Koarai, Kazuma; Matsueda, Makoto; Aoki, Jo; Yanagisawa, Kayo*; Terashima, Motoki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Kino, Yasushi*; Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; et al.
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 36(8), p.1678 - 1682, 2021/08
Rapid analysis of Sr in bone and tooth samples of cattle were achieved by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) coupled with mass shift and solid phase extraction techniques. Limit of detection (LOD) in the ICP-MS measurement of 0.1 g samples was lower than that of the radioactivity measurement. Analytical time of the ICP-MS method was reduced from 20 days to 11 hours, compared with the radiometric method. Therefore, the ICP-MS method can be rapid and useful procedure of Sr in small bone and tooth samples derived from terrestrial animals.
Takahashi, Atsushi*; Chiba, Mirei*; Tanahara, Akira*; Aida, Jun*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Murakami, Shinobu*; Koarai, Kazuma; Ono, Takumi*; Oka, Toshitaka; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.10355_1 - 10355_11, 2021/05
Suzuki, Tamaki*; Okawa, Teppei*; Harjo, S.; Sasaki, Toshihiko*
Nihon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 87(894), p.20-00377_1 - 20-00377_15, 2021/02
Oka, Toshitaka; Takahashi, Atsushi*; Koarai, Kazuma; Mitsuyasu, Yusuke*; Kino, Yasushi*; Sekine, Tsutomu*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; Chiba, Mirei*; Suzuki, Toshihiko*; Osaka, Ken*; et al.
Radiation Measurements, 134, p.106315_1 - 106315_4, 2020/06
The relationship between the CO radical intensity and the absorbed dose (dose response curve) of tooth enamel of Japanese macaque was observed by electron spin resonance and the detection limit of our system was estimated to be 33.5 mGy, which is comparable to the detection limit for human molar teeth. Using the dose response curve, external exposure dose for seven wild Japanese macaques captured in Fukushima prefecture were examined. The results suggest that the external exposure dose for the wild Japanese macaques were ranged between 45 mGy to 300 mGy.
Guo, B.*; Xiong, Y.*; Chen, W.*; Saslow, S. A.*; Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Dabo, I.*; Sasaki, Keiko*
Journal of Hazardous Materials, 389, p.121880_1 - 121880_11, 2020/05
Yamada, Tomonori; Takebe, Toshihiko*; Ishizuka, Ippei*; Daido, Hiroyuki*; Hanari, Toshihide; Shibata, Takuya; Omori, Shinya*; Kurosawa, Koichi*; Sasaki, Go*; Nakada, Masahiro*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(12), p.1171 - 1179, 2019/12
We describe a new chipping technique combined with a water-jet technique as one of the candidate techniques for the retrieval of fuel debris and support structures as part of the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. We performed proof-of-principle experiments to demonstrate the removal capability of metal parts, where we focused on the observation of removal processes from a metallic sample using a 5.5-kW continuous wave fiber laser combined with continuous and pulsed water jets.
Onuki, Toshihiko*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Sasaki, Yoshito; Niizato, Tadafumi
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.814 - 821, 2019/09
We used the spent mushroom substrata (SMSs) which are a kind of by-product after growing edible mushrooms for the investigation of radioactive Cs mobility in litter zone in a forest of Fukushima prefecture, Japan. The powder SMS was filled in a plastic net bag of 0.350.55 m, then was placed in a forest for 6 months under three kinds of different conditions without treatment (No treatment), covered with wooden box (With box), and with zeolite placed on upper position of ground surface (With zeolite). We determined the ratio of radioactivity (TF) in the SMS to that of the soil and litter beneath the SMS bags. TFs of "No treatment" and of "With zeolite" were determined between 0.01 and 0.05 for 6 months. On the other hand, TFs of "With box" were lower by one order at 2 and 4 months than those of "No treatment" and of "With zeolite", and nearly the same values as TFs of "No treatment" and "With zeolite" at 6 months. These results clearly indicate that radioactive Cs accumulates in SMS mainly by throughfall. In addition, for a period of several months, fungi contribute to the accumulation of radioactive Cs in the litter zone, even though radioactive Cs was tightly associated with the soil.
Onuki, Toshihiko; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Namba, Kenji*; Neda, Hitoshi*; Sasaki, Yoshito; Niizato, Tadafumi; Watanabe, Naoko*; Kozaki, Tamotsu*
Environmental Science; Processes & Impacts, 21(7), p.1164 - 1173, 2019/07
The fate of radioactive Cs deposited after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident and its associated radiological impacts are largely dependent on its mobility from surface soils to forest ecosystems. We measured the accumulation of radioactive Cs in the fruit bodies of wild fungi in the forest at Iidate, Fukushima, Japan. The transfer factors (TFs) of radioactive Cs from soil to the fruit bodies of wild fungi were between 10 to 10, a range similar to those reported for the fruit bodies collected in Europe after the Chernobyl accident and in parts of Japan contaminated by nuclear bomb test fallout. Comparison of the TFs of the wild mushroom and that of the fungal hyphae of 704 stock strains grown on agar medium containing nutrients and radioactive Cs showed that the TFs of wild mushroom were lower. TF was less than 0.1 after addition of the minerals zeolite, vermiculite, phlogopite, smectite, or illite of 1% weight to the agar medium. These results indicate that the presence of minerals decrease Cs uptake by fungi grown in the agar medium.
