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Journal Articles

Study of the Li($$d,xn$$) reaction for the development of accelerator-based neutron sources

Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Sadamatsu, Hiroki*; Araki, Shohei*; Nakano, Keita*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.20012_1 - 20012_4, 2020/09

Accelerator-based neutron sources induced by deuteron beams are attractive for study of nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste as well as radiation damage for fusion reactor materials. In the present work, we have carried out a Double Differential cross section (DDX) measurement for Li at 200 MeV in the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University. A deuteron beam accelerated to 200 MeV was transported to the neutron experimental hall and focused on a thin Li target. Emitted neutrons from the target were detected by two different-size EJ301 liquid organic scintillators located at two distances of 7 m and 20 m, respectively. The neutron DDXs were measured at six angles from 0$$^{circ}$$ to 25$$^{circ}$$). The neutron detection efficiencies of the detectors were calculated by SCINFUL-QMD code. We will present the results of the present DDX measurement and compare them with theoretical model calculations with DEURACS and PHITS.

Journal Articles

Measurement of defect-induced electrical resistivity change of tungsten wire at cryogenic temperature using high-energy proton irradiation

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Yabuuchi, Atsushi*; Kinomura, Atsushi*; Shima, Tatsushi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061003_1 - 061003_5, 2020/02

To predict the lifetime of target materials in high-energy radiation environments at spallation neutron sources, radiation transport codes such as PHITS are used to calculate the displacements per atom (DPA) value. In this work, to validate calculated DPA values of tungsten, we implemented 0.25-mm-diameter wire sample of tungsten in a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler and measured the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the displacement cross section using 389-MeV protons at 10 K. In comparison with experimental data under 1.1 and 1.9 GeV proton irradiation, we found that damage rate of tungsten increases with proton energy due to increase the number of secondary particle s produced by nuclear reactions.

Journal Articles

Organ and detriment-weighted dose rate coefficients for exposure to radionuclide-contaminated soil considering body morphometries that differ from reference conditions; Adults and children

Kofler, C.*; Domal, S.*; Satoh, Daiki; Dewji, S.*; Eckerman, K.*; Bolch, W. E.*

Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, 58(4), p.477 - 492, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Biology)

In the current radiation protection system, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) recommends to use the effective dose for dose estimation. The effective dose is derived from the organ doses calculated using the computational human models (phantoms) defined by the ICRP to represent the reference person at each age. Questions arise, however, among the general public regarding the accuracy of organ and effective dose estimates based upon reference phantom methodologies, especially for those individuals with heights and/or weights that differ from the nearest age-matched reference person. In this paper, the detriment-weighted dose was defined for non-reference persons as the same manner to the effective dose for reference person. The doses were calculated for external exposure to radionuclides in a soil using 351-member phantom library based on the data of the U.S. population reported by the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. The results for 33 nuclides were listed in the paper. Especially, for the environmental relevant radionuclides of $$^{89}$$Sr, $$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{137}$$Cs, and $$^{131}$$I, the detriment-weighted dose of 1-year-old phantom agreed with the effective dose within 5%, while the range of percent differences in these two quantities increased with increases the body size and age, e.g. +15% to -40% for adults.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron-production double-differential cross sections in most-forward direction by proton incidences

Satoh, Daiki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko

2017年度量子科学技術研究開発機構施設共用実施報告書(インターネット), 1 Pages, 2019/08

Many neutrons are produced in forward directions by intermediate-energy proton-induced reactions. While it is known that collective motion in a target nucleus plays important role in this neutron production, validity of theoretical model and nuclear-data library has not been examined well due to a lack of experimental data. Hence, we obtained systematic data of neutron-production double-differential cross section in the most-forward direction. The experiment was performed at TIARA of Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, QST. 34-MeV proton beams were bombarded upon thin carbon, aluminum, iron, and lead target, and the neutrons produced in the most-forward direction were led to experimental room passing through a collimator. Scintillation detectors were used to the neutron detection. In comparison with the calculation results of PHITS, it was found that the theoretical model INCL always overestimate the cross sections, and the evaluated nuclear-data library JENDL-4.0/HE reproduce the measure spectra better than the INCL does.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron-production double-differential cross sections of $$^{rm nat}$$C, $$^{27}$$Al, $$^{rm nat}$$Fe, and $$^{rm nat}$$Pb by 20, 34, 48, 63, and 78 MeV protons in the most-forward direction

