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Journal Articles

Development of residual thermal stress-relieving structure of CFC monoblock target for JT-60SA divertor

Tsuru, Daigo; Sakurai, Shinji; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Ozaki, Hidetsugu; Seki, Yohji; Yokoyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Satoshi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1403 - 1406, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.74(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Progress of ITER full tungsten divertor technology qualification in Japan

Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Seki, Yohji; Mori, Kensuke; Yokoyama, Kenji; Escourbiac, F.*; Hirai, Takeshi*; Kuznetsov, V.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1281 - 1284, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:40 Percentile:96.04(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is now devoting to development of Full-W ITER divertor outer vertical target (OVT), especially, PFU that needs to withstand the repetitive heat load as high as 20MW/m$$^{2}$$. JAEA have succeeded in demonstrating that the soundness of a bonding technology is sufficient for the full-W ITER divertor. For the development of bonding technology, the load carrying capability test on the W monoblock with a leg attachment to an OVT support structure was carried out and shows that the attachment can withstand against the uniaxial load more than 20 kN which is three times higher than the IO requirement. JAEA manufactured 6 small-scale mock-ups and tested under the repetitive heat load of 10 and 20 MW/m$$^{2}$$ to examine the durability of the divertor structure including W tile bonding and the cooling tube. All of the mock-ups could survived 5000 cycles at 10 MW/m$$^{2}$$ and 1000 cycles 20 MW/m$$^{2}$$ with no failure such as debonding of the W tile and water leak from the cooling tube. The number of cycles at 20 MW/m$$^{2}$$ is three times longer than the requirement of ITER divertor.

Journal Articles

Infrared thermography inspection for monoblock divertor target in JT-60SA

Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Sakurai, Shinji; Ozaki, Hidetsugu; Seki, Yohji; Yokoyama, Kenji; Sakasai, Akira; Tsuru, Daigo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1024 - 1028, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:36.65(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Carbon Fiber Composite mono-block divertor target is required for power handling in JT-60SA. Heat removal capability of the target is degraded by joint defect which is induced in manufacturing process. For screening heat removal capability, infrared thermography inspection (IR inspection) is improved an accuracy for the target using threaded cooling tube. In IR inspection, the targets heated at 95$$^{circ}$$C by hot water in steady state condition are instantaneously cooled down by cold water flow of 5$$^{circ}$$C in three channels of test section. The heat removal capability of the targets is evaluated with comparing the transient thermal response time between defect-free and tested targets. A construction of a database for a correlation between the known defects, maximum surface temperatures in the heat load test and the IR inspection are successfully completed. Screening criteria is set with finite element methods based on the database.

Journal Articles

R&D status on water cooled ceramic breeder blanket technology

Enoeda, Mikio; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Hirose, Takanori; Nakajima, Motoki; Sato, Satoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Konno, Chikara; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1131 - 1136, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:83.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The development of a Water Cooled Ceramic Breeder (WCCB) Test Blanket Module (TBM) is being performed as one of the most important steps toward DEMO blanket in Japan. Regarding the fabrication technology development using F82H, the fabrication of a real scale mockup of the back wall of TBM was completed. Also the assembling of the complete box structure of the TBM mockup and planning of the pressurization testing was studied. The development of advanced breeder and multiplier pebbles for higher chemical stability was performed for future DEMO blanket application. From the view point of TBM test result evaluation and DEMO blanket performance design, the development of the blanket tritium simulation technology, investigation of the TBM neutronics measurement technology and the evaluation of tritium production and recovery test using D-T neutron in the Fusion Neutronics Source (FNS) facility has been performed.

Journal Articles

Development of tungsten monoblock technology for ITER full-tungsten divertor in Japan

Seki, Yohji; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Mori, Kensuke; Hirai, Takeshi*; Escourbiac, F.*; Kuznetsov, V.*

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

Generation of radioisotopes with accelerator neutrons by deuterons

Nagai, Yasuki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Saeki, Hideya; Motoishi, Shoji; Sonoda, Nozomi; Kawabata, Masako; Harada, Hideo; Kin, Tadahiro*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_7, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:85.20(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Progress of manufacturing and quality testing of the ITER divertor outer vertical target in Japan

Seki, Yohji; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Mori, Kensuke; Enoeda, Mikio

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

The outer vertical targets of the ITER divertor are procured by the Japan Domestic Agency, JADA. Manufacturing a full-scale prototype of the half cassette which consists of 11 plasma facing units and a steel support structure has been started in Japan. JADA has greatly improved the success rate of the joint between the plasma-facing materials and heat-sink materials, in consequence of R&D on joint technology and quality control. JADA solved problems of quality control of the joint interface by an improved system of infrared thermography inspection, which provides quick feedback during the manufacturing process about the presence of defect in the joint. This paper reports on the achievements and the clarifications of technical and quality issues for the manufacture of the divertor components to be supplied by Japan.

