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Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:17.89(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

JAEA Reports

MVP/GMVP version 3; General purpose Monte Carlo codes for neutron and photon transport calculations based on continuous energy and multigroup methods (Translated document)

Nagaya, Yasunobu; Okumura, Keisuke; Sakurai, Takeshi; Mori, Takamasa

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-019, 450 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-019.pdf:4.43MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2016-019-hyperlink.zip:2.36MB

In order to realize fast and accurate Monte Carlo simulation of neutron and photon transport problems, two Monte Carlo codes MVP (continuous-energy method) and GMVP (multigroup method) have been developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The codes have adopted a vectorized algorithm and have been developed for vector-type supercomputers. They also support parallel processing with a standard parallelization library MPI and thus a speed-up of Monte Carlo calculations can be achieved on general computing platforms. The first and second versions of the codes were released in 1994 and 2005, respectively. They have been extensively improved and new capabilities have been implemented. The major improvements and new capabilities are as follows: (1) perturbation calculation for effective multiplication factor, (2) exact resonant elastic scattering model, (3) calculation of reactor kinetics parameters, (4) photo-nuclear model, (5) simulation of delayed neutrons, (6) generation of group constants, etc. This report describes the physical model, geometry description method used in the codes, new capabilities and input instructions.

JAEA Reports

MVP/GMVP version 3; General purpose Monte Carlo codes for neutron and photon transport calculations based on continuous energy and multigroup methods

Nagaya, Yasunobu; Okumura, Keisuke; Sakurai, Takeshi; Mori, Takamasa

JAEA-Data/Code 2016-018, 421 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2016-018.pdf:3.89MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2016-018-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:4.02MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2016-018-hyperlink.zip:1.94MB

In order to realize fast and accurate Monte Carlo simulation of neutron and photon transport problems, two Monte Carlo codes MVP (continuous-energy method) and GMVP (multigroup method) have been developed at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The codes have adopted a vectorized algorithm and have been developed for vector-type supercomputers. They also support parallel processing with a standard parallelization library MPI and thus a speed-up of Monte Carlo calculations can be achieved on general computing platforms. The first and second versions of the codes were released in 1994 and 2005, respectively. They have been extensively improved and new capabilities have been implemented. The major improvements and new capabilities are as follows: (1) perturbation calculation for effective multiplication factor, (2) exact resonant elastic scattering model, (3) calculation of reactor kinetics parameters, (4) photo-nuclear model, (5) simulation of delayed neutrons, (6) generation of group constants, etc. This report describes the physical model, geometry description method used in the codes, new capabilities and input instructions.

Journal Articles

Domain structure and electronic state in P3HT:PCBM blend thin films by soft X-ray resonant scattering

Kubota, Masato; Sakurai, Takeaki*; Miyadera, Tetsuhiko*; Nakao, Hironori*; Sugita, Takeshi*; Yoshida, Yuji*

Journal of Applied Physics, 120(16), p.165501_1 - 165501_5, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Applied)

We performed soft X-ray resonant scattering experiments on P3HT:PCBM blend thin films to reveal the domain structure and electronic state, where P3HT and PCBM mean regioregular poly (3-hexylthiophene) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-buteric acid methyl ester, respectively. We measured two films, where chloroform (CF sample) and 1,2-dichlorobenzene (DCB sample) are used as solvents in the fabrication process. There is negligible X-ray incident angle dependence of the X-ray absorption spectra at the S $$K$$-absorption edge in the CF sample, whereas the DCB sample exhibits clear incident angle dependence. We obtained the wave-number resolved spectra at $mbox{boldmath $Q$}$ = (1, 0, 0) for P3HT molecules in both samples. The packing growth of P3HT molecules is revealed to be much more developed in the DCB sample than the CF sample. In addition, the electronic structure at local sulfur element sites clearly changes for both of the samples.

JAEA Reports

Summary of instructor training program in FY2014 aiming at Asian countries introducing nuclear technologies for peaceful use (Contract program)

Hidaka, Akihide; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Watanabe, Yoko; Arai, Nobuyoshi; Sawada, Makoto; Kanaizuka, Seiichi*; Katogi, Aki; Shimada, Mayuka*; Ishikawa, Tomomi*; Ebine, Masako*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2016-011, 208 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA-Review-2016-011-01.pdf:33.85MB
JAEA-Review-2016-011-02.pdf:27.68MB

JAEA has been conducting the Instructor Training Program (ITP) since 1996 under the auspices of MEXT to contribute to human resource development in currently 11 Asian countries in the field of radiation utilization for seeking peaceful use of nuclear energy. ITP consists of Instructor Training Course (ITC), Follow-up Training Course (FTC) and Nuclear Technology Seminars. In the ITP, trainings or seminars relating to technology for nuclear utilization are held in Japan by inviting nuclear related people from Asian countries to Japan and after that, the past trainees are supported during FTC by dispatching Japanese specialists to Asian countries. News Letter is also prepared to provide the broad range of information obtained through the trainings for local people near NPPs in Japan. The present report describes the activities of FY2014 ITP and future challenges for improving ITP more effectively.