Satoh, Daiki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 920, p.22 - 36, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:56.06(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) is a general purpose particle transport simulation code developed by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The PHITS is utilized in various areas including a shielding design of accelerator facilities. Unfortunately, it is known that theoretical models and evaluated nuclear data used in the PHITS cannot reproduce the neutron production in most-forward direction for proton incidences. Hence, the present study aimed to obtain the experimental data of neutron-production double-differential cross sections of $$^{rm nat}$$C, $$^{27}$$Al, $$^{rm nat}$$Fe, and $$^{rm nat}$$Pb by 20, 34, 48, 63, and 78 MeV protons in most-forward direction for improvement of theoretical models and nuclear data. The experiment has been performed at the ion irradiation facility (TIARA) of the National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology. The proton beams provided by the cyclotron were incident to the target sample. The neutrons produced by nuclear reactions were pass through the collimator in the most-forward direction, and measured with an organic scintillator at the experimental room. The kinetic energy of those neutrons was determined by the time-of-flight method. The obtained results were compared with the results of the theoretical model INCL and the nuclear-data library JENDL-4.0/HE used in the PHITS. It was found that the INCL and JENDL-4.0/HE cannot reproduce the peak structures observed for light nuclei, because they do not consider the nuclear transition between discrete states of nucleus. In addition, the JENDL-4.0/HE agreed with the experimental data of energy-integrated cross section within a factor of 2, but the INCL gave approximately 6 times larger values.

Journal Articles

Establishment of a novel detection system for measuring primary knock-on atoms

Tsai, P.-E.; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Satoh, Daiki; Abe, Shinichiro; Ito, Masatoshi*; Watabe, Hiroshi*

Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2017) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2018/11

The energy spectra of primary knock-on atoms (PKAs) are essential for radiation damage assessment in design of accelerator facilities. However up to date the experimental data are still limited, due to the poor mass resolution and the high measurement threshold energies in the conventional setup of nuclear physics experiments using solid state detectors, which are typically above a few MeV/nucleon. In this study, a novel detection system consisting of two time detectors and one dE-E energy detector is proposed and being constructed to measure the PKA spectra. The system and detector design was based on Monte Carlo simulations by using the PHITS code. The PHITS simulations show that the system is able to distinguish the PKA isotopes above $$sim$$0.2-0.3 MeV/nucleon for A=20$$sim$$30 amu; the PKA mass identification thresholds decrease to $$<$$0.1 MeV/nucleon for PKAs lighter than 20 amu. The detection system will be tested in the summer of 2017, and the test results will be presented at the conference.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross sections of aluminum and copper at 5 K by using 200 MeV protons

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Yoshiie, Toshimasa*; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Shima, Tatsushi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 508, p.195 - 202, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:20.41(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To validate the displacement damage model in radiation transport codes used for the estimation of radiation damages at accelerator facilities, we measured electrical resistance increase of aluminum and copper induced by radiation defects under the cryogenic 200 MeV proton irradiation. The irradiation device had the structure to cool two irradiation samples at same time using thermal conductance. The aluminum and copper wire with 250 $$mu$$m diameter was sandwiched between two AlN plates with excellent thermal conductivity and electrical insulation. As a result, temperature of irradiation samples was kept at below 5 K under proton irradiation with beam intensity below 3 nA. The experimental displacement cross section agreed with calculated results with defect production efficiency.

Journal Articles

Radiation damage calculation in PHITS and benchmarking experiment for cryogenic-sample high-energy proton irradiation

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Yoshida, Makoto*; Ishi, Yoshihiro*; Kuriyama, Yasutoshi*; Uesugi, Tomonori*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 61st ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2018) (Internet), p.116 - 121, 2018/07

The radiation damage model in the radiation transport code PHITS has been developed to calculate the basic data of the radiation damage including the energy of the target Primary Knock on Atom (PKA). For the high-energy proton incident reactions, a target PKA created by the secondary particles was more dominant than a target PKA created by the projectile. To validate the radiation damage model in metals irradiated by $$>$$100 MeV protons, we developed a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler to cryogenically cool wire samples. By using this device, the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the DPA cross section of copper and aluminum were measured under irradiation with 125 and 200 MeV protons at cryogenic temperature. A comparison of the experimental data with the calculated results indicates that the DPA cross section with defect production efficiencies provide better quantitative descriptions.

