Refine your search:     
Report No.
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 93

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...


Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Absolute quantification of $$^{137}$$Cs activity in spent nuclear fuel with calculated detector response function

Sato, Shunsuke*; Nauchi, Yasushi*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Kimura, Yasuhiko; Kashima, Takao*; Futakami, Kazuhiro*; Suyama, Kenya

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 9 Pages, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new non-destructive method for evaluating $$^{137}$$Cs activity in spent nuclear fuels was proposed and experimentally demonstrated for physical measurements in burnup credit implementation. $$^{137}$$Cs activities were quantified using gamma ray measurements and numerical detector response simulations without reference fuels, in which 137Cs activities are well known. Fuel samples were obtained from a lead use assembly (LUA) irradiated in a commercial pressurized water reactor (PWR) up to 53 GWd/t. Gamma rays emitted from the samples were measured using a bismuth germinate (BGO) scintillation detector through a collimator attached to a hot cell. The detection efficiency of gamma rays with the detector was calculated using the PHITS particle transport calculation code considering the measurement geometry. The relative activities of $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{137}$$Cs, and $$^{154}$$Eu in the sample were measured with a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector for more accurate simulations of the detector response for the samples. The absolute efficiency of the detector was calibrated by measuring a standard gamma ray source in another geometry. $$^{137}$$Cs activity in the fuel samples was quantified using the measured count rate and detection efficiency. The quantified $$^{137}$$Cs activities agreed well with those estimated using the MVP-BURN depletion calculation code.

Journal Articles

Non-Hookean large elastic deformation in bulk crystalline metals

Xu, S.*; Odaira, Takumi*; Sato, Shunsuke*; Xu, X.*; Omori, Toshihiro*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Seiner, H.*; Zoubkov$'a$, K.*; Murakami, Yasukazu*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.5307_1 - 5307_8, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Development of the DICOM-based Monte Carlo dose reconstruction system for a retrospective study on the secondary cancer risk in carbon ion radiotherapy

Furuta, Takuya; Koba, Yusuke*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Chang, W.*; Yonai, Shunsuke*; Matsumoto, Shinnosuke*; Ishikawa, Akihisa*; Sato, Tatsuhiko

Physics in Medicine & Biology, 67(14), p.145002_1 - 145002_15, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Engineering, Biomedical)

Carbon ion radiotherapy has an advantage over conventional radiotherapy such that its superior dose concentration on the tumor helps to reduce unwanted dose to surrounding normal tissues. Nevertheless, a little dose to normal tissues, which is a potential risk of secondary cancer, is still unavoidable. The Monte Carlo simulation is a good candidate for the tool to assess secondary cancer risk, including the contributions of secondary particles produced by nuclear reactions. We therefore developed a new dose reconstruction system implementing PHITS as the engine. In this system, the PHITS input is automatically created from the DICOM data sets recorded in the treatment planning. The developed system was validated by comparing to experimental dose distribution in water and treatment plan on an anthropomorphic phantom. This system will be used for retrospective studies using the patient data in National Institute for Quantum and Science and Technology.

Journal Articles

KeV-neutron capture cross-section measurement of $$^{197}$$Au with a Cr-filtered neutron beam at the ANNRI beamline of MLF/J-PARC

Rovira Leveroni, G.; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Kodama, Yu*; Nakano, Hideto*; Sato, Yaoki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(5), p.647 - 655, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:30.57(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Observation of domain structure in non-collinear antiferromagnetic Mn$$_3$$Sn thin films by magneto-optical Kerr effect

Uchimura, Tomohiro*; Yoon, J.-Y.*; Sato, Yuma*; Takeuchi, Yutaro*; Kanai, Shun*; Takechi, Ryota*; Kishi, Keisuke*; Yamane, Yuta*; DuttaGupta, S.*; Ieda, Junichi; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 120(17), p.172405_1 - 172405_5, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:87.45(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Measurements of the neutron capture cross section of $$^{243}$$Am around 23.5 keV