Journal Articles

Development of remote pipe welding tool for divertor cassettes in JT-60SA

Hayashi, Takao; Sakurai, Shinji; Sakasai, Akira; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Kono, Wataru*; Onawa, Toshio*; Matsukage, Takeshi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 101, p.180 - 185, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:85.07(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Remote pipe welding tool accessing from inside pipe has been newly developed for JT-60SA. Remote handling (RH) system is necessary for the maintenance and repair of in-vessel components such as lower divertor cassettes in JT-60SA. Cooling pipes, which connects between the divertor cassette and the vacuum vessel with bellows are required to be cut and welded in the vacuum vessel by RH system. The available space for RH system is very limited inside the vacuum vessel, especially around the divertor cassettes. Thus, the cooling pipes are required to be cut and weld from the inside in the vacuum vessel. The inner diameter, thickness and material of the cooling pipe are 54.2 mm, 2.8 mm and SUS316L, respectively. An upper pipe connected to the divertor cassette has a jut on the edge to fill the gap between pipes. Owing to the jut and two-times welding, the welding tool achieved the maximum allowable gap of 0.7 mm.

Journal Articles

Deformation-driven $$p$$-wave halos at the drip-line; $$^{31}$$Ne

Nakamura, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Nobuyuki*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Sato, Yoshiteru*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Gibelin, J.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_5, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:11.66(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Conceptual design study for active nondestructive assay system by photon interrogation for uranium-bearing waste with MVP code and evaluated photonuclear data

Sakurai, Takeshi; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Mori, Takamasa

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 2, p.318 - 329, 2011/10

Journal Articles

Measurement and analysis of reactivity worth of $$^{241}$$Am sample in water-moderated low-enriched UO$$_2$$ fuel lattices at TCA

Sakurai, Takeshi; Mori, Takamasa; Suzaki, Takenori*; Okajima, Shigeaki; Ando, Yoshihira*; Yamamoto, Toru*; Liem, P. H.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(5), p.816 - 825, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.38(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

A Conceptual design study for active nondestructive assay system by photon interrogation for uranium-bearing waste with MVP code and evaluated photonuclear data

Sakurai, Takeshi; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Mori, Takamasa

Proceedings of Joint International Conference of 7th Supercomputing in Nuclear Application and 3rd Monte Carlo (SNA + MC 2010) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2010/10

Journal Articles

Halo structure of the island of inversion nucleus $$^{31}$$Ne

Nakamura, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Nobuyuki*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Sato, Yoshiteru*; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Deguchi, Shigeki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Gibelin, J.*; Inabe, Naoto*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 103(26), p.262501_1 - 262501_4, 2009/12

 Times Cited Count:149 Percentile:2.63(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement and analysis of reactivity worth of $$^{237}$$Np sample in cores of TCA and FCA

Sakurai, Takeshi; Mori, Takamasa; Okajima, Shigeaki; Tani, Kazuhiro*; Suzaki, Takenori*; Saito, Masaki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 46(6), p.624 - 640, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:58.88(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA Reports

Benchmark experiments of MOX fueled LMFBR using FCA-XVII-1 core

Ando, Masaki; Iijima, Susumu*; Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Sakurai, Takeshi; Nemoto, Tatsuo*; Okajima, Shigeaki; Osugi, Toshitaka*; Ono, Akio; Hayasaka, Katsuhisa; Sodeyama, Hiroshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2006-006, 67 Pages, 2006/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2006-006.pdf:6.08MB

As a part of research and development of an advanced fueled fast reactor, we carried out benchmark experiments in the FCA-XVII-1 core with MOX simulating fuel to obtain reference data to be compared with those measured in the FCA-XVI-1 and XVI-2 cores simulating metallic fueled FBR. Following nuclear characteristics were measured in the experiments: Criticality, reaction rate ratio, sample reactivity worth, sodium void reactivity effect and $$^{238}$$U Doppler effect. Extra measurements were performed in modified FCA-XVII-1 cores to obtain experimental data for various reactor types: (1) Measurement of sodium void reactivity effect in various plutonium isotope compositions, (2) Measurement of sodium void reactivity effect in a core where axial blanket was replaced with a sodium layer and (3) Measurement of various nuclear characteristics in a nitride fuel region. This report describes methods and results of the above experiments and method of analysis.