Journal Articles

Manufacturing and development of JT-60SA vacuum vessel and divertor

Sakasai, Akira; Masaki, Kei; Shibama, Yusuke; Sakurai, Shinji; Hayashi, Takao; Nakamura, Shigetoshi; Ozaki, Hidetsugu; Yokoyama, Kenji; Seki, Yohji; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; et al.

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

The JT-60SA vacuum vessel (VV) and divertor are key components for the performance requirements. Therefore the manufacturing and development of VV and divertor are in progress, inclusive of the superconducting magnets. The vacuum vessel has a double wall structure in high rigidity to withstand electromagnetic force at disruption and to keep high toroidal one-turn resistance. In addition, the double wall structure fulfills originally two functions. (1) The remarkable reduction of the nuclear heating in the superconducting magnets is made by boric-acid water circulated in the double wall. (2) The effective baking is enabled by nitrogen gas flow of 200$$^{circ}$$C in the double wall after draining of water. Three welding types were chosen for the manufacturing of the double wall structure VV to minimize deformation by welding. Divertor cassettes with fully water cooled plasma facing components were designed to realize the JT-60SA lower single null closed divertor. The divertor cassettes in the radio-active VV have been developed to ensure compatibility with remote handling (RH) maintenance in order to allow long pulse high performance discharges with high neutron yield. The manufacturing of divertor cassettes with typical accuracy of *1 mm has been successfully completed. Brazed CFC (carbon fiber composite) monoblock targets for a divertor target have been manufactured by precise control of tolerances inside CFC blocks. The infrared thermography test of monoblock targets has been developed as new acceptance inspection.

Journal Articles

A Study on flow field of purge gas for tritium transfer through breeder pebble bed in fusion blanket

Seki, Yohji; Ezato, Koichiro; Yokoyama, Kenji; Enoeda, Mikio; Kubota, Jinichi*; Sakamoto, Kensaku

Proceedings of 8th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-8) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2012/12

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been performing R&D and design of a blanket module of a nuclear fusion reactor. Pebbles of a ceramic tritium breeder are packed in a container of the blanket. Helium purge gas is applied as a transport fluid in a tritium recovery system. Prediction of the flow phenomena with a tritium transfer is important for designs of the container. A purpose of our research is to establish and verify a method for a prediction of the flow in the pebble bed. In this study, pressure drops of the helium purge gas through the pebble bed were measured up to 100 L/min of flow rate. Reliability of prediction ability of the pressure drop was validated by this experiment within the flow rate which is less than 40 L/min. A numerical simulation for the flow field through the pebble bed also has been performed. Consequently, the velocity distributions are quantitatively and qualitatively obtained at near the wall and the center region in the pebble bed.

Journal Articles

Development of the plasma facing components in Japan for ITER

Suzuki, Satoshi; Ezato, Koichiro; Seki, Yohji; Mori, Kensuke; Yokoyama, Kenji; Enoeda, Mikio

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(5-6), p.845 - 852, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:78.19(Nuclear Science & Technology)

After the successful completion of the prequalification activity for ITER divertor procurement, Japanese Domestic Agency (JADA) and ITER Organization (IO) have entered into the procurement arrangement of divertor outer vertical target (OVT) in June 2009. In accordance with the arrangement, JADA has started to manufacture an OVT full-scale prototype in order to pick out and solve technical and quality issues, then to establish a rational manufacturing process toward the start of the series of production of the OVT components to be installed in tokamak. This paper presents the overview of JADA's activity on the divertor outer target procurement and also procurement schedule will be presented.

Journal Articles

R&D activities on manufacturing plasma-facing unit for prototype of ITER divertor outer target in JADA

Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Seki, Yohji; Nishi, Hiroshi; Mori, Kensuke; Enoeda, Mikio

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(7-8), p.1177 - 1180, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Toward the ITER construction, JADA push forward the technology development for outer vertical target for ITER divertor. In this report, resent results on joining technology development between Carbon-based material (CFC) monoblocks and Cu-alloy (CuCrZr) cooling tube and heating test for full-scale divertor prototype are summarized. Joint test reveals cause of defects occurred in the CFC monoblock joint and Improvement on this joint is realized by using Cu-W material as a buffer layer between CFC and CuCrZr instead of conventional soft Cu layer. The joint with Cu-W layer can suppress joint defect in the CFC monoblocks. Furthermore, as a result of repetitive heating test at 20 MW/m$$^{2}$$ in 10 s for 1,000 cycles on the CFC monoblock divertor mock-up with Cu-W buffer layer, the deterioration of heat removal was not observed.