Journal Articles

Neutron production in deuteron-induced reactions on Li, Be, and C at an incident energy of 102 MeV

Araki, Shohei*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Kitajima, Mizuki*; Sadamatsu, Hiroki*; Nakano, Keita*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.11027_1 - 11027_4, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In recently years, deuteron-induced reaction is considered to produce the neutron source for application fields such as radiation damage fusion materials and boron neutron capture therapy. However, as the experimental data are not sufficient at incident energies above 60 MeV, the theoretical models are not validated. Therefore, we measured the double differential cross sections (DDXs) for Li, Be and C at 100 MeV at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics in Osaka University. The DDXs were measured at 6 angles (0$$^{circ}$$$$sim$$25$$^{circ}$$ and neutron energy was determined by a time of flight method. Three different-size NE213 liquid organic scintillators located at a distance of 7 m, 24 m and 74 m respectively were adopted as neutron detectors. In the measured DDXs, a broad peak due to deuteron breakup process was observed at approximately half of the deuteron incident energy. The DDXs calculated by PHITS did not reproduce the experimental ones due to lack of theoretical model.

Journal Articles

Experimental analysis of neutron and background $$gamma$$-ray energy spectra of 80-400 MeV $$^{7}$$Li(p,n) reactions under the quasi-monoenergetic neutron field at RCNP, Osaka University

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Masuda, Akihiko*; Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Shima, Tatsushi*; Nakamura, Takashi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 153, p.08019_1 - 08019_3, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

To develop 100-400 MeV quasi-monoenergetic neutron field, we measured neutron and unexpected $$gamma$$-ray energy spectra of the $$^{7}$$Li(p,n) reaction with 80-389 MeV protons in the 100-m time-of-flight (TOF) tunnel at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP). Neutron energy spectra with energies above 3 MeV were measured by the TOF method and $$gamma$$ energy spectra with energies above 0.1 MeV were measured by the automatic unfolding function of the radiation dose monitor DARWIN. For neutron spectra, the contribution of peak intensity to the total intensity integrated with energies above 3 MeV varied between 0.38 and 0.48. For $$gamma$$-ray spectra, high-energetic $$gamma$$-rays at around 70 MeV originated from the decay of $$pi$$$$^{0}$$ were observed over 200 MeV. For the 246-MeV proton incident reaction, the contribution of $$gamma$$-ray dose to neutron dose is negligible because the ratio of $$gamma$$-ray to neutron is 0.014.

Journal Articles

Characterization of the PTW 34031 ionization chamber (PMI) at RCNP with high energy neutrons ranging from 100 - 392 MeV

Theis, C.*; Carbonez, P.*; Feldbaumer, E.*; Forkel-Wirth, D.*; Jaegerhofer, L.*; Pangallo, M.*; Perrin, D.*; Urscheler, C.*; Roesler, S.*; Vincke, H.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 153, p.08018_1 - 08018_5, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

At CERN, gas-filled ionization chambers PTW-34031 (PMI) are commonly used in radiation fields including neutrons, protons and $$gamma$$-rays. A response function for each particle is calculated by the radiation transport code FLUKA. To validate a response function to high energy neutrons, benchmark experiments with quasi mono-energetic neutrons have been carried out at RCNP, Osaka University. For neutron irradiation with energies below 200 MeV, very good agreement was found comparing the FLUKA simulations and the measurements. In addition it was found that at proton energies of 250 and 392 MeV, results calculated with neutron sources underestimate the experimental data due to a non-negligible gamma component originating from the target $$^{7}$$Li(p,n)Be reaction.

Journal Articles

Shielding experiments of concrete and iron for the 244 MeV and 387 MeV quasi-mono energetic neutrons using a Bonner sphere spectrometer (at RCNP, Osaka Univ.)

Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Masuda, Akihiko*; Nishiyama, Jun*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Shima, Tatsushi*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 153, p.08016_1 - 08016_3, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Neutron energy spectra behind concrete and iron shields were measured for quasi-monoenergetic neutrons above 200 MeV using a Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS). Quasi-monoenergetic neutrons were produced by the $$^{7}$$Li(p,xn) reaction with 246-MeV and 389-MeV protons. The response function of BSS was also measured at neutron energies from 100 MeV to 387 MeV. In data analysis, the measured response function was used and the multiple neutron scattering effect between the BSS and the shielding material was considered. The neutron energy spectra behind the concrete and iron shields were obtained by the unfolding method using the MAXED code. Ambient dose equivalents were obtained as a function of a shield thickness successfully. For the case of the 244 MeV neutron incidence, the multiple neutron scattering effect on the effective dose is large under 50 cm thickness of the concrete shield.

