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Journal Articles

Quantitative X-ray diffraction analysis of solute-enriched stacking faults in $$hcp$$-Mg alloys based on peak asymmetry analysis

Egusa, Daisuke*; Manabe, Ryo*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.; Sato, Shigeo*; Abe, Eiji*

Materials Today Communications (Internet), 31, p.103344_1 - 103344_6, 2022/06

Journal Articles

Space weather benchmarks on Japanese society

Ishii, Mamoru*; Shiota, Daiko*; Tao, Chihiro*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Fujiwara, Hitoshi*; Ishii, Takako*; Ichimoto, Kiyoshi*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Koga, Kiyokazu*; Kubo, Yuki*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.108_1 - 108_20, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:72.01(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

We surveyed the relationship between the scale of space weather events and their occurrence rate in Japan and we discussed the social impact of these phenomena during the Project for Solar-Terrestrial Environment Prediction (PSTEP). The information was compiled for domestic users of space weather forecasts for appropriate preparedness against space weather disasters. This paper gives a comprehensive summary of the survey, focusing on the fields of electricity, satellite operations, communication and broadcasting, satellite positioning usage, aviation, human space activity, and daily life on the Earth's surface, using the cutting-edge knowledge of space weather. Quantitative estimations of the economic impact of space weather events on electricity and aviation are also given.

Journal Articles

Heavy fermion state of YbNi$$_2$$Si$$_3$$ without local inversion symmetry

Nakamura, Shota*; Hyodo, Kazushi*; Matsumoto, Yuji*; Haga, Yoshinori; Sato, Hitoshi*; Ueda, Shigenori*; Mimura, Kojiro*; Saiki, Katsuyoshi*; Iso, Kosei*; Yamashita, Minoru*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(2), p.024705_1 - 024705_5, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:32.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Dislocation densities and intergranular stresses of plastically deformed austenitic steels

Tomota, Yo*; Ojima, Mayumi*; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.*; Sato, Shigeo*; Ung$'a$r, T.*

Materials Science & Engineering A, 743, p.32 - 39, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:85.21(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

${it In-situ}$ observation of dislocation evolution in ferritic and austenitic stainless steels under tensile deformation by using neutron diffraction

Sato, Shigeo*; Kuroda, Asumi*; Sato, Kozue*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Harjo, S.; Tomota, Yo*; Saito, Yoichi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

Tetsu To Hagane, 104(4), p.201 - 207, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:43.06(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Quantitative evaluation of texture and dislocations during annealing after hot deformation in austenitic steel using neutron diffraction

Tomota, Yo*; Sato, Shigeo*; Uchida, M.*; Xu, P. G.; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.; Kawasaki, Takuro

Materials Science Forum, 905, p.25 - 30, 2017/08

Journal Articles

Recent progress of line-profile analyses for neutron or X-ray diffraction

Tomota, Yo*; Sato, Shigeo*; Harjo, S.

Tetsu To Hagane, 103(2), p.73 - 85, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:62.6(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Rapid measurement scheme for texture in cubic metallic materials using time-of-flight neutron diffraction at iMATERIA

Onuki, Yusuke*; Hoshikawa, Akinori*; Sato, Shigeo*; Xu, P. G.; Ishigaki, Toru*; Saito, Yoichi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Hayashi, Makoto*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(5), p.1579 - 1584, 2016/10


 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:85.91(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Microstructure analysis in steel using quantum beam diffraction method

Sato, Shigeo*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Shobu, Takahisa; Shiro, Ayumi*; Tashiro, Hitoshi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

Kinzoku, 86(8), p.654 - 660, 2016/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of elastic deformation mechanism in as-cast and annealed eutectic and hypoeutectic Zr-Cu-Al metallic glasses by multiscale strain analysis

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Yamada, Rui*; Tsubaki, Shinki*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Sato, Shigeo*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Machida, Akihiko; Saida, Junji*