Journal Articles

Development of the water cooled ceramic breeder test blanket module in Japan

Enoeda, Mikio; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Hirose, Takanori; Suzuki, Satoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Konno, Chikara; Kawamura, Yoshinori; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Nakamichi, Masaru; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(7-8), p.1363 - 1369, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:92.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The development of a Water Cooled Ceramic Breeder (WCCB) Test Blanket Module (TBM) is being performed as one of the most important steps toward DEMO blanket in Japan. For the TBM testing and evaluation toward DEMO blanket, the module fabrication technology development by a candidate structural material, reduced activation martensitic/ferritic steel, F82H, is one of the most critical items from the viewpoint of realization of TBM testing in ITER. Fabrication of a real scale first wall, side walls, a breeder pebble bed box and assembling of the first wall and side walls have succeeded. Recently, the real scale partial mockup of the back wall was fabricated. The fabrication procedure of the back wall, whose thickness is up to 90 mm, was confirmed toward the fabrication of the real scale back wall by F82H. This paper overviews the recent achievements of the development of the WCCB TBM in Japan.

Journal Articles

Engineering study of gas flow in breeder pebble bed for fusion blanket

Seki, Yohji; Yoshikawa, Akira; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Hirose, Takanori; Ezato, Koichiro; Enoeda, Mikio; Sakamoto, Kensaku

Dai-17-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu, p.265 - 266, 2012/06

In the case of a water cooled ceramic breeder in a blanket, pebbles of a ceramic tritium breeder are packed in a container constituted by a partition plate. Helium purge gas is applied as a transport fluid in a tritium recovery system. It is of importance to build database of a pressure drop as part of a design of the tritium recovery system. In this experimental study, the pressure drops of He gas through pebble bed were measured within the wide range of a flow rate up to 100 L/min. The results indicate that a laminar flow is dominant and the pressure drop was correctly predicted by the empirical equation within a part of flow rate. Reliability of prediction ability of pressure drop was established by this experiment within the flow rate which is less than 60 L/min. Moreover, this paper describes that slight difference between the experimental result and the empirical equation within a range of flow rate from 60 L/min to 100 L/min.

Journal Articles

R&D of prediction system for tritium transport in pebble bed breeder blanket

Seki, Yohji; Hirose, Takanori; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Enoeda, Mikio

Proceedings of Plasma Conference 2011 (PLASMA 2011) (CD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2011/11

Development of test blanket module (TBM) with a water cooled solid breeder is being performed as the primary candidate of ITER-TBM of Japan. Prior to the installation of each TBM, it is necessary to develop the capability of the prediction analyses of all essential functions of the blanket to validate the analyses tools by the TBM. Especially the prediction tool of tritium concentration in the blanket system is one of the most important issues to control tritium recovery. From this view point, this paper discusses the flow phenomena and the tritium transport of the helium purge gas in the pebble bed. By prediction of purge gas flow using a numerical simulation, the result indicates tritium concentration depended on the position of the breeder layer. Namely, the large concentration still remains near the wall with approaching to an outlet.

Journal Articles

Development of a two-dimensional nuclear-thermal-coupled analysis code for conceptual blanket design of fusion reactors

Uto, Hiroyasu; Tobita, Kenji; Someya, Yoji; Sato, Satoshi; Seki, Yohji; Takase, Haruhiko

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.2378 - 2381, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:63.79(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For DEMO reactor blanket design, a two-dimensional (2-D) nuclear-thermal-coupled analysis code, DOHEAT, has been developed. In DOHEAT, the neutron flux is calculated by a 2-D transport code, DOT3.5, with the nuclear data library, FUSION-40, and the nuclear heating rate and the local TBR profile of blanket are calculated using the 2-D neutronics calculation code, APPLE-3. Use of the code has showed outstanding usefulness in the blanket design where detailed evaluation of neutron flux, nuclear heating rate, tritium breeding ratio (TBR) and the temperature of materials is required for various blanket concepts and trial-and-error-basis iteration is sometimes necessary. DOHEAT can replace the actual blanket structure by a more realistic model including cooling tubes, multipliers and breeders. A validation calculation indicates that DOHEAT provides reasonable results on the temperature profile.

