$N formation for p-GaN were observed at the interface of the Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ layer deposited by ALD using H$$_{2}$$O vapor. This study suggests that an oxidant gas other than H$$_{2}$$O and O$$_{2}$$ should be used to avoid unintentional oxidation during Al$$_{x}$$Ga$$_{1-x}$$N atomi layer deposition.

Journal Articles

Oxidation of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) surface using supersonic seeded oxygen molecular beam

Katsube, Daiki*; Ono, Shinya*; Takayanagi, Shuhei*; Ojima, Shoki*; Maeda, Motoyasu*; Origuchi, Naoki*; Ogawa, Arata*; Ikeda, Natsuki*; Aoyagi, Yoshihide*; Kabutoya, Yuito*; et al.

Langmuir, 37(42), p.12313 - 12317, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:9.81(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the oxidation of oxygen vacancies at the surface of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) using supersonic seeded molecular beam (SSMB) of oxygen. The oxygen vacancies at the top-surface and sub-surface could be eliminated by the supply of oxygen using an SSMB. These results indicate that the interstitial vacancies can be mostly assigned to oxygen vacancies, which can be effectively eliminated by using an oxygen SSMB. Oxygen vacancies are present on the surface of anatase TiO$$_{2}$$(001) when it is untreated before transfer to a vacuum chamber. These vacancies, which are stable in the as-grown condition, could also be effectively eliminated using the oxygen SSMB.

Journal Articles

Development of a pulsed neutron three-dimensional imaging system using a highly sensitive image-intensifier at J-PARC

Segawa, Mariko; Oi, Motoki; Kai, Tetsuya; Shinohara, Takenao; Kureta, Masatoshi; Sakamoto, Kensaku; Imaki, Tadashi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 769, p.97 - 104, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.04(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Operation status of interlock system of Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Watanabe, Akihiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; Higemoto, Wataru; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.264 - 267, 2014/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

First neutron production utilizing J-PARC pulsed spallation neutron source JSNS and neutronic performance demonstrated

Maekawa, Fujio; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Teshigawara, Makoto; Kai, Tetsuya; Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 620(2-3), p.159 - 165, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:73 Percentile:97.77(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The J-PARC 1-MW pulsed spallation neutron source JSNS was successfully launched on 30th of May 2008. To demonstrate the unique features of the moderator design and the neutronic performance of JSNS the neutron spectral intensity, absolute neutron flux, and time structure of the neutron pulse shapes etc have been measured using several neutron instruments since then. The measured energy spectra clearly revealed the feature of the para-hydrogen, as expected when designing the moderator. The measured neutron flux below 0.4 eV agreed with the corresponding design value within $$pm$$20%, thus suggesting that the JSNS design calculations to have been reliable. World-class high-resolution diffraction data could be recorded due to the suitability of design of the moderators and the instruments. Another world-class high-intensity neutron flux was also capable of being demonstrated due to the unique design of the large cylindrical coupled moderator.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual study of $$^{99}$$Mo production facility in JMTR

Iimura, Koichi; Hosokawa, Jinsaku; Kanno, Masaru; Kitajima, Toshio; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Sakamoto, Taichi; Hori, Naohiko; Kawamura, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2008-035, 47 Pages, 2008/06


At Oarai Research and Development Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) advances the plan of refurbishing Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) to start the operation in fiscal 2011. As part of effective use for JMTR, JAEA is planning to product $$^{99}$$Mo, which is a parent nuclide of $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc. $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc is most commonly used as a radiopharmaceutical in the field of nuclear medicine. Currently the supplying of $$^{99}$$Mo is only depend on imports from foreign countries, so JAEA is aiming at domestic production of a part of $$^{99}$$Mo in cooperation with the industrial circles. In this article, JAEA described the process, the choice and fabric of the irradiation facilities for $$^{99}$$Mo production, the technical study of commercializing equipment after irradiation, and the cost study for $$^{99}$$Mo production.

