Sasaki, Shinji; Maeda, Koji; Furuya, Hirotaka*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(3), p.276 - 282, 2018/03
Sasaki, Shinji; Tanno, Takashi; Maeda, Koji
Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2017/00
During irradiation in a fast reactor, the microstructure change of the mixed oxide fuels and the changes of element distributions occur because of a radial temperature gradient. Therefore, it is important to study the irradiation behavior of MA-MOX for advancement of fast reactor fuels. In order to make detailed observations of microstructure and elemental analyses of MA-MOX, irradiated MA-MOX specimens were carried out PIE by using a FE-SEM equipped with WDX. Because fuel samples have high radio activities and emit alpha-particles, the instrument was modified. the instrument was installed in a lead shield box and the control unit was separately located outside the box. The microstructure changes were observed in irradiated MA-MOX specimen. The characteristic X-rays peaks were detected successfully. By measuring the intensities of characteristic X-rays, it was tried quantitative analysis of U, Pu, Am along radial direction of irradiated specimen.
Isozaki, Misaki; Sasaki, Shinji; Maeda, Koji; Katsuyama, Kozo
JAEA-Technology 2015-058, 28 Pages, 2016/03
During irradiation in the fast reactor "JOYO", the changes of fuel structures with the formation of central void occur in the uranium-plutonium mixed oxide fuels (MOX fuels) because of radial temperature gradient. The changes of element (U, Pu, and so on) distributions along radial direction proceed from these changes. Therefore, it is important to study the changes of fuel structures of the minute area in fuel pellet and the changes of element distribution behavior for development of fast reactor fuels. In order to make detailed observations of microstructure and elemental analyses of fuel samples, a field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) equipped with a wavelength-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (WDS) and an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS) were installed in Fuel Monitoring Facility (FMF). The samples of this FE-SEM are very high radioactivity because the samples contain the nuclear fuel elements (U, Pu, etc.), the fission products (Cs, Rh, etc.) and activation product (Co, Mn etc.). Owing to this, it is necessary to prevent leakage of radioactive materials (particularly, U, Pu is need tight accountancy in law) and to protect operators from radiation. In this installation of FE-SEM, it is selected JSM-7001F (made by JEOL) for base model. The notable modified points were as follows. (1) To protect operators from radiation, lead shields was installed around FE-SEM. (2) To prevent leakage of radioactive materials, the instrument was attached to a remote control air-tight sample transfer unit between a shielded hot cell and the FE-SEM and the instrument was fixing rigid structure without vibration damper. (3) The design and manufacture the lead shields with consideration of instrument maintainability. This paper was described the summary of FE-SEM, the notable modified points, the ways of FE-SEM installation, the result of performance test.
Tanaka, Kosuke; Sasaki, Shinji; Katsuyama, Kozo; Koyama, Shinichi
Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 113(1), p.619 - 621, 2015/10
In order to evaluate the microstructural change behavior of Am-MOX fuels at the initial stage of irradiation, detailed investigations using image analysis were performed on X-ray Computed Tomography (X-ray CT) images and on ceramographs from fuels irradiated in both B11 and B14.
Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Kumai, Misaki; Sato, Isamu; Suto, Mitsuo; Osaka, Masahiko; Goto, Tetsuo*; Sakai, Hitoshi*; Chigira, Takayuki*; Murata, Hirotoshi*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(7-8), p.1006 - 1023, 2014/07
Since the start of the severe accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in March 2011, concrete surfaces within the reactor buildings have been exposed to radioactive contaminants. Released radiation sources still remain too high to permit entry into some areas of the RBs to allow the damage to be assessed and to allow carrying out the restoration of lost safety functions, decommissioning activities, etc. In order to clarify the situation of this contamination in the RBs, 18 samples were subjected to analyses to determine the surface radionuclide concentrations and to characterize the radionuclide distributions in the samples. Decontamination tests on the sample of Unit 2 were conducted to reduce the levels of radioactivity present near the sample surface. As a result of the tests, the level of radioactivity of the sample was reduced with the removal of 97% of the contamination present near the sample surface.
Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Kumai, Misaki; Sato, Isamu; Suto, Mitsuo; Osaka, Masahiko
JAEA-Research 2013-025, 123 Pages, 2014/01
In order to clarify the situation of the contamination in the Fukushima Daiichi reactor buildings of Units 1, 2 and 3, selected samples were transported to the Oarai Engineering Center of JAEA where they were subjected to analyses to determine the surface radionuclide concentrations and to characterize the radionuclide distributions in the samples. The analysis results indicate that the situation of contamination in the building of Unit 2 was different from others, and the protective surface coatings on the concrete floors provided significant protection against radionuclide penetration. contaminants.
Yamagata, Ichiro; Hayashi, Takehiro; Mashiko, Shinichi*; Sasaki, Shinji; Inoue, Masaki; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Maeda, Koji
JAEA-Testing 2013-004, 23 Pages, 2013/11
In the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant of Tokyo Electric Power Co. accompanying the Great East Japan Earthquake, fuel assemblies kept in the spent fuel pool of reactor units 1-4, were exposed to the inconceivable environment such as falling and mixing of rubble, especially seawater were injected into unit 2-4. In order to evaluate the integrity of the fuel assemblies in spent fuel pools, and in the long-term storage after transported to the common storage pool, the immersion tests were performed using zircaloy-2 fuel cladding tubes irradiated in the advanced thermal reactor Fugen. The immersion liquid was prepared with doubling dilution of artificial seawater, which temperature was 80 C and immersion time was about 336 hours, as assuming the situation of the pool. The results indicated zircaloy-2 cladding tubes had no significant corrosion and no influence on mechanical property by immersion tests with artificial seawater conditions of this work.
Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Kumai, Misaki; Sato, Isamu; Osaka, Masahiko; Fukushima, Mineo; Kawatsuma, Shinji; Goto, Tetsuo*; Sakai, Hitoshi*; Chigira, Takayuki*; et al.
Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference; Nuclear Energy at a Crossroads (GLOBAL 2013) (CD-ROM), p.272 - 277, 2013/09
Matsuo, Yoichiro; Sasaki, Shinji
JAEA-Review 2013-007, 46 Pages, 2013/05
Radioactive corrosion products (CP) are main cause of personal radiation exposure during maintenance without fuel failure in FBR plants. The most important CP species are Mn and Co. The deposited radioactive CP cause radiation fields near the piping and components. Then, the deposited radioactive CP contributes to the radiation exposure of the plant-worker. In this review, firstly, collects knowledge about CP transfer behavior in the fast reactor and analyzes it and organize essence of the CP transfer behavior. Secondly, existing method to parse CP transfer behavior is investigated and extracts the issues and discusses it about the solution of those issues. Finally, about a specific example of the improvement based on the solution, a recent trend is investigated and describes evaluated content.
Koizumi, Atsushi*; Markevich, V. P.*; Iwamoto, Naoya; Sasaki, Sho*; Oshima, Takeshi; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Kimoto, Tsunenobu*; Uchida, Kazuo*; Nozaki, Shinji*; Hamilton, B.*; et al.
Applied Physics Letters, 102(3), p.032104_1 - 032104_4, 2013/01
Shinohara, Masanori; Motegi, Toshihiro; Saito, Kenji; Haga, Hiroyuki; Sasaki, Shinji; Katsuyama, Kozo; Takada, Kiyoshi*; Higashimura, Keisuke*; Fujii, Junichi*; Ukai, Takayuki*; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2012-032, 29 Pages, 2012/11
An event, in which one of WRMs were disabled to detect the neutron flux in the reactor core, occurred during the period of reactor shut down of HTTR in March, 2010. The actual life time of WRM was unexpectedly shorter than the past developed life time. Investigation of the cause of the outage of WRM toward the recovery of the life time up to the past developed life is one of the issues to develop the technology basis of HTGR. Then, two experimental investigations were carried out to reveal the cause of the malfunction by specifying the damaged part causing the event in the WRM. One is an experiment using a mock-up sample test which strength degradation on assembly accuracy and heat cycle to specify the damaged part in the WRM. The other is a destructive test in FMF to specify the damaged part in the WRM. This report summarized the results of the destructive test and the experimental investigation using the mock-up to reveal the cause of malfunction of WRM.