Journal Articles

Recent status of fabrication technology development of water cooled ceramic breeder test blanket module in Japan

Hirose, Takanori; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Yoshikawa, Akira; Seki, Yohji; Tsuru, Daigo; Yokoyama, Kenji; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Akiba, Masato

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.2265 - 2268, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:38.41(Nuclear Science & Technology)

As one of the most important fabrication technologies of the WCCB TBM, Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) joining technology was selected to fabricate the first wall with built-in cooling channel structure made of reduced activation martensitic/ferritic steel, F82H. By using developed HIP technology, a real scale TBM first wall mockup was successfully fabricated. High heat flux test of the fabricated mockup showed the feasibility to with the equivalent conditions of the WCCB TBM operation. The breeder pebble box was successfully fabricated with thin wall cooling pipes and thin plate sleds by Laser welding. With respect to the side walls with built in cooling channels were also fabricated using drilling technology. Assembling of the first wall and side walls is one of the critical fabrication processes of the fabrication of the TBM structure. By using a F82H first wall mockup and side wall mockups, assembling process was demonstrated successfully by Electron Beam welding.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of turbulent flow of coolant in a test blanket module of nuclear fusion reactor

Seki, Yohji; Onishi, Yoichi*; Yoshikawa, Akira; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Hirose, Takanori; Ozu, Akira; Ezato, Koichiro; Tsuru, Daigo; Suzuki, Satoshi; Yokoyama, Kenji; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 2, p.139 - 142, 2011/10

R&D of a test blanket module (TBM) with a water-cooled solid breeder has been performed for ITER. For our design, the temperature of a coolant pressurized up to 15 MPa is designed as 598 K in an outlet of the TBM, respectively. Establishment of estimation methods of the flow phenomena is important for designs of the channel network and predictions of the material corrosion and erosion. A purpose of our research is to establish and verify the method for the prediction of the flow phenomena. The Large-eddy simulation and Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes simulation have been performed to predict the pressure drop and flow rates in the channels of the side wall. It results the inhomogeneous flow rates in each channel. At viewpoint of the heat removal capability, however, the smallest flow-rates near the first wall are evaluated with satisfying acceptance criteria. Moreover, the results of the numerical simulation correspond with those of experiment performed for the real size mock-up.

Journal Articles

Thermo-hydraulic testing and integrity of ITER test blanket module (TBM) first wall mock-up in JAEA

Ezato, Koichiro; Seki, Yohji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Hirose, Takanori; Tsuru, Daigo; Nishi, Hiroshi; Dairaku, Masayuki; Yokoyama, Kenji; Suzuki, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio

Fusion Engineering and Design, 85(7-9), p.1255 - 1260, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:62.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Non-destructive examination with infrared thermography system for ITER divertor components

Seki, Yohji; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Enoeda, Mikio; Mori, Seiji

Fusion Engineering and Design, 85(7-9), p.1451 - 1454, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:73.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is willing to procure the outer Vertical Targets (VT) in cooperation with ITER Organization. In advance of the start of the procurement, the JAEA has to first demonstrate its technical capability to carry out the procurement. This is achieved via the successful manufactures and quality tests of VT Qualification Prototypes. Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) with the infrared thermography is required as one of the quality tests to detect the defect in the CFC monoblock, and between the CFC/OFCu. In this research and development, the Facility of Infrared NDE for Divertor (FIND) has been built by the JAEA. The FIND successfully detects the position and the magnitude of the integrated defect in the CFC and in the bonding of CFC/OFCu. The infrared NDE system established in the JAEA contributes to keeping the quality of the ITER-divertor.

Journal Articles

Packing experiment of breeder pebbles into water cooled solid breeder test blanket module for ITER

Hirose, Takanori; Seki, Yohji; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Tsuru, Daigo; Enoeda, Mikio; Serizawa, Hisashi*; Yamaoka, Hiroto*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 85(7-9), p.1426 - 1429, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.23(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper describes packing experiment of tritium breeder pebbles into a full-scale Tritium-Breeder-Container (TBC) mockup. A full scale mockup of the TBC for Water Cooled Solid Breeder - Test Blanket Module has been successfully developed using a reduced activation ferritic steel, F82H. A full-scale TBC mock-up was successfully fabricated with the fiber laser welding, and its dimensions are 74 $$times$$ 112 $$times$$ 990 mm$$^{3}$$. It was confirmed to be gastight under pressurized helium up to 0.5 MPa. By using the fabricated mockup, packing tests were performed with Li$$_{2}$$TiO$${3}$$ pebbles of 1mm diameter. The pebbles were packed into the TBC through sweep gas lines penetrating the tube plates. X-ray tomography revealed that dense packing was uniformly achieved in the whole TBC.

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