Metals, 6(1), p.12_1 - 12_11, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:23.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Elastic deformation behaviors of as-cast and annealed eutectic and hypoeutectic Zr-Cu-Al bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) were investigated on a basis of different strain-scales determined by X-ray scattering and the strain gauge. The microscopic strains determined by Direct-space method (DSM) and Q-space method (QSM) were compared with the macroscopic strain measured by the strain gauge, and the difference in the deformation mechanism between eutectic and hypoeutectic Zr-Cu-Al BMGs was investigated by their correlation. The eutectic Zr$$_{50}$$Cu$$_{40}$$Al$$_{10}$$ BMG obtains more homogeneous microstructure by free-volume annihilation after annealing, improving a resistance to deformation but degrading ductility because of a decrease in the volume fraction of WBRs (Weakly-Bonded Regions) with relatively high mobility. On the other hand, the as-cast hypoeutectic Zr$$_{60}$$Cu$$_{30}$$Al$$_{10}$$ BMG originally has homogeneous microstructure, but loses its structural and elastic homogeneities because of nanocluster formation after annealing. Such structural changes after annealing might develop unique mechanical properties showing no degradations of ductility and toughness for the structural-relaxed hypoeutectic BMGs.

Journal Articles

Study on the behavior of radiolytically produced hydrogen in a high-level liquid waste tank of a reprocessing plant; Comparison between actual and simulated solutions

Kinuhata, Hiroshi*; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Taguchi, Shigeo; Surugaya, Naoki; Sato, Soichi; Kodama, Takashi*; Tamauchi, Yoshikazu*; Shibata, Yuki*; Anzai, Kiyoshi*; Matsuoka, Shingo*

Nuclear Technology, 192(2), p.155 - 159, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experiments using a small-scale apparatus with 30 ml actual high-level liquid waste from the Tokai Reprocessing Plant were carried out to show that the hydrogen concentration in the gas phase reaches a steady-state value of much less than 4% (lower explosive limit) in the absence of sweeping-air. The H$$_{2}$$ concentration reached a steady-state value as was expected and it was compared with a value predicted from an equation with parameters which had been obtained using the simulated solution. Satisfactory agreement showed that the Pd-ion catalytic H$$_{2}$$ consumption reaction previously found in the simulated solution proceeded equally well in the actual solution.

JAEA Reports

Measurement of hydrogen generating from radiolysis of highly active liquid waste and its quantitative evaluation

Yamamoto, Masahiko; Surugaya, Naoki; Mori, Eito; Taguchi, Shigeo; Sato, Soichi

JAEA-Research 2015-013, 27 Pages, 2015/10


The H$$_{2}$$ concentration generating from Highly Active Liquid Waste (HALW) of Tokai Reprocessing Plant is measured in a closed experimental system. The experimental results show that H$$_{2}$$ concentration gradually increases at first and then approaches a steady-state due to the H$$_{2}$$ consumption reaction by Pd ions. The highest H$$_{2}$$ concentration is 1200 ppm (0.1%) when the solution temperature is at 23$$^{circ}$$C. It is found that H$$_{2}$$ generating from HALW is equilibrated one order of magnitude lower than the H$$_{2}$$ combustion lower limit. Moreover, a model based on H$$_{2}$$ generation from HALW by the radiolysis and H$$_{2}$$ consumption reaction by Pd ions is proposed and applied to evaluate H$$_{2}$$ concentration behavior in the gas phase. The calculated H$$_{2}$$ concentrations from proposed model agreed well with the experimental values. It is demonstrated that the behavior of H$$_{2}$$ generating from HALW can be evaluated quantitatively by applying the proposed model in this study.