Kodama, Yu*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Rovira Leveroni, G.; Kimura, Atsushi; Nakamura, Shoji; Endo, Shunsuke; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Iwamoto, Osamu; Hori, Junichi*; Shibahara, Yuji*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(11), p.1159 - 1164, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:53.86(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Technical Note: Validation of a material assignment method for a retrospective study of carbon-ion radiotherapy using Monte Carlo simulation

Chang, W.*; Koba, Yusuke*; Furuta, Takuya; Yonai, Shunsuke*; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Matsumoto, Shinnosuke*; Sato, Tatsuhiko

Journal of Radiation Research (Internet), 62(5), p.846 - 855, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:46.57(Biology)

With the aim of developing a revaluation tool of treatment plan in carbon-ion radiotherapy using Monte Carlo (MC) simulation, we propose two methods; one is dedicated to identify realistic-tissue materials from a CT image with satisfying the well-calibrated relationship between CT numbers and stopping power ratio (SPR) provided by TPS, and the other is to estimate dose to water considering the particle- and energy-dependent SPR between realistic tissue materials and water. We validated these proposed methods by computing depth dose distribution in homogeneous and heterogeneous phantoms composed of human tissue materials and water irradiated by a 400 MeV/u carbon beam with 8 cm SOBP using a MC simulation code PHITS and comparing with results of conventional treatment planning system (TPS). Our result suggested that use of water as a surrogate of real tissue materials, which is adopted in conventional TPS, is inadequate for dose estimation from secondary particles because their production rates cannot be scaled by SPR of the primary particle in water. We therefore concluded that the proposed methods can play important roles in the reevaluation of the treatment plans in carbon-ion radiotherapy.

Journal Articles

Quasifree neutron knockout reaction reveals a small $$s$$-Orbital component in the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B

Yang, Z. H.*; Kubota, Yuki*; Corsi, A.*; Yoshida, Kazuki; Sun, X.-X.*; Li, J. G.*; Kimura, Masaaki*; Michel, N.*; Ogata, Kazuyuki*; Yuan, C. X.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 126(8), p.082501_1 - 082501_8, 2021/02


 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:96.89(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A quasifree ($$p$$,$$pn$$) experiment was performed to study the structure of the Borromean nucleus $$^{17}$$B, which had long been considered to have a neutron halo. By analyzing the momentum distributions and exclusive cross sections, we obtained the spectroscopic factors for $$1s_{1/2}$$ and $$0d_{5/2}$$ orbitals, and a surprisingly small percentage of 9(2)% was determined for $$1s_{1/2}$$. Our finding of such a small $$1s_{1/2}$$ component and the halo features reported in prior experiments can be explained by the deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum, revealing a definite but not dominant neutron halo in $$^{17}$$B. The present work gives the smallest $$s$$- or $$p$$-orbital component among known nuclei exhibiting halo features and implies that the dominant occupation of $$s$$ or $$p$$ orbitals is not a prerequisite for the occurrence of a neutron halo.

Journal Articles

Development of ${it spatiotemporal}$ measurement and analysis techniques in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; From NAP-HARPES to 4D-XPS

Toyoda, Satoshi*; Yamamoto, Tomoki*; Yoshimura, Masashi*; Sumida, Hirosuke*; Mineoi, Susumu*; Machida, Masatake*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Suzuki, Satoru*; Yokoyama, Kazushi*; Ohashi, Yuji*; et al.

Vacuum and Surface Science, 64(2), p.86 - 91, 2021/02

We have developed ${it spatiotemporal}$ measurement and analysis techniques in X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. To begin with, time-division depth profiles of gate stacked film interfaces have been achieved by NAP-HARPES (Near Ambient Pressure Hard X-ray Angle-Resolved Photo Emission Spectroscopy) data. We then have promoted our methods to quickly perform peak fittings and depth profiling from time-division ARPES data, which enables us to realize 4D-XPS analysis. It is found that the traditional maximum entropy method (MEM) combined with Jackknife averaging of sparse modeling in NAP-HARPES data is effective to perform dynamic measurement of depth profiles with high precision.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the angular distribution of $$gamma$$-rays after neutron capture by $$^{139}$$La for a T-violation search

