前田 亮; 瀬川 麻里子; 藤 暢輔; 遠藤 駿典; 中村 詔司; 木村 敦
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332(8), p.2995 - 2999, 2023/08
The accuracy of the prompt -ray analysis is known to degrade for the samples containing neutron-scattering materials, such as hydrogen, depending on its content. Recently, we discovered that the density of the scattering materials also affects the accuracy. In this paper, we developed a correction method for the effect of the sample densities. The developed correction method is straightforward and applicable to samples with unknown densities. The simulation and experiments verified the performance of the correction method. The results confirmed that the correction method could reduce the uncertainty due to sample density from 47% to approximately 1%.
木下 哲一*; 能任 琢真*; 中島 均*; 小迫 和明*; 加藤 雄大*; 黒岩 洋一*; 倉部 美彩子*; 佐々木 勇気*; 鳥居 和敬*; 前田 亮; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 332(2), p.479 - 486, 2023/02
There are some different chemical and physical forms of water molecules in concretes. Especially, bound water is difficult to determine. In the present work, we determined free + adsorbed water and bound water contained in aggregates and cement pastes, which are component of concretes, by means of conventional gravimetric analysis and prompt -ray analysis (PGA), respectively, in order to evaluate a total water content in concretes. In the PGA, background reduction was attempted by using the time-of-flight (TOF) signal. In addition, the degree of contribution to analytical values by scattered neutrons by samples was evaluated because water would adsorb on the surface of instruments inside the irradiation chamber for the PGA. Contents of the free + adsorbed water and bound water in some geochemical references determined in the present work were compared with the nominal values to confirm the precision. Each water content in aggregates collected from different quarries and cement pastes with different water-to-cement ratios were analyzed. A total water content in young concrete was evaluated on the basis of the analytical values.
前田 亮; 瀬川 麻里子; 藤 暢輔; 遠藤 駿典; 中村 詔司; 木村 敦
Scientific Reports (Internet), 12(1), p.6287_1 - 6287_8, 2022/06
A high-accuracy analytical method is broadly required to obtain reliable research results. Thus, prompt -ray analysis (PGA), one of the most accurate non-destructive analytical methods, has been employed in various fields. However, the measurement accuracy of PGA is also known to degrade in hydrogenous samples. The degradation is caused by variation in the measurement sensitivity (counts per milligram) following the change in neutron energy due to scattering with hydrogen nucleus. Number of scatterings is well known to depend on the hydrogen content in a sample. However, considering multiple scatterings, hydrogen density, which has not been taken into account as yet, may also lead to the accuracy degradation. In this research, the effect of the hydrogen density in PGA is investigated by evaluating the measurement sensitivity of samples with the same hydrogen content and different densities. The results showed that the measurement sensitivity varies by more than 30% depending on the hydrogen density even at the same hydrogen content. The variation is a particularly serious problem for PGA requiring a few percent accuracy in most cases. Additionally, although the variation is apparently observed in hydrogenous samples, the similar phenomenon can occur in other nuclides with a large scattering cross section; it may affect nuclear cross-section measurements using neutrons in such fields as astrophysics and nuclear energy.
瀬川 麻里子; 藤 暢輔; 甲斐 哲也; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司
Annals of Nuclear Energy, 167, p.108828_1 - 108828_5, 2022/03
To obtain accurate analytical results via neutron-capture reactions, the effects of sample shapes must be considered. However, the estimations of the effects were difficult to verify in some cases such as sealed samples and valuable objects. In this study, the shape effects for sealed radioactive samples were estimated experimentally. The significant localization of the I sample was confirmed only by an energy-resolved neutron imaging. It is revealed that the shape effect was necessary to be corrected at the neutron resonance peaks. Consequently, we conclude that the energy-resolved neutron imaging will be quite effective to improve the analytical accuracy.
遠藤 駿典; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 修; 岩本 信之; Rovira Leveroni, G.; 寺田 和司*; 明午 伸一郎; 藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(3), p.318 - 333, 2022/03
In order to improve the accuracy of the cross-section and the resonance parameters of Nb, neutron capture and total cross-sections were measured using the J-PARC MLF ANNRI. The thermal-neutron capture cross-section was deduced as 0.970.12 b. The resonance parameters of 11 resonances below 400 eV were determined from obtained capture cross-sections and transmission ratios by using the resonance analysis code, REFIT.
藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; 前田 亮; 常山 正幸*; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 遠藤 駿典; 海老原 充*
Analytical Chemistry, 93(28), p.9771 - 9777, 2021/07
Considering the expanding demand for nuclear waste management of the spent nuclear fuel materials in near future, a non-destructive analytical scheme applicable to the most difficult-to-measure nuclide of Pd, which emits no decay gamma-rays and whose half-life is too long to be decayed out during a human lifetime, was designed. The scheme consists of a sophisticated instrument capable of the detection of gamma-rays by Ge detectors coupled with time-of-flight measurement of neutrons and a high-intensity pulsed neutron beam, and can simultaneously perform TOF-coupled prompt gamma-ray analysis (TOF-PGA) as well as PGA and NRCA. An analytical capability was evaluated by applying to simulated samples of the Tc-platinum group metals (Tc-PGMs) obtained by the group partitioning process of spent nuclear fuels, which contain not only Pd but also Tc and another difficult-to-measure fission product. It was confirmed that, although PGA and NRCA could accurately analyze both nuclides in individual single substances, only TOF-PGA can analyze Pd as well as Tc in the Tc-PGMs simulated sample. The TOF-PGA measurement technique can be widely used for the non-destructive analysis of Pd and Tc in nuclear wastes.
川瀬 頌一郎*; 木村 敦; 原田 秀郎; 岩本 信之; 岩本 修; 中村 詔司; 瀬川 麻里子; 藤 暢輔
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(7), p.764 - 786, 2021/07
The neutron capture cross sections of Cm and Cm were measured for the neutron energy range of 1-1000 eV via the neutron time-of-flight method with ANNRI at MLF of the J-PARC. The world's most intense neutron pulses from the Japan Spallation Neutron Source enable the accurate measurement of neutron capture cross sections. Besides, single-bunched neutron pulses allow the analysis in a higher neutron energy region than the previous measurement at ANNRI. The resonance analyses were performed up to 1000 eV by using a resonance shape analysis code REFIT. The spectra of prompt gamma-rays from neutron capture reactions of Cm and Cm were also obtained, and 43 and 10 prompt gamma-ray peaks from Cm(n,) and Cm(n,) reactions were newly observed, respectively.
土川 雄介; 阿部 雄太; 大石 佑治*; 甲斐 哲也; 藤 暢輔; 瀬川 麻里子; 前田 亮; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 原田 正英; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011074_1 - 011074_6, 2021/03
福島原子力発電所の解体作業では、溶融した燃料棒に含まれるホウ素分布を事前に把握することが重要である。溶融燃料棒の模擬試験体を用意し、ホウ素やホウ化物の含有量を調査する研究が行われてきた。本研究では、その一環として中性子を用いたホウ素並びにホウ化物分布の測定技術開発を行った。ホウ素の中性子吸収に伴う即発ガンマ線を測定し、ホウ素量や二次元分布を測定した。また、n(B,)反応における478keV線は、ホウ素の化合状態により、線ピークの幅が変化することが知られている。このことを用い、特に溶融燃料棒周辺に存在することが予測されているZrBやFeBといったホウ化物の識別可能性について調査した。測定はJ-PARC/MLFのANNRI, NOBORU, RADENにて行った。これらの解析結果について報告する。
瀬川 麻里子; 西中 一朗*; 藤 暢輔; 前田 亮
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 326(1), p.773 - 778, 2020/10
At is a candidate nuclide for alpha-targeted therapy. In order to use At as a pharmaceutical, the radioactivity and chemical forms of generated At are the most fundamental specifications that need to be analyzed prior to its medical use. However, previous methods of separately measuring the radioactivity and chemical forms are not adaptable to the medical use of At because they cause a severe loss of At and do not analyze all the chemical forms of At. Therefore, a new analytical method for both the radioactivity and chemical forms of generated At is urgently needed. Accordingly, in this study, we developed an experimental system optimized to simultaneously analyze both the radioactivity and chemical forms of a At solution to significantly shorten the analysis time; we experimentally verified the accuracy and capabilities of this system at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The experiments confirmed that the present system could analyze the radioactivity and all the chemical forms of At with an uncertainty of approximately 5% in the region higher than 150 Bq and that it was 200 times more sensitive than the conventional method using an imaging technique with an X-ray imaging plate. As a result, a new method for analyzing the radioactivity and chemical forms of At was successfully established and this method will meet the demands for alpha-targeted therapy using At. This method will contribute to promoting the stable supply of the medical use of At in the near future.