Journal Articles

Neutron spectrometry and dosimetry in 100 and 300 MeV quasi-mono-energetic neutron field at RCNP, Osaka University, Japan

Mares, V.*; Trinkl, S.*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Masuda, Akihiko*; Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Shima, Tatsushi*; Nakamura, Takashi*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 153, p.08020_1 - 08020_3, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.31

To validate response of an extended range Bonner Sphere Spectrometer (ERBSS) with $$^{3}$$He proportional counter, neutron energy spectra were measured using an ERBSS in the quasi-mono-energetic neutron field at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP). Using 100 MeV and 296 MeV proton beams, neutron fields with nominal peak energies of 96 MeV and 293 MeV were generated via $$^{7}$$Li(p,n)$$^{7}$$Be reactions. The energy spectra were measured at a distance of 35 m from the target. To deduce the corresponding neutron spectra from thermal to the nominal maximum energy, the ERBSS data were unfolded using the MSANDB unfolding code. At high energies, the neutron spectra were also measured by means of the TOF method using NE213 organic liquid scintillators. The agreement between ERBSS and TOF neutron spectra above 5 MeV is very good. Comparison in terms of ambient dose equivalent, H$$^{*}$$(10) between ERBSS and TOF values for both proton energies shows very good agreement.

Journal Articles

Simulation study of personal dose equivalent for external exposure to radioactive cesium distributed in soil

Satoh, Daiki; Furuta, Takuya; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Lee, C.*; Bolch, W. E.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(9), p.1018 - 1027, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The personal dose equivalent was calculated for the public (newborns; 1-, 5-, 10-, and 15-year-old children; and adults) in an environment contaminated with radioactive cesium ($$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs) distributed in a soil at specific depths of 0.0, 0.5, 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, and 50.0 g/cm$$^2$$. Monte Carlo calculations were performed using pediatric and adult computational phantoms incorporated into a particle and heavy ion transport code system (PHITS). Compared with the effective dose and ambient dose equivalent at a height of 100 cm above the ground, the personal dose equivalent was found to provide an acceptable assessment for the effective dose and did not exceed the ambient dose equivalent in the environmental radiation field, while the personal dose equivalent values increased for younger subjects. The weighted-integral method to obtain the personal dose equivalent for a volumetric source was applied to the analysis of exponential radioactive cesium distributions in the soil observed in Fukushima, and the calculation results successfully reproduced the measured data.

Journal Articles

Prospects for researches on environmental and health effects of the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident

Hirouchi, Jun; Okura, Takehisa; Satoh, Daiki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(3), p.152 - 155, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Applicability of the two-angle differential method to response measurement of neutron-sensitive devices at the RCNP high-energy neutron facility

Masuda, Akihiko*; Matsumoto, Tetsuro*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Satoh, Daiki; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Nishiyama, Jun*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 849, p.94 - 101, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Quasi-monoenergetic high-energy neutron fields induced by $$^{7}$$Li(p,n) reactions are used for the response evaluation of neutron-sensitive devices. The quasi-monoenergetic high-energy field consists of high-energy monoenergetic peak neutrons and unwanted continuum neutrons down to the low-energy region. A two-angle differential method has been developed to compensate for the effect of the continuum neutrons in the response measurements. In this study, the two-angle differential method was demonstrated for Bonner sphere detectors, which are typical examples of moderator-based neutron-sensitive detectors, to investigate the method's applicability and its dependence on detector characteristics. Through this study, the adequacy of the two-angle differential method was experimentally verified, and practical suggestions were made pertaining to this method.

Journal Articles

Systematic measurement of double-differential neutron production cross sections for deuteron-induced reactions at an incident energy of 102 MeV

Araki, Shohei*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Kitajima, Mizuki*; Sadamatsu, Hiroki*; Nakano, Keita*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 842, p.62 - 70, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:38.75(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Recently, deuteron incident reaction is expected to be used as a neutron source for study of radiation damage in fusion materials, boron neutron capture therapy, and so on. However, experimental data to validate the model is very few. In this work, double-differential neutron production cross sections (DDXs) for deuteron-induced reactions on $$^{nat}$$Li, $$^{9}$$Be, $$^{nat}$$C, $$^{27}$$Al, $$^{nat}$$Cu, and $$^{93}$$Nb at 102 MeV were measured at forward angles $$leq$$ 25$$^{circ}$$ by means of a time of flight (TOF) method with NE213 liquid organic scintillators at the Research Center of Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University. The experimental DDXs and energy-integrated cross sections were compared with TENDL-2015 data and PHITS calculation. The PHITS calculation showed better agreement with the experimental results than TENDL-2015 for all target nuclei, although the shape of the broad peak around 50 MeV was not satisfactorily reproduced by the PHITS calculation.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron production double-differential cross-sections on carbon bombarded with 430 MeV/nucleon carbon ions