Yu, Q.*; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tanaka, Kazuya; Sasaki, Keiko*
Chemical Geology, 470, p.141 - 151, 2017/10
In this work, the Cs retention onto two types of Mn oxide was investigated. We found that Todorokite has sorption sites with a higher selectivity for Cs than birnessite. When the initial Cs concentration was 10 mol/L for the sorption experiments, approximately 34% of the sorbed Cs was residual in the todorokite after the extraction using 1 M NaCl and NHCl; this value was much higher than the results for the Cs-sorbed birnessite. These results strongly suggest that todorokite contributes to the fixation of radioactive Cs in soils.
Hanari, Toshihide; Takebe, Toshihiko*; Yamada, Tomonori; Daido, Hiroyuki; Ishizuka, Ippei*; Omori, Shinya*; Kurosawa, Koichi*; Sasaki, Go*; Nakada, Masahiro*; Sakai, Hideaki*
Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 3 Pages, 2017/04
In decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, a retrieval process of fuel debris in the Primary Containment Vessel by a remote operation is one of the key issues. In this process, prevention of spreading radioactive materials is one of the important considerations. Furthermore, an applicable technique to the process requires keeping of reasonable processing-efficiency. We propose to use the combined technique including a laser light and a water jet as a retrieval technique of the fuel debris. The laser processing technique combined with a repetitive pulsed water jet could perform an efficient retrieval processing. Our experimental result encourages us to promote further development of the technique towards a real application at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.
Onuki, Toshihiko; Aiba, Yukitoshi*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Niizato, Tadafumi; Sasaki, Yoshito
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.29866_1 - 29866_6, 2016/07
We here first report the direct accumulation pathway of radioactive Cs from contaminated wood logs to the fruit-bodies of shiitake mushrooms through the basal portion of the stipe by using spectroscopy, autoradiography, and X-ray micro CT techniques.
Onuki, Toshihiko; Sasaki, Takayuki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 50(9), p.863 - 864, 2013/09
no abstracts in English
Tanaka, Kazuya*; Yu, Q.; Sasaki, Keiko*; Onuki, Toshihiko
Geomicrobiology Journal, 30(10), p.874 - 885, 2013/08
no abstracts in English
Yu, Q.; Sasaki, Keiko*; Tanaka, Kazuya*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Hirajima, Tsuyoshi*
Geomicrobiology Journal, 30(9), p.829 - 839, 2013/07
no abstracts in English
Yu, Q.*; Sasaki, Keiko*; Tanaka, Kazuya*; Onuki, Toshihiko; Hirajima, Tsuyoshi*
Chemical Geology, 310-311, p.106 - 113, 2012/06
These results strongly suggested that the interlayer Mn(III) can oxidize the adsorbed Co to Co, resulting in specific adsorption of Co by biogenic birnessite.
Osaka, Masahiko; Donomae, Takako; Ichikawa, Shoichi; Sasaki, Shinji; Ishimi, Akihiro; Inoue, Toshihiko; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Miwa, Shuhei; Onishi, Takashi; Asaka, Takeo; et al.
Proceedings of 1st Asian Nuclear Fuel Conference (ANFC), 2 Pages, 2012/03
Support system for training and education of future expert in hot laboratories of Oarai-JAEA, named FEETS, is presented. The system has been established based on research results on both characterization of Oarai hot laboratory and user-needs. Various programs under FEETS are also introduced.
Morita, Yoshimune*; Kamiya, Chiho*; Sasaki, Toshinori*; Miyagi, Toyohiko*; Sugai, Toshihiko; Yanagida, Makoto*; Furusawa, Akira*; Fujiwara, Osamu*
Kikan Chirigaku, 62(4), p.195 - 210, 2010/12
It is assumed that the variation of temperature and the precipitation with the climate change may affect geological environment such as the subsurface water flow. Therefore, as well as global climate change from the past to the present, investigation technology to grasp local climate change is indispensable. A palynological study was carried out using the sediment core taken from the Okute Basin, located in the northeast of Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory. As a result, it was appeared that in a interglacial epoch, there was much precipitation around this area, and that in a glacial epoch, became colder and more arid, compared with Kinki region in the same latitude. This shows that the modern analog method with pollen data from the sediment of the inland basin is effective technique to estimate a local climate change.
Sasaki, Keiko*; Takatsugi, Koichiro*; Kaneko, Kenji*; Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko; Tuovinen, O. H.*; Hirajima, Tsuyoshi*
Hydrometallurgy, 104(3-4), p.424 - 431, 2010/10
no abstracts in English
Sasaki, Keiko*; Takatsugi, Koichiro*; Hirajima, Tsuyoshi*; Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko; Tuovinen, O. H.*
Advanced Materials Research, 71-73, p.485 - 488, 2009/05
no abstracts in English
Morita, Yoshimune*; Kamiya, Chiho*; Sasaki, Toshinori*; Miyagi, Toyohiko*; Sugai, Toshihiko*; Yanagida, Makoto*; Furusawa, Akira*; Fujiwara, Osamu*; Moriya, Toshifumi*
Kikan Chirigaku, 58(3), p.123 - 139, 2006/00
A palynological study was carried out using the 25.3 m long sediment core taken from Okute basin, Mizunami city, central Japan. Sediments of this core were accumilated for more than ca. 300,000 years. From the results of pollen analysis, the sediments are devided into 15 pollen assemblages zones. These changes show a repetition of five warm and four cool stages. Each stage corresponds to MIS 9 to 1. Consequently, a temperature of MIS 5 was higher than those of MIS 7 and 9. A temperature of MIS 9 was not so high.