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Journal Articles

Measurement and estimation of the $$^{99}$$Mo production yield by $$^{100}$$Mo($$n,2n$$)$$^{99}$$Mo

Minato, Futoshi; Tsukada, Kazuaki*; Sato, Nozomi*; Watanabe, Satoshi*; Saeki, Hideya*; Kawabata, Masako*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Nagai, Yasuki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(11), p.114803_1 - 114803_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:52.47(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have measured the yield of $$^{99}$$Mo, the mother nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc used in nuclear diagnostic procedure. $$^{99}$$Mo was produced by $$^{100}$$Mo($$n$$,$$2n$$)$$^{99}$$Mo using neutrons with thermal energy up to about 40 MeV, provided by C($$d$$,$$n$$). The $$^{99}$$Mo yield agrees with an estimated yield with the use of the latest data of C($$d$$,$$n$$) and the evaluated cross section given in the JENDL. Based on this, a new calculation was carried out to produce $$^{99}$$Mo to seek for a good economical condition. Various conditions such as the $$^{100}$$MoO$$_{3}$$ sample mass, the distance between the carbon target and the sample, the radius of the deuteron beam, and the neutron irradiation time were considered. The calculated $$^{99}$$Mo yield indicates that about 30% of the $$^{99}$$Mo demand in Japan can be fulfilled with a single accelerator. The elusion of $$^{99m}$$Tc from the $$^{99}$$Mo twice per day would meet about 50% of the $$^{99}$$Mo demand.

Journal Articles

First ionization potential of the heaviest actinide lawrencium, element 103

Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Borschevsky, A.*; Stora, T.*; Sato, Nozomi*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Tsukada, Kazuaki; D$"u$llmann, C. E.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Eliav, E.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 131, p.05001_1 - 05001_6, 2016/12

 Percentile:100

Ionization efficiency in a surface ionization process depends on the first ionization potential of the atom. Based on the dependence, the ionization potential of the atom can be determined. We measured ionization efficiencies of fermium, einsteinium, mendelevium, and lawrencium by using a newly developed gas-jet coupled surface ion-source. The ionization potential of the elements have not been determined so far due to their low production rates and/or their short half-lives. Based on a relationship between the ionization efficiency and the ionization potential obtained via measurements of short-lived lanthanide isotopes, the ionization potentials of these actinide elements have been successfully determined.

Journal Articles

Complex chemistry with complex compounds

Eichler, R.*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Chiera, N. M.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dressler, R.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Even, J.*; Fangli, F.*; Goetz, M.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 131, p.07005_1 - 07005_7, 2016/12

 Percentile:100

In recent years gas-phase chemical studies assisted by physical pre-separation allowed for the productions and investigations of fragile single molecular species of superheavy elements. The latest highlight is the formation of very volatile hexacarbonyl compound of element 106, Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. Following this success, second-generation experiments were performed to measure the first bond dissociation energy between the central metal atom and the surrounding ligand. The method using a tubular decomposition reactor was developed and successfully applied to short-lived Mo(CO)$$_{6}$$, W(CO)$$_{6}$$, and Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$.

Journal Articles

SPECT imaging of mice with $$^{99m}$$Tc-radiopharmaceuticals obtained from $$^{99}$$Mo produced by $$^{100}$$Mo(n,2n)$$^{99}$$Mo and fission of $$^{235}$$U

Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Nagai, Yasuki; Kawabata, Masako; Sato, Nozomi*; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji*; Ota, Masayuki; Konno, Chikara; Ochiai, Kentaro; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(4), p.043202_1 - 043202_4, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:58.15(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Measurement of the first ionization potential of lawrencium, element 103

Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Borschevsky, A.*; Stora, T.*; Sato, Nozomi; Kaneya, Yusuke; Tsukada, Kazuaki; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Eliav, E.*; et al.

Nature, 520(7546), p.209 - 211, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:59 Percentile:1.63(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Ionization efficiency in a surface ionization process depends on the first ionization potential of the atom. Based on the dependence, the ionization potential of the atom can be determined. We successfully measured ionization efficiencies of lawrencium (Lr, $$Z$$=103) using a gas-jet coupled surface ion-source. The ionization potential of Lr has not been determined owing to its low production rate and its short half-life. Based on a relationship between the ionization efficiency and the ionization potential obtained via measurements of short-lived lanthanide isotopes, the ionization potential of Lr was determined.