Journal Articles

Distribution and anisotropy of dislocations in cold-drawn pearlitic steel wires analyzed using micro-beam X-ray diffraction

Sato, Shigeo*; Shobu, Takahisa; Sato, Kozue*; Ogawa, Hiromi*; Wagatsuma, Kazuaki*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Tashiro, Hitoshi*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

ISIJ International, 55(7), p.1432 - 1438, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:51.23(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

To characterize the distribution and anisotropy of dislocations in cold-drawn pearlitic steel wires, X-ray diffraction line-profile analysis was performed using synchrotron radiation micro-beams. The plastic shear strain was generally more severe near the surface than the center of the wire, whereas the dislocation density distribution was almost constant from the center to the surface. On the other hand, the dislocation rearrangement, which evolves the dislocation cell structure, progressed closer to the surface. It was also revealed that a difference between the hardness in axial and transverse wire directions could be explained by anisotropic dislocation density. Line-profile analysis based on diffraction data at elevated temperatures was performed. Whereas the cementite recovery progressed at a constant rate, the ferrite phase recovery rate was temperature-dependent, suggesting that the ferrite phase recovery was less related to that of the cementite phase.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of plutonium(IV) extraction rate between nitric acid and tri-$$n$$-butylphosphate solution using a glass chip microchannel

Yamamoto, Masahiko; Taguchi, Shigeo; Sato, Soichi; Surugaya, Naoki

Journal of Separation Science, 38(10), p.1807 - 1812, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:58.83(Chemistry, Analytical)

The extraction of Pu with tri-$$n$$-butyl phosphate (TBP) is performed using a glass microchip to evaluate the extraction rate. The parallel two-phase laminar flow is constructed in a microchannel by introducing plutonium nitrate solution and TBP diluted with $$n$$-dodecane as aqueous and organic phase, respectively. It was found that extraction ratio of Pu increases with increasing the contact time of two phases. A numerical model based on the diffusion in the microchannel and the reaction at the interface was incorporated to evaluate the extraction rate. The experimental data points were subjected to least-squares fitting and the forward extraction rate of Pu(IV) was determined.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014)

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Aoki, Kazufumi; Okamoto, Akiko; Kawakami, Takeshi; Kume, Nobuhide; Nakanishi, Chika; Koie, Masahiro; Kawamata, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-048, 69 Pages, 2015/02


JAEA was assigned as a designated public institution under the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act and under the Armed Attack Situations Response Act. Based on these Acts, the JAEA has the responsibility of providing technical support to the national government and/or local governments in case of disaster responses or response in the event of a military attack, etc. In order to fulfill the tasks, the JAEA has established the Emergency Action Plan and the Civil Protection Action Plan. In case of a nuclear emergency, NEAT dispatches specialists of JAEA, supplies the national government and local governments with emergency equipment and materials, and gives technical advice and information. In normal time, NEAT provides various exercises and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response institutions of the national and local governments, police, fire fighters, self-defense forces, etc. in addition to the JAEA itself. The NEAT also researches nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and cooperates with international organizations. In the FY2013, the NEAT accomplished the following tasks: (1) Technical support activities as a designated public institution in cooperation with the national and local governments, etc. (2) Human resource development, exercise and training of nuclear emergency response personnel for the national and local governments, etc. (3) Researches on nuclear disaster preparedness and response, and sending useful information (4) International contributions to Asian countries on nuclear disaster preparedness and response in collaboration with the international organizations

Journal Articles

The Cause of corrosion occurred in a glove box filter casing and its repair technique

Mori, Eito; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Taguchi, Shigeo; Sato, Soichi; Kitao, Takahiko; Surugaya, Naoki

Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-11-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.132 - 138, 2014/07

The contamination of the radioactive material was observed on the filter casing surface of the glove box installed at the analytical laboratory in Tokai Reprocessing Plant. The cause of the contamination was investigated with visual inspection, penetrant testing and ultrasonic thickness measurement. It was found that a micro through-hole due to the corrosion of stainless-steel was generated in the glove box filter casing. The repair work of the filter casing was performed keeping the glove box negative pressure. The corrosion part of filter casing was replaced and newly fabricated casing was connected to the glove box with Tungsten Inert Gas welding method.

