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Journal Articles

Upgrade of the 3-MeV linac for testing of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012077_1 - 012077_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

We have upgraded a 3-MeV linac at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the old 30-mA RFQ is replaced by a spare 50-mA RFQ, therefore, the beam energy is 3 MeV and the nominal beam current is 50 mA. The main purpose of this system is to test the spare RFQ, but also used for testing of various components required in order to keep the stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and measurement programs have been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Development of a beam window protection system for the J-PARC Linac

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Sawabe, Yuki; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Suzuki, Takahiro*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012142_1 - 012142_5, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

At the J-PARC Linac, beam conditioning and study are performed using beam dumps (BDs). To be a partition with the high vacuum section, a beam window (material Ni, 0.38 mm thick, mirror-shape) is installed upstream of the BD along the beam line. Beams that can be accepted by the beam window are about 1/50 or less of rated beam according to thermal evaluation and experience. Therefore, when using a beam dump, it is necessary not to exceed this tolerance. In a 2018 beam study, the beam e that exceeded tolerance was incident on the 0-degree dump due to human error, and the beam window was cracked. Then, this has revealed the need for protection of the beam window by hardware. Therefore, based on the existing system for monitoring the per-hour beam amount, we began to develop a system to monitor one shot beam and one second beam amount. And, we succeeded in implementing a system that protects the beam window by monitoring the beam in a short time (one shot, and for one second). In addition, the performance tests using actual beams were performed, and it was confirmed that the developed system had sufficient performance requirements to protect the beam window.

Journal Articles

Development of a beam window protection system for the J-PARC Linac

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Sawabe, Yuki; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Suzuki, Takahiro*

Proceedings of 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '19) (Internet), p.3886 - 3889, 2019/06

At the J-PARC Linac, beam conditioning and study are performed using beam dumps (BDs). To be a partition with the high vacuum section, a beam window (material Ni, 0.38 mm thick, mirror-shape) is installed upstream of the BD along the beam line. Beams that can be accepted by the beam window are about 1/50 or less of rated beam according to thermal evaluation and experience. Therefore, when using a beam dump, it is necessary not to exceed this tolerance. In a 2018 beam study, the beam e that exceeded tolerance was incident on the 0-degree dump due to human error, and the beam window was cracked. Then, this has revealed the need for protection of the beam window by hardware. Therefore, based on the existing system for monitoring the per-hour beam amount, we began to develop a system to monitor one shot beam and one second beam amount. And, we succeeded in implementing a system that protects the beam window by monitoring the beam in a short time (one shot, and for one second). In addition, the performance tests using actual beams were performed, and it was confirmed that the developed system had sufficient performance requirements to protect the beam window.

Journal Articles

Standardization of stepping motor control system in J-PARC Linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Sawabe, Yuki; Suzuki, Yasuo*; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1105 - 1108, 2018/08

J-PARC Linac and RCS Profile Monitor and etc. are devices consisting of moving parts and driving part. In these devices, in order to move the movable part to an appropriate position without damaging it, proper control of the stepping motor used for the driving part is important. Many of the control system hardware of these drive units are used since the early days of J-PARC operation, and there is concern about malfunctions due to aging. In addition, since both VME and PLC are used as controllers, it is necessary to prepare spare parts of both control equipment in maintenance and management. Besides, the control logic differs depending on the kind of controller, VME or PLC. Therefore, maintainability of both hardware and software is an important issue. Then, we decided to proceed with updating the drive unit control system which standardized control system hardware and software. In this paper, the standardization of stepping motor control system in Linac and RCS is detailed.

Journal Articles

Improvement of motor control system in J-PARC linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Miura, Akihiko; Sawabe, Yuki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 9th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '18) (Internet), p.2180 - 2182, 2018/06

The stepping motor control system used in the profile monitor and RCS collimator of J-PARC is configured by VME-based. Most of these pieces of control equipment are in use for more than 10 years. Therefore, countermeasures against aging of equipment are necessary. In addition, it is necessary to implement countermeasures against malfunction of the control system, which is thought to be caused by radiation. In 2016, a malfunction occurred in the motor control system of the RCS collimator. Taking this as a starting point, we began developing a motor control system that can ensure equipment safety even if a malfunction occurs. In this paper, we show the inference of the cause of this malfunction and present details of the developed high-safety motor control system.