Journal Articles

Characterization of electrode/electrolyte interface using ${it in situ}$ X-ray reflectometry and LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ epitaxial film electrode synthesized by pulsed laser deposition method

Hirayama, Masaaki*; Sakamoto, Kazuyuki*; Hiraide, Tetsuya*; Mori, Daisuke*; Yamada, Atsuo*; Kanno, Ryoji*; Sonoyama, Noriyuki*; Tamura, Kazuhisa; Mizuki, Junichiro

Electrochimica Acta, 53(2), p.871 - 881, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:65.23(Electrochemistry)

An ${it in situ}$ experimental technique was developed for detecting structure changes at the electrode/electrolyte interface of lithium cell using synchrotron X-ray reflectometry and two-dimensional model electrodes with a restricted lattice plane. The electrode was constructed with an epitaxial film of LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ synthesized by the pulsed laser deposition method. These films provided an ideal reaction field suitable for detecting structure changes at the electrode/electrolyte interface during the electrochemical reaction. The X-ray reflectometry indicated a formation of a thin-film layer at the LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ (1 1 0)/electrolyte interface during the first charge-discharge cycle, while the LiNi$$_{0.8}$$Co$$_{0.2}$$O$$_{2}$$ (0 0 3) surface showed an increase in the surface roughness without forming the surface thin-film layer.

Journal Articles

Upgrade program of ECRH system for GAMMA10

Imai, Tsuyoshi*; Tatematsu, Yoshinori*; Numakura, Tomoharu*; Sakamoto, Keishi; Minami, Ryutaro*; Watanabe, Osamu*; Kariya, Tsuyoshi*; Mitsunaka, Yoshika*; Kamata, Yasuhiro*; Machida, Norihito*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 51(2T), p.208 - 212, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:55.49(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characteristics of 28 GHz gyrotron for ECRH on GAMMA10

Kamata, Yasuhiro*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; Tatematsu, Yoshinori*; Watanabe, Osamu*; Minami, Ryutaro*; Saito, Teruo*; Sakamoto, Keishi; Kariya, Tsuyoshi*; Mitsunaka, Yoshika*; Machida, Norihito*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 51(2T), p.412 - 414, 2007/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced design of high-intensity beam transport line in J-PARC

Sakamoto, Shinichi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Harada, Masahide; Konno, Chikara; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Kai, Tetsuya; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.638 - 641, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:50.82(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Materials and Life Science Facility of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is an experimental facility where neutron and muon beams are provided as powerful probes. They are generated with high-intensity proton beam supplied through a 3-GeV proton beam transport (3NBT) line. Its beam optics and components were designed to transport the proton beam of large emittance with extremely low loss rate. The 3NBT accommodates an intermediate target that causes large beam loss. The scheme of the cascade target system was carefully devised to overcome difficulties due to high radiation.

Journal Articles

Development of beam monitor DAQ system for 3NBT at J-PARC

Oi, Motoki; Kai, Tetsuya; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Sakai, Kenji; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Kaminaga, Masanori; Kato, Takashi; Kato, Tadahiko*

Europhysics Conference Abstracts, 29J, 6 Pages, 2005/00

The 3GeV proton beam transport facility (3NBT) is a high-intensity proton beam line from the 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) to the Material and Life science Facility (MLF) at Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). In order to allow hands-on maintenance, a design criterion has been that the average beam loss at 3NBT be less than 1W/m. The systems for beam monitoring and magnet power control play an important role. In J-PARC, the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) [1] will be used for the main control system. For the proton beam monitor system of 3NBT, EPICS is used and it has to work at 25Hz. In this study, a data acquisition system for the proton beam monitors is presented that has been developed with EPICS. Its performance has been investigated under 25Hz frequency condition.

