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Journal Articles

High power laser developments with femtosecond to nanosecond pulse durations for laser shock science and engineering

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru*; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 42(6), p.441 - 447, 2014/06

We describe three specific high power laser systems that are being developed in our laboratory for many applications in high field science, nonlinear optics and material processing. We report on a femtosecond petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can produce a pulse energy of 20 J of 40 fs pulse duration, a picosecond high intensity Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can generate a pulse energy of 100 mJ of 0.5 ps pulse duration, and a nanosecond high repetition rate Nd:YAG laser system that can provide an average power of 360 W with a pulse duration of 30 ns delivered at a 1 kHz repetition rate. We discuss the basic design aspects and present the results from our experimental investigations of these laser systems.

Journal Articles

Measurements of electron-induced neutrons as a tool for determination of electron temperature of fast electrons in the task of optimization laser-produced plasma ions acceleration

Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Maeda, Shota; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Pikuz, T.; Faenov, A.*; Ogura, Koichi; Fukami, Tomoyo; Matsukawa, Kenya*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02A705_1 - 02A705_4, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.22(Instruments & Instrumentation)

High intensity laser-plasma interaction has attracted considerable interest for a number of years. The laser-plasma interaction is accompanied by generation of various charged particle beams. Results of simultaneous novel measurements of electron-induced photonuclear neutrons (photoneutron), which are a diagnostic of the laser-plasma interaction, are proposed to use for optimization of the laser-plasma ion generation. The proposed method is demonstrated by the laser irradiation with the intensity os 1$$times$$10$$^{21}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$ on the metal foil target. The photoneutrons are measured by using NE213 liquid scintillation detectors. Heavy-ion signal is registered with the CR39 track detector simultaneously. The measured signals of the electron-induced photoneutrons are well reproduced by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). The results obtained provide useful approach for analyzing the various laser based ion beams.

Journal Articles

High intensity, high temporal contrast, high repetition-rate laser for laser driven particle acceleration

Suzuki, Masayuki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.53 - 57, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.13

We have reported hundred mJ level, femtosecond pulse duration with the high temporal contrast in an OPCPA/Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk laser system at 10 Hz repetition rate. At an input laser pulse energy of 3.8 mJ from the OPCPA preamplifer the output energy of 130 mJ with spectral bandwidth of 2.5 nm has been obtained from multipass Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk amplifier, and the optical efficiency from LD energy to amplified laser pulse is 9.6%. The recompressed laser pulse duration was measured to be 450 fs. Because the compressor efficiency exceeds 73% the compressed pulse energy can potentially be as high as 95 mJ. The contrast level of this laser pulse was measured to be less than 7.2$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ at -150 ps. This novel laser system after further amplification using additional amplifiers can be useful for the laser-driven proton acceleration in future.

Journal Articles

Development of a compact high-spatiotemporal-quality Yb:YAG thin-disk laser system using an optical parametric preamplifier

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 40(2), p.143 - 145, 2012/02

We demonstrate a compact, high-spatiotemporal-quality, high-intensity diode-pumped Yb:YAG thin-disk chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system that incorporates a nonlinear preamplifier based on optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). The stretched pulses are amplified in the OPCPA preamplifier and the following Yb:YAG main amplifier to $$sim$$100 mJ at 10 Hz. The broadband amplified beam quality of 1.1 (horizontal direction) and 1.4 (vertical direction) times diffraction limited and pulse compression down to 470 fs with contrast of better than 10$$^{-8}$$ have been achieved successfully.

Journal Articles

Hundred mJ, sub-picoseconds, high temporal contrast OPCPA/Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk hybrid laser system

Suzuki, Masayuki*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Okada, Hajime; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

Applied Physics B, 105(2), p.181 - 184, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:26.01(Optics)

We have demonstrated an OPCPA/Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk hybrid laser system having hundred mJ level pulse energy sub-picosecond pulse duration with high temporal contrast. At an input energy of 3.8 mJ from an OPCPA preamplifier an output energy of 130 mJ was obtained from Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk amplifier. A recompressed pulse duration of 450 fs with a contrast level of less than 7.2$$times$$10$$^-9$$ was obtained. The contrast level is the highest value achieved in Yb:YAG chirped pulse amplification (CPA) laser system with hundred mJ level.