Journal Articles

Supervision and alarm system for J-PARC Linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Sawabe, Yuki; Watanabe, Kazuhiko*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1151 - 1154, 2017/12

The amount of monitor value tends to increase, because of the increase of accelerator components, or in order to realize the safety and the stable operation. Then, an enormous volume of operation data increases the possibility of occurrence of erroneous operation such as overlooking of monitor value and etc. Then, we started to develop a system to supervise the state of the accelerator and to inform operators of abnormality early. As an initial system, we developed a system to supervise the status of Linac DTQ power supplies and etc. In this initial system, first, the function was created to make the normal range (upper and lower limit values) with reference to the current setting value. Next, the function to inform the alarm condition when the monitor value becomes outside of the normal range was realized. This function is an important function in the initial system. By this realization, we obtained the prospect of development of supervision and alarm system.

Journal Articles

Improvement of a timing system in J-PARC Linac/RCS

Sawabe, Yuki*; Takahashi, Hiroki; Ito, Yuichi*; Kawase, Masato*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1133 - 1136, 2017/12

In the timing system of J-PARC LINAC/RCS, the ring type Reflective Memory (RFM) network is adopted for data transfer. In June 2016, a data transfer failure occurred due to communication error on the RFM network, and it took a long time to recover. From this experience, we have created the environment to monitor of the RFM network status, and we duplicated the computer which manages the data transfer on the RFM network. In Addition, we have also created the syslog function as an environment to monitor each RFM even if data transfer failure occurs on the RFM network. After these improvements, a trouble occurred in the timing system VME. At the same time, the target device was immediately identified by these functions, and the timing system could be recovered quickly. In this paper, the details of improvement for stable operation in the timing system of J-PARC LINAC / RCS are presented.

Journal Articles

Stabilization of timing system operation of J-PARC Linac and RCS

Takahashi, Hiroki; Hayashi, Naoki; Ito, Yuichi*; Kawase, Masato*; Sawabe, Yuki*

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.4000 - 4002, 2017/06

The timing system data (delay value, status, etc.) of J-PARC Linac and rapid cycling synchrotron is managed by a computer. After updating this hardware, we encountered the problem of data corruption in the timing system. Therefore, we added a function to the software for the timing system VME and investigated the cause of the problem. The investigation results showed a problem with the network connected PCI-Express reflective memory. We implemented measures for stabilizing the timing system operation based on this result.

Journal Articles

A 3 MeV linac for development of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Asano, Hiroyuki*; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Ito, Takashi; Kawane, Yusuke; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Miura, Akihiko; et al.

Proceedings of 28th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2016) (Internet), p.298 - 300, 2017/05

We have constructed a linac for development of various accelerator components at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the RFQ is a used one in the J-PARC linac. The beam energy is 3 MeV and nominal beam current is 30 mA. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and the first development program, laser-charge-exchange experiment for the transmutation experimental facility, has been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Development of a control system at a 3 MeV linac in J-PARC

Sawabe, Yuki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Takahashi, Daisuke; Kato, Yuko; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Hirano, Koichiro; Takei, Hayanori; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.647 - 651, 2016/11

In the J-PARC, a 3 MeV linac has been developed for the tests of beam scraper irradiation and charge exchange by high-power laser. To accomplish tests efficiently and safely, the control system for 3 MeV was designed and developed, and this system consists of four subsystems, personal protection system, machine protection system, timing system, and remote control system using the EPICS. In this paper, the details of control system for a 3 MeV linac are presented.

Journal Articles

Development of beam scrapers using a 3-Mev linac at J-PARC

Hirano, Koichiro; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Ito, Takashi; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Oguri, Hidetomo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Sato, Yoshikatsu; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.310 - 313, 2016/11

We have used a beam scraper with the incident angle of 65deg to reduce the beam power deposition density in the MEBT between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC linac. The 65$$^{circ}$$ scraper was irradiated by the H$$^{-}$$ beam up to particle number of 1.47E22. We observed a lot of surface projections with several hundred micrometers high in the beam irradiation damage on the scraper by using the laser microscope. In order to study the limits of scrapers, we constructed a new 3 MeV linac at J-PARC. We will conduct the scraper irradiation test at the end of this year.

Journal Articles

Beam loss mitigation by the modification of the beam pulse definition in the J-PARC LINAC

Sawabe, Yuki; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1202 - 1205, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of RF chopper system at J-PARC Linac, 2

Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Sawabe, Yuki; Sugimura, Takashi*; Naito, Fujio*; Fang, Z.*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.944 - 947, 2015/09

Two RF-deflecting cavities as a chopper and a beam scraper have been used in the MEBT1 between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC Linac. We replaced with a newly fabricated RF chopper to decrease beam loss for the operation with 50 mA. We installed two new scrapers to absorb the higher power of the deflected beam by the RF chopper. This paper describes the RF chopper system and beam irradiation test results of the scraper.

