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Journal Articles

22A beam production of the uniform negative ions in the JT-60 negative ion source

Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, L. R.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Yamamoto, Takashi*; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.616 - 619, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:26.62(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In JT-60 Super Advanced for the fusion experiment, 22A, 100s negative ions are designed to be extracted from the world largest ion extraction area of 450 mm $$times$$ 1100 mm. One of the key issues for producing such as high current beams is to improve non-uniform production of the negative ions. In order to improve the uniformity of the negative ions, a tent-shaped magnetic filter has newly been developed and tested for JT-60SA negative ion source. The original tent-shaped filter significantly improved the logitudunal uniformity of the extracted H$$^{-}$$ ion beams. The logitudinal uniform areas within a $$pm$$10 deviation of the beam intensity were improved from 45% to 70% of the ion extraction area. However, this improvement degrades a horizontal uniformity. For this, the uniform areas was no more than 55% of the total ion extraction area. In order to improve the horizontal uniformity, the filter strength has been reduced from 660 Gasus$$cdot$$cm to 400 Gasus$$cdot$$cm. This reduction improved the horizontal uniform area from 75% to 90% without degrading the logitudinal uniformity. This resulted in the improvement of the uniform area from 45% of the total ion extraction areas. This improvement of the uniform area leads to the production of a 22A H$$^{-}$$ ion beam from 450 mm $$times$$ 1100 mm with a small amount increase of electron current of 10%. The obtained beam current fulfills the requirement for JT-60SA.

JAEA Reports

Disassembly of the NBI system on JT-60U for JT-60 SA

Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Hanada, Masaya; Kawai, Mikito*; Kazawa, Minoru; Kikuchi, Katsumi*; Kojima, Atsushi; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Nemoto, Shuji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2014-042, 73 Pages, 2015/02

JAEA-Technology-2014-042.pdf:15.1MB

According to the project plan of JT-60 Super Advanced that is implemented as an international project between Japan and Europe, the neutral beam (NB) injectors have been disassembled. The disassembly of the NB injectors started in November, 2009 and finished in January, 2012 without any serious problems as scheduled. This reports the disassembly activities of the NB injectors.

Journal Articles

Beam power and residual dose history of J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Kazami; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakane, Yoshihiro; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.238 - 242, 2014/04

A 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) at J-PARC was commissioned in October 2007. Afterwards, the beam intensity was increased through a beam study, and the RCS has continuously provided a proton beam $$>$$ 100 kW to the neutron target since October 2009. With renewed efforts brought about by beam commissioning, we have reduced losses in the RCS and achieved low-loss operation. We present the history of the operational beam power and the residual dose distributions after operation.

Journal Articles

Improvement of uniformity of the negative ion beams by Tent-shaped magnetic field in the JT-60 negative ion source

Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, L. R.*; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Nemoto, Shuji; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02B314_1 - 02B314_4, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:47.61(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Non-uniformity of the negative ion beams in the JT-60 negative ion source was improved by modifying an external magnetic field to a tent-shaped magnetic field for reduction of the local heat loads in the source. Distributions of the source plasmas (H$$^{+}$$ ions and H$$^{0}$$ atoms) of the parents of H$$^{-}$$ ions converted on the cesium covered plasma grids were measured by Langmuir probes and emission spectroscopy. Beam intensities of the H$$^{-}$$ ions extracted from the plasma grids were measured by IR camera from the back of the beam target plate. The tent-shaped magnetic field prevented the source plasmas to be localized by B $$times$$ grad B drift of the primary electrons emitted from the filaments in the arc chamber. As a result, standard derivation of the H$$^{-}$$ ions beams was reduced from 14% (the external magnetic field) to 10% (the tent-shaped magnetic field) without reduction of an activity of the H$$^{-}$$ ion production.

Journal Articles

Origin of non-uniformity of the source plasmas in JT-60 negative ion source

Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Inoue, Takashi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, L. R.*; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 8(Sp.1), p.2405146_1 - 2405146_4, 2013/11

Distributions of H$$^{0}$$ and H$$^{+}$$ in the source plasmas produced at the end-plugs of JT-60 negative ions source were measured by Langmuir probes and emission spectroscopy in order to experimentally investigate the cause of lower density of the negative ions extracted from end-plugs in the source. Densities of H$$^{0}$$ and H$$^{+}$$ in end-plugs of the plasma grid in the source were compared with those in the center regions. As a result, lower density of the negative ion at the edge was caused by lower beam optics due to lower and higher density of the H$$^{0}$$ and H$$^{+}$$.