Journal Articles

Development of a He/CdI$$_{2}$$ gas-jet system coupled to a surface-ionization type ion-source in JAEA-ISOL; towards determination of the first ionization potential of Lr (Z = 103)

Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Sato, Nozomi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Miyashita, Sunao*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Osa, Akihiko; Sch$"a$del, M.; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(2), p.1253 - 1257, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:43.49(Chemistry, Analytical)

We have developed a surface-ionization ion-source coupled to the He/CdI$$_2$$ gas-jet transport system for the Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOL) at the JAEA tandem accelerator for experimental determination of the first ionization potential of lawrencium (Lr, $$Z = 103$$). We performed to ionize a short-lived Lr isotope and various lanthanide isotopes. We successfully observed mass-separated ions of $$^{256}$$Lr by using our present system at the first time. The first ionization potential of Lr was evaluated based on a correlation between of effective ionization potential and ionization efficiency of short-lived lanthanide isotopes in our system.

Journal Articles

New phenomenon observed in thermal release of $$^{99m}$$Tc from molten $$^{100}$$MoO$$_{3}$$

Kawabata, Masako; Nagai, Yasuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji*; Sato, Nozomi*; Ota, Akio*; Shiina, Takayuki*; Kawauchi, Yukimasa*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(2), p.023201_1 - 023201_4, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:50.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$^{99m}$$Tc for medical use can be separated by thermochromatography from a molten $$^{99}$$MoO$$_{3}$$ sample. Effect of moist oxygen gas on the $$^{99m}$$Tc release from molten $$^{99}$$MoO$$_{3}$$ samples was investigated using a $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc generator. $$^{99}$$Mo was produced with $$^{100}$$Mo(n,2n)$$^{99}$$Mo. A new phenomenon has been observed: release rate, separation- and recovery-efficiencies of $$^{99m}$$Tc were higher in the moist oxygen gas than those in the dry oxygen gas. The present result is a significant progress towards the stable production of a high quality $$^{99m}$$Tc from a molten MoO$$_{3}$$ sample with high separation efficiency. The result would also give us a new insight into the interaction between the moist oxygen gas and the molten MoO$$_{3}$$.

Journal Articles

First measurement of the radionuclide purity of the therapeutic isotope $$^{67}$$Cu produced by $$^{68}$$Z($$n$$,$$x$$) reaction using $$^{rm nat}$$C($$d$$,$$n$$) neutrons

Sato, Nozomi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Watanabe, Satoshi; Ishioka, Noriko; Kawabata, Masako; Saeki, Hideya; Nagai, Yasuki; Kin, Tadahiro*; Minato, Futoshi; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(7), p.073201_1 - 073201_4, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:42.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have for the first time demonstrated that the therapeutic nuclide of $$^{67}$$Cu produced by $$^{68}$$Zn($$n$$,$$x$$)$$^{67}$$Cu has highest radionuclide purity compared to previous ones. We measured a $$gamma$$-ray spectrum of the reaction product produced by bombarding an enriched $$^{68}$$Zn sample with neutrons with a HPGe detector. The neutrons were obtained by $$^{rm nat}$$C($$d$$,$$n$$) using 41 MeV deuterons provided from Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application of Japan Atomic Energy Agency. Relative production yields of impurity radionuclides such as $$^{65}$$Zn to $$^{67}$$Cu are extremely low, which allow us to chemically separate $$^{67}$$Cu from an irradiated $$^{68}$$Zn sample with a few steps and to reuse high cost an enriched $$^{68}$$Zn sample. The present result strongly suggest that the $$^{68}$$Zn($$n$$,$$x$$)$$^{67}$$Cu reaction is the most promising route to produce high quality $$^{67}$$Cu and could solve a longstanding problem of establishing an appropriate production method of $$^{67}$$Cu.

Journal Articles

High thermo-separation efficiency of $$^{99m}$$Tc from molten $$^{100}$$MoO$$_{3}$$ samples by repeated milking tests

Nagai, Yasuki; Kawabata, Masako; Sato, Nozomi; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(8), p.083201_1 - 083201_4, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:38.92(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{256}$$Lr in the $$^{249,250,251}$$Cf + $$^{11}$$B, $$^{243}$$Am + $$^{18}$$O, and $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{14}$$N reactions

Sato, Nozomi; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Li, Z.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 102(3), p.211 - 219, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:43.1(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Production cross-sections of the isotope $$^{256}$$Lr in the $$^{249,250,251}$$Cf + $$^{11}$$B, $$^{243}$$Am + $$^{18}$$O, and $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{14}$$N reactions were measured using a He/KCl gas-jet transport system and a rotating wheel $$alpha$$-particle detection apparatus. The $$alpha$$-particle energy of $$^{256}$$Lr was distributed from 8.3 to 8.7 MeV and its half-life, $$T_{1/2}$$, was measured to be $$28 pm 1$$ s. The maximum cross sections in the $$^{249}$$Cf($$^{11}$$B, 4$$n$$)$$^{256}$$Lr and $$^{243}$$Am($$^{18}$$O, 5$$n$$)$$^{256}$$Lr reactions were determined to be $$122 pm 6$$ nb at the beam energy of 63 MeV and $$26 pm 3$$ nb at 96 MeV, respectively. In the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{14}$$N, 6$$n$$)$$^{256}$$Lr reaction, the cross section was measured to be $$27 pm 1$$ nb at 91 MeV.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the Md$$^{3+}$$/Md$$^{2+}$$ reduction potential studied with flow electrolytic chromatography