Osaka, Masahiko; Donomae, Takako; Ichikawa, Shoichi; Sasaki, Shinji; Ishimi, Akihiro; Inoue, Toshihiko; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Miwa, Shuhei; Onishi, Takashi; Asaka, Takeo; et al.
Proceedings of 1st Asian Nuclear Fuel Conference (ANFC), 2 Pages, 2012/03
Support system for training and education of future expert in hot laboratories of Oarai-JAEA, named FEETS, is presented. The system has been established based on research results on both characterization of Oarai hot laboratory and user-needs. Various programs under FEETS are also introduced.
Sasaki, Shinji; Abe, Kazuyuki; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi
JAEA-Conf 2008-010, p.362 - 371, 2008/12
An innovative technique to measure the deformation of irradiated wrapper tube of FBR fuel assembly was developed, and installed in the hot cell of the Fuels Monitoring Facility in JAEA. In order to confirm the performance of this instrument, a number of measurements were carried out in the wrapper tubes irradiated to high burnup in the experimental fast reactor Joyo. In the instrument used until now, only three face to face distances in the hexagonal wrapper tube have been measured along the axial direction. On the other hand, in the instrument developed in this technique the face to face distances could be continuously measured along the lateral direction in the outer surfaces of wrapper tube. Using data obtained by this technique, the detailed analyses of deformation can be done throughout a whole wrapper tube.
Umeda, Koji; Oi, Takao; Osawa, Hideaki; Oyama, Takuya; Oda, Chie; Kamei, Gento; Kuji, Masayoshi*; Kurosawa, Hideki; Kobayashi, Yasushi; Sasaki, Yasuo; et al.
JAEA-Review 2007-050, 82 Pages, 2007/12
This report shows the annual report which shows the summarized results and topic outline of each project on geological disposal technology in the fiscal year of 2006.
Tanaka, Kosuke; Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Ikusawa, Yoshihisa; Abe, Tomoyuki
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 357(1-3), p.58 - 68, 2006/10
The performance of MOX fuel irradiated in the advanced thermal reactor, FUGEN, to the burnup of 47.5 GWd/t, was investigated by using a telescotpe, optical microscope, SEM and EPMA. Observations focused on elucidating the corrosion behavior of the cladding inner surface. A reaction layer was observed at burnups higher than about 35 GWd/t. The relationship between the thickness of the reaction layer and burnup was similar to that reported in the literature for conventional UO fuel and other MOX fuels. The existence of a plutonium spot near the outer surface of the fuel pellet had no significant effect on the thickness of the reaction layer. A bonding layer was observed on the cladding inner surface. Its morphology and elemental distributions were not so different from those in BWR UO fuel pins irradiated to high burnup, in which the fission gas release rate is high. In addition, the dependences of bonding layer formation on the burnup and linear heat rating were similar to results of UO2 fuel pins. It was, thus, suggested that the bonding layer formation mechanism was similar in both UO2 and MOX fuel pins.
Murai, Yuichi*; Oiwa, Hiroshi; Sasaki, Toshio*; Kondo, Masahiko; Yoshikawa, Shinji; Yamamoto, Fujio*
Measurement Science and Technology, 16(7), p.1459 - 1468, 2005/07
Air-water two-phase flow in a helically coiled tube is investigated using backlight imaging tomography to elucidate the effect of centrifugal acceleration on phase distribution and interfacial structure. Superficial velocities up to 6m/s in 20mm-diameter tube are tested. We focused on a slug flow regime in which centrifugal acceleration dominates the flow. The interfacial structure is visualized in six directions using a set of originally designed mirror-mounted water jackets. A temporal expansion image is made from line-sampled images, and is used to reconstruct phase distribution through a linear backward projection algorithm. The present topography measurement showed various new features of gas-liquid two-phase flow in a helically coiled tube, such as a wall-covering effect in the case of high superficial velocity.