Journal Articles

Beam halo reduction in the J-PARC 3-GeV RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Irie, Yoshiro*; Koseki, Tadashi*; et al.

Proceedings of 3rd International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '12) (Internet), p.3918 - 3920, 2012/05

The RCS beam power ramp-up has well proceeded since the start-up of user program in December 2008. So far the RCS has successfully achieved high intensity beam trials up to 420 kW at a low-level intensity loss of less than 1%, and the output beam power for the routine user program has been increased to 210 kW to date. Recently our effort has also been made to improve the quality of the extraction beam, namely to realize low-halo high-power beams. In this paper, recent effort for beam halo reduction in the RCS will be presented.

Journal Articles

Beam commissioning and operation of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2012(1), p.2B003_1 - 2B003_26, 2012/00

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:33.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The J-PARC 3-GeV RCS is a high-power pulsed proton driver aiming at 1 MW output beam power. The RCS was beam commissioned in October 2007 and made available for user operation in December 2008 with an output beam power of 4 kW. Since then, the output beam power of the RCS has been steadily increasing as per progressions of beam tuning and hardware improvements. So far, the RCS has successfully achieved high-intensity beam trials of up to 420 kW at a low-level intensity loss of less than 1%, and the output beam power for the routine user program has been increased to 210 kW. The most important issues in increasing the output beam power are the control and minimization of beam loss to maintain machine activation within the permissible level. This paper presents the recent progress in the RCS beam power ramp-up scenario, with particular emphasis on our efforts for beam loss issues.

Journal Articles

Simulation of narrow-band longitudinal noise applied to J-PARC Main Ring

Schnase, A.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Koseki, Tadashi*; Tomizawa, Masahito*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Toda, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.1079 - 1081, 2010/08

Journal Articles

Application of digital narrow band noise to J-PARC Main Ring

Schnase, A.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Koseki, Tadashi*; Tomizawa, Masahito*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Toda, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.1446 - 1448, 2010/05

Journal Articles

Focusing and spectral enhancement of a repetition-rated, laser-driven, divergent multi-MeV proton beam using permanent quadrupole magnets

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Daito, Izuru; Ikegami, Masahiro; Daido, Hiroyuki; Mori, Michiaki; Orimo, Satoshi; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Yogo, Akifumi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 94(6), p.061107_1 - 061107_3, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:14.01(Physics, Applied)

A pair of conventional permanent magnet quadrupoles is used to focus a 2.4 MeV laser-driven proton beam at a 1 Hz repetition rate. The magnetic field strengths are 55 T/m and 60 T/m for the first and second quadrupoles respectively. The proton beam is focused to a spot size (full width at half maximum) of 2.7$$times$$8 mm$$^{2}$$ at a distance of 650 mm from the source. This result is in good agreement with a Monte Carlo particle trajectory simulation.

Journal Articles

Design of neutron beamline for fundamental physics at J-PARC BL05

Mishima, Kenji*; Ino, Takashi*; Sakai, Kenji; Shinohara, Takenao; Hirota, Katsuya*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Sato, Hiromi*; Otake, Yoshie*; Omori, Hitoshi*; Muto, Suguru*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 600, p.342 - 345, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:18.37(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A new beamline for a fundamental physics experiment is under construction at BL05 port in the Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) at Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), this beamline is designed using novel techniques of neutron optics and it is termed "Neutron Optics and Physics". The beam from the moderator is deflected by multi-channel supermirrors and split into three branches for individual experiments. In this study, we have optimized the design of the beam optics and shields using the Monte Carlo simulation package PHITS. The neutron fluxes of beams are expected to be $$9.2 times 10^5/$$cm$$^2/mu$$str$$/$$s$$/$$MW, $$1.2 times 10^9/$$cm$$^2/$$s$$/$$MW, $$4.0 times 10^8/$$cm$$^2/$$s$$/$$MW, with polarization of 99.8%.

Journal Articles

Research and development of nuclear fusion

Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Seki, Masahiro; Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Kamada, Yutaka; Mori, Masahiro; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Inoue, Takashi; Sakamoto, Keishi; et al.