Journal Articles

Measurement of DNA double-strand break yield in human cancer cells by high-current, short-duration bunches of laser-accelerated protons

Yogo, Akifumi; Sato, Katsutoshi; Nishikino, Masaharu; Maeda, Takuya*; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko*; Ogura, Koichi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Teshima, Teruki*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50(10), p.106401_1 - 106401_7, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:37.66(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Interlaboratory comparison of positron annihilation lifetime measurements

Ito, Kenji*; Oka, Toshitaka*; Kobayashi, Yoshinori*; Shirai, Yasuharu*; Wada, Kenichiro*; Matsumoto, Masataka*; Fujinami, Masanori*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Honda, Yoshihide*; Hosomi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Materials Science Forum, 607, p.248 - 250, 2009/00

So far no standard procedure for the positron annihilation lifetime (PAL) technique has been established. A lack of the standards has led to difficulty in ensuring the equivalency and reliability of data from different laboratories. As a first, we conducted an interlaboratory comparison of PAL measurements for metal, polymer and silica glass with agreed procedures for data recording and analysis. The PAL data recorded at different laboratories were analyzed with a single lifetime component for the metal sample and with three components for the others, respectively. Based on the results of the reported positron and ortho-positronium lifetimes, the possible sources of the uncertainties in the PAL measurements are discussed. To reduce the effect of scattered $$gamma$$ rays, a lead shield was placed between the detectors. The uncertainty was significantly decreased, signifying that placing lead shields between the detectors effectively reduced the false signals due to the scattered $$gamma$$ rays.

Journal Articles

Interlaboratory comparison of positron annihilation lifetime measurements for synthetic fused silica and polycarbonate

Ito, Kenji*; Oka, Toshitaka*; Kobayashi, Yoshinori*; Shirai, Yasuharu*; Wada, Kenichiro*; Matsumoto, Masataka*; Fujinami, Masanori*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Honda, Yoshihide*; Hosomi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 104(2), p.026102_1 - 026102_3, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:80.56(Physics, Applied)

Interlaboratory comparison of positron annihilation lifetime measurements using synthetic fused silica and polycarbonate was conducted with the participation of 12 laboratories. By regulating procedures for the measurement and data analysis the uncertainties of the positron lifetimes obtained at different laboratories were significantly reduced in comparison with those reported in the past.

Journal Articles

Viscosity change and structural transition of molten Fe at 5 GPa

Terasaki, Hidenori*; Kato, Takumi*; Urakawa, Satoru*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Sato, Kiminori*; Suzuki, Akio*; Okada, Taku

Geophysical Research Letters, 29(8), p.68_1 - 68_3, 2002/05

The in situ viscosity measurements of the pure molten Fe under high pressures were made by falling sphere X-ray radiography method. Viscosity coefficients at about 2000 K were 15-24 mPa s at 2.7-5.0 GPa, and 4-9 mPa s at 5.0-7.0 GPa. Drastic decrease was found at around 5 GPa, at which stable solid phase below the melting temperatures change from delta (bcc) to gamma (fcc) phases. The observation indicates the possibility that the structural change in the molten Fe occurs in a narrow pressure interval (1 GPa) at the similar condition with the phase transformation in the solid.

Oral presentation

Comparison of positron annihilation measurements of quartz glass and polycarbonate

Kobayashi, Yoshinori*; Ito, Kenji*; Oka, Toshitaka*; Sakaki, Koji*; Shirai, Yasuharu*; Honda, Yoshihide*; Shimazu, Akira*; Fujinami, Masanori*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Saito, Haruo*; et al.

no journal, , 

For making a standard sample of positron annihilation measurement, quartz glass and polycarbonate were measured with 12 apparatus at AIST, Chiba Univ., Tokyo Univ., Tsukuba Univ., Touhoku Univ., Tokyo Gakugei Univ. JAEA, Nitto Denko, and Toray Research Center. By regulating procedure for the measurement and data analysis the uncertainties of the positron annihilation lifetime obtained at different laboratories were significantly reduced.

Oral presentation

Interlaboratry comparison of psotitron annihilation lifetime measurement

Ito, Kenji*; Oka, Toshitaka*; Kobayashi, Yoshinori*; Shirai, Yasuharu*; Wada, Kenichiro*; Matsumoto, Masataka*; Fujinami, Masanori*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Honda, Yoshihide*; Hosomi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

So far no standard procedure for the positron annihilation lifetime (PAL) technique has been established. A lack of the standards has led to difficulty in ensuring equivalency and reliability of data from different laboratories. Recently, as a first step toward the standardization of the PAL technique, we conducted an interlaboratory comparison of PAL measurements for fused silica, polycarbonate and metal with agreed procedures for data recording and analysis. Based on the results of the reported lifetimes, possible sources of the uncertainties in the PAL measurements is probably caused by the backscattered $$gamma$$-rays by other detectors. We succeeded to show that inserting shields between detectors can reduce the uncertainty.