Parker, J. D.*; 原田 正英; 林田 洋寿*; 廣井 孝介; 甲斐 哲也; 松本 吉弘*; 中谷 健; 及川 健一; 瀬川 麻里子; 篠原 武尚; et al.
Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.102 - 107, 2020/05
At the RADEN instrument, we take advantage of the accurate measurement of neutron energy by time-of-flight to perform energy-resolved neutron imaging using event-type neutron imaging detectors. We are continually working to improve these detectors for better spatial resolution and shorter measurement times and, as a user facility, to improve the ease-of-use of their control and analysis software. In particular, we are actively developing a He-based gaseous micropattern detector known as the Micro-pixel chamber based Neutron Imaging Detector ( NID). We have recently redesigned the NID control software to allow full integration into the automated experiment control system at RADEN, and we are carrying out optimization of the analysis algorithms for improved image quality and rate performance.
篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一; 中谷 健; 瀬川 麻里子; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y. H.; 大井 元貴; 原田 正英; 飯倉 寛; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(4), p.043302_1 - 043302_20, 2020/04
The energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, has been installed at the pulsed neutron source in the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. In addition to conventional neutron radiography and tomography, RADEN, the world's first imaging beam-line at a pulsed neutron source, provides three main options for new, quantitative neutron imaging techniques: Bragg-edge imaging to visualize the spatial distribution of crystallographic information, resonance absorption imaging for elemental composition and temperature information, and polarized neutron imaging for magnetic field information. This paper describes the results of characterization studies of the neutronic performance and installed devices at RADEN and shows the results of several demonstration studies for pulsed neutron imaging.
甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y. H.; 瀬川 麻里子; 篠原 武尚; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 林田 洋寿*; 及川 健一
Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.149 - 153, 2020/02
A two-dimensional thermometry technique based on neutron resonance reactions derives the temperature of specified elements in an object by analyzing the Doppler broadening of a neutron resonance measured by a time-analyzing neutron imaging-detector. This technique is expected to be one of the important applications of the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, at J-PARC. The authors focused on molybdenum contained in 316 stainless-steel (with a weight fraction of 2-3 wt%). Energy-dependent transmitted neutrons were measured through a 3 mm thick 316 stainless-steel plate placed in a heater at temperatures between 23 and 500 degrees Celsius at RADEN using a gas-electron multiplier (GEM) detector. Thermal and cold neutrons were eliminated from the incident beam by a cadmium filter. The sample area within the neutron beam was 30 by 50 mm. The feasibility is discussed in the presentation.
Rovira, G.*; 片渕 竜也*; 登坂 健一*; 松浦 翔太*; 寺田 和司*; 岩本 修; 木村 敦; 中村 詔司; 岩本 信之; 瀬川 麻里子; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(1), p.24 - 39, 2020/01
The neutron capture cross-section of Np has been measured in the neutron energy region of 10 meV to 500 eV. A neutron time-of-flight method was employed using the NaI(Tl) spectrometer in the ANNRI beam-line at the Japanese Proton Accelerator Re-search Complex (J-PARC). The experimental capture yield was derived using the pulse-height weighting technique and an energy dependent cross-section was obtained relative to the incident neutron spectrum derived from a B(n, )Li reaction yield. The absolute cross-section was determined by normalizing the results to JENDL-4.0 cross-section data at the first resonance of Np. The thermal cross-section was measured to be 177.6 3.8 b. The resolved resonance region was analyzed with the REFIT code.
甲斐 哲也; 佐藤 節夫*; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 瀬川 麻里子; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; 林田 洋寿*; 篠原 武尚; 及川 健一; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.496 - 500, 2018/12
The 2012 model lithium-6 time-analyzer neutron detector (LiTA12) system, based on a lithium glass scintillator and multi-anode photomultiplier tube, has the highest neutron efficiency among the detectors for pulsed neutron imaging together with a flexibility of the efficiency by changing the thickness of the lithium glass. The authors expect this detector system could become a main detector system for the energy-resolved neutron imaging system, RADEN, at J-PARC, and have started evaluation of the LiTA12 system. For example, spatial resolution for resonance absorption imaging was evaluated by using a line-pair pattern made by 3 micro meter thick gold on a quartz plate. Less than 1 mm width line pairs were resolved at an 8 Mcps neutron counting rate and around 5 eV neutron energy.