Oiwa, Hiroshi; Murai, Yuichi*; Sasaki, Toshio*; Yoshikawa, Shinji; Yamamoto, Fujio*
Proceedings of 4th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Vol.1, p.428 - 433, 2005/00
We carried out reflection seismic and multi-offset VSP surveys at JNC Shobasama-site to develop the investigation technique in the granite area, and evaluated the applicability of these geophysical methods. As the result of this study, we consider that a) It is possible to infer the existence of the lower angle fracture zone in the granite by eflection seismic survey and b) Multi-offset VSP supplements the result of reflection seismic survey and it is possible to infer the distribution of the fracture zone in deeper area in the granite.
Amano, Kenji; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Uehara, Daijiro; Sasaki, Keiichi; Takeuchi, Shinji; Nakama, Shigeo
JNC-TN7400 2003-002, 40 Pages, 2003/04
Tono Geoscience Center, Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute has been conducting a wide range of geoscientific research in order to build firm scientific and technological basis for the research and development of geological disposal. One of the ongoing geoscientific research programme is a Regional Hydrogeological Study (RHS) project in the Tono region, central Japan. The main goal of the RHS project is to develop and demonstrate the surface-based investigation methodologies to characterize geological environments on regional scale in Japan. The RHS project was initiated in 1992. To date, remote sensing, geological mapping, airborne and ground geophysical investigations have been carried out and thirteen deep boreholes have been also drilled and investigations include geophysical logging, hydraulic tests etc. using these boreholes have been done in the study area of the RHS project (c. 100 km). Groundwater chemistry and hydraulic head monitoring is under way in these boreholes. Important results that have been obtained from these investigations include various information concerning the heterogeneity of lithological, hydrogeological and geochemical parameters, and evolution of the groundwater geochemistry. During fiscal year 2002, as the research for regional scale, groundwater simulation was carried out, and the domain setting method of modeling in regional scale was shown and the domain of local scale in the RHS project area was determined. The setting method of modeling/simulation of the local scale domain and its boundary condition were shown. Lineament investigation and reflection seismic survey were carried out in the local scale domain. VSP survey and some investigations concerning groundwater flow and chemistry were conducted in DH-2 borehole. Long-term groundwater monitoring using the existing boreholes was continued. Improvement of the instruments of hydraulic test and groundwater sampling was also continued.
Abe, Kazuyuki; Sasaki, Shinji; Kikuchi, Shin; Katsuyama, Kozo; Nagamine, Tsuyoshi; Matsumoto, Shinichiro
JNC-TN9430 2002-003, 52 Pages, 2002/05
Irradiation tests of Absorber Material Irradiation Rig (AMIR) have been continuously conducted, using the experimental fast reactor Joyo. AMIR-6, which was submitted for post-irradiation-examinations (PIE) this time, was irradiated in order to evaluate the limit of failure in control rods and confirm the effect of method for suppression of felocation caused by cracking of boron carbide (BC) pellets. According to this purpose, gap size between BC pellet and cladding tube (innere capsule tube), enrichment of B, thickness of claddig tube and its material were changed in this test. In addition, thin shroud tube wrapping BC pellets was used as the method for suppression of relocation. Capsules were loaded in compartments, which had the upper and lower stairs, and irradiation rig AMIR-6 was constructed of seven compartments in total. The irradiation capsule had double tubes, namely inner capsule tube and outer capsule tube. Between these tubes, sodium was filled. AMIR-6 was irradiated at the 6 raw in Joyo Mark-II core up to 106^^^^^$C in design. Extraordinary results were observed for lower capsules by weight measurement performed. So, detailed visual inspection was carried out for these capsules. Consequently, sodium entered from the crack of screwhead attached to the outer tube in three irradiation capsules, whose weight increased. It was recognized that the sodium level between cladding tube and outer tube was lower in six capsules of lower stairs. Cladding crack was found out in three cladding tubes of lower irradiation capsule. It was suggested that the crack become for decrease of strength of cladding tube because those temperature increased at the position where sodium was not filled. The irradiation capsule using a shroud tube showed no diameter increase and ovality in the cladding. It ...
Sasaki, Shinji; Maeda, Koji
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