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Li, Z.*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Nozomi; Sato, Tetsuya; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Kaneya, Yusuke; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Inorganic Chemistry, 52(21), p.12311 - 12313, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:78.65(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

The reduction behavior of mendelevium (Md) was studied using a flow electrolytic chromatography apparatus. By applying appropriate potentials on the chromatography column, the more stable Md$$^{3+}$$ is reduced to Md$$^{2+}$$. The reduction potential of the Md$$^{3+}$$ + e$$^{-}$$ $$rightarrow$$ Md$$^{2+}$$ couple was determined to be -0.16$$pm$$0.05 V vs. a normal hydrogen electrode.

Journal Articles

Generation of radioisotopes with accelerator neutrons by deuterons

Nagai, Yasuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji; Sonoda, Nozomi; Kawabata, Masako; Harada, Hideo; Kin, Tadahiro*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_7, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:16.27(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

First successful ionization of Lr (Z=103) by a surface-ionization technique

Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro; Miyashita, Sunao; Sch$"a$del, M.; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 84(2), p.023304_1 - 023304_5, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:38.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed the surface ion-source coupled to the He/CdI$$_2$$ gas-jet transport system to measure the ionization potential of Lr atatom-at-a-time conditions. We successfully ionized and mass-separated for the first time $$^{256}$$Lr ions by applying the present ion-source and the ISOL technique. The ionization efficiencies of Lr were estimated to be approximately 42% and 24% at 2600 K on Re and Ta surfaces, respectively. These values were higher than those of Lu in all of ionization condition. The results indicate that the ionization potential of Lr would be lower than that of Lu, 5.4 eV. Therefore, it is concluded that the surface ion-source is a promising apparatus tomeasure the first ionization potential of Lr. Using the present system, determination of the ionization potential of Lr is being performed.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{256}$$Lr in the $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{14}$$N reaction

Sato, Nozomi; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Li, Z.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

RIKEN Accelerator Progress Report, Vol.46, P. 237, 2013/00

Due to the strong relativistic effects, the weakly-bound outermost electron results in a significantly low first ionization potential (IP) of Lr as compared with its neighboring heavy actinides. The isotope $$^{256}$$Lr, with a relatively long half-life of 27 s, is the suitable candidates for the IP measurement of Lr through the surface ionization method. In the present study, we measured the cross section of the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{14}$$N, 6$$n$$)$$^{256}$$Lr reaction to evaluate the production rate of $$^{256}$$Lr. A $$^{248}$$Cm target with 960 $$pm$$ 60 $$mu$$g/cm$$^{2}$$ thickness was bombarded with a $$^{14}$$N$$^{5+}$$ beam from the RIKEN AVF Cyclotron. The beam energy was 91 MeV in the middle of the target. The average beam intensity was 1.2 particle-$$mu$$A. Reaction products were transported to the rotating wheel $$alpha$$-particle detection system with a He/KCl gas-jet system. The $$^{256}$$Lr cross section of 27$$pm$$1 nb was calculated based on the $$alpha$$-particle events between 8.3 and 8.7 MeV.

Journal Articles

New result in the production and decay of an isotope, $$^{278}$$113 of the 113th element

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Yoneda, Akira*; Tanaka, Kengo*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(10), p.103201_1 - 103201_4, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:111 Percentile:2.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

An isotope of the 113th element, $$^{278}$$113, was produced in a nuclear reaction with a $$^{70}$$Zn beam on a $$^{209}$$Bi target. We observed six consecutive $$alpha$$ decays following the implantation of a heavy particle in nearly the same position in the semiconductor detector, in extremely low background condition. The fifth and sixth decays are fully consistent with the sequential decays of $$^{262}$$Db and $$^{258}$$Lr both in decay energies and decay times. This indicates that the present decay chain consisted of $$^{278}$$113, $$^{274}$$Rg (Z = 111), $$^{270}$$Mt (Z = 109), $$^{266}$$Bh (Z = 107), $$^{262}$$Db (Z = 105), and $$^{258}$$Lr (Z = 103) with firm connections. This result, together with previously reported results from 2004 and 2007, conclusively leads the unambiguous production and identification of the isotope $$^{278}$$113, of the 113th element.