瀬川 麻里子; 及川 健一; 甲斐 哲也; 篠原 武尚; 林田 洋寿*; 松本 吉弘*; Parker, J. D.*; 中谷 健; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011028_1 - 011028_8, 2018/11
We have fabricated and utilized spatial resolution test targets made of gadolinium and gold for conventional and resonance neutron imaging performed at RADEN, located at beam line BL22 of the J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). RADEN covers a broad energy range from cold neutrons to high-energy neutrons with energy of several tens keV and was designed to perform energy-resolved neutron imaging utilizing two-dimensional detectors combined with the accurate measurement of neutron energy by the time-of-flight method. The test targets were designed to verify the spatial resolution and image uniformity of two kinds of neutron detectors, counting-type detectors and camera-type detectors. In this presentation, we report the details of these two-dimensional test targets, and the results of demonstrations using the test targets with our neutron imaging detectors. This work was supported in part by the Photon and Quantum Basic Research Coordinated Development Program from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.
甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Su, Y.; 篠原 武尚; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; 林田 洋寿*; 瀬川 麻里子; 中谷 健; 及川 健一; et al.
Physics Procedia, 88, p.306 - 313, 2017/06
Neutron resonance thermometry, which measures material temperature by analyzing the Doppler broadening of a neutron resonance peak, is one of the applications of energy-resolved neutron imaging at RADEN of J-PARC. Although this technique is promising, advantages and disadvantages have not been discussed in practical applications. The authors measured neutron transmission rates of tantalum and tungsten foils in a heater chamber up to 300 degrees Celsius at RADEN. The energy-dependent neutron transmission rates with different statistics were obtained after the measurements by selecting arbitrary measuring intervals from one measurement, and the temperatures of the foils were estimated from those transmission rates with different statistics. The reliability of the neutron resonance thermometry with statistical accuracy, irradiation time and spatial resolution are discussed.
篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 及川 健一; 瀬川 麻里子; 原田 正英; 中谷 健; 大井 元貴; 相澤 一也; 佐藤 博隆*; 加美山 隆*; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 746, p.012007_1 - 012007_6, 2016/00
瀬川 麻里子; 大井 元貴; 甲斐 哲也; 篠原 武尚; 佐藤 博隆*; 呉田 昌俊
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036006_1 - 036006_6, 2015/09
A neutron energy resolved three-dimensional (3D) imaging system with a high-speed video camera (CMOS, 1300 k frame/sec) and time-of-flight technique has been newly developed and installed at Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The aim is to investigate a spatial distribution of several elements and crystals in various kinds of materials or substances more rapidly. The system allows to obtain TOF images consecutively resolved into narrow energy ranges in the pulsed neutron energy region from 0.01 to a few keV. The camera system was successfully demonstrated to obtain the reconstructed 3D images for Cu, Fe, Pb, and Polyethylene samples and the neutron energy dependence of the CT values, which are proportional to the total neutron cross sections. With use of the energy dependence of each CT values, it is possible to emphasize the selected materials, even if materials such as Cu and Fe have similar energy dependence of CT values. The results showed that this technique has the possibility to visualize material alternatively by choosing neutron energy and emphasize materials with use of the energy dependence of CT values.
瀬川 麻里子; 大井 元貴; 甲斐 哲也; 篠原 武尚; 呉田 昌俊; 坂本 健作; 伊巻 正*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 769, p.97 - 104, 2015/01
In order to realize neutron energy resolved three-dimensional (3D) imaging at resonance neutron energy region, a camera system coupled with a high sensitive and high frame-rate gating image-intensifier was developed. The resonance absorption 3D imaging was successfully demonstrated at pulsed neutron source of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The camera system allowed us to obtain a Time-of-flight (TOF) image of 2352 (W) 1726 (H) pixels resolved into a narrow energy range. The 3D images having enhanced contrast at corresponding resonance energy regions for cylindrical Au, Ta and In samples were reconstructed by "Convolution Filtered Back-Projection (FBP)" and "Maximum Likelihood Expectation Maximization (MLEM)" methods. And qualities of spatial resolutions in the depth direction were evaluated to be about 1 mm experimentally. The results obtained in the present experiments showed that the system could have the ability to adjust the practical use in the industrial field.
呉田 昌俊; 瀬川 麻里子
ぶんせき, 2014(6), p.283 - 289, 2014/06