Journal Articles

A Conceptual design study for active nondestructive assay technique by photon interrogation for uranium-bearing waste

Sakurai, Takeshi; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Mori, Takamasa

Monte Karuro Keisanho Kodoka No Genjo; Dai-3-Kai Monte Karuro Shimyureshon Kenkyukai Hobunshu, p.168 - 176, 2004/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Validation of minor actinide cross sections by studying samples irradiated for 492 days at the dounreay prototype fast reactor, 2; Burnup calculations

Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Kono, Nobuaki; Shinohara, Nobuo; Sakurai, Takeshi; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Mukaiyama, Takehiko; Raman, S.*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 144(2), p.129 - 141, 2003/06

To evaluate neutron cross-section data of minor actinides, separated actinide samples and dosimetry samples were irradiated at the Dounreay Prototype Fast Reactor for 492 effective full power days. Based on the burnup calculations of major actinide and dosimetry samples, the neutron flux distribution and the flux level were adjusted at the locations where minor actinide samples were irradiated. The burnup calculations were carried out for minor actinides using the determined flux distribution and flux level. This paper discusses the burnup calculations and the validation of minor actinide cross-section data in evaluated nuclear data libraries. We find that we can obtain reliable FIMA (fission per initial metallic atom) values by using the $$^{148}$$Nd method except that the uncertainties in the FIMA values are large for $$^{234}$$U, $$^{238}$$Pu, Am isotopes, and Cm isotopes because the $$^{148}$$Nd yields are known poorly for these isotopes and are probably overestimated. For these isotopes, measurements to improve the fission-yield data are needed. We also find that, in general, the JENDL-3.2 nuclear data for the minor actinides are adequate for the conceptual design study of transmutation systems. But, there are some nuclides (especially $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{242}$$Pu) for which new measurements are needed particulary if the minor actinides constitute a major part of the nuclear fuel.

Journal Articles

Validation of minor actinide cross sections by studying samples irradiated for 492 days at the dounreay prototype fast reactor, 1; Radiochemical analysis

Shinohara, Nobuo; Kono, Nobuaki; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Sakurai, Takeshi; Mukaiyama, Takehiko*; Raman, S.*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 144(2), p.115 - 128, 2003/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Validation of minor actinide cross sections by studying samples irradiated for 492 days at the dounreay prototype fast reactor, 1; Radiochemical analysis

Shinohara, Nobuo; Kono, Nobuaki; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Sakurai, Takeshi; Mukaiyama, Takehiko*; Raman, S.*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 144(2), p.115 - 128, 2003/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:46.86(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Validation of minor actinide cross sections by studying samples irradiated for 492 days at the dounreay prototype fast reactor, 2; Burnup calculations

Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Kono, Nobuaki; Shinohara, Nobuo; Sakurai, Takeshi; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Mukaiyama, Takehiko*; Raman, S.*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 144(2), p.129 - 141, 2003/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:40.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Adjustment of total delayed neutron yields of $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu by using results of in-pile measurements of effective delayed neutron fraction

Sakurai, Takeshi; Okajima, Shigeaki

Proceedings of International Conference on the New Frontiers of Nuclear Technology; Reactor Physics, Safety and High-Performance Computing (PHYSOR 2002) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2002/10

The cross section adjustment method was applied to total delayed neutron yields of $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu of the JENDL-3.2 file by using experimental results of effective delayed neutron fraction $$beta_{eff}$$ at six cores built in two fast critical facilities of the MASURCA and FCA and a thermal critical facility of the TCA to improve these yields. The adjustment was carried out on the yields given at several incident neutron energy points in the file. Furthermore, to validate these adjusted delayed neutron yields, analyses were performed for the $$beta_{eff}$$ experiments at ZPR fast critical facility. These adjusted yields brought a reduction of uncertainty of calculated $$beta_{eff}$$ and an improvement in agreement of $$beta_{eff}$$ between experiment and calculation.

Journal Articles

Diagnostics system of JT-60U

Sugie, Tatsuo; Hatae, Takaki; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fujita, Takaaki; Kusama, Yoshinori; Nishitani, Takeo; Isayama, Akihiko; Sato, Masayasu; Shinohara, Koji; Asakura, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.482 - 511, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:96.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The diagnostic system of JT-60U (JT-60upgrade) is composed of about 50 individual diagnostic devices. Recently, the detailed radial profile measurements of plasma parameters have been improved, so that the internal structure of plasmas has been explored. The understanding of plasma confinement has been enhanced by density and temperature fluctuation measurements using a mm-wave reflectometer and electron cyclotron emission measurements respectively. In addition, the real-time control experiments of electron density, neutron yield, radiated power and electron temperature gradient have been carried out successfully by corresponding diagnostic devices. These measurements and the real time control contribute to improving plasma performance. Diagnostic devices for next generation fusion devices such as a CO2 laser interferometer/polarimeter and a CO2 laser collective Thomson scattering system have been developed.

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