Genshiryoku Handobukku, p.906 - 1029, 2007/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ITER activities and fusion technology

Seki, Masahiro

Nuclear Fusion, 47(10), p.S489 - S500, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:90.37(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In the 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 68 and 67 papers were presented in the categories of ITER activities and the fusion technology, respectively. ITER performance prediction, results of technology R&D and the construction preparation provide good confidence of ITER realization. Superconducting tokamak EAST achieved the first plasma just before the conference. Constructions of other new experimental machines have also shown steady progress. Future reactor studies stress the importance of down sizing and steady state approach. Reactor technology in the field of blanket including the ITER TBM program and materials for demonstration power plant showed sound progress in both R&D and design activities.

Journal Articles

ITER activities in Japan

Tsunematsu, Toshihide; Seki, Masahiro; Tsuji, Hiroshi; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Kato, Takashi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Hanada, Masaya; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Sakamoto, Keishi; Imai, Tsuyoshi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 42(1), p.75 - 93, 2002/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88.59(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Japanese contributions to ITER Engineering Design Activity are presented, together with an introduction of the objectives and design of the ITER whose program have been carried out through the international collaboration by EU, Japan, Russian Federation and the USA. New technologies have been produced through the development, fabrication and testing of scalable models in the fields of superconducting magnet, reactor structure with vacuum vessel, high-heat-flux plasma facing component, neutral beam injector, high-power mm-wave generator and so on. As major contributions from Japan, development and testing results of a 13-T, 640-MJ, Nb$$_{3}$$Sn pulsed magnet, a 18-degree sector of vacuum vessel with a height of 15 m and a width of 9 m, CFC armors to CuCrZr cooling tube that withstood 20 MW/m$$^{2}$$, a 31 mA/cm$$^{2}$$ negative ion beam source, a 1-MeV beam-accelerator, a 1-MW 170-GHz gyrotron were described.

Journal Articles

Development of fusion nuclear technologies at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute

Seki, Masahiro; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Shu, Wataru; Nishi, Masataka; Hatano, Toshihisa; Akiba, Masato; Takeuchi, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Kazuyuki; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Shiba, Kiyoyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 42(1), p.50 - 61, 2002/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:61.56(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Latest status on development of long-term fusion nuclear technologies at JAERI is overviewed. A tritium processing system for the ITER and DEMO reactors was designed and basic technologies for each component of this system was demonstrated successfully by an operation of the integrated system for one month. An ultra-violet laser with a wave length of 193 nm was found quite effective for removing tritium from in-vessel components of D-T fusion reactors. Blanket technologies have been developed for the Test Blanket Module of the ITER and for advanced blankets for DEMO reactors. This blanket is composed of Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ breeder pebbles and neutron multiplier Be pebbles, contained in a box structures made of a reduced activation ferritic steel F82H. Mechanical properties of F82H under neutron irradiation up to 50 dpa were obtained in a temperature range from 200 to 500$$^{circ}$$C. Design of the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) has been developed so as to obtain engineering data for candidate materials for DEMO reactors, under neutron irradiation up to 100-200 dpa.

Journal Articles

The Summary report on engineering design activities in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project

Mori, Masahiro; Shoji, Teruaki; Araki, Masanori; Saito, Keiji*; Senda, Ikuo; Omori, Junji*; Sato, Shinichi*; Inoue, Takashi; Oono, Isamu*; Kataoka, Takahiro*; et al.

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 44(1), p.16 - 89, 2002/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fusion reactor technology; Challenge to future energy

Seki, Masahiro; Hishinuma, Akimichi; Kurihara, Kenichi; Akiba, Masato; Abe, Tetsuya; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Ohira, Shigeru; Okumura, Yoshikazu; et al.

Kaku Yugoro Kogaku Gairon; Mirai Enerugi Eno Chosen, 246 Pages, 2001/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Fusion technology development for ITER in JAERI

Seki, Masahiro; Tsuji, Hiroshi; Ohara, Yoshihiro; Akiba, Masato; Okumura, Yoshikazu; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Nishi, Masataka; Koizumi, Koichi; Takeuchi, Hiroshi

Fusion Technology, 39(2-Part.2), p.367 - 373, 2001/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development and testing of large-scale nuclear components and remote handling system in JAERI

Seki, Masahiro; Ohara, Yoshihiro; Tada, Eisuke; Akiba, Masato

Fusion Engineering and Design, 51-52, p.941 - 948, 2000/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Report of the ITER SWG-P2 to the ITER council on joint implementation of ITER

Seki, Masahiro

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 76(3), p.308 - 312, 2000/03

no abstracts in English

132 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)