Itashiki, Yutaro*; Imabayashi, Yoichi*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Uozumi, Yusuke*; Satoh, Daiki; Kajimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Koba, Yusuke*; Matsufuji, Naruhiro*

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 41(4), p.344 - 349, 2016/12

Carbon ion therapy has achieved satisfactory results because of high curability and minimally invasiveness. However, patients have a risk to get a secondary cancer. In order to estimate the risk, it is essential to understand particle transportation and nuclear reactions in the patient's body. The particle transport Monte Carlo simulation code is a useful tool to understand them. Since the code validation for heavy ion incident reactions is not enough, the experimental data of the elementary reaction processes is needed. We measured neutron production double-differential cross-sections (DDXs) on a carbon bombarded with 430 MeV/nucleon carbon beam which is a possible candidate of future therapy beam. The experiment was performed at PH2 beam line of the HIMAC of National Institute of Radiological Sciences. The 430 MeV/nucleon carbon beam was irradiated on a 5 cm $${times}$$ 5 cm $${times}$$ 1 cm graphite target rotated 45$$^{circ}$$ to the beam axis. The beam intensity was set to 10$$^{5}$$ particles / spill. A 0.5 mm thick NE102A plastic scintillator was placed to monitor the beam intensity. Neutrons produced in the target were measured with two sizes of NE213 liquid organic scintillators located at six angles of 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90$$^{circ}$$. The 5.08 cm long one was used to obtain the neutron spectra from 1 MeV to 10 MeV and the 12.7 cm long one was used above 5 MeV. The 2 mm thick NE102A plastic scintillators to discriminate charged particles were set in front of the neutron detectors. The kinetic energies of neutrons were determined by the time-of-flight (TOF) method. Background neutrons were estimated by a measurement with iron shadow bars between the target and each neutron detector. An electronic circuit for data acquisition consisted of NIM and CAMAC modules. The experimental data was compared with calculated results obtained by Monte Carlo simulation codes as PHITS. The PHITS code reproduced the experimental data well.

Journal Articles

Distributions of neutron yields and doses around a water phantom bombarded with 290-MeV/nucleon and 430-MeV/nucleon carbon ions

Satoh, Daiki; Kajimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Itashiki, Yutaro*; Imabayashi, Yoichi*; Koba, Yusuke*; Matsufuji, Naruhiro*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Nakao, Noriaki*; Uozumi, Yusuke*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 387, p.10 - 19, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:69.03(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Double-differential neutron yields from a water phantom bombarded with 290-MeV/nucleon and 430-MeV/nucleon carbon ions were measured at emission angles of 15$$^{circ}$$, 30$$^{circ}$$, 45$$^{circ}$$, 60$$^{circ}$$, 75$$^{circ}$$, and 90$$^{circ}$$ using the neutron-detection system constituting of liquid organic scintillators. The angular distributions of neutron yields and effective doses around the phantom were obtained by integrating the double-differential neutron yields and applying the fluence-to-effective dose conversion coefficients. The experimental data were compared with results of the Monte-Carlo simulation code PHITS. The PHITS results showed good agreement with the measured data. From the results, we concluded that the PHITS simulation is applicable to the dose estimation at carbon-therapy facilities.

Journal Articles

Measurement of double differential (d,xn) cross sections for carbon at an incident energy of 100 MeV

Araki, Shohei*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Kitajima, Mizuki*; Sadamatsu, Hiroki*; Nakano, Keita*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2016-004, p.159 - 164, 2016/09

Neutron production data from materials such as Li, Be and C bombarded by deuteron are required for design such as the facility of radiation damage for fusion materials and boron neutron capture therapy. However, there is little measurement of double differential neutron production cross sections (DDXs). Therefore, we have planned a series of DDXs measurements at incident energies more than 100 MeV in the Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University. The experiment was carried out with a carbon target at the neutron Time of Flight (TOF) course in RCNP. Emitted neutrons were detected by three different-size NE213 liquid organic scintillators (5.08 cm, 12.7 cm and 25.4 cm in dimeter and thickness) located at a distance of 7 m, 24 m and 74 m respectively. The neutron detection efficiencies of the detectors were calculated by SCINFUL-QMD code. It turned out that the calculation data fr carbon does not reproduce the experimental data satisfactorily well.

162 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)