Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 152

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Development of a bump cathode element for two-dimensional neutron detection

To, Kentaro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; Yamagishi, Hideshi*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(12), p.C12011_1 - C12011_8, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A neutron-detection element using circular cathode bumps was developed for two-dimensional neutron measurement, and an irradiation experiment was performed using a $$^{252}$$Cf neutron source. The element has triangularly arranged small-sized circular cathode bumps, and the bumps are linked together in the x- and y-directions for the detection of incident neutrons. The element was arranged in the pressure vessel with a fill gas of composition He/(15%)CF$$_{4}$$ at 0.7 MPa. The detector system using bump cathode element exhibited a two-dimensional uniformity with a response of 10.1%. The average intrinsic spatial resolution was 1.89 mm full width at half maximum in the sensitive region, calculated by taking into account the track lengths of the secondary particles.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

Journal Articles

Development of alternative $$^3$$He NDA detector system

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Sakasai, Kaoru; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(11), p.642 - 646, 2016/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characteristics of radiation-resistant real-time neutron monitor for accelerator-based BNCT

Nakamura, Takemi; Sakasai, Kaoru; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Takamiya, Koichi*; Kumada, Hiroaki*

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 41(2), p.105 - 109, 2016/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Ceramic-insulated ball-anode element for two-dimensional neutron detector

To, Kentaro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; Yamagishi, Hideshi*

Proceedings of 2016 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2016) (Internet), 2 Pages, 2016/00

A ceramic-insulated ball-anode (CiB) element that consists of a ceramic insulator, cathode lines, ball-shaped anodes, and anode lines was developed, and an irradiation experiment was performed using a Cf-252 neutron source. An electric field simulation of CiB element was conducted and strong electric fields of more than 10$$^{7}$$ V/m was obtained by the calculation using the finite element method. The neutron-induced signals of all pixels were observed using 8 $$times$$ 8 pixel small-sized test element under Cf-252 neutron irradiation.

Journal Articles

Numerical evaluation of the light transport properties of alternative He-3 neutron detectors using ceramic scintillators

Ozu, Akira; Takase, Misao*; Haruyama, Mitsuo; Kurata, Noritaka*; Kobayashi, Nozomi*; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Sakasai, Kaoru; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 798, p.62 - 69, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:74.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The light transport properties of scintillator light inside alternative He-3 neutron detector modules using scintillator sheets have been investigated by a ray-tracing simulation code. The detector module consists of a light-reflecting tube, a thin rectangular ceramic scintillator sheet laminated on a glass plate, and two photo-multiplier tubes (PMTs) mounted at both ends of the detector tube. The light induced on the surface of the scintillator sheet via nuclear interaction between the scintillator and neutrons are detected by the two PMTs. The light output of various detector modules in which the scintillator sheets are installed with several different arrangements were examined and evaluated in comparison with experimental results. The results derived from the simulation reveal that the light transport property is strongly dependent on the arrangement of the scintillator sheet inside the tube and the shape of the tube.

Journal Articles

Development of a ceramic-insulated ball-anode element for neutron detection

To, Kentaro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamagishi, Hideshi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 784, p.194 - 197, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.11(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A novel ceramics insulated detector element was developed for neutron measurement. The developed detector element consists of a ceramics insulator, cathode lines on the insulator, and ball-shaped anodes. The incident neutrons are usually scattered by the detector element itself because it acts as scatterer. To estimate the effects of scattering, we calculated the amount of neutrons scattered by the developed element. By the calculation results by a Monte Carlo simulation using PHITS, it is found that the developed element is effective to reduce the scattered neutrons. The number of scattered neutrons of the developed element is 40% smaller than that of polymer insulated element, which is widely used in micro-pattern element. Finally, neutron-induced signals were clearly observed using the developed detector element.

Journal Articles

Two-dimensional gas-based neutron detector under high pressure gas condition

To, Kentaro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; Yamagishi, Hideshi*

Proceedings of 2015 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2015), 2 Pages, 2015/00

A two-dimensional gas-based neutron detector system that can be operated under high-pressure was developed, and an irradiation experiment was performed using a Cf-252 neutron source. The pressure vessel of the developed detector system has 256 feedthroughs insulated by alumina ceramics for neutron-induced signals and 6 connectors for high voltage. The vessel could withstand pressures of up to 0.8 MPa and with a helium leakage of less than 10$$^{-8}$$ Pam$$^{3}$$/s. The signals from neutrons clearly observed and can be discriminated from background signals such as $$gamma$$-ray and electrical noises. The flat-field image showed good homogeneity and an average gain spread of approximately 7.7%. The system exhibits a $$gamma$$-ray sensitivity of 1.1$$times$$10$$^{-7}$$.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of two-dimensional multiwire neutron detector with individual line readout under pulsed neutron irradiation

To, Kentaro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamagishi, Hideshi*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 9(11), p.C11019_1 - C11019_9, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:92.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A multiwire-type two-dimensional neutron detector system using individual line readout and optical signal transmission method is developed for use in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The sensitive area was 128 $$times$$ 128 mm$$^{2}$$ with a pitch of 1 mm in both directions (x and y), and the 256 signal lines are individually readout by signal-processing electronics. First irradiation experiments using pulsed neutrons are performed at the J-PARC/MLF. The developed detector could determine time-of-flight spectra and time-resolved two-dimensional images accurately with time range from 0 to 40 ms that arise from 25-Hz pulsed neutrons. Finally, the validity of the detector system is confirmed by a neutron reflectometry using Ni/Ti multilayer.