JAEA Reports

Design report on the 3-GeV proton beam transport facility (3NBT) of High Intensity Proton Accelerator facility (J-PARC)

Sakamoto, Shinichi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Konno, Chikara; Kai, Tetsuya; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Harada, Masahide; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Kaneko, Naokatsu*; Muto, Suguru*; Ono, Takehiro*; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2004-020, 332 Pages, 2004/03


One of the experimental facilities in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF), where high-intensity neutron beams and muon beams are used as powerful probes for materials science, life science and related engineering. The neutrons and muons are generated with high-intensity proton beam from 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). The high-intensity proton beam has to be effectively transported, and a neutron production target and a muon production target have to be also properly irradiated. The principal design of the 3-GeV proton beam transport facility (3NBT) is systematized.

Journal Articles

Development of 972MHz klystron for high-intensity proton accelerator facility

Chishiro, Etsuji; Kobayashi, Tetsuya; Yamazaki, Masayoshi*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Hori, Toshihiko*; Sakamoto, Mitsunori*; Urakata, Hiroto*; Miyake, Setsuo*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Anami, Shozo*

Proceedings of 21st International Linac Conference, p.455 - 457, 2003/00

In the lilac of the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Facility, 972MHz klystrons are adopted as the RF source for the acceleration from 190MeV to 400MeV. The klystron is required the RF power of 2.5 MW to drive the ACS accelerator. A prototype klystron was produced, and was evaluated the RF characteristics at the test stand in the JAERI. At the first test, a saturation power of 2.1 MW was obtain on the cathode voltage of 104kV, and an unstable output power causing by a gun oscillation was observed.

Journal Articles

Design of an anti-compton spectrometer for low-level radioactive wastes using Monte Carlo techniques

Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Oishi, Tetsuya; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sakamoto, Ryuichi; Yoshida, Makoto

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(9), p.957 - 963, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:23.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An anti-Compton spectrometer with semi-2$$pi$$ Compton suppression is designed to identify the photons emitted from low-level radioactive wastes from radioisotope usage and nuclear research laboratory. Since the objective sample is massive and large, the system has a full opening towards the sample position. The characteristics and features of the system concerning Compton suppression and reduction of the background component due to natural radioactive source are estimated by the Monte Carlo simulations. The anti-Compton technique is shown to be quite advantageous for the reduction of the surrounding natural background radiation, as well as the suppression of the background for the higher energy photons.

Journal Articles

Simulation of the background for $$gamma$$ detection system in the indoor environments of concrete buildings

Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Oishi, Tetsuya; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sakamoto, Ryuichi; Yoshida, Makoto

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 38(12), p.1109 - 1114, 2001/12

In order to predict the indoor background spectra to gamma detection systems, the gamma radiation field in a concrete building is studied by the Monte Carlo simulations. The parameters of wall thickness, room shape and dimensions were considered in the modeling. The indoor source geometry was simulated by a spherical layer model with the intention of easy and effective calculations. The model was applied to an unshielded germanium detector and the detection system with a more complex shielding configuration. As the results, we found that the indoor radiation field in concrete buildings can be predicted well with the source geometry of a spherical concrete layer of 25cm thickness and with the source of the natural major three components of the $$^{238}$$U series, $$^{232}$$Th series and $$^{40}$$K that are homogeneously distributed. The simulation model is useful for designing and optimizing gamma detection systems or shielding assemblies.

Oral presentation

Completion of J-PARC 1MW pulsed spallation neutron source proton beam transport facility

Meigo, Shinichiro; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Kai, Tetsuya; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Oi, Motoki; Ono, Takehiro; Ikezaki, Kiyomi; Shinomiya, Kenji; Sakamoto, Shinichi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Beam transport to the proton beam dump at J-PARC 3GeV proton transport facility

Oi, Motoki; Kai, Tetsuya; Ono, Takehiro; Ikezaki, Kiyomi; Haraguchi, Tetsuya; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Meigo, Shinichiro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

38 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)