JAEA Reports

Annual report of Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (April 1, 2012 - March 31, 2013)

Sato, Takeshi; Muto, Shigeo; Okuno, Hiroshi; Katagiri, Hiromi; Akiyama, Kiyomitsu; Okamoto, Akiko; Koie, Masahiro; Ikeda, Takeshi; Nemotochi, Toshimasa; Saito, Toru; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-046, 65 Pages, 2014/02


When a nuclear emergency occurs in Japan, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility of providing technical support to the National government, local governments, police, fire stations and nuclear operators etc., because the JAEA has been designated as the Designated Public Institution under the Basic Act on Disaster Control Measures and the Act on Response to Armed Attack Situations, etc.. The Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) of JAEA provides a comprehensive range of technical support activities to an Off-Site Center in case of a nuclear emergency. Specifically, NEAT gives technical advice and information, dispatches specialists as required, and supplies the National Government and local governments with emergency equipments and materials. NEAT provides various exercise and training courses concerning nuclear disaster prevention to those personnel taking an active part in emergency response organizations at normal times. The tasks of NEAT, with its past experiences as a designated public institution including the responses to TEPCO's Fukushima Accident, have been shifted to technical supports to the national government for strengthening its abilities to emergency responses; the NEAT therefore focused on maintenance and operation of its functions, and strengthening its response abilities in cooperation with the national government. This annual report summarized these activities of JAEA/NEAT in the fiscal year 2012.

JAEA Reports

Materials for the information security education

Yashiro, Shigeo; Aoki, Kazuhisa; Sato, Tomohiko; Tanji, Kazuhiro

JAEA-Review 2013-038, 123 Pages, 2014/01


With the rapid progress of the utilization of Information Technology (IT), IT infrastructure (network environment and information system) became crucial as a lifeline for promoting business. At the same time, changes in the circumstances surrounding the IT infrastructure globalize the threat of cyber attacks and increase the risk of the information security such as unlawful access to an information system, viral infection, an alteration of a website, disclosure of subtlety information, destruction of an information system and so on. Information security measure is an important issue in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). In order to protect the information property of JAEA from the threat, Center for Computational Science & e-Systems (CCSE) has been taking triadic measures for information security: (1) to lay down a set of information security rules, (2) to introduce security equipments to backbone network and (3) to provide information security education. This report is a summary of the contents of the information security education by e-learning.

JAEA Reports

The Establishment of the framework and actual experience for the prediction of atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides against the nuclear test by North Korea

Nakanishi, Chika; Sato, Takeshi; Sato, Sohei; Nagai, Haruyasu; Kakefuda, Toyokazu; Katata, Genki; Tsuzuki, Katsunori; Ikeda, Takeshi; Okuno, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Kazuya; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-030, 105 Pages, 2013/10


North Korea carried out the third nuclear test in February 2013. Due to the request of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) and Nuclear Science and Engineering Directorate (NSED) of JAEA predicted the atmospheric dispersion of radionuclide by WSPEEDI-II for the purpose of contributing to the environmental monitoring plan. From February 12 to 22, they provided daily reports on the prediction to the MEXT and the Ministry of Defense. MEXT has published these reports on the website. Since April 2012, NEAT and NSED had prepared to predict by the framework for the prediction around the clock during 10months until February 2013. This report described this experience and pointed issues out on this system.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of compressive deformation behavior of Zr$$_{55}$$Al$$_{10}$$Ni$$_{5}$$Cu$$_{30}$$ bulk metallic glass containing ZrC particles by synchrotron X-ray diffraction

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Saida, Junji*; Shobu, Takahisa; Katsuyama, Jinya; Kato, Hidemi*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Sato, Shigeo*

Scripta Materialia, 66(10), p.801 - 804, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:42.67(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Compressive deformation mechanism of a Zr$$_{55}$$Al$$_{10}$$Ni$$_{5}$$Cu$$_{30}$$ bulk metallic glass containing 10vol.%ZrC (ZrC-BMG) was evaluated by measuring the residual strains in the compressive deformed samples using the synchrotron X-ray diffraction and also evaluating the localized deformation behavior around the ZrC particles by the finite element analysis. Phase stress shared by the metallic glass matrix was increased before macroscopic yielding due to local plastic deformation around the ZrC particles. After macroscopic yielding, the phase stress shared by the ZrC phase was drastically increased, and finally the ZrC-BMG was fractured by breaking the ZrC particles reaching its fracture strength.

104 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)