Okudaira, Takuya; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Haddock, C. C.*; Ito, Ikuya*; Yamamoto, Tomoki*; Endo, Shunsuke*; Ishizaki, Kohei*; Sato, Takumi*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 219, p.09001_1 - 09001_6, 2019/12

Parity violating effects enhanced by up to 10$$^6$$ times have been observed in several neutron induced compound nuclei. There is a theoretical prediction that time reversal (T) violating effects can also be enhanced in these nuclei implying that T-violation can be searched for by making very sensitive measurements. However, the enhancement factor has not yet been measured in all nuclei. The angular distribution of the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction was measured with $$^{139}$$La by using a germanium detector assembly at J-PARC, and the enhancement factor was obtained. From the result, the measurement time to achieve the most sensitive T-violation search was estimated as 1.4 days, and a 40% polarized $$^{139}$$La target and a 70% polarized $$^3$$He spin filter whose thickness is 70 atm$$cdot$$cm are needed. Therefore high quality $$^3$$He spin filter is developed in JAEA. The measurement result of the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction at J-PARC and the development status of the $$^3$$He spin filter will be presented.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:59.11(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Progress status of proof-of-principle demonstration of 400 MeV H$$^{-}$$ laser stripping at J-PARC 3-GeV RCS

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Miura, Akihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Okabe, Kota; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Yamane, Isao*; Irie, Yoshiro*; Liu, Y.*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.806 - 810, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Development of laser system for a proof-of-principle experiment of laser stripping injection

Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Yoneda, Hitoki*; Michine, Yurina*; Inoue, Shunsuke*; Sato, Atsushi*; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Yamane, Isao*; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.811 - 815, 2018/08

The high-intensity proton accelerator adopts a charge exchange injection scheme, which injects with exchanging from negative Hydrogen ion to proton by using carbon foil. This scheme can realize high intensity proton beam but the uncontrolled beam losses occur by scattering at the foil. Additionally, the beam collision at the foil may cause the break itself. Therefore, a new injection scheme for higher intensity is needed as an alternative to the foil. We newly propose and develop a laser stripping injection scheme. At the first step, we propose a proof-of-principle (POP) experiment of the scheme in J-PARC and develop a laser system. In this presentation, we will introduce the laser stripping injection scheme and describe an overview of a POP experiment. We will report a current status of the laser system.

Journal Articles

Field test around Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant site using improved Ce:Gd$$_{3}$$(Al,Ga)$$_{5}$$O$$_{12}$$ scintillator Compton camera mounted on an unmanned helicopter

Shikaze, Yoshiaki; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Sanada, Yukihisa; Torii, Tatsuo; Jiang, J.*; Shimazoe, Kenji*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Yoshino, Masao*; Ito, Shigeki*; Endo, Takanori*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.1907 - 1918, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:96.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Compton camera was improved for use with the unmanned helicopter. Increase of the scintillator array from 4$$times$$4 to 8$$times$$8 and expanse of the distance between the two layers contributed to the improvements of detection efficiency and angular resolution, respectively. Measurements were performed over the riverbed of the Ukedo river of Namie town in Fukushima Prefecture. By programming of flight path and speed, the areas of 65 m $$times$$ 60 m and 65 m $$times$$ 180 m were measured during about 20 and 30 minutes, respectively. By the analysis the air dose rate maps at 1 m height were obtained precisely with the angular resolution corresponding to the position resolution of about 10 m from 10 m height. Hovering flights were executed over the hot spot areas for 10-20 minutes at 5-20 m height. By using the reconstruction software the $$gamma$$-ray images including the hot spots were obtained with the angular resolution same as that evaluated in the laboratory (about 10$$^{circ}$$).

Journal Articles

Femtosecond time-resolved dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect

Otobe, Tomohito; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Sato, Shunsuke*; Yabana, Kazuhiro*

Physical Review B, 93(4), p.045124_1 - 045124_9, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:86.41(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We theoretically investigate the dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in femtosecond time resolution, that is, the time-dependent modulation of a dielectric function at around the band gap under an irradiation of an intense laser field. We develop a pump-probe formalism in two distinct approaches: first-principles simulation based on real-time time-dependent density functional theory and analytic consideration of a simple two-band model. We find that, while time-average modulation may be reasonably described by the static Franz-Keldysh theory, a remarkable phase shift is found to appear between the dielectric response and the applied electric field.