Oral presentation

Estimation of measurement uncertainty for positron annihilation lifetimes at an interlaboratory comparison

Ito, Kenji*; Oka, Toshitaka*; Kobayashi, Yoshinori*; Shirai, Yasuharu*; Wada, Kenichiro*; Matsumoto, Masataka*; Fujinami, Masanori*; Hirade, Tetsuya; Honda, Yoshihide*; Hosomi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

An interlaboratory comparison for positron annihilation lifetime measurements for pure nickel, polycarbonate (PC) and fused silica was performed. Based on the reported data of positron (for nickel) and positronium (for PC and fused silica) components, the uncertainties in the PAL measurements were estimated and their possible source was discussed.

Oral presentation

Radiobiological effects by the irradiation of laser-accelerated proton beams

Yogo, Akifumi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Sato, Katsutoshi; Nishikino, Masaharu; Maeda, Takuya; Mori, Michiaki; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Measurements of RBE for DNA double-strand break induction by laser-accelerated proton beams

Yogo, Akifumi; Sato, Katsutoshi; Nishikino, Masaharu; Maeda, Takuya; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Mori, Michiaki; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

High intensity, high contrast OPCPA/Yb:YAG hybrid laser system

Suzuki, Masayuki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Bolton, P.; Sugiyama, Akira; Kondo, Kiminori; Kawanishi, Shunichi; et al.

no journal, , 

At our Institute we are developing a compact ion accelerator for cancer therapy using a laser-driven plasma point source of ions. The laser system was consisted of an oscillator, offner stretcher, optical parametric amplifier (OPCPA), LD pumped Yb:YAG amplifier, and compressor. In OPCPA the stretched laser pulse after the pulse stretcher was amplified to 5 mJ with only a 0.2 mJ input. After amplification in the OPCPA laser pulse was further amplified by an Yb:YAG (5 at%) thin disk module which was pumped by the Q-CW LD. The maximum output energy was about 120 mJ in a multi-pass scheme (20 pass) at 10 Hz. The compressed pulse duration is about 300 fs, and the contrast level before the main pulse is measured as 10$$^{-8}$$ at -150 ps. We have developed that new high intensity, high contrast femtosecond OPCPA/LD-pumped Yb:YAG hybrid laser system. This novel system might represent the driver in integrated, laser-driven ion accelerator systems.

Oral presentation

OPCPA/LD pumped Yb:YAG thin disk hybrid laser system

Suzuki, Masayuki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Sato, Masatoshi*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; Kan, Hirofumi*; Bolton, P.; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Hundred mJ level, high contrast OPCPA/Yb:YAG hybrid laser system

Suzuki, Masayuki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Bolton, P.; Sugiyama, Akira; Kondo, Kiminori; Kawanishi, Shunichi*; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; et al.

no journal, , 

At our Institute we are developing a compact ion accelerator for cancer therapy using a laser-driven plasma point source of ions. The laser system was consisted of an oscillator, Offner stretcher, optical parametric amplifier (OPCPA), LD pumped Yb:YAG amplifier, and compressor. In OPCPA the stretched laser pulse after the pulse stretcher was amplified to 3.8 mJ with only a 12.8 nJ input. After amplification in the OPCPA laser pulse was further amplified by an Yb:YAG thin disk module which was pumped by the Q-CW LD. The maximum output energy was about 80 mJ in a multi-pass scheme (20 pass) at 10 Hz. The compressed pulse duration is about 520 fs, and the contrast level before the main pulse is measured as 10$$^{-8}$$ at -150 ps. We have developed that new high intensity, high contrast femtosecond OPCPA/LD-pumped Yb:YAG hybrid laser system. This novel system might represent the driver in integrated, laser-driven ion accelerator systems.

Oral presentation

High-spatiotemporal-quality high-intensity laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Shimomura, Takuya; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu*; Sasao, Hajime*; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; et al.

no journal, , 

We report on a femtosecond high-intensity OPCPA/Ti:sapphire hybrid laser system that produces more than 30 J broadband output energy, indicating the potential for achieving petawatt-class peak powers. High temporal-contrast of 10$$^{-10}$$ to 10$$^{-11}$$ has been obtained with a near-perfect flat-topped spatial-profile of filling factor $$sim$$80%. We also present a compact, high-intensity OPCPA/Yb:YAG hybrid laser system that generates $$sim$$100 mJ output energy with a temporal contrast of better than 10$$^{-8}$$ and good spatial beam quality.

Oral presentation

Generation of low noise sub-picosecond laser pulses for investigating laser peening

Suzuki, Masayuki*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Hundred mJ level OPCPA/Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk hybrid laser system

Suzuki, Masayuki*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

25 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)