Journal Articles

Efficiency calibration of Ge detector for $$^{131}$$I and $$^{134}$$Cs in soil samples and a simplified calculation of cascade summing corrections for volume source

Asai, Masato; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Sato, Tetsuya; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Oe, Kazuhiro; Sato, Nozomi; Toyoshima, Atsushi

Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences (Internet), 12(1), p.5 - 10, 2012/06

To measure radioactivities in soil contaminated by the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, efficiency calibration of Ge detectors for $$^{131}$$I, $$^{134}$$Cs, and $$^{137}$$Cs in volume sources was investigated. $$gamma$$-ray detection efficiencies for these nuclei were determined precisely using standard soil samples containing $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{175}$$Hf, and $$^{88}$$Zr. These standard sources were prepared by admixing radioactive solutions with soil, and point sources were made from the same solutions to determine their radioactivity concentrations. Cascade summing corrections for $$gamma$$ rays of $$^{134}$$Cs in soil samples were evaluated experimentally. To easily calculate the cascade summing corrections for volume sources, we examined a simplified method using averaged efficiencies, and evaluated its validity through a comparison of the calculated correction factors with the experimental ones.

Journal Articles

Adsorption behavior of $$^{181}$$W and $$^{rm 93m}$$Mo as lighter homologues of seaborgium (Sg) in HF/HNO$$_{3}$$ on anion-exchange resin

Liang, X. H.*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Li, Z.*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Nagame, Yuichiro

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 292(2), p.917 - 922, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:32.85(Chemistry, Analytical)

Adsorption of carrier-free radiotracers $$^{181}$$W and $$^{rm 93m}$$Mo produced in the $$^{181}$$Ta($$p$$, $$n$$) and $$^{rm nat}$$Nb($$p$$, $$n$$) reactions, respectively, on anion-exchange resin was studied in mixed solution of HF and HNO$$_{3}$$ in a concentration range of 10$$^{-4}$$ - 10$$^{-1}$$ M HF/0.1 M HNO$$_{3}$$. Distribution coefficients ($$K_{rm d}$$) of $$^{181}$$W and $$^{rm 93m}$$Mo at 70 $$^{circ}$$C showed the V-shaped variation with the minimum at around 10$$^{-1}$$ M HF/0.1 M HNO$$_{3}$$ although variation of the $$K_{rm d}$$ values for $$^{rm 93m}$$Mo was quite small compared with that for $$^{181}$$W. Formation of oxofluoro complexes for W and Mo is briefly discussed.

Journal Articles

Sulfate complexation of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution

Li, Z.*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Pershina, V.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 100(3), p.157 - 164, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:32.85(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{265}$$Sg in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$)$$^{265}$$Sg reaction and decay properties of two isomeric states in $$^{265}$$Sg

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sakai, Ryutaro*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

Physical Review C, 85(2), p.024611_1 - 024611_11, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:8.68(Physics, Nuclear)

Two isomeric states in $$^{265}$$Sg, i.e, $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ and $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$ were produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$) reaction. Decay properties of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a,b}$$ were investigated with a rotating-wheel apparatus for $$alpha$$ and spontaneous fission (SF) spectrometry under low background condition attained by a gas-jet transport system coupled to the RIKEN gas-filled recoil ion separator. Based on genetically correlated $$alpha$$-$$alpha$$ (-$$alpha$$) and $$alpha$$-SF decay chains, 18 and 24 events were assigned to $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ and $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$, respectively. The half-life and $$alpha$$-particle energy of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ were measured to be $$8.5^{+2.6}_{-1.6}$$ s and $$8.84 pm 0.05$$ MeV, respectively, and those of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$ were $$14.4^{+3.7}_{-2.5}$$ s and $$8.69 pm 0.05$$ MeV.

Journal Articles

Production and decay properties of $$^{264}$$Hs and $$^{265}$$Hs

Sato, Nozomi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(9), p.094201_1 - 094201_7, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:42.17(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Decay properties of $$^{264}$$Hs and $$^{265}$$Hs produced in the $$^{207,208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe, $$xn$$) [$$x$$=1, 2] reactions were studied using a gas-filled recoil ion separator at the linear accelerator facility of RIKEN. A total of 6 decay chains were assigned to $$^{264}$$Hs. Cross sections for the $$^{264}$$Hs production in the $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,$$2n$$) and $$^{207}$$Pb($$^{58}$$Fe,$$n$$) reactions were measured to be $$2.8^{+6.5}_{-2.3}$$pb and $$6.9^{+4.4}_{-3.1}$$pb, respectively. The isotope $$^{264}$$Hs decayed with a half-life of $$0.751^{+0.518}_{-0.218}$$ms by $$alpha$$-particle emission and spontaneous fission. The $$alpha$$-particle energy of $$^{264}$$Hs was observed at 10.61$$pm$$0.04 and 10.80$$pm$$0.08 MeV. The spontaneous fission branch of $$^{264}$$Hs was found to be $$17^{+38}_{-14}%$$.

105 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)