Journal Articles

Performance evaluation of high-pressure MWPC with individual line readout under Cf-252 neutron irradiation

To, Kentaro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamagishi, Hideshi*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 528, p.012045_1 - 012045_6, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:23.13

A multiwire proportional chamber (MWPC) neutron detector system is developed for use in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. In the developed MWPC system, a short response time and high spatial resolution can be obtained through the use of an individual line readout method. The developed system consists of a 256 channel detector element (x: 128 lines, y: 128 lines) equipped with a pressure vessel, amplifier-shaper-discriminator (ASD) boards, optical signal transmission devices, position encoders with field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and a data acquisition device. The measured uniformity of all pixels in the two-dimensional image was 7.9%. The average intrinsic spatial resolution was 1.55 mm full width at half-maximum in the sensitive region calculated by taking into account measured track lengths of secondary particles.

Journal Articles

Development and demonstration of a Pu NDA system using ZnS/$$^{10}$$B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator detectors

Nakamura, Hironobu; Ozu, Akira; Kobayashi, Nozomi*; Mukai, Yasunobu; Sakasai, Kaoru; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Kurita, Tsutomu; Seya, Michio

Proceedings of INMM 55th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2014/07

To establish an alternative technique of He-3 neutron detector that is used for nuclear material accountancy and safeguards, we have started an R&D project to develop a new type of neutron detector (Pu NDA system) using ZnS/$$^{10}$$B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator with support of Japanese government. The design of the alternative system (ASAS: Alternative Sample Assay System) is basically referenced from INVS (INVentory Sample assay system) which is passive neutron assay system of plutonium and has total 18 He-3 tubes (about 42% of counting efficiency), and the small amount of Pu in the MOX powder or Pu nitrate solution in a vial can be measured. In order to establish the technology and performance after the fabrication of the new detector progresses, we are planning to conduct demonstration activity in the early 2015 experimentally. The demonstration activity implements the confirmation of reproducibility about sample positioning, optimization of detector parameters, counting statistical uncertainty, stability (temperature and $$gamma$$-ray change) check and figure of merit (FOM) using check source and actual MOX powder. In addition to that, performance comparison between current INVS and the ASAS are also conducted. In this paper, we present some analytical study results using a Monte-Carlo simulation code (MCNP), entire ASAS design and demonstration plan to prove technology and performance.

Journal Articles

Neutron-sensitive ZnS/$$^{10}$$B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator detector as an alternative to a $$^{3}$$He-gas-based detector for a plutonium canister assay system

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Ozu, Akira; To, Kentaro; Sakasai, Kaoru; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Honda, Katsunori; Birumachi, Atsushi; Ebine, Masumi; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Takase, Misao; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 763, p.340 - 346, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:76.53(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A neutron-sensitive ZnS/$$^{10}$$B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator detector was developed as an alternative to a $$^{3}$$He-gas-based detector for use in a plutonium canister assay system. The detector has a modular structure, with a flat ZnS/$$^{10}$$B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ceramic scintillator strip that is installed diagonally inside a light-reflecting aluminium case with a square cross section. The prototype detectors, which have a neutron-sensitive area of 30 mm $$times$$ 250 mm, exhibited a sensitivity of 21.7-23.4 $$pm$$ 0.1 cps$$/$$nv for thermal neutrons, a $$^{137}$$Cs $$gamma$$-ray sensitivity of 1.1-1.9 $$pm $$0.2 $$times$$ 10$$^{-7}$$ and a count variation of less than 6% over the detector length. A trial experiment revealed a temperature coefficient of less than -0.24$$pm$$ 0.05% / $$^{circ}$$C over the temperature range of 20-50$$^{circ}$$C.

Journal Articles

A Position-sensitive tubular scintillator-based detector as an alternative to a $$^{3}$$He-gas-based detector for neutron-scattering instruments

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Katagiri, Masaki*; To, Kentaro; Honda, Katsunori; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Ebine, Masumi; Birumachi, Atsushi; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 741, p.42 - 46, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:51.32(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A position-sensitive tubular scintillator-based neutron detector is proposed as an alternative to a $$^{3}$$He-gas-based detector. The detector has a neutron-detecting element constructed from rolled ZnS/$$^{6}$$LiF scintillator screens that sandwich wavelength-shifting (WLS) fibre coils (SFC element). Multiple SFC elements are enclosed in an aluminium tube in a row to form a one-dimensional position-sensitive neutron detector. The design of the WLS fibre coil, which was determined by performing basic experiments, comprised two 0.75-mm-diameter WLS fibres wound in parallel at a pitch of 1.5 mm. A 64-element detector with a pixel size of 22 mm $$times$$ 20 mm (width $$times$$ length) successfully demonstrated the detection principle. The tubular shape of the new detector is similar to the usual 25-mm-diameter $$^{3}$$He tube, making this an alternative detector with the potential to be installed in a vacuum tank for inelastic-neutron-scattering instruments.

