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Journal Articles

Chiral Dirac fermion in a collinear antiferromagnet

Zhang, A.*; Deng, K.*; Sheng, J.*; Liu, P.*; Kumar, S.*; Shimada, Kenya*; Jiang, Z.*; Liu, Z.*; Shen, D.*; Li, J.*; et al.

Chinese Physics Letters, 40(12), p.126101_1 - 126101_8, 2023/12

Journal Articles

Two-dimensional quantum universality in the spin-1/2 triangular-lattice quantum antiferromagnet Na$$_{2}$$BaCo(PO$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$

Sheng, J.*; Wang, L.*; Candini, A.*; Jiang, W.*; Huang, L.*; Xi, B.*; Zhao, J.*; Ge, H.*; Zhao, N.*; Fu, Y.*; et al.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 119(51), p.e2211193119_1 - e2211193119_9, 2022/12

Journal Articles

Two-step Mott transition in Ni(S,Se)$$_2$$; $$mu$$SR studies and charge-spin percolation model

Sheng, Q.*; Kaneko, Tatsuya*; Yamakawa, Kohtaro*; Guguchia, Z.*; Gong, Z.*; Zhao, G.*; Dai, G.*; Jin, C.*; Guo, S.*; Fu, L.*; et al.

Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(3), p.033172_1 - 033172_14, 2022/09

Journal Articles

Mechanism of hardening and damage initiation in oxygen embrittlement of body-centred-cubic niobium

Yang, P.-J.*; Li, Q.-J.*; Tsuru, Tomohito; Ogata, Shigenobu*; Zhang, J.-W.*; Sheng, H.-W.*; Shan, Z.-W.*; Sha, G.*; Han, W.-Z.*; Li, J.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 168, p.331 - 342, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:47 Percentile:95.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Body-centred-cubic metallic materials, such as niobium (Nb) and other refractory metals, are prone to embrittlement due to low levels of oxygen solutes. The mechanisms responsible for the oxygen-induced rampant hardening and damage are unclear. Here we illustrate that screw dislocations moving through a random repulsive force field imposed by impurity oxygen interstitials readily form cross-kinks and emit excess vacancies in Nb. The vacancies bind strongly with oxygen and screw dislocation in a three-body fashion, rendering dislocation motion difficult and hence pronounced dislocation storage and hardening. This leads to unusually high strain hardening rates and fast breeding of nano-cavities that underlie damage and failure.

Journal Articles

High contrast femtosecond laser-driven intense hard X-ray source for imaging application

Chen, L. M.*; Wang, W. M.*; Kando, Masaki; Hudson, L. T.*; Liu, F.*; Lin, X. X.*; Ma, J. L.*; Li, Y. T.*; Bulanov, S. V.; Tajima, Toshiki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 619, p.128 - 132, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:54.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In this report we address the current situation of laser-driven hard X-ray sources for imaging applications, especially the saturation of X-ray conversion efficiency and the serious impact upon imaging quality. By employing high contrast laser pulses, the conversion efficiency to X-rays from solid foil targets is improved and the structure of the spectrum can be optimized with respect to imaging applications. In addition, bright Ar K-shell X-rays with very little continuum background have been generated by irradiating, with an ultra-high contrast laser, a target of Ar gas clusters created by a gas jet. These improvements show great potential for single-shot ultrafast X-ray imaging.

Journal Articles

Intense high-contrast femtosecond $$K$$-shell X-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters

Chen, L. M.*; Liu, F.*; Wang, W. M.*; Kando, Masaki; Mao, J. Y.*; Zhang, L.*; Ma, J.*; Li, Y. T.*; Bulanov, S. V.; Tajima, Toshiki; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 104(21), p.215004_1 - 215004_4, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:65 Percentile:89.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Study of X-ray emission enhancement via a high-contrast femtosecond laser interacting with a solid foil

Chen, L.-M.; Kando, Masaki; Xu, M. H.*; Li, Y.-T.*; Koga, J. K.; Chen, M.*; Xu, H.*; Yuan, X.-H.*; Dong, Q. L.*; Sheng, Z. M.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 100(4), p.045004_1 - 045004_4, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:90 Percentile:92.54(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We observed the increase of the K-$$alpha$$ X-ray conversion efficiency (hK) produced by a 60 fs frequency doubled high contrast laser pulse focused on Cu foil, compared to the case of the fundamental laser pulse. hK shows a strong dependence on the nonlinearly skewed shape of the laser pulse. It reaches a maximum for a 100 fs negatively skewed pulse. The electron spectrum shaping contributes to the enhancement of hK. Simulations demonstrate that high contrast lasers are an effective tool for optimizing the X-ray emission, via the enhanced Vacuum Heating mechanism.

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