Journal Articles

Time-dependent density functional theory of high-intensity short-pulse laser irradiation on insulators

Sato, Shunsuke*; Yabana, Kazuhiro*; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Lee, K.-M.*; Bertsch, G. F.*

Physical Review B, 92(20), p.205413_1 - 205413_6, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:85.47(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We calculate the energy deposition by very short laser pulses in SiO$$_{2}$$ ($$alpha$$-quartz) with a view to establishing systematics for predicting damage and nanoparticle production. The theoretical framework is time-dependent density functional theory, implemented by the real-time method in a multiscale representation. We find that the deposited energy in the medium can be accurately modeled as a function of the local electromagnetic pulse fluence. The energy deposition function can in turn be quite well fitted to the strong-field Keldysh formula. We find reasonable agreement between the damage threshold and the energy required to melt the substrate. The ablation threshold estimated by the energy to convert the substrate to an atomic fluid is higher than the measurement, indicating significance of nonthermal nature of the process. A fair agreement is found for the depth of the ablation.

Journal Articles

Dielectric response of laser-excited silicon at finite electron temperature

Sato, Shunsuke*; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Yabana, Kazuhiro*

Physical Review B, 90(17), p.174303_1 - 174303_8, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:81.25(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We calculate the dielectric response of excited crystalline silicon in electron thermal equilibrium by adiabatic time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) to model the response to irradiation by high-intensity laser pulses. We find that the extracted effective mass are in the range of 0.22-0.36 and lifetimes are in the range of 1-14 fs depending on the temperature.

Journal Articles

First-principles simulation of the optical response of bulk and thin-film $$alpha$$-quartz irradiated with an ultrashort intense laser pulse

Lee, K.-M.*; Kim, C. M.*; Sato, Shunsuke*; Otobe, Tomohito; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Yabana, Kazuhiro; Jeong, T. M.*

Journal of Applied Physics, 115(5), p.053519_1 - 053519_8, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:72.72(Physics, Applied)

A computational method based on a first-principles multiscale simulation has been used for calculating the optical response and the ablation threshold of an optical material irradiated with an ultrashort intense laser pulse. The method was applied to investigate the changes in the optical reflectance of quartz bulk, half-wavelength thin-film and quarter-wavelength thin-film and to estimate their ablation thresholds. Despite the adiabatic local density approximation used in calculating the exchange-correlation potential, the reflectance and the ablation threshold obtained from our method agree well with the previous theoretical and experimental results. The method can be applied to estimate the ablation thresholds for optical materials in general.

Journal Articles

Numerical pump-probe experiments of laser-excited silicon in nonequilibrium phase

Sato, Shunsuke*; Yabana, Kazuhiro; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Bertsch, G. F.*

Physical Review B, 89(6), p.064304_1 - 064304_8, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:57 Percentile:89.77(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We calculate the dielectric response of crystalline silicon following irradiation by a high-intensity laser pulse, modeling the dynamics by the time-dependent Kohn-Sham equations in the presence of the laser field. As expected, the excited silicon shows features of an electron-hole plasma of nonequilibrium phase in its response, characterized by a negative divergence in the real part of the dielectric function at small frequencies. We also find that the imaginary part of the dielectric function can be negative, particularly for the parallel polarization of pump and probe fields.

Journal Articles

Effect of spin Hall magnetoresistance on spin pumping measurements in insulating magnet/metal systems

Iguchi, Ryo*; Sato, Koji*; Hirobe, Daichi*; Daimon, Shunsuke*; Saito, Eiji

Applied Physics Express, 7(1), p.013003_1 - 013003_4, 2014/01

We investigate a dc rectification effect of magnetization dynamics based on spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) in an insulating magnet/metal system on spin pumping measurements. We theoretically find that the rectification effect by SMR has different in-plane magnetization angle dependence from that of the inverse spin Hall effect on the spin pumping. The negligible contribution from the rectification effect is experimentally confirmed in a cavity measurement.

93 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)