Journal Articles

A Scintillator-based detector with sub-100-$$mu$$m spatial resolution comprising a fibre-optic taper with wavelength-shifting fibre readout for time-of-flight neutron imaging

Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Kawasaki, Takuro; Honda, Katsunori; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Ebine, Masumi; Birumachi, Atsushi; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Katagiri, Masaki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 737, p.176 - 183, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:33.97(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Detector system of the $$SENJU$$ single-crystal time-of-flight neutron diffractometer at J-PARC/MLF

Kawasaki, Takuro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Hosoya, Takaaki*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Ebine, Masumi; Birumachi, Atsushi; Sakasai, Kaoru; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 735, p.444 - 451, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:18.24(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of light transport property in alternative He-3 neutron detectors using ceramic scintillators by a ray-tracing simulation

Ozu, Akira; Takase, Misao*; Kurata, Noritaka*; Kobayashi, Nozomi*; Tobita, Hiroshi; Haruyama, Mitsuo; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; To, Kentaro; et al.

Proceedings of 2014 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference; 21st International Symposium on Room-Temperature Semiconductor X-ray and $$gamma$$-ray detectors (NSS/MIC 2014), 5 Pages, 2014/00

In Japan Atomic Energy Agency, the helium-3 alternative neutron detector using ceramic scintillators for nuclear safeguards is under development with the support of the government. The alternative detector module consists of four components: an aluminum regular square tube, a light reflecting foil put on the inner surface of the square tube, a rectangular scintillator sheet sintered on a glass plate, and two PMTs provided at both ends of the tube. The scintillator sheet is fit on the diagonal inside the square tube. The light transport property of scintillator lights inside the tube influences on the fundamental performance of the alternative detector. Therefore, the properties of the lights emitted on the surface of the scintillator sheet and scintillation lights passing through the glass plate to the PMTs in several arrangements of the scintillator in the tubes were investigated with a ray-tracing simulation. The results are described in comparison with the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Development of an alternative plutonium canister assay system (APCA) using He-3 alternative neutron detector

Ozu, Akira; Kureta, Masatoshi; Haruyama, Mitsuo; Takase, Misao; Kurata, Noritaka; Kobayashi, Nozomi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; To, Kentaro; et al.

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-34-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2013/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of two-dimensional multiwire-type neutron detector system with individual line readout and optical signal transmission

To, Kentaro; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Hino, Masahiro*; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Yamagishi, Hideshi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 726, p.169 - 174, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:52.9(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A multiwire-type two-dimensional neutron detector system with a sensitive area of 128 $$times$$ 128 mm$$^{2}$$ is developed for use in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. The system can achieve a short response time and high spatial resolution using the individual line readout method. Optical devices have been incorporated in the system for long-distance signal transmission and insulation between a detector head in the neutron shielding and signal processing circuits in the data acquisition room. The detector system exhibits a pulse-pair resolution of 1 $$mu$$s, an average spatial resolution of less than 2 mm full width at half-maximum in the sensitive region, and a two-dimensional homogeneity of 8.3% in all pixels.

Journal Articles

Development plan of Pu NDA system using ZnS ceramic scintillator

Kureta, Masatoshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Seya, Michio; Ozu, Akira; Haruyama, Mitsuo; Takase, Misao; Sakasai, Kaoru; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-33-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2012/10

Alternative techniques to neutron detection by helium-3 for nuclear security and safeguards systems are necessary to be developed since helium-3 shortage is serious. With support of Japanese government (the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology), we have started an R&D project of Pu NDA system using ZnS ceramic scintillator. Here we present development plan, production of a new type of ZnS ceramic scintillator experimentally and basic design of a PCAS alternative Pu NDA system. We are planning the demonstration tests using the alternative NDA system comparing with the current PCAS in which the helium-3 counters are installed.

Journal Articles

Development plan of Pu NDA system using ZnS ceramic scintillator

Kureta, Masatoshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Seya, Michio; Ozu, Akira; Haruyama, Mitsuo; Takase, Misao; Sakasai, Kaoru; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro

Proceedings of INMM 53rd Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2012/07

Alternative techniques to neutron detection by helium-3 for nuclear security and safeguards systems are necessary to be developed since helium-3 shortage is serious. With support of Japanese government (the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology), we have started an R&D project of Pu NDA system using ZnS ceramic scintillator. Here we present development plan, production of a new type of ZnS ceramic scintillator experimentally and basic design of a PCAS alternative Pu NDA system. We are planning the demonstration tests using the alternative NDA system comparing with the current PCAS in which the helium-3 counters are installed.

152 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)