Journal Articles

Beam test of a new radio frequency quadrupole linac for the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Yamazaki, Saishun; Hori, Toshihiko; Sawabe, Yuki; Chishiro, Etsuji; Fukuda, Shimpei; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Hirano, Koichiro; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 17(12), p.120101_1 - 120101_8, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:47.51(Physics, Nuclear)

We performed a beam test of a new radio frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ III) for the beam current upgrade of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. First, the conditioning of RFQ III was conducted, and after 20 h of conditioning, RFQ III became very stable with a nominal peak power and duty factor of 400 kW and 1.5%, respectively. An off-line beam test was subsequently conducted before installation in the accelerator tunnel. The transmission, transverse emittance, and energy spread of the 50-mA negative hydrogen beam from RFQ III were measured and compared with simulation results. The experiment and simulation results showed good agreement; therefore, we conclude that the performance of RFQ III conforms to its design.

Journal Articles

Beam test of a new RFQ for the J-PARC linac

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Yamazaki, Saishun; Hori, Toshihiko; Sawabe, Yuki; Takagi, Akira*

Proceedings of 27th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2014) (Internet), p.267 - 269, 2014/12

We performed a beam test of a new 324-MHz 3-MeV H$$^{-}$$ RFQ (RFQ III) for the beam-current upgrade of the J-PARC linac. RFQ III is the first RFQ developed to meet the requirement of the J-PARC linac. The peak beam current is 50 mA, pulse length is 500 micro-sec, and the repetition is 25 Hz. Prior to the installation to the accelerator tunnel in summer of 2014, we constructed a test stand for off line testing of the new ion source and RFQ. Basic performances of RFQ III such as transmission and emittances were measured. In this paper, the beam test results are presented.

Journal Articles

Development of timing system for RF ion source & RFQ III test stand

Sawabe, Yuki; Ito, Yuichi; Kawase, Masato; Fukuta, Shimpei; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Ouchi, Nobuo

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.748 - 751, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC linac

Oguri, Hidetomo; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Ao, Hiroyuki; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.389 - 393, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Interlock system of beam line for beam current upgrade

Kawane, Yusuke*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Hirano, Koichiro; Sugimura, Takashi*; Kato, Yuko; Sawabe, Yuki; Fukuda, Shimpei; Ouchi, Nobuo

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1288 - 1291, 2014/10

In the J-PARC Linac, because an upgrading of a beam current up to 50mA using an RF-driven ion source and a new RFQ Linac cavity is in progress, we have developed a new frontend equipments. In order to protect the scraper against 50 mA, we need to observe the temperature and to avoid the excess heat loading of the scraper surface and to count the irradiated beam particles. We also monitor the beam transmission between the upstream and downstream of the chopper cavity to check the chopping errors using the beam current monitors. We fabricated the interlock system for the temperature, irradiated particle numbers and beam transmission. And we tested them in the test stand with actual beam. This paper describes the interlock system and their test results.

Journal Articles

Construction of control system for J-PARC RF ion source & RFQ III test stand

Fukuta, Shimpei; Sawabe, Yuki; Suzuki, Takahiro*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Kawase, Masato*; Ito, Yuichi; Kato, Yuko; Yoshii, Akinobu; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Ouchi, Nobuo

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1122 - 1125, 2014/06

The installation of Cs-seeded RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source (RF ion source) to J-PARC LINAC is scheduled in 2014. Similarly the replacement of RFQ III from RFQ is scheduled in 2014. The test stand of the cooperation of RF ion source & RFQ III is being made in the J-PARC LINAC building for the beam acceleration examination now. The J-PARC control group designed test stand control system by thinking that test stand control system had to be equal to J-PARC accelerator control system. Specifically, Introduction of MPS for protect an apparatus. Implementation of EPICS environment for remotely controlling the equipment. It is construction of the timing system for sending a timing signal to each accelerator component device. This report describes construction of the control system in a test stand.

Journal Articles

Electronic stopping power dependence of ion-track size in UO$$_{2}$$ irradiated with heavy ions in the energy range of $$sim$$1MeV/u

Ishikawa, Norito; Sonoda, Takeshi*; Sawabe, Takashi*; Sugai, Hiroyuki*; Sataka, Masao*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 314, p.180 - 184, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:82.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In order to investigate electronic stopping power dependence of ion-track size in UO$$_{2}$$, ion-tracks in UO$$_{2}$$ irradiated with various ions with the specific energy in the order of 1 MeV/u have been observed by a transmission electron microscope. The ion-tracksize shows monotonic increase as a function of the electronic stopping power. Theion-track size obtained for UO$$_{2}$$ is smaller than that obtained for CeO$$_{2}$$, although these two compounds have same crystallographic structure and similar thermal properties. The ion-track sizes for irradiations with ions having relatively low energy of about1 MeV/u are smaller than those expected from the thermal spike models based on melting temperature criterion. The possible interpretations for the unusually smallion-tracks observed for UO$$_{